Funtabulously Frivolous Friday Five 240

LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog Just when you thought your brain could unwind on a Friday, you realise that it would rather be challenged with some good old fashioned medical trivia FFFF…introducing Funtabulously Frivolous Friday Five 240. Readers can subscribe to FFFF RSS or subscribe to the FFFF weekly EMAIL Question 1 Colonial India, under British rule may seem a strange place for medical ethics but during this time the ‘Cobra effect’ was observed. What is the Cobra effect? Hmm… No ear holes, no eyelids, and broad ventral scales… [Photo by Gregor Younger] Reveal Answer expand(document.getElementById('ddet1893553794'));expand(document.getElementById('ddetlink1893553794')) When an attempted solution to a problem makes the problem worse (at first do no harm – Primum non nocere). The British government were concerned about the number of venomous cobra snakes in Delhi and therefore offered a bounty on dead cobras. Those member of the population who were more enterprising started breeding cobras to gain the rewards offered. Once the government because aware of this ‘loop hole’ they stopped the program. As a result the wild cobra population increased and made the situation worse. [Freakonomics podcast] [Der Kobra-Effekt. Horst Siebert (2001)] Question 2 What is tradus et parvus? Reveal Answer exp...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Frivolous Friday Five advert aortic stenosis body slam cobra effect edgar allan poe informed consent toothpaste tradus et parvus wrestling Source Type: blogs

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Publication date: 17 September 2019Source: Cell Reports, Volume 28, Issue 12Author(s): Krishna C. Chinta, Md. Aejazur Rahman, Vikram Saini, Joel N. Glasgow, Vineel P. Reddy, Jeremie M. Lever, Shepherd Nhamoyebonde, Alasdair Leslie, Ryan M. Wells, Amie Traylor, Rajhmun Madansein, Gene P. Siegal, Veena B. Antony, Jessy Deshane, Gordon Wells, Kievershen Nargan, James F. George, Pratistadevi K. Ramdial, Anupam Agarwal, Adrie J.C. Steyn
Source: Cell Reports - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 September 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Swati Mahato, Zhiwei Zhu, Da-Wen SunAbstractBackgroundStability of food is a great challenge that encompasses the interaction among the constituents, processing conditions and thermal history. The frozen storage of food sometimes incurs possible harmful effect due to the formation of large ice crystal and destruction of the cell structure. Glass transition state is a second-order transition of matter where a system reaches a thermodynamically non-equilibrium state due to the immobility of molecules, and it is a univ...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: LWT, Volume 117Author(s): Chang-Cheng Zhao, Pyo-Hyeon Kim, Jong-Bang EunAbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate the influences of ultrasound treatment on the color attributes, total protein, total phenol and flavonoid content, isoflavone composition (genistin, daidzin, glycitin, genistein, daidzein, and glycitein), and antioxidant activity of tofu whey. Fourier transform infrared assay was performed and the microstructure of treated tofu whey was evaluated. The results showed ultrasound application significantly increased the total phenolic and flavonoid content, isoflavone gluco...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, Volume 21Author(s): R.K. Murali Baskaran, J. Sridhar, K.C. Sharma, S. Senthil-NathanAbstractLight and pheromone trap-catches of yellow stem-borer (YSB) [Scirpophaga incertulas (Walker)] were monitored in low-land rice during summer 2017 in the Chhattisgarh, India region to develop biological control management strategies for areas with low winter temperatures. High catches of males and females in light trap started during March 05 to 11th, 2017, in association with 8.5% dead-heart symptom, indicative of YSB damage to the central shoot, whi...
Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2019Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural BiotechnologyAuthor(s): Bhaben Chowardhara, Pankaj Borgohain, Bedabrata Saha, Jay Prakash Awasthi, Debojyoti Moulick, Sanjib Kumar PandaAbstractHeavy metal toxicity is a major bottleneck to crop production throughout the world. India being a fast developing country is highly affected by heavy metal stress. Cd and Zn both pose great threat to crop production when present in excess. This work documents the differential tolerance of three cultivated varieties of Brassica juncea through physiological and molecular approaches at germinatio...
Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe incidence of VTE complications after endovenous laser ablation was low. Furthermore, the value of performing postoperative ultrasound for VTE management seems to be low because the occurrence of severe VTE complications could not be predicted by lower extremity venous ultrasound. Although the perioperative detection of VTE complications by this modality resulted in the early administration of anticoagulant therapy and may have contributed to improved prognosis, the number of those patients was limited.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionTaken together, these results suggested that inhibition of the PD-1/PD-L1 signaling pathway enhanced the innate immune response of alveolar macrophages to Mycobacterium TB in mice.
Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Condition:   Tuberculosis Interventions:   Other: ACF with a seed-and-recruit model;   Other: ACF targeting household and neighborhood contacts;   Other: ACF targeting the older population using mobile screening units;   Other: Passive case finding Sponsors:   National University, Singapore;   KHANA Center for Population Health Research;   National Center for Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control;   Cambodian Anti-Tuberculosis Association Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions Stroke involving the basal ganglia best differentiates CNSTB patients who are HIV+ from those HIV-. This finding was not correlated with meningeal enhancement suggesting that small arteries involvement might precede it. Therefore, we think that HIV+ patients with a new onset of stroke should be evaluated for CNSTB. Follow-up MRI should also be planned since meningeal enhancement might appear in later stages of the disease.
Source: Journal of Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Healthcare systems are often compared with the aviation industry. Progress in both is highly desired but must always be achieved with safety in mind. Everyone wants to get from point A to point B faster and more comfortably, but how much risk of uncertainty is one ready to accept to achieve that extra speed? Both industries also share the aspect of competition for customers. In the field of localized prostate cancer, patients have an ever-increasing choice of options: radical surgery (open vs laparoscopic vs robot-assisted), external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) (with photons or protons), brachytherapy (low-dose rate or h...
Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Clinical Investigation Source Type: research
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