Etiology of bronchiectasis in Finland

Conclusions: Asthma was associated to bronchiectasis in 76% of the patients but it was estimated as etiology in only every fifth patient. However, retrospectively it is difficult to exclude asthma as a background cause in many cases with recurrent asthma like symptoms and respiratory infections. Nevertheless, in one fifth of the patients no identifiable cause was found. None of the patients had had tuberculosis. Lung function test results were well preserved and in 66% bronchiectasis was restricted to one-three lobes.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

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ConclusionsFindings suggest that self-harm behavior and psychiatric disorders are associated with increased ED utilization for subsequent chronic disease-related ED utilization. Chronic disease among adolescent psychiatric patients should be attended to, potentially involving new models of clinical follow-up care.
Source: Journal of Adolescence - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
Conclusions: If perceived QOL is used as an indicator of the success of intervention programs, certain factors accompanying the adoption of measures for the prevention of falls may mask the results (failure or success) of the intervention. Because most determinants of QOL are modifiable and physical activity has the potential to improve QOL, this research suggests that physical activity programs should be a component of health care for older adults.
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research
In this study, to estimate the states that are not directly available from the Bergman minimal model a high-order sliding mode observer is proposed. Then fractional calculus is combined with sliding mode control (SMC) for blood glucose regulation to create more robustness performance and make more degree of freedom and flexibility for the proposed method. Then an adaptive fractional-order SMC is proposed. The adaptive SMC protect controller against disturbance and uncertainties while the fractional calculus provides robust performance. Numerical simulation verifies that the proposed controllers have better performance in t...
Source: IET Systems Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
This paper deals with the design of robust observer based output feedback control law for the stabilisation of an uncertain nonlinear system and subsequently apply the developed method for the regulation of plasma glucose concentration in Type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients. The principal objective behind the proposed design is to deal with the issues of intra-patient parametric variation and non-availability of all state variables for measurement. The proposed control technique for the T1D patient model is based on the attractive ellipsoid method (AEM). The observer and controller conditions are obtained in terms of linear mat...
Source: IET Systems Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT High-fat diet-induced obesity is associated with metabolic disorders. The Brazil nut has bioactive substances and has been used to control the damage caused by obesity in several organs. The work intended to show the damage caused by high-fat diet in the bladder wall and if the Brazil nut oil added to the diet could ameliorate or reverse this effect. Sixty-day-old rats were divided into two groups: C (control, n = 30) and HF (high-fat, n = 30) diets. At 90 days, 10 animals of each group were sacrificed. The others were divided into 4 groups: C and HF (animals that maintained their previous diet, n = 10 for each gr...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
We examined expression patterns of SGLTs in tumor tissues together with conventional pathological variables to determine prognostic significance in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Materials and Methods: Nephrectomy specimens were obtained from 68 patients. GLUT - 1, - 2 and SGLT - 1, - 2 expression in tumor and adjacent normal tissues were analyzed by immunohistochemical staining, and intensity was quantified using an image analyzer. Results: The four glucose transporters evaluated were broadly distributed in tumor tissues as well as throughout the normal parenchyma. There was no significant correlation between t...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Michael Reid, Eric Goosby, Sebastian Kevany
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Juan F Vesga, Timothy B Hallett, Michael J A Reid, Kuldeep Singh Sachdeva, Raghuram Rao, Sunil Khaparde, Paresh Dave, Kiran Rade, Maureen Kamene, Eunice Omesa, Enos Masini, Newton Omale, Elizabeth Onyango, Philip Owiti, Muthoni Karanja, Richard Kiplimo, Sofia Alexandru, Valentina Vilc, Valeriu Crudu, Stela BivolSummaryBackgroundIn the context of WHO's End TB strategy, there is a need to focus future control efforts on those interventions and innovations that would be most effective in accelerating declines in tuberculosis burden. Usi...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Riitta A Dlodlo, Einar Heldal
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This study examined the association of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with early-onset chronic conditions.We analyzed data from the 2011–2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), which included 86,968 respondents representing a nine-state adult population of 32 million. ACE questions included physical, emotional, and sexual abuse; substance use, mental illness or incarceration of a household member; domestic violence, and parental separation. Outcomes included chronic conditions (cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cancer, depression, diabetes, and prediabetes); overall...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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