Two drugs are no more effective than 1 to treat common kidney disease

(NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Using two drugs was no more effective than a single drug in slowing disease progression in people with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), according to two studies funded by the National Institutes of Health. One of the studies also showed that rigorous blood pressure treatment slowed growth of kidney cysts, a marker of ADPKD, but had little effect on kidney function compared to standard blood pressure treatment.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

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A 60-year-old multi-morbid male patient with polycystic kidney disease and secondary chronic renal insufficiency stage G5 A3 according to Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) classification was referred to our hospital with radiological differential diagnoses of sarcoidosis, ectasia of the pulmonary arteries, lymphoma, or central bronchial carcinoma with contralateral hilar lymph node metastases. He had concomitant arterial hypertension, manifest osteoporosis due to renal osteopathy, secondary compensated renal hyperparathyroidism, compensated metabolic renal acidosis, and diabetes mellitus type 2.
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Image Source Type: research
ConclusionLarge international differences exist in the trends in incidence of RRT by primary renal disease. Mapping of these international trends is the first step in defining the causes and successful preventative measures of CKD.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Abstract Chronic kidney disease (CKD) includes all clinical features and complications during the progression of various kidney conditions towards end-stage renal disease (ESRD). These conditions include immune and inflammatory disease such as: primary and hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related glomerulonephritis; infectious disease such as pyelonephritis with or without reflux and tuberculosis; vascular disease such as chronic ischemic nephropathy; hereditary and congenital disease such as polycystic disease and congenital cystic dysplasia; metabolic disease including diabetes and hyperuricemia; and systemic disease (co...
Source: Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research
Victorine B Nzana, Anusha Rohit, Deepu George, Madhusudan Vijayan, Milly Mathew, Sundar Sankaran, Palaniappan Nagarajan, Georgi AbrahamIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2018 36(2):282-284A 51-year-old female, with non-alcoholic liver cirrhosis, portal hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease with a clipped cerebral aneurysm and chronic kidney disease stage 5 was on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) for 6.5 years elsewhere. She came for opinion on continuation of CAPD as she had 21 episodes of peritonitis in 76 months. Her blood pressure was 80/50 mmHg. She was...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: In contrast to the traditional biomarker “albuminuria”, neither the inflammatory biomarker calprotectin, nor the tubular biomarkers NGAL and KIM-1, provide robust prognostic information on the loss or renal function in a heterogeneous CKD population. All of them, however, are candidate prognostic biomarkers in primarily inflammatory re nal diseases.Kidney Blood Press Res 2018;43:1255 –1262
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Increased serum endothelin levels independently predict hypertension in ADPKD. Serum endothelin levels are also associated with both renal and overall survival in patients with ADPKD. PMID: 30022320 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: High serum WBC, isolation of atypical pathogens and early infection after transplantation are factors that increase the risk of escalation of care in hepatic and renal cyst infection patients. PMID: 30019678 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Netherlands Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Neth J Med Source Type: research
Abstract Flagella of the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii are nearly identical to cilia of vertebrate cells and provide an excellent model to study ciliogenesis. Cilia and flagella are important organelles used for motility and sensing the extracellular environment. Abnormalities in cilia structure or ciliary dysfunction can have devastating consequences ranging from diabetes and obesity to polycystic kidney disease and mental retardation. Small-molecule inhibitor libraries can be used to screen for flagellum-associated phenotypes in assembly, length, motility, deflagellation, and cellular toxicity...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The data contradicted national studies reporting primary hypertension as the main cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). A high rate of unknown causes and categorization bias were observed mainly in relation to primary hypertension as a cause of CKD, which affects the overall prevalence of causes of ESRD in patients on dialysis. PMID: 29782632 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Abstract Krüppel-like zinc finger proteins form one of the largest families of transcription factors. They function as key regulators of embryonic development and a wide range of other physiological processes, and are implicated in a variety of pathologies. GLI-similar 1-3 (GLIS1-3) constitute a subfamily of Krüppel-like zinc finger proteins that act either as activators or repressors of gene transcription. GLIS3 plays a critical role in the regulation of multiple biological processes and is a key regulator of pancreatic β cell generation and maturation, insulin gene expression, thyroid hormone bios...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Life Sci Source Type: research
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