Medical and endovascular treatments of symptomatic intracranial stenosis. A Bayesian network meta-analysis

Publication date: Available online 8 February 2019Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): S. Vidale, E. Agostoni, G. Grampa, A. Consoli, D. ConsoliAbstractIntracranial stenosis is a well-established stroke risk factor with an increase of stroke recurrence or TIA up to 12.6% at 1 year. Treatments are different: medical and endovascular. We performed a multiple treatment comparison analysis to detect the best treatment in reducing the risk of stroke recurrence. We searched in Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases between 1979 and October 2017. Inclusion criteria were prospective randomized trials that evaluated patients with TIA or stroke due to intracranial stenosis and treated with different medical therapies and/or endovascular procedures. Primary endpoint was the recurrence of TIA or stroke in the territory of intracranial stenosis, while secondary endpoint was represented by any stroke or vascular death. Multiple treatment comparison meta-analysis based on a Bayesian fixed and random effects Poisson model was performed. Seven trials were included with a total of 1337 patients. At multiple treatment comparison, no significant differences between treatments were observed for both primary (median fixed effect standard OR: 0.40; 95%CI: 0.02–1.07) and secondary endpoints (median random effect standard OR: 1.17; 95%CI: 0.32–1.92). Treatment with aspirin alone ranked with high values both for primary and secondary endpo...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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