NIH scientists find that breast cancer protection from pregnancy starts decades later
Breast cancer risk remains elevated 20-30 years after childbirth. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - December 14, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

N.I.H. to Scrutinize Private Donations to Scientific Research Projects
After halting a controversial alcohol study, officials will enforce new policies to ensure that private support does not compromise scientific integrity. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - December 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: RONI CARYN RABIN Tags: Research Conflicts of Interest National Institutes of Health Collins, Francis S Alcoholic Beverages Alcohol Abuse Source Type: news

New Field Test Discerns Between Ebola and Lookalike Fevers
At the close of the 2014-2016 West Africa Ebola crisis, the Paul G. Allen Foundation identified diagnostic gaps as one of the major deficiencies that had contributed to the outbreak’s spread. “The standard diagnostic tests that exist are very good, but they’re hard to do out in the field in the middle of an outbreak like we saw in West Africa,” said John Connor, a virologist at the Boston University National Emerging Infectious Diseases Laboratory (NEIDL). Instead, samples need to be sent to a facility capable of running the tests, which means it could...
Source: MDDI - December 13, 2018 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Amanda Pedersen Tags: IVD Source Type: news

Study: 15 percent of babies exposed to Zika before birth had severe abnormalities in first 18 months of life
This study was supported by the National Institutes of Health ’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and National Eye Institute, the Thrasher Research Fund, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Grand Challenges Explorations, and grants from government agencies and other funders in Brazil. (Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences)
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - December 12, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Researchers design technology that sees nerve cells fire
Technique could be used to monitor visual function through the optic nerve in the eye (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - December 12, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Fetal Tissue Research Is Curtailed by Trump Administration
Studies that rely on tissue from aborted fetuses have pitted abortion critics against scientists who say the research helps millions of people. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - December 12, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DENISE GRADY Tags: Fetal tissue Abortion National Institutes of Health Research Health and Human Services Department Brett Giroir Source Type: news

Study suggests improved compliance with the NIH sex as a biological variable policy
(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) In 2016, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) implemented a policy which requires grant applicants to 'consider sex as a biological variable (SABV)' in vertebrate animal and human studies. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

No female mice? Scientists may still approve NIH grant
(Northwestern University) An increasing number of scientists are including female animals in their experimental designs and analyses for preclinical studies, as required by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in January 2016, reports a new study. But NIH reviewers are not necessarily considering that inclusion when they score an application for funding, which was a goal of the requirement. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers developing nonopioid drug for chronic pain
(Virginia Tech) Researchers from the Virginia Tech School of Neuroscience are teaming with the University of California San Diego and the U.S. National Institutes of Health to develop a drug -- now in its earliest stages -- that can treat certain types of chronic pain without the addictive consequences of opioids. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - December 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

NIH to fund HIV care and prevention research in vulnerable southern U.S. communities
New program leverages partnerships to discover sustainable, scalable interventions. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - December 11, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

NLM Announces 2019 History of Medicine Lecture Series
The History of Medicine Division at the National Library of Medicine (NLM) announces the 2019 History of Medicine Lecture Series. All lectures are free, open to the public, and held in the NLM Lister Hill Auditorium, building 38A located on the campus of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland. Lectures are also live-streamed globally and archived by NIH VideoCasting, which is made possible through a generous gift to the NLM from the Michael E. DeBakey Medical Foundation. (Source: News from the National Library of Medicine)
Source: News from the National Library of Medicine - December 11, 2018 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

Children who spend seven hours or more on smartphones and tablets
A major ongoing US study conducted by the National Institutes of Health showed that children who spent seven hours on tablets or smartphones showed signs of thinning in their brain cortex. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - December 11, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Study links frequent red meat consumption to high levels of chemical associated with heart disease
Findings reveal tripling of blood levels of TMAO from red meat diet, but dietary effects can be reversed (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - December 10, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Early Results From Landmark Study Show Heavy Screen Time Changes Kids ’ Brains
BOSTON (CBS) – Kids are using electronic devices at a rapidly increasing pace, but at what cost?  The National Institutes of Health is embarking on the most ambitious study to examine the screen time behaviors and outcomes of 11,000 9 and 10-year olds over the next 10 years, and some early results are already in. Researchers have found that kids who spend more than two hours a day on screens scored lower on thought and language tests than those who spent less time on smartphones and other electronic devices. They also found significant physical changes in the brains of those who spend more than seven hours ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - December 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News Syndicated Local Tech Source Type: news

Is Screen Time Bad for Kids ’ Brains?
A study featured on “ 60 Minutes ” is sure to alarm parents. Here ’ s what scientists know, and don ’ t know, about the link between screens, behavior, and development. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - December 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: BENEDICT CAREY Tags: Brain Children and Childhood Computer and Video Games Violence (Media and Entertainment) National Institutes of Health University of California, San Diego 60 Minutes II (TV Program) Source Type: news

Children who spend seven hours or more on smartphones and tablets
A major ongoing US study conducted by the National Institutes of Health showed that children who spent seven hours on tablets or smartphones showed signs of thinning in their brain cortex. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - December 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Moderate or severe sleep apnea doubles risk of hard-to-treat hypertension in African-Americans
Treatment of sleep disorder might help improve blood pressure control in this high-risk group. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - December 10, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

NIDCR E-Newsletter: Winter 2018
Having trouble viewing this email? View it as a Web page. NIDCR's Winter 2018 E-Newsletter is now available. In this issue: NIDCR News NIH/HHS News Science Advances Funding Opportunities Funding Notices The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research National Institutes of Health Bethesda, MD 20892-2190 301-496-4261 (Source: NIDCR Science News)
Source: NIDCR Science News - December 7, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

Bruin Biometrics lands second SBIR award for ortho device
Bruin Biometrics (BBI) said it has won a $1.4 million Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II program award from The National Institute of Arthritis and the musculoskeletal and skin division of the National Institutes of Health. BBI (Los Angeles) uses biometric sensor technology to aid clinicians in the early detection and monitoring of chronic, preventable conditions. The award will help advance the detection capabilities, design and clinical evaluation of the company’s OrthoSonos, a novel acoustic emission device for orthopedics. Get the full story on our sister site, Medical Design & Outsourcin...
Source: Mass Device - December 7, 2018 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Nancy Crotti Tags: Biotech Blog Business/Financial News Orthopedics Research & Development Bruin Biometrics Source Type: news

Twitter Chat » NIH Intramural Reddit “ Ask Me Anything ” with Dr. Carlos Zarate Jr. - Developing Novel Therapeutics for Depression
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) ’ s Intramural Research Program (IRP) teamed up for a Reddit “ Ask Me Anything ” (AMA) discussion with Dr. Carlos Zarate Jr. During the Reddit AMA, Dr. Zarate answered questions from the public about current treatments for depression and the latest research efforts to develop cutting-edge therapies for the condition. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - December 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

Weekly Postings
See something of interest? Please share our postings with colleagues in your institutions! Spotlight Join NNLM All of Us Community Engagement Coordinator Veronica Milliner as one of the panelists for the ALSC webinar: Leadership in Youth Services Part 2: Leadership in Action on December 11 at 2:00 PM ET. Working with children in a library setting provides vast opportunities to create and hone leadership skills if you know where to find them. By cultivating these skills in yourselves and others, you will elevate your profession and your community by creating and implementing beneficial programs and services. This webinar wi...
Source: NN/LM Middle Atlantic Region Blog - December 6, 2018 Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Hannah Sinemus Tags: Weekly Postings Source Type: news

Elevated hormone flags liver problems in mice with methylmalonic acidemia
Study findings can immediately be applied to human patients with the disease. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - December 6, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Low-income, rural kids at higher risk for second- or third-hand smoke exposure
NIH-funded study suggests ways to reduce risk for infants and toddlers. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - December 6, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Newly identified T cells could play a role in cancer and other diseases
FINDINGSResearchers from the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center and the La Jolla Institute for Immunology have identified a new type of T cell called a phospholipid-reactive T cell that is able to recognize phospholipids, the molecules that help form cells ’ outer membranes.The scientists also discovered that phospholipids compete with glycolipids, another type of molecule that helps form cells ’ outer membranes, in a way that prevents glycolipids from readily reaching the surface of a cell.BACKGROUNDCell membranes are primarily made up of two types of lipids — phospholipids and glycolipids. Inside ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - December 5, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Trump administration threatens future of HIV research hub at UC San Francisco
The Trump administration has thrown into doubt a multimillion-dollar research contract to test new treatments for HIV that relies on fetal tissue — work targeted by antiabortion lawmakers and social conservatives aligned with the president.The turmoil over the National Institutes of Health contract... (Source: Los Angeles Times - Science)
Source: Los Angeles Times - Science - December 5, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Amy Goldstein Source Type: news

Health Tip: Manage Pain With Opioids
-- Pain is the number one reason for why people visit the doctor, the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) says. Opioids are often used to treat pain, but they are highly addictive. Every day, more than 100 Americans die from an opioid overdose,... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - December 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

NIH wraps up enrollment for adolescent brain study
The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) has finished enrollment for its...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: NIH seeks partner for UpRite chest x-ray marker NIH taps photonics researcher as new NIBIB director NIH unveils cloud computing research initiative NIH issues huge database of CT scans for AI testing Adolescent brain study begins enrollment (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - December 5, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

CWRU researcher secures $14.6 million grant to study Alzheimer's in diverse populations
(Case Western Reserve University) Jonathan Haines, PhD, with Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine will lead a national collaboration to expand big data genetic research into Alzheimer's disease to include stronger representation from African-American and Hispanic communities. Funding for the research -- $14.6 million to be awarded over multiple years -- is from the National Institute on Aging at the National Institutes of Health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Postdoc in UC Riverside School of Medicine receives prestigious NIH fellowship
(University of California - Riverside) Rebekah Charney, a postdoctoral researcher in the School of Medicine at the University of California, Riverside, has been awarded the prestigious Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award Individual Postdoctoral Fellowship by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research of the National Institutes of Health. The fellowship provides $177,000 to support Charney for three years to study the earliest events underlying the formation of neural crest cells. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - December 5, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Postdoc awards reflect strong research potential
Two NIEHS postdoctoral fellows who display strong research potential have won highly competitive National Institutes of Health grants. (read more) (Source: Environmental Factor - NIEHS Newsletter)
Source: Environmental Factor - NIEHS Newsletter - December 5, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: news

Reduce your risk of macular degeneration by a whopping 61% just by eating oranges
(Natural News) In the U.S., more people lose their vision because of age-related macular degeneration than glaucoma and cataracts combined, says the National Institute of Health (NIH). This makes the condition the leading cause of blindness among people older than 60. Macular degeneration is irreversible, but there are steps you can take to lower your... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - December 4, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Ibrutinib plus rituximab superior to standard treatment for some patients with chronic leukemia
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is one of the most common types of leukemia in adults typically occurring during or after middle age and rarely occurring in individuals under the age of 40. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - December 4, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

NIH-funded tissue chips rocket to International Space Station
Research in microgravity could produce new insights about aging process. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - December 4, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

NIH researcher presents encouraging results for gene therapy for severe sickle cell disease
This study is part of decades of research on sickle cell disease that have opened the door to novel genetic approaches to curative therapies. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - December 4, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Most ovarian cysts may not need surveillance
Women with simple ovarian cysts detected by ultrasound didn ’t develop ovarian cancer at elevated rates over the next three years, adding to evidence that these cysts aren’t dangerous. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 4, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Detecting prions in eyes
Scientists detected abnormal prion proteins in multiple parts of the eye in people who died from Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 4, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

FDA recognizes NHGRI's ClinGen, dataset that ties genetic variants to disease
For the first time, the Food and Drug Administration has formally recognized a public dataset of genetic variants and their relationship to disease to help accelerate the development of reliable genetic tests. Genetic test makers, including those using next-gen sequencing, can use genetic variant information in the Clinical Genome Resource (ClinGen) to support clinical validity in premarket submissions to FDA. ClinGen is administered by the National Human Genome Research Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health, and is available viaClinVar. (Source: NHGRI Homepage Highlights)
Source: NHGRI Homepage Highlights - December 4, 2018 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: news

Probiotics not helpful for young children with diarrhea
A probiotic treatment did not show any benefit for young children brought to the hospital with acute gastroenteritis, which involves diarrhea and other symptoms. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - December 3, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

UCLA researchers discover genes tied to dementia in key early step toward new therapies
A UCLA-led research team has identified genetic processes involved in the neurodegeneration that occurs in dementia — an important step on the path toward developing therapies that could slow or halt the course of the disease.The findings appear today in the journal Nature Medicine.The researchers discovered two major groups of genes involved in mutations that result in an overproduction of a protein called tau, a hallmark of the progressive loss of neurons seen in major forms of dementia. The study was largely done in mouse models of dementia, although the researchers performed additional experiments that indic...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - December 3, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

ABCD study completes enrollment, announces opportunities for scientific engagement
The National Institutes of Health announced today that enrollment for the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study is now complete and, in early 2019, scientists will have access to baseline data from all ABCD Study participants.There are 11,874 youth, ages 9-10, participating in the study, including 2,100 young people who are twins or triplets. All will be followed through young adulthood.    (Source: NIAAA News)
Source: NIAAA News - December 3, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Katherine Source Type: news

The Placenta, an Afterthought No Longer
An ephemeral organ, long dismissed merely as afterbirth, increasingly is viewed as critical to understanding the health and course of pregnancy. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - December 3, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: APOORVA MANDAVILLI Tags: Pregnancy and Childbirth Women and Girls Genetics and Heredity Preeclampsia Premature Babies National Institutes of Health Source Type: news

NIH continues Brown support with $12 million grant to explore the fundamentals of brain function
(Brown University) With a new five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health, the Center for Central Nervous System Function will launch five research projects and develop new analysis tools to advance brain science at Brown. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

ABCD study completes enrollment, announces opportunities for scientific engagement
The National Institutes of Health announced today that enrollment for the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study is now complete and, in early 2019, scientists will have access to baseline data from all ABCD Study participants. An ABCD participant in South Carolina preparing for... (Source: NIDA News)
Source: NIDA News - December 3, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: ABCD, Brain, Brain and Addiction, Children, Health and Medical Professionals, NIDAMED News, Researchers Source Type: news

Einstein Receives $172 Million in NIH Funding in Fiscal Year 2018
November 30, 2018—BRONX, NY—Capping off another successful research year,faculty members at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, part of Montefiore, received $172 million in funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in federal fiscal year 2018. (Einstein also received an additional $5.4 million from select federal agencies, including the Food and Drug Administration and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, which is administered through the NIH). Investigators will use the funding to pursue a wide range of basic, translational and clinical research and training projects, including projects ...
Source: Einstein News - November 30, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Einstein Faculty Receive NIH Career Development Awards
November 30, 2018—(BRONX, NY)—The National Institutes of Health (NIH) offers career development grants to advance the careers of young researchers—usually senior postdoctoral fellows or early-career faculty members. These grants, known as K awards, enable recipients to conduct independent research and eventually compete for major grant support. Seven Einstein researchers received K awards in federal fiscal year 2018. (Source: Einstein News)
Source: Einstein News - November 30, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

New funding scheme supporting clinical research capacity
A new funding scheme has been launched to enable NHS consultants to participate in high-quality collaborative research partnerships. The MRC has committed£10 million to pilot the scheme and the National Institute of Health Research will commit up to£2 million additional funding. (Source: Medical Research Council General News)
Source: Medical Research Council General News - November 30, 2018 Category: Research Source Type: news

WATCH: Men might soon use this gel for birth control
The National Institutes of Health recently funded a study to see if a topical gel for men could prevent pregnancy, potentially giving couples who don't want children a new contraceptive option. (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - November 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

NIH Statement on World AIDS Day December 1, 2018
We now have life-saving antiretroviral drugs to treat and greatly extend the lives of men and women living with HIV. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - November 30, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

ABCD study completes enrollment, announces opportunities for scientific engagement
The study will use advanced neuroimaging to observe brain development in children throughout adolescence. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - November 30, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Clinical trial underway for male birth control gel
The first clinical trial testing a new male contraceptive is underway. It could be a game-changer for preventing pregnancy. The National Institutes of Health is enrolling about 420 couples to use an experimental gel. If proven effective, it would be the first hormonal birth control for men. The gel is applied daily to the back and shoulders. It's absorbed through the skin and blocks the production of sperm. Dr. Tara Narula joins "CBS This Morning" to discuss the trial. (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - November 30, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news