Health care worker sensitivity to chlorhexidine-based hand hygiene solutions: A cross-sectional survey

ConclusionsScreening programs need to identify nurses who develop chlorhexidine sensitivity due to occupational exposure. Strategies to mitigate risk should provide alternatives for those with sensitization.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Abstract BACKGROUND: The optimal approaches for monitoring sleep disturbances in adults with atopic dermatitis (AD) is not established. Multiple patient-reported outcome measures for AD and itch have sleep-related items. These items have not been validated previously. OBJECTIVE: Assess the measurement properties of sleep-related items from the Patient- Oriented Eczema Measure (POEM), SCORing AD (SCORAD), 5-dimensions of itch (5D) and ItchyQOL in adults with AD. METHODS: We performed a prospective dermatology practice-based study using questionnaires and evaluation by a dermatologist (n=115). RESULTS...
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol Source Type: research
This study aims to systematically review the evidence describing the effects of timing of CM or cow’s milk formula (CMF) introduction to the infant diet on the development of atopic diseases during childhood. Pubmed, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane CENTRAL, and CNKI were sea rched through May 30, 2019. Study screening and data extraction by two reviewers followed the PRISMA statement. Data were extracted independently in duplicate, and meta-analyses were performed by pooling unadjusted and adjusted odds ratio (OR) separately. Heterogeneity was explored usingI2 and publication bias by funnel plots and Begg ’s tests. In...
Source: Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Allergic diseases such as atopic dermatitis (AD), food allergy (FA), asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR) are common; according to a national birth cohort study in Japan, almost half of pregnant women reported a history of allergic disease.1 Given that genetic factors, including family history, are predictors of allergic diseases in offspring, we expect the birth of many infants who carry a high risk of developing allergies. Among allergy prevention strategies, the effectiveness of primary prevention of eczema in high-risk infants by the topical application of emollient during the neonatal period has been demonstrated in two ...
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Letters Source Type: research
Allergic diseases, such as atopic dermatitis, food allergy, asthma, and allergic rhinitis, are common; according to a national birth cohort study in Japan, almost half of pregnant women reported a history of allergic disease.1 Given that genetic factors, including family history, are predictors of allergic diseases in offspring, we expect the birth of many infants with a high risk of developing allergies. Among allergy prevention strategies, the effectiveness of primary prevention of eczema in high-risk infants by the topical application of emollient during the neonatal period has been demonstrated in 2 randomized controlled trials (RCTs).
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Letters Source Type: research
Introduction: Although asthma/allergic diseases are known to follow circadian rhythmicity, whether these are associated with individual circadian preference/chronotype (CT) is not known.Objective: To estimate the association between allergic responses and chronotype among adolescents.Methods: Among 1684 adolescents (58% male) aged between 13 and 14 years, recruited from 23 randomly selected schools of 16 districts of West Bengal (India), prevalence of asthma, wheeze, rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema were assessed using the English-back Bengali version of the International Study on Asthma and Allergies in Childhood...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Discussion Atopic dermatitis (AD) has a prevalence of 3-5% in the overall U.S. population but is increasing with an estimated 10-15% lifetime risk in childhood. It is even more common in children of color with a prevalence in African-American/black children of 17% and Hispanic children of 14%. Health care utilization data also appears to support more severe disease in children of color also. Atopic dermatitis or eczema is a common dermatological skin problem which characteristically is a pruritic, papular eruption with erythema. Like most papulosquamous eruptions it often occurs in intertrigenous areas in people with alle...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Abstract BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) represents the most common chronic inflammatory skin disease in childhood. Few data are available about the different AD phenotypes and their nationwide distribution. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional multicentre study involving some of the main Italian paediatric allergy centres in 9 Italian cities. A structured questionnaire was administered to 371 children with AD. Patients were divided in two groups: preschool children (aged
Source: Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol Source Type: research
This study was supported by grants from GSK and the UK Medical Research Council (U105178805). Conflict of Interest Statement AM has grant funding from GSK and AstraZeneca/MedImmune. MB, DJ, AP, DT, and AvO are employees of GSK. The remaining authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments We are grateful to the Ares staff, genotyping facility, and flow cytometry core for their technical assistance. We thank Jen Walker for advice on the manuscript. Supplementary Material The Supplem...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Atopic dermatitis (AD), which is commonly called eczema, is the most common chronic inflammatory skin disease. The pipeline of new targeted treatments is currently expanding, a development that is largely based on our increasing understanding of disease mechanisms. Mechanistic insights have long been based on long-standing adult AD. Recently, studies also investigated early pediatric AD at disease onset, and revealed several differences in barrier and immune properties when compared with long-standing adult AD.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Family history of allergy and asthma and early onset of eczema are known risk factors for early life sensitization. Whether these risk factors result in different sensitization patterns is unknown.
Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
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