Utility of Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Predicting Severity of Sciatic Nerve Injury

Conclusions The MR characterization of PNI severity remains challenging. Useful features indicative of high-grade PNI include bulbous enlargement, perineural fibrosis, muscle denervation changes, and nerve discontinuity.
Source: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography - Category: Radiology Tags: Musculoskeletal Imaging Source Type: research

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This study aimed to assess the costs, health status, and medical service satisfaction with Korean and conventional medicine use before and after surgery of patients visiting Korean medicine hospitals for postsurgical musculoskeletal pain. The study population comprised patients who visited KM hospitals for the first time between June and November 2017 for persistent or recurrent pain and discomfort after low back, neck, shoulder, or knee surgery. Various validated questionnaires were used to collect data. A total of 100 participants were enrolled, and the majority had undergone low back surgery (n = 82). The ...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
We present an uncommon neurological manifestation of rotavirus infection in a 4-year-old Turkish child who presented with hypotonia, reduced consciousness and mutism. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed diffusion abnormalities in the splenium of corpus callosum and nucleus dentatus bilaterally. She was diagnosed with rotavirus cerebellitis. She improved well with dexamethasone and intravenous immunoglobulin but still has dysarthria and poor fine motor coordination. PMID: 32253876 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Turk J Pediatr Source Type: research
Conclusions: These findings verified the modulation effect of acupuncture on functional connectivity of reward and habit systems related to the VS in IA individuals, which might partly represent the underlying mechanisms of acupuncture on IA. PMID: 32256558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
Conclusion: Aberrant cortical complexity is an additional characteristic of MHE, and FD analysis may provide novel insight into the neurobiological basis of cognitive dysfunction in MHE. PMID: 32256557 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewPatients with inflammatory arthropathies have a high rate of fragility fractures. Diagnostic assessment and monitoring of bone density and quality are therefore critically important. Here, we review standard and advanced techniques to measure bone density and quality, specifically focusing on patients with inflammatory arthropathies.Recent FindingsCurrent standard procedures are dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and quantitative computed tomography (QCT). DXA-based newer methods include trabecular bone score (TBS) and vertebral fracture assessment (VFA). More advanced imaging methods to measur...
Source: Current Rheumatology Reports - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
In this study, 50 patients with lung cancers underwent 3.0-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within 2 weeks of being diagnosed with lung cancer. Texture analysis (TA) was carried out in 8 gray matter areas, including bilateral frontal cortices, parietal cortices, occipital cortices and temporal cortices, as well as 2 areas of bilateral frontoparietal white matter. The same procedure was performed for 57 healthy controls. A total of 32 texture parameters were separately compared between the patients and controls in the different cerebral tissue sites. Texture features among patients based on histological type and clinical ...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Dalton Trans., 2020, Advance Article DOI: 10.1039/D0DT00297F, PaperGuoqiang Guan, Bo Li, Wenlong Zhang, Zhe Cui, Shu-Ang He, Rujia Zou, Xinwu Lu, Junqing Hu Highly efficient body-clearance sulfur-doped iron oxides were developed for magnetic resonance imaging-guided photo-magnetic hyperthermia therapy. To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above. The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Dalton Trans. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of an automated workflow for multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate compared with a manual mpMRI workflow. Materials and Methods This retrospective study was approved by the local ethics committee. Two MR technicians scanned 2 healthy volunteers with a prototypical highly automated workflow (Siemens Healthineers GmbH, Erlangen, Germany) and with a manually adjusted scan protocol each. Thirty patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 68 ± 11 years; range, 41–93 years) with suspected prostate cancer underwent ...
Source: Investigative Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Introduction Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen increasingly incorporates diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) sequences. Whereas DWI can substantially aid in detecting and characterizing suspicious findings, it remains unclear to what extent the use of ultra-high b-value DWI might further be of aid for the radiologist especially when using DWI sequences with advanced processing. The target of this study was therefore to compare high and ultra-high b-value DWI in abdominal MRI examinations. Methods This institutional review board–approved, prospective study included abdominal MRI examinations of 70 onco...
Source: Investigative Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusion: As a result, the correlation of clinical, radiologic, and pathologic data is significant while going for a specific diagnosis in cases of craniofacial fibrous lesions. Total excision is the best treatment, but it can recur. PMID: 32257561 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
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