Diagnosis, management, and treatment of female genital mutilation or cutting in girls - Young J, Nour NM, Macauley RC, Narang SK, Johnson-Agbakwu C, Section on global health, Committee on medical liability and risk management, Committee on bioethics.
Female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C) involves medically unnecessary cutting of parts or all of the external female genitalia. It is outlawed in the United States and much of the world but is still known to occur in more than 30 countries. FGM/C mos... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

What Causes Early Pregnancy Vaginal Bleeding?
Discussion Pregnancy complications in early pregnancy range from mild to severe. They can include nausea and emesis which often is treated symptomatically, but can cause hyperemesis gravidarum and need hospitalization for intravenous fluids. Mild cramping and slight spotting are not uncommon. Some type of pregnancy bleeding is common with 20-40% of women experiencing it. Women who have early vaginal bleeding have a higher risk of later pregnancy complications. Pregnancy in adolescents is about 10% of all pregnancies. Adolescent pregnancy can be associated with various problems including higher rates of threatened aborti...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - July 13, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Women who deliver by C-section are less likely to conceive subsequent children
(Penn State) Women who deliver their first child by cesarean section (C-section) are less likely to conceive a second child than those who deliver vaginally, despite being just as likely to plan a subsequent pregnancy, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers. The team followed more than 2,000 women for three years after they delivered their first child. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

COVID-19 in Pregnancy, Worse C-Section Outcomes
Pregnant women with COVID-19 who deliver by cesarean section may be at greater risk for complications that affect them and their babies, new research suggests. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - June 12, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

When COVID-19 Strikes in Pregnancy, C-Section Tied to Worse Outcomes
THURSDAY, June 11, 2020 -- Pregnant women with COVID-19 who deliver by cesarean section may be at greater risk for complications that affect them and their babies, new research suggests. The study focused on 82 women with COVID-19 -- four of them... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - June 11, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Temperature, humidity affects virus life on surfaces, C-section may raise risk for infected mothers
The following is a brief roundup of some of the latest scientific studies on the novel coronavirus and efforts to find treatments and vaccines for COVID-19, the illness caused by the virus. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - June 10, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Opioid prescriptions after childbirth linked to increased risk of overdose, persistent use
(Vanderbilt University Medical Center) Women who are prescribed opioids after childbirth have an increased risk of persistent opioid use or other serious opioid-related events, including overdose, in their first year postpartum, according to a new study by Vanderbilt University Medical Center researchers. This is true regardless of whether the woman had a vaginal delivery or a cesarean section. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Education tool fails to influence expecting mothers' delivery decisions, study finds
Efforts to encourage women with a history of cesarean section, or C-section, to opt for vaginal birth at the time of delivery are going high-tech, but based on the findings of a new study improvements are needed. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)
Source: Health News - UPI.com - June 2, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Mom Successfully Delivers in Country's First Cesarean COVID-19 Birth
[New Zimbabwe] A pregnant woman who is a Covid-19 positive case Thursday successfully gave birth through a cesarean section at Gweru Provincial Hospital. (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - May 29, 2020 Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

Ghana: Don't Opt for Cesarean Section As Means of Delivery--Whog Specialist
[Ghanaian Times] Tema -A Specialist with the Women's Health Obstetrician and Gynaecology (WHOG), Dr Dixie Constantini has cautioned women against deliberately opting for Cesarean-section (C-section) as a means of delivering their babies. (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - May 19, 2020 Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

She was fighting coronavirus and gave birth while in a coma. She met her baby five weeks later
Alicia Kappers doesn't remember her contractions or her baby's first cries. Other than her newborn son, her only reminder of that day is the scar from her cesarean section. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - May 17, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Women Are Less Likely to Conceive After C-Section Delivery
Among women who delivered by C-section, 68.9 percent conceived within the next three years, compared with 76.7 percent of women who delivered vaginally. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - May 6, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Nicholas Bakalar Tags: Caesarean Section Pregnancy and Childbirth Source Type: news

Kenya: First C-Section at Sub-County Hospital as Nyamira Upgrades Pay Off
[Nation] Medics at Kijauri Sub-county Hospital have successfully performed the first caesarean section after operationalisation of the facility's new theatre, signalling continued improvement of rural health units in Nyamira County. (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - April 27, 2020 Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

IBD Symptoms in Pregnancy Tied to Higher C-Section Rate, IUGR
WEDNESDAY, April 22, 2020 -- Women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have lower pregnancy rates, and those with uncontrolled disease are at increased risk for adverse outcomes, according to a study published online April 7 in Alimentary... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - April 22, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

C-Section Births May Increase Risk for Diabetes
Women born by cesarean section had a higher risk for developing Type 2 diabetes decades later. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - April 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Nicholas Bakalar Tags: Diabetes Caesarean Section Obesity Source Type: news

Do C-Section Babies Become Heavier Adults?
TUESDAY, April 14, 2020 -- Girls born by cesarean delivery may be more prone to obesity and type 2 diabetes as adults, a new study suggests. Of more than 33,000 women born between 1946 and 1964, nearly 1,100 were delivered by C-section. Of those... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - April 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Being Born Via C-Section May Up Risk for T2DM in Adulthood
TUESDAY, April 14, 2020 -- Women born by cesarean delivery may have a higher risk for being obese and developing type 2 diabetes during adult life than women born by vaginal delivery, according to a study published online April 13 in JAMA Network... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - April 14, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

C-sections may increase risk of obesity and diabetes in children
Children born by C-section may have a greater risk for developing obesity and diabetes, according to a study published inJAMA Network Open.CNN (Source: Society for Endocrinology)
Source: Society for Endocrinology - April 14, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news

C-sections may increase risk of obesity and diabetes in adulthood
Children born by C-section may have a greater risk for developing obesity and diabetes in adulthood, according to a study published inJAMA Network Open.CNN (Source: Society for Endocrinology)
Source: Society for Endocrinology - April 14, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news

C-section babies may be at higher risk of obesity and diabetes as adults, study suggests
Being born by cesarean section may have long-term health consequences, increasing your risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes as an adult, a study of more than 30,000 US women suggests. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - April 13, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Natural birth is safe for 90% of women who have previously had a caesarean, new research suggests 
Many mothers-to-be are concerned about giving birth following a C-section due to the risk of tearing the scar, which can rupture the womb (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - March 24, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Action needed to cut stillbirth, baby death and brain injury
Report highlights complex clinical and non-clinical factors for maternity teams to address Related items fromOnMedica C-section death rates highest in low-income countries Maternal stress affects baby ’s brain development Antiseptic prevents deaths in newborns Midwives demand ‘equivalence’ in prison perinatal care Has austerity reversed decline in infant mortality? (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - March 19, 2020 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

What If We Couldn & #039;t Sue Our Doctors for Malpractice?
During childbirth, are doctors more likely or less likely to intervene surgically if liability is a concern? A study co-authored by an economist at Massachusetts of Technology (MIT) and a professor of law and economics at the Duke University, offers insight on this interesting question about "defensive medicine." The research, based on evidence from the U.S. Military Health System, finds that when doctors have immunity from liability lawsuits, they actually perform slightly more C-section operations, compared to when they are legally liable for those operations — about 4% more, over ...
Source: MDDI - March 18, 2020 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Amanda Pedersen Tags: Business Source Type: news

Opioid Use Prior to Discharge After C-Section Tied to Later Use
WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 -- Women who take less opioid pain medication in the 24-hour period before being discharged from the hospital after a cesarean delivery also use less opioid medication during the four weeks following discharge, according to... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - March 18, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Babies born by C-section are less likely to catch coronavirus
Chinese scientists have found that 12 babies born by cesarean section to mothers infected with coronavirus in Wuhan showed no signs of symptoms associated with the viral infection. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - March 16, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gestational DM and Sufentanil Consumption After C-Section Gestational DM and Sufentanil Consumption After C-Section
Do pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus require more opioids during the immediate postoperative period after cesarean section?BMC Anesthesiology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - March 16, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Anesthesiology Journal Article Source Type: news

Moving beyond 'defensive medicine'
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Study shows removing liability concerns slightly increases C-section procedures during childbirth. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Predicting appropriate opioid prescriptions post-cesarean delivery
(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) Knowing the amount of opioids taken following cesarean section surgery and before discharge can inform individualized prescriptions and cut down on unnecessary, leftover pills that could be used for non-medical purposes, according to a new study from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

South Africa: South Africa's C-Section Rate Double What It Should Be?
[Africa Check] With the start of the new year, babies born on the first day of 2020 were celebrated in South Africa. But it was not plain sailing for all expectant mothers. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 25, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Reversible EMT and MET mediate amnion remodeling during pregnancy and labor
The amnion is remodeled during pregnancy to protect the growing fetus it contains, and it is particularly dynamic just before and during labor. By combining ultrastructural, immunohistochemical, and Western blotting analyses, we found that human and mouse amnion membranes during labor were subject to epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), mediated, in part, by the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway responding to oxidative stress. Primary human amnion epithelial cell cultures established from amnion membranes from nonlaboring, cesarean section deliveries exhibited EMT after exposure to oxidative stress...
Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment - February 11, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Richardson, L. S., Taylor, R. N., Menon, R. Tags: STKE Research Articles Source Type: news

General Anesthesia Boosts Postpartum Depression Risk After C - Section: Study
(Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - February 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Family Medicine, Gynecology, Obstetrics, Psychiatry, Anesthesiology & amp; Pain, News, Source Type: news

General Anesthesia Boosts Postpartum Depression Risk After C-Section: Study
MONDAY, Feb. 10, 2020 -- Women who receive general anesthesia during a cesarean section delivery are at higher risk of severe postpartum depression that requires hospitalization, as well as self-inflicted harm and suicidal thoughts, a new study... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - February 10, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

The Future of Health Care in Mali Starts with Women
By Katherine Seaton, Editorial Officer ; Cheick Oumar Tour é, Country director, Mali and associate regional director, West Africa Gao Nursing School in Mali. Photo taken by Trevor Snapp for IntraHealth International.February 06, 2020More than half of Mali’s residents live in rural areas. Add to that the country’s shortage of health workers and high-quality training programs, plus political instability, and high-quality health care becomes much harder to access.But over the past two decades, IntraHealth International’s Mali country director Cheick Touré and his team have worked to chang...
Source: IntraHealth International - February 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: kseaton Tags: Family Planning & Reproductive Health Maternal, Newborn, Child Health Digital Health Education Performance Leadership and Governance IntraHealth ' s 40th Anniversary Gender Equality Health Workforce Systems Nursing Midwifer Source Type: news

Cesarean Rates No Higher for Diabetes Patients Induced in 38th Week
THURSDAY, Jan. 16, 2020 -- In women with prepregnancy type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus (PDM), induction of labor (IOL) is not associated with increased cesarean section rates compared with expectant management beyond 39 weeks, but it is associated... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - January 16, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Second U.S. Baby Born From Transplanted Uterus From Deceased Donor
THURSDAY, Jan. 9, 2020 -- The second U.S. baby born from a transplanted uterus from a deceased donor was delivered by cesarean section in November, it was announced Thursday. Benjamin Thomas Gobrecht was born to 33-year-old Jennifer Gobrecht, who... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - January 9, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

The Cost Of Having A Baby Is Going Up
BOSTON (CBS) – Having a baby isn’t cheap. And according to a new study it’s getting even more expensive. According to researchers at the University of Michigan, the average out of pocket cost of having a baby jumped from just over $3,000 in 2008 to more than $4,500 in 2015. That’s including pregnancy, delivery, and the three months postpartum. The costs for having a C-section were even higher. While the Affordable Care Act requires full coverage for preventive services, families are still on the hook for many copays. Rising costs may cause some mothers to skip routine care which could lead to poorer...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - January 8, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Boston News Health Healthwatch Syndicated CBSN Boston Syndicated Local Child Birth Dr. Mallika Marshall Source Type: news

New Mom With Brain Tumor Turns To Boston Hospital For Keyhole Brain Surgery
BOSTON (CBS) — Imagine giving birth to a premature baby and then being told you have a brain tumor. That’s what happened to a woman from Holden. But thanks to a new approach at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, this new mom was able to have brain surgery and quickly return to her newborn son. At 27 weeks pregnant, Bethany Shea was diagnosed with preeclampsia and had an emergency C-section. Then she went blind. “It was a pregnancy complication due to my high blood pressure,” Bethany explained. Bethany regained her vision, but worried she had had a stroke, doctors ordered an MRI. But instead of a st...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - December 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Boston News Health Healthwatch Seen On WBZ-TV Syndicated CBSN Boston Syndicated Local Brigham and Women's Hospital Dr. Mallika Marshall Source Type: news

Cesarean Section Not Linked to Obesity in Offspring
MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 -- There is no association between elective or nonelective cesarean section with obesity in young adulthood, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in PLOS Medicine. Viktor H. Ahlqvist, from the Karolinska Institutet in... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - December 16, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

C-Section Is Not Tied to Obesity in Children
A large new study found no link between the method of birth and obesity. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - December 10, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Nicholas Bakalar Tags: Pregnancy and Childbirth Caesarean Section Obesity Source Type: news

White House to Require Hospitals, Insurers to Disclose Actual Healthcare Prices
(WASHINGTON) — New rules from the Trump administration on Friday would require insurers and hospitals to disclose upfront the actual prices for common tests and procedures to promote competition and push down costs. The sweeping changes face stiff pushback from the health care industry and could be challenged in court. Even in an ideal world where information flows freely, patients and their families would have to deal with a learning curve to become comfortable with the intricacies of health care billing. “This shadowy system has to change,” Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar said. “The ...
Source: TIME: Health - November 15, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: RICARDO ALONSO-ZALDIVAR / AP Tags: Uncategorized Healthcare onetime Source Type: news

'Skin-on-skin' cuddle straight after a C-section puts both mother and baby at risk
If babies grab or suckle on electrical equipment called electrodes, it could set off heart monitor alarms that medics may mistake for a life-threatening problem in the mother, a doctor in Spain has warned. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - November 8, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Medical device used during labour falls out of patient 10 weeks later
A B.C. woman suffered severe pain after a medical device was left inside her after an emergency C-section. Research shows she's not alone — Canada leaves more surgical instruments like sponges, needles and clamps inside patients than any other developed country. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - November 7, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Health Source Type: news

Woman diagnosed with breast cancer rushed into emergency C-section to deliver a baby the SAME day
Brooke Taylor, 32, of Gore, Oklahoma, was diagnosed with stage III invasive ductal breast cancer six hours before she delivered her first child, Elsie James, who was born without complications. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - November 5, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Vaginal preparation with chlorhexidine at cesarean section to reduce endometritis and prevent sepsis: a randomized pilot trial (PREPS)
Cesarean sections are the most common major operation worldwide. One in 10 women develops a surgical-site infection after cesarean section. The PREPS pilot trial was developed to assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial of vaginal cleansing with chlorhexidine before cesarean section, to reduce infectious morbidity. It is possible to perform a randomized controlled trial in women undergoing an elective or emergency cesarean section, using a verbal-followed-by-written consent process, while maintaining high adherence and retaining women in the trial. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - October 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

ASA: Unnecessary Opioids Often Prescribed After C-Section
MONDAY, Oct. 21, 2019 -- Opioids are commonly not needed but are overprescribed at discharge among women who undergo cesarean deliveries (CDs), and provider education and new order sets can reduce use of oxycodone for post-CD pain management,... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - October 21, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Uganda: C-Section Births - Government Accuses Hospitals of Greed
[Monitor] The Ministry of Health has decried the rise in the number of caesarean section births, saying they are driven by the hospitals' desire to make more money compared to normal deliveries. (Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - October 15, 2019 Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

Adverse Outcomes Up for Vaginal Birth After Previous C-Section
MONDAY, Sept. 30, 2019 -- Women undergoing vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) are more likely to have adverse maternal birth-related complications and perinatal outcomes, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in PLOS Medicine. Kathryn E.... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - September 30, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

How Safe is Vaginal Delivery After a Cesarean Birth?
FRIDAY, Sept. 27, 2019 -- Once a woman gives birth by cesarean section, attempting a vaginal delivery is far riskier for mother and baby alike, a new study finds. Researchers at the University of Oxford collected data on more than 70,000 births in... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - September 27, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Mothers who push a child out naturally after a C-section face higher risk of complications
A study by Oxford University suggests mothers are safer choosing another C-section to lower the risk of uterine rupture, blood transfusion, sepsis and harm to the baby. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - September 25, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Mothers should not push a child out naturally after a C-section due to complications
A study by Oxford University suggests mothers are safer choosing another C-section to lower the risk of uterine rupture, blood transfusion, sepsis and harm to the baby. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news