Beyonce Says She Had Toxemia During Her Pregnancy With Her Twins. Here ’s What That Means
Beyonce revealed that she experienced toxemia, also known as preeclampsia, while she was pregnant with her twins, Sir and Rumi. The condition left her swollen and put her on bed rest for more than a month. In an interview in the September issue of Vogue, the entertainer said that the condition led to an emergency Cesarean section, which required the twins to spend weeks in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Here’s what you should know about toxemia, aka preeclampsia. What is preeclampsia, and why is it also called toxemia? About 5% of pregnant women will get preeclampsia while expecting — usually toward the end of the pregnancy, after 37 weeks or so. It can be a sign that the placenta, the critical source of nutrients for the growing baby, is not functioning properly and may even be detaching from the uterus. (Poor blood flow to the uterus could be a contributing factor.) That’s why doctors often prescribe bed rest. Toxemia is a broader term referring to unknown toxins that might be causing a medical condition. And since a sign of preeclampsia can be higher levels of protein in the urine, some doctors refer to this type of preeclampsia as preeclampsia toxemia. Some women only develop higher blood pressure during pregnancy; this is referred to as pregnancy-induced hypertension, which is a different condition from preeclampsia. What are the symptoms of preeclampsia? Women with the condition develop high blood pressure, swelling in the hands, feet and le...
ConclusionsThus, galectin-3 might be a useful prognostic marker in the population with prediabetes and diabetes. Moreover, it can be a marker showing the condition of developing complications in diabetic patients.
ConclusionWe present a comprehensive mRNA expression profile of chromogranin A positive enteroendocrine cells following RYGB in rats. The data provides a region-specific characterization of all regulated preprohormone encoding genes in the rat GI tract including 16 not hitherto known. The comprehensive catalogue of preprohormone expression changes may support our understanding of hormone mediated effects of RYGB on diabetes remission and body weight reduction.Graphical abstract
ConclusionAcute organophosphate poisoning treated with atropine showed a potential for inducing prothrombotic coagulation abnormalities, presented with PT. This life-threatening complication may additionally contribute to prolonged morbidity and mortality in OP poisonings, especially in patients with medical history of comorbidites.
ConclusionThis study indicates that having access to a known midwife might have an impact on women’s birth experience. This study was limited by its small sample size and further research would need to randomise fearful women to counselling or continuity of care to determine the contribution of each to reducing fear.
Authors: Cuarental L, Sucunza-Sáenz D, Valiño-Rivas L, Fernandez-Fernandez B, Sanz AB, Ortiz A, Vaquero JJ, Sanchez-Niño MD Abstract Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAP kinases) are functionally connected kinases that regulate key cellular process involved in kidney disease such as all survival, death, differentiation and proliferation. The typical MAP kinase module is composed by a cascade of three kinases: a MAP kinase kinase kinase (MAP3K) that phosphorylates and activates a MAP kinase kinase (MAP2K) which phosphorylates a MAP kinase (MAPK). While the role of MAPKs such as ERK, p38 and JN...
The objective of this article is to present a case of congenital bronchial atresia manifesting as pulmonary hypertension in a 66 year-old patient. While doing so, we highlight the relevant knowledge accrued in medical literature with regards this rare condition. Finally, with the revelation that congenital bronchial atresia may cause severe pulmonary hypertension later in life, perhaps a less conservative approach to management may be warranted in younger adults and children with this condition.
Hi all- I'm from a rural community in the Northeast. (meaning rural, but not to the extreme of locations in the midwest per se). This was my idea for a diversity secondary and I would appreciate any feedback: -I want to talk about coming from a rural area and a public school system where gangs, drugs, and teen pregnancy were very very prevalent. Our school had a lot of immigrant families as well and this built/grew my understanding of cultural awareness/diversity per se. I will then talk... Appropriate topic for diversity secondary?
In conclusions, dairy may be part of a healthy diet; however, additional studies exploring confounding factors are needed to ascertain the potential detrimental effects. PMID: 31199182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
No abstract available
CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient evidence to support the use of metformin for women with obesity in pregnancy for improving maternal and infant outcomes. Metformin was, however, associated with increased risk of adverse effects, particularly diarrhoea. The quality of the evidence in this review varied from high to low, with downgrading decisions based on study limitations and inconsistency.There were only a small number of studies included in this review. Furthermore, none of the included studies included women categorised as 'overweight' and no trials looked at metformin in combination with another treatment.Future rese...