Crude Inactivated Influenza A Virus Adjuvated with a Bispecific Antibody Complex Targeting Chicken CD40 and AIV M2e Confers Protection Against Lethal HPAI Challenge in Chickens.

Crude Inactivated Influenza A Virus Adjuvated with a Bispecific Antibody Complex Targeting Chicken CD40 and AIV M2e Confers Protection Against Lethal HPAI Challenge in Chickens. Monoclon Antib Immunodiagn Immunother. 2018 Dec;37(6):245-251 Authors: Vuong CN, Chou WK, Briggs W, Faulkner O, Wolfenden A, Jonas M, Kapczynski DR, Hargis BM, Bielke LR, Berghman LR Abstract In vivo targeting an immunogen to the CD40 receptor expressed on professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs) dramatically enhances speed, magnitude, and quality of the immune response. Our previous evaluation of this strategy in poultry was limited to immunogenicity studies using CD40-targeted synthetic peptides, which demonstrated significant antigen-specific serum IgG and tracheal IgA levels
Source: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy - Category: Microbiology Tags: Monoclon Antib Immunodiagn Immunother Source Type: research

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ing Liao Peirong Jiao H5Nx viruses have continuously emerged in the world, causing poultry industry losses and posing a potential public health risk. Here, we studied the phylogeny, pathogenicity, transmission, and immune response of four H5N6 avian influenza viruses in chickens and mice, which were isolated from waterfowl between 2013 and 2014. Their HA genes belong to Clade 2.3.4.4, circulated in China since 2008. Their NA genes fall into N6-like/Eurasian sublineage. Their internal genes originated from different H5N1 viruses. The results suggested that the four H5N6 viruses were reassortants of the H5N1 and H6N6 v...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: The emergence and spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) viruses have raised global concerns of a possible human pandemic, spurring efforts towards H5N1 influenza vaccine development and improvements in vaccine administration methods. We previously showed that a prime-boost vaccination strategy induces robust and broadly cross-reactive antibody responses against the hemagglutinin globular head domain. Here, we specifically measure antibodies against the conserved hemagglutinin stem region in serum samples obtained from the prior study to determine whether stalk-reactive antibodies ...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
yn Kobasa Influenza A viruses (IAVs) are important animal and human emerging and re-emerging pathogens that are responsible for yearly seasonal epidemics and sporadic pandemics. IAVs cause a wide range of clinical illnesses, from relatively mild infections by seasonal strains, to acute respiratory distress during infections with highly pathogenic avian IAVs (HPAI). For this study, we infected A549 human lung cells with lab prototype A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) (PR8), a seasonal H1N1 (RV733), the 2009 pandemic H1N1 (pdm09), or with two avian strains, an H5N1 HPAI strain or an H7N9 strain that has low pathogenicity in birds but hig...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In this study, we identified four amantadine-resistant M2 mutants among avian and human influenza A H5N1 strains circulating between 2002 to 2019: the single S31N and V27A mutants, and the S31N/L26I and S31N/V27A double mutants. Herein, utilizing two-electrode voltage clamp (TEVC) assays, we screened a panel of structurally diverse M2 inhibitors against these single and double mutant channels. Three compounds 6, 7, and 15 were found to significantly block all three M2 mutants: M2-S31N, M2-S31N/L26I, and M2-S31N/V27A. Using recombinant viruses generated from reverse genetics, we further showed that these compounds also inhi...
Source: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharm Sci Source Type: research
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Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: Tolan HEM, El-Sayed WA, Tawfek N, Abdel-Megeid FME, Kutkat OM Abstract New 1,2,3-triazole glycosides and 1,2,4-thioglycosides incorporating a substituted pyrimidinedione ring system were synthesized via click dipolar cycloaddition and heterocyclization of hydrazine-1-carbodithioate derivatives, respectively. The sugar hydrazine derivatives linked aminodimethyluracil were also prepared. In addition, the oxadiazoline substituted with acyclic sugar moieties linked to the pyrimidinedione as acyclic nucleoside analogs were synthesized. The antiviral activity of the synthesized compounds against avian influenza ...
Source: Nucleosides, Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids - Category: Biochemistry Tags: Nucleosides Nucleotides Nucleic Acids Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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