Influence of Smoking History on Imaging Characteristics Among Patients With Human Papillomavirus-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer: A Blinded Matched-Pair Analysis
ConclusionsAmong the patients with HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer, no imaging characteristics were identified to correlate with the critical prognostic feature smoking status. Cystic and necrotic nodal metastases, as described previously, were more common among the patients with HPV-positive than those with HPV-negative oropharyngeal cancers. Although cystic nodal metastases were more common among the never/light smokers with HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer than among smokers with HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer, however, because these results did not reach statistical significance, we concluded that the imaging results cannot serve as a surrogate for an HPV-driven phenotype.
The role of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) in oropharyngeal cancers and its impact on survival has been well described. Whether HPV association is influential in other sub-sites of head and neck is not as well studied at this time. We investigated the patterns of HPV testing and its association with survival in sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SNSCC) utilizing the National Cancer Database (NCDB).
AbstractHigh risk human papillomavirus (HPV) has transformed head and neck oncology in the past several decades. Now that we have recognized that HPV-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is a unique cancer type with distinct clinicopathologic features and favorable prognosis, it has become essential to test patients in routine practice. We have progressed greatly in our knowledge of this disease and gone, over the past two to three decades, from doing testing in highly variable amounts and methods to, now, with the help of national and international guidelines and patient staging requirements, to a situat...
CONCLUSIONS:The authors found relatively higher and increasing incidence rate of OPC in Florida and lower rate of HPV vaccination among adolescents in Florida than in the nation overall.PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS:The trends illustrated may stimulate policy changes to increase HPV vaccination for children and enhance the understanding of its benefits.
ConclusionThe majority of MDT decisions followed guidelines and any discordant decisions were justifiable. Discussing management options with patients beforehand facilitates decision implementation as decisions can potentially change after seeing the patient. Progress is still needed with regards to HPV testing. Reasons for not testing could include subliminal decision-making among clinicians, and patients falling between centres. Crucially, the role of the MDT in head and neck cancer should be to ratify decisions rather than making them, hence the need to see patients prior to MDT discussion.
CONCLUSIONS: We developed and validated the oral HPV risk score that predicts the risk of oral HPV requiring only self-reported data and no laboratory testing. The Oral HPV risk score has the potential to provide clinicians with a no-cost, easy way to screen for patients at greater risk for oncogenic HPV infection. PMID: 31914181 [PubMed - in process]
Use of acoustofluidic separation technology (AFS) doubles detection of oropharyngeal cancer-associated human papillomavirus-16 (HPV-OPC) in saliva, according to an international group of investigatorsReuters Health Information
Authors: Okunade KS Abstract Cervical cancer is by far the most common HPV-related disease. About 99.7% of cervical cancer cases are caused by persistent genital high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Worldwide, cervical cancer is one of the most common cancer in women with an estimated 528,000 new cases reported in 2012. Most HPV infections clear spontaneously but persistent infection with the oncogenic or high-risk types may cause cancer of the oropharynx and anogenital regions. The virus usually infects the mucocutaneous epithelium and produces viral particles in matured epithelial cells and then causes...
ConclusionThis study evaluated the survival impact of HPV infection in LSCC patients. The OS of the HPV ‐positive group was better than that of the HPV‐negative group in terms of short‐term survival. Compared with the HPV‐negative group, the HPV‐positive group had a better trend of DFS, suggesting that a larger sample size and further exploration of the pathology and local control of HPV‐p ositive tumors are needed.
AbstractAs rates of human papillomavirus (HPV) –related oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) continue to rise, the dental community’s role in primary prevention efforts related to HPV vaccination will become increasingly important. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, beliefs, practices, and perceived barriers regarding HPV and HPV vaccine a dvocacy within the dental community. A sample of 266 dentists and dental hygienists completed an online survey, and responses were then analyzed using frequencies of responses,t tests, chi-square tests, and Spearman ’s correlations. Ninety percent of providers believe...
AbstractBackgroundThe etiologic role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) is well established and it explains the increase of young patients (pts) affected with OPC. This is an observational study representing a real-world experience evaluating clinicopathologic features and prognosis in young (