Electrophysiological characterisation of central sensitisation in canine spontaneous osteoarthritis

In man, central sensitisation (CS) contributes to the pain of osteoarthritis (OA). Dogs with spontaneous OA may also exhibit CS. Electrophysiological reflex measurements are more objective than behavioural assessments and can be used to evaluate CS in preclinical and clinical studies. It was hypothesised that dogs suffering from OA would exhibit electrophysiological characteristics indicative of CS, associated with reduced diffuse noxious inhibitory controls (DNICs). One hundred and seventeen client-owned dogs were recruited to the study. Hind limb nociceptive withdrawal reflex thresholds, stimulus response, and temporal summation characteristics were recorded, during alfaxalone anaesthesia, from 46 OA dogs, 29 OA dogs receiving nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (OANSAIDs), and 27 breed- and weight-matched control dogs. Efficacy of DNIC was evaluated in 12 control and 11 of the OA dogs, by application of a mechanical conditioning stimulus to the contralateral forelimb. Nociceptive withdrawal reflex thresholds were higher in OA compared with control dogs (P = 0.02). Stimulus response characteristics demonstrated an augmented response in OANSAID dogs compared with OA (P
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Treatment with fulranumab was generally tolerated with no new safety signals. Within the limited sample analyzed, fulranumab showed evidence of improvement of pain and function in patients with moderate-to-severe osteoarthritis who had failed prior therapy and were candidates for joint replacement surgery. Fulranumab as adjuvant or monotherapy was well tolerated with no new safety signals Fulranumab demonstrated evidence suggestive of efficacy in osteoarthritic pain of hip and knee Fulranumab demonstrated evidence suggestive of improvement of pain and physical function in osteoarthritis. PMID: 31387410 [Pu...
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
This study had a large sample size and obtained positive findings in both patients’ subjective ratings and in inflammatory marker levels. It demonstrates the benefits of adding Tai Chi to an antidepressant regimen but does not examine the specific effect of Tai Chi on depression.Field et al. (16) investigated the effects of combined Tai Chi/yoga in 92 prenatally depressed pregnant women. They found that women practicing Tai Chi/yoga (20 min per week for 12 weeks) had lower depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbance scores compared to a waitlist control group (Table 1). This study had a large sample size and provided ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2017Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical Rheumatology, Volume 31, Issue 5Author(s): Alice Courties, Jérémie Sellam, Francis BerenbaumAbstractJoint homeostasis is affected by local and systemic processes. Catecholaminergic and cholinergic fibers innervate the synovium, trabecular bone, and periosteum. Several studies have investigated the involvement of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in joint homeostasis and the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis (OA). Various resident cells of osteoarticular tissues express receptors for sympathetic and parasympathetic neurotransmitters (n...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Abstract CONTEXT: : Relationships between quadriceps function and patient-reported outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are variable and may be confounded by including patients at widely different time points after surgery. Understanding these relationships during the clinically relevant phases of recovery may improve our knowledge of specific factors that influence clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVE: : To identify the relationships between quadriceps function and patient-reported outcomes in patients 2 years (late) after ACLR, including those with posttraumatic knee osteoarthri...
Source: J Athl Train - Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research
Osteoarthritis is a painful degenerative disease, sometimes responsible for the premature ending of the careers of sporting horses. In humans, meniscal neurogenesis has been suggested to contribute to pain in osteoarthritis. To the best of our knowledge, no study on this subject has been performed in equine species. The aim of this report was to compare the density of the nociceptive and sympathetic nerves in the menisci of two 11- and 13-year-old mares, one presenting a “low-chondropathy grade” in its stifle and the other a “high-chondropathy grade”.
Source: Journal of Equine Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research
Osteoarthritis is a painful degenerative disease, sometimes responsible for the premature ending of the careers of sporting horses. In humans, meniscal neurogenesis has been suggested to contribute to pain in osteoarthritis. To the best of our knowledge, no study on this subject has been performed in equine species. The aim of this report was to compare the density of the nociceptive and sympathetic nerves in the menisci of two 11-and 13-year-old mares, one presenting a "low chondropathy grade" in its stifle and the other a "high chondropathy grade".
Source: Journal of Equine Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research
Osteoarthritis is a painful degenerative disease, sometimes responsible for the premature ending of the careers of sporting horses. In humans, meniscal neurogenesis has been suggested to contribute to pain in osteoarthritis. To the best of our knowledge, no study on this subject has been performed in equine species. The aim of this report was to compare the density of the nociceptive and sympathetic nerves in the menisci of two 11- and 13-year-old mares, one presenting a “low-chondropathy grade” in its stifle and the other a “high-chondropathy grade”.
Source: Journal of Equine Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research
Mona K Patel, Alan D Kaye, Richard D UrmanJournal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology 2018 34(1):111-116 In recent years, nerve growth factor (NGF) and the NGF receptor have become potential therapeutic targets in the treatment of acute and chronic pain states. NGF is a neurotrophin involved in regulating the function of sensory and sympathetic neurons during development. Numerous pain states have been linked to elevated levels of NGF and its role in increasing the perception of pain. Tanezumab, a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody (IgG), was developed to target NGF, binding both circulating and local tissue N...
Source: Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is one of the most common conditions in orthopedic practice while recent evidence has suggested that it may be a predisposing factor to patellofemoral osteoarthritis. In addition to biomechanical alterations associated with the pathomechanisms underlying PFP, the investigation of neurophysiological alterations has provided novel information in the understanding of the pathophysiology of PFP. For instance, women with PFP present lower amplitude of the vastus medialis (VM) H-reflexes compared to pain-free controls, which suggests that the excitability of spinal reflexes might be a promising tool for...
Source: Medical Hypotheses - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
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