Acute kidney injury in intensive care unit, hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia: A descriptive study.

In conclusion, AKI developed more in male patients, Malay ethnicity, presented with comorbid, caused by sepsis, admitted to ICU, required mechanical ventilation, and need for renal replacement therapy. PMID: 30381507 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

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che N Abstract Hemophilia A is an X-linked genetic hemorrhagic disorder characterized by a factor VIII deficiency. The availability of secured substitution products has led to a dramatic improvement of life expectancy in hemophiliac patients. Nowadays, adult hemophiliac patients may develop Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) resulting from age-related comorbidities (hypertension, obesity, diabetes). In addition, the high prevalence of viral infections in this population exposes patients to an increased risk of CKD. The risk of hemorrhage in hemophiliac patients is a challenge for their clinical management, both for...
Source: Nephrologie and Therapeutique - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Nephrol Ther Source Type: research
Purpose of review The majority of end-stage renal disease including dialysis and kidney transplant patients are men. In contrast, the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is higher in women compared with men. In this review, we dissect the sex hormone levels and its effects on experimental models and patients with CKD. Recent findings Sex hormones are clearly involved in CKD progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A significant reduction in lipid peroxidation as a mechanism of renoprotection has been observed in kidneys of streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic ovariectomized rats after estradiol administration. Fu...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: HORMONES, AUTACOIDS, NEUROTRANSMITTERS AND GROWTH FACTORS: Edited by Mark Cooper and Merlin Thomas Source Type: research
Conclusion: In CKD patients, short-term BPV is strongly associated with 24 h, night-time and daytime BP but is independent from the eGFR and proteinuria and does not predict CKD progression.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS Source Type: research
Abstract Thyroid function abnormalities are common in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Here, we investigated their frequency and impact on intradialytic hemodynamics and erythropoietin resistance index (ERI). Demographic and laboratory data including thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), interdialytic weight gain, and intradialytic blood pressure (BP) changes were measured, and ERI was calculated. The prevalence and causes of abnormities in TSH and free thyroxine (FT4) and their effects on ERI and intradialytic hemodynamics were then assessed. One hundred and thirty patients (mean age, 57.1 ± 19.2 years; 66.4% diab...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Jiménez MA Abstract Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects the kidneys, and in severe cases is considered as end-stage renal disease which can only be treated by dialysis and transplantation. Tierra Blanca city has a higher CKD rate compared to other Mexican cities, but its principal cause has not been found yet. Main factors related to CKD are carbonated beverage consumption, diabetes, obesity, hypertension, heat stress, dehydration, and intoxication by pesticides, heavy metals, and/or hydrocarbons. The aim of this work was to evaluate hydrocarbon pollution in Tierra Blanca domestic fresh-water related to CK...
Source: Environment International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research
This study aimed to identify the risk factors associated with complications and/or graft failure in kidney transplant patients with sepsis. A total of 14,658 kidney transplant patients with sepsis, identified in the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database (data from 2005-2014), were included in the study and classified into three groups: patients without complications or graft failure/dialysis (Group 1), patients with complications only (Group 2), and patients with complications and graft failure/dialysis (Group 3). Multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted to evaluate factors associated with kidney transpla...
Source: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Bosn J Basic Med Sci Source Type: research
Abstract Acute kidney injury (AKI) increases mortality and morbidity of hospitalized patients. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of AKI, etiology, and associated risk factors among hospitalized patients during the Hajj time. Also to do comparative analysis for the use of slow continuous therapy versus conventional hemodialysis (HD) therapy on the patient outcome. The study was conducted between September 29 and November 25, 2011, inclusive (Islamic lunar dates Dhu'l-Qa'dah 1 to Dhul-Hijjah 29, 1432) at King Abdul-Aziz Hospital, a 250-bed hospital, in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. From 851 patients of 47 different countr...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
We present our experience on AVF creation over a 10-year period. Our objective was to retrospectively review the outcome of all cases of AVF that have been created for ESRD patients at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife Nigeria between January 2006 and December 2015. The demographic characteristics, indications, clinical and intraoperative findings, operative complications and outcomes were filled into a pre-designed proforma. A total of 80 cases were reviewed. The age range was 17-80 years, with a mean of 49.03 ± 16.34 years. Males (85%) were more common than females (15%). Chronic g...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
​BY ANDRZEJ KIELTYKA, PA; PARDEEP THANDI, MD; &ANUMEHA SINGH, MDA 56-year-old man presented to the emergency department with shortness of breath for one month and pleural effusions on an outpatient chest x-ray. He had been taking adalimumab, methotrexate, and steroids for arthritis and Sjogren's syndrome.A right pleural effusion in a patient with nephrotic syndrome.His monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) was monitored annually, but no medical intervention beyond surveillance was required. He had excessive thirst but normal urine output. He noted face and hand swelling in the morning that gave wa...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
Renal transplantation is the preferred treatment for patients with end-stage kidney disease. However, despite successful kidney transplantation, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains one of the major causes of patient death and hence graft loss. The antecedents of this increased risk reside within the development of end-stage kidney disease and dialysis. Risk factors for the development of CVD include diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Other transplant-specific factors include the presence of a patent arteriovenous fistula and immunosuppressive therapy.
Source: Seminars in Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
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