Cryptosporidium infection is associated with reduced growth and diarrhoea in goats beyond weaning

This study challenges the two notions that Cryptosporidium infections only impact health and productivity of goats during the pre-weaning period, and that Cryptosporidium (and specifically C. xiaoi) infections in the absence of diarrhoea are asymptomatic. Recognising the potential for impacts of Cryptosporidium infection on growth rates in the absence of diarrhoea will support improved design for experiments testing impacts of Cryptosporidium on ruminant health and production. Improved understanding of the role of protozoan infections on animal health has implications for the management of goats in order to reduce adverse impacts on farm profitability, animal welfare and public health risk.
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Jinming Wang, Jifei Yang, Shandian Gao, Aihong Liu, Muhammad Rashid, Youquan Li, Zhijie Liu, Junlong Liu, Guangyuan Liu, Jianxun Luo, Guiquan Guan, Hong YinAbstractBovine theileriosis, caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Theileria, presents with various clinical symptoms. In cattle, clinical presentations and outcomes of bovine theileriosis are closely correlated with the causative Theileria spp. Thus, accurate detection and discrimination of Theileria spp. are essential for epidemiological studies and for provision of ...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Research in Veterinary ScienceAuthor(s): L.C. Rhades, M. Larzábal, A. Bentancor, J. Sabio y García, F.J. Babinec, A. Cataldi, N. Amigo, V.N. Baldone, L. Urquiza, P.J. Delicia, M.C. FortAbstractBovines are the primary reservoir of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 and the main source of its transmission to humans. Here, we present a one-year longitudinal study of fecal shedding of E. coli O157. E. coli O157 obtained from recto-anal mucosal samples were characterized by multiplex PCR. The E. coli O157 prevalence ranged from 0.84% in July ...
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Microchemical JournalAuthor(s): Lu Liu, Guangying Zhao, Wenchao DouAbstractQuantitative and portable detection of target without skilled personnel and equipment is an important research focus in point-of-care testing field. A cost-effective, portable and unplugged foam immunochromatographic assay (Foam-ICA) for on-site and quantitative detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7) without any instrument was reported. In sample solution the detection target E. coli O157:H7 were captured and labeled by monoclonal antibody modified the gold platinum bimetalli...
Source: Microchemical Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Green Chem., 2019, Advance Article DOI: 10.1039/C9GC02286D, PaperBo Liang, Guannan Sun, Zhaobao Wang, Jian Xiao, Jianming Yang To biosynthesize 3-HP directly from malonate, a novel malonyl-CoA-mediated biosynthetic pathway was successfully developed. To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above. The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Green Chem. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
We present two cases that HPeV was detected by multiplex polymerase chain reaction for respiratory viruses using bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and diagnosed as pneumonia caused by HPeV.
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Szuster-Ciesielska A, Wawiórka L, Krokowski D, Grankowski N, Jarosz Ł, Lisiecka U, Tchórzewski M Abstract Malaria remains one the most infectious and destructive protozoan diseases worldwide. Plasmodium falciparum, a protozoan parasite with a complex life cycle and high genetic variability responsible for the difficulties in vaccine development, is implicated in most malaria-related deaths. In the course of study, we prepared a set of antigens based on P-proteins from P. falciparum and determined their immunogenicity in an in vivo assay on a mouse model. The pentameric complex P0-(P1-P2)2 wa...
Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
Source: BMJ News - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Pierce M, Hope HF, Kolade A, Gellatly J, Osam CS, Perchard R, Kosidou K, Dalman C, Morgan V, Di Prinzio P, Abel KM Abstract BACKGROUND: Children of parents with mental disorder face multiple challenges. AIMS: To summarise evidence about parental mental disorder and child physical health. METHOD: We searched seven databases for cohort or case-control studies quantifying associations between parental mental disorders (substance use, psychotic, mood, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, post-traumatic stress and eating) and offspring physical health. Studies were excluded if: they reported perinatal outcomes only (
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 138Author(s): Momen Askoura, Mahmoud Youns, Wael Abdel Halim HegazyAbstractThe capacity of C. jejuni to survive acid and capture iron is a requirement for C. jejuni to colonize host and cause infection. Herein, we aimed to characterize the influence of iron on Campylobacter acid response. The capacity of C. jejuni to survive acid stress was greatly enhanced in presence of iron. Moreover, the acid stimulon of C. jejuni under iron-enriched condition was investigated using the microarray approach. A total of 211 genes were differentially expressed in C. jeju...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2019Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 137Author(s): Faruq Abdulla, Utpal Kumar Adhikari, M. Kamal UddinAbstractTill now, AIDS, caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is still a severe health problem worldwide. It weakens the immune system by targeting the T-helper cells. Specifically, the severity of the pandemic HIV-1 makes the emergence of an enduring effective vaccine against HIV-1. Therefore, we have applied a series of immunoinformatics approaches to the four conserved domains of HIV-1 integrase (IN) proteins to design an effective multi-epitope based subunit vaccine which mig...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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