Propofol May Decrease Delay in Neurocognitive Recovery

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12, 2018 -- For older cancer patients undergoing major cancer surgery, propofol-based general anesthesia may reduce the incidence of delayed neurocognitive recovery versus sevoflurane-based general anesthesia, according to a study...
Source: - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

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Conditions:   Prostate Cancer;   Anesthesia, Local;   Pain, Postoperative Interventions:   Procedure: Single-injection ultrasound-guided bilateral erector spinae plane (ESP) block-Sham;   Procedure: Single-injection ultrasound-guided bilateral erector spinae plane block-Lidocaine/Bupivacaine;   Other: Pain follow-up and monitorization Sponsors:   BURHAN DOST;   Ondokuz Mayıs University Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Breast Cancer Surgery;   Postoperative Analgesia Intervention:   Drug: Rhomboid Intercostal and Subserratus Plane Block with local anesthetic Sponsor:   Konya Training and Research Hospital Active, not recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSIONS: The mean QALY gained from surgical decompression in the first 6 months and first year equals 1.2 months and 5 months of life in perfect health, respectively. These findings suggest that surgery might also be beneficial to patients with life expectancy
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2464: Oncological-Therapy Related Oral Mucositis as an Interdisciplinary Problem—Literature Review International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17072464 Authors: Kusiak AlicjaJereczek-Fossa Cichońska Alterio Oral mucositis is a toxic side effect of non-surgical cancer treatments: chemotherapy and radiotherapy, which strongly impair quality of life and can not only cause strong pain, but also lead to problems with basic physiological needs as eating and swallowing. Development of oral mucositis is associated with type, dosage, and schedu...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
VIDEO-ASSISTED thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is used as an alternative to perform resections for lung cancer. The advantage of VATS includes less postoperative pain and fewer analgesic requirements; in addition, there is a reduction in pulmonary complications, shorter length of hospital stay after surgery, and enhanced recovery.1,2 Nevertheless, there still is a need to have an adequate management of pain control in the postoperative period to decrease the risk of pulmonary complications and post-thoracic surgery pain syndrome.
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
ConclusionsIntracorporeal anastomosis using linear staplers reduced anastomotic bleeding and stenosis compared to extracorporeal anastomosis after LTG. Future research will be required to determine the ideal method for intracorporeal anastomosis in LTG.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Background: Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women, and more than half of breast surgery patients experience severe acute postoperative pain. This meta-analysis is designed to examine the clinical analgesic efficacy of Pecs block in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery. Methods: An electronic literature search of the Library of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases was conducted to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from inception to November 2018. These RCTs compared the effect of Pecs block in combination with general anesthesia (GA) to GA alone in mastect...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
Abstract Electronic cigarettes are essentially electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). Use of ENDS has increased sharply in the United States in recent years, particularly among youth. We reviewed the literature on ENDS use, based on a PubMed search, with a focus on effects that could influence anesthetic and surgical outcomes. We also included a meta-analysis of articles published between 2016 and 2018 reporting injuries from exploding ENDS. These devices deliver nicotine, which is addictive and a cardiac stimulant. The nicotine in ENDS has been linked to increased risk of heart disease and myocardial infarc...
Source: AANA Journal - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: AANA J Source Type: research
BackgroundSurgical resection is still the main treatment option for patients with resectable Siewert type II adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG). This retrospective study evaluated the significance of minimally invasive Sweet esophagectomy (MISE) for the treatment of Siewert type II AEG.MethodsWe retrospectively evaluated 174 patients with Siewert type II AEG who received a Sweet esophagectomy in our center between October 2013 and September 2017. Of these patients, 73 underwent MISE and 101 underwent open Sweet esophagectomy (OSE). The clinicopathologic factors, operational factors and postoperative compl...
Source: Thoracic Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This paper discusses the findings of a comprehensive, multispecialty audit of tracheostomy experience in a large health board, with over 150 tracheostomies performed annually. Elective cases form the majority although there is a significant case series of emergency tracheostomies performed for a range of pathologies. Around a quarter of those requiring tracheostomy ultimately died, mostly as a result of advanced cancer. PMID: 32233651 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann R Coll Surg Engl Source Type: research
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