Anesthesia interventions that alter perioperative mortality: a scoping review

ConclusionsBy mapping intervention themes, this scoping review has identified areas requiring further systematic investigation given their potential value for reducing patient mortality as well as areas where continued investment may not be cost-effective given limited evidence for improving survival. This is a key starting point for future knowledge translation to optimize anesthesia practice.
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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We report a case of a 59-year-old female patient with vegetative native mitral valve endocarditis caused by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (SM). She had hemodialysis-dependent chronic renal failure, but no immunosuppressive disease. Echocardiography showed mobile vegetation on her native mitral valve. Right femoral artery embolectomy and mitral valve replacement were performed simultaneously. She awakened from anesthesia, but she passed away due to septic shock complications. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first case in whom native mitral valve endocarditis caused by SM was observed (despite of absence of any imm...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Suspected seizure-survival of a lethal dose of the rodenticide alpha-chloralose. Anaesthesist. 2019 Nov 07;: Authors: Bergrath S, Castillo-Vargas JS, Koc NJ, Haake H, Graeven U Abstract A 58-year-old female was admitted due to a suspected seizure. A blue colored pharyngeal fluid was visualized during intubation, which is indicative of poisoning. Clinical research revealed an ingestion of 2.4 g of alpha-chloralose, a rodenticide with a lethal dose of 1 g. Immediate detoxification by gastroscopy, gastric lavage and hemodialysis led to full recovery. Substance detection ...
Source: Der Anaesthesist - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anaesthesist Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Volume 58, Issue 6Author(s): Peter Kaiser, Thomas Vincent Häller, Ilker Uçkay, Dominik Kaiser, Martin Berli, Thomas Böni, Felix WaibelAbstractTotal transmetatarsal amputation (TMA) can be an option for foot salvage in gangrene, sepsis, or infected necrosis. However, the literature concerning predictive outcome factors and bacterial sampling is scarce. To identify potential associations between revision surgery and underlying bacteria or other preoperative selection criteria, we reviewed all patients with TMA who were treated at o...
Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionIn this large observational study using a national clinical database, obese patients undergoing PD for head of pancreas cancer had increased risk of postoperative complications and mortality in comparison to controls.
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions: Female gender, increasing age, American Society of Anesthesiology classification, operative time, or a history of diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, or a bleeding disorder are risk factors for prolonged hospitalization following total shoulder arthroplasty. Level of Evidence: Level III.
Source: Current Orthopaedic Practice - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The proximal radial artery arteriovenous fistula created using an endovascular approach for the anastomosis is associated with excellent 2-year cumulative patency and is associated with a high level of patient satisfaction. PMID: 31566061 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic superficialisation of the cephalic vein is a safe and effective technique. Providing good functional results, ES represents an alternative approach for second stage superficialisation in obese patients. PMID: 31540795 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: PubMed: Eur J Vasc Endovasc ... - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate the feasibility of intraoperative continuous renal replacement therapy (IoCRRT) during liver transplantation (LT), in terms of recruitment, protocol adherence, and ascertainment of follow-up.MethodsIn this pilot randomized open-label controlled trial in adults receiving LT with a Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score ≥ 25 and preoperative acute kidney injury (RIFLE - RISK or higher) and/or estimated glomerular filtration rate
Source: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
This study examined the potential benefit of hemoperfusion, hemofiltration, and plasmapheresis in the treatment of sepsis or septic shock. Can these blood purification techniques reduce mortality?Anesthesiology
Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines - Category: Intensive Care Tags: Anesthesiology Journal Article Source Type: news
ConclusionsDifferences in approach between internal medicine–trained nephrologists and anesthesia- and surgery-trained intensivists and surgeons led to collaborative difficulties in surgical ICUs. These findings stress the need for medical teamwork research and intervention to address issues stemming from disciplinary siloing rooted in long-term socialization to different disciplinary practices.
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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