Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD).
Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 May 09;5:CD009260 Authors: Reichow B, Hume K, Barton EE, Boyd BA Abstract BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) increases the need for evidence-based behavioral treatments to lessen the impact of symptoms on children's functioning. At present, there are no curative or psychopharmacological therapies to effectively treat all symptoms of the disorders. Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is a treatment based on the principles of applied behavior analysis. Delivered for multiple years at an intensity of 20 to 40 hours per week, it is one of the more well-established treatments for ASD. This is an update of a Cochrane review last published in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the evidence for the effectiveness of EIBI in increasing functional behaviors and skills, decreasing autism severity, and improving intelligence and communication skills for young children with ASD. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, 12 additional electronic databases and two trials registers in August 2017. We also checked references and contacted study authors to identify additional studies. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomized control trials (RCTs), quasi-RCTs, and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) in which EIBI was compared to a no-treatment or treatment-as-usual control...
Patients with mental health problems, autism and learning disabilities are being let down, a report says.
Despite being a first-time CEO, Rohwedder has tackled challenges with a positive, creative mindset and the ability to get her teams to collaborate around cutting-edge programs.
There are currently no medications to address social deficits in autism, but two new studies suggest that vasopressin, a hormone associated with social bonding, may be a viable target for drug development.Medscape Medical News
Jude Morrow has Asperger's syndrome and found becoming a dad for the first time very difficult.
(Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center) Scientists at Wake Forest School of Medicine have taken the first step in developing an objective, brain-based test to diagnose autism.
(Oregon State University) An Oregon State University researcher is part of a $1.94 million grant to look for possible connections between the human microbiome and autism spectrum disorder.
Discussion “Macrocephaly is defined as [an occipitofrontal circumference or head circumference, OFC ] of> 2 standard deviations above the mean or above the 97th percentage for a given age, and gender, or when serial measurement shows progressive enlargement, crossing of one or more major percentiles, or when there is an increase in OFC> 2 cm/month in the first 6 months of life.” Megalencephaly is enlargement of the brain parenchyma. The OFC should be measured using a non-elastic tape which surrounds the head along the line of the glabella and posterior occipital protrusion. There are ethnic differences f...
Publication date: Available online 18 May 2019Source: Cancer GeneticsAuthor(s): Roberto Antonucci, Nadia Vacca, Elisa Ghisu, Gloria Acquaviva, Carlo Cosmi, Anna Maria Marinaro, Cristian Locci, Claudio FozzaAbstractIsodicentric chromosome 15, also called idic(15), is a rare chromosomal abnormality resulting from inverted duplication of proximal 15q. It is associated with specific clinical findings such as early central hypotonia, developmental delay, cognitive dysfunction, autism spectrum disorders, and seizure. Herein we describe a case of a girl with idic(15) syndrome who developed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) at th...
ConclusionsThis meta-analysis provides evidence for higher concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in autistic patents compared with control subjects. Also, meta-regression analyses point to the interaction of latitude, age, and gender with peripheral alterations of associated pro-inflammatory cytokines.
This report finds that too many children are being admitted to secure hospitals unnecessarily – in some cases are spending months and years of their childhood in institutions when they should be in their community. It warns that the current system of support for those with learning disabilities or autism is letting down some of the most vulnerable children in the country.ReportPress release