Featured Review: Workplace interventions for reducing time spent sitting at work

Health effects of sit-stand desks and interventions aimed to reduce sitting at work are still unproven.Millions of people worldwide sit at a desk all day, and over recent years this has led to increased levels of physical inactivity in the work place. Health experts have warned that long periods of sitting can increase the risk of heart disease and obesity. There are a number of different approaches to reduce the amount of time we spend sitting down while at work. One option that is increasing in popularity is the sit-stand desk. These are desks that are designed to allow you to work at your desk sitting down or standing up.A team ofCochrane Workresearchers updated a systematic review that looked at the effects of different strategies to encourage people to reduce the amount of time they spend sitting at work. They looked at 34 studies with a total of 3,397 participants from high income studies. This was an increase from 20 studies when they last updated the Cochrane Review in 2016. They included evidence from both randomized and non-randomized studies.Although sit-stand desks are popular, their potential health benefits are very uncertain. The researchers found very low-quality evidence that people who used sit-stand desks sat between 84   to 116 minutes less, compared to when they used conventional desks during the working day. Sit-stand desks also reduced total sitting time, both at work and outside work, and the durations of sitting episodes that last 30 minutes or l...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news

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Mutations in theCTNS gene encoding the lysosomal membrane cystine transporter cystinosin are the cause of cystinosis, an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease. More than 140CTNS mutations have been reported worldwide. Recent studies have discovered that cystinosin exerts other key cellular functions beyond cystine transport such as regulation of oxidative state, lysosomal dynamics and autophagy. Here, we review the different mutations described in theCTNS gene and the geographical distribution of incidence. In addition, the characteristics of the various mutations in relation to the functions of cystinosin needs to...
Source: Nephron - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
BACKGROUND:: To investigate epidemiology, etiology, and outcomes after repair of pediatric open-globe injury. METHODS:: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients ⩽18 years who underwent primary open-globe repair. RESULTS::...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
ConclusionsDiabetes carries a significant health burden, and results vary across states. Efforts to prevent or delay diabetes or to improve diabetes management could reduce the health burden because of diabetes.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The introduction of the surgical program ERAS® may be an opportunity for nurses to play a more influential role in the surgical path, directly involving with their clients' results. PMID: 30540062 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Bras Enferm Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study provides a comprehensive analysis that delineates the scientific productivity, collaboration, and research hotspots of macrophage polarization research. PMID: 30539910 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2018Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): Olivier MayAbstractImpingement of hip arthroplasty components on soft tissues may adversely affect outcomes. An example is impingement of the cup on the ilio-psoas tendon, which has been reported in 0.4% to 8.3% of patients. Contributors to ilio-psoas tendon impingement (IPTI) can be categorised as anatomic (hypoplastic anterior wall), technical (inadequate anteversion and/or lower inclination, oversized cup, cement in contact with the tendon, and intra-muscular screw), and prosthetic (e.g., aggressive...
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This study aimed to identify the market, organizational and managerial, and sociotechnical factors associated with the adoption of NICHE among U.S. hospitals in order to understand factors that promote and inhibit the adoption of models to improve care for elders and to provide a basis for future studies that evaluate the effects of NICHE participation on patient outcomes. Methods We used an observational, retrospective design, linking three national administrative data sources, in a secondary analysis. Data included the 2012–2013 American Hospital Association Annual Survey, NICHE database, and the American Nurses...
Source: Nursing Research - Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research
Background Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic liver disease in which patients present with metabolic dysregulation and obesity as well as fat accumulation in the liver. Those with NAFLD frequently have symptoms of fatigue, sleep disturbance, depression, and cognitive dysfunction. C1q/TNF-related protein 13 (CTRP13) regulates glucose metabolism and obesity in mice, yet the role of CTRP13 in human NAFLD has not been elucidated. Aims Our aims were to examine whether the plasma levels of CTRP13 are (a) increased in patients with NAFLD; (b) associated with metabolic dysregulation, obesity, liver enzymes,...
Source: Nursing Research - Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research
Discussion This novel research analysis method can overcome the challenges and limitations of determining changes in sedative and opioid medication regimens in cohort and clinical trial study designs.
Source: Nursing Research - Category: Nursing Tags: METHODS Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Pancreas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research
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