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Reliability, Validity, and Factor Structure of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25: Population-Based Study of Persons Living with HIV in Rural Uganda

This study was nested within an ongoing population-based cohort of all residents living in Nyakabare Parish, Mbarara District, Uganda. All participants who identified as HIV-positive by self-report were included in this analysis. We performed parallel analysis on the scale items and estimated the internal consistency of the identified sub-scales using ordinal alpha. To assess construct validity we correlated the sub-scales with related constructs, including subjective well being (happiness), food insecurity, and health status. Of 1814 eligible adults in the population, 158 (8.7%) self-reported being HIV positive. The mean age was 41  years, and 68% were women. Mean HSCL-25 scores were higher among women compared with men (1.71 vs. 1.44; t = 3.6, P 
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of non-AIDS co-morbidities (NACs) and predictors of adverse health outcomes amongst people living with HIV in order to identify health needs and potential gaps in patient management. DESIGN: Retrospective, non-consecutive medical record audit of patients attending a publicly funded HIV clinic in metropolitan Sydney analysed for predictors of adverse health outcomes. We developed a scoring system based on the validated Charlson score method for NACs, mental health and social issues and confounders were selected using directed acyclic graph theory under the principle...
Source: AIDS Research and Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Res Ther Source Type: research
Marijuana consists of a mixture of dried plant leaves, flowers, and/or stems of the Cannabis Sativa plant. In addition, there is a resin-based version of marijuana that is called hash. Most people either smoke marijuana or vape it (warming it, but not cooking it), but it can also be ingested in oil form. The most common way to ingest marijuana is to roll it up and smoke it like you would a cigarette or cigar, or use a smoking tool like a pipe. Some users, however, consume weed by infusing foods (i.e., butter and cooking oil) or teas. What happens to your body when you ingest marijuana? THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is the mos...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain Blogger Publishers Research Sexuality Substance Abuse Cannabis Climax Dopamine effects of marijuana erection Orgasm Pot Premature Ejaculation Sexual Desire Sexual Dysfunction THC types of sexual dysfunctions Weed Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 10 February 2018 Source:International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences Author(s): Modula Mantji Juliah, Ramukumba Mokholelana Margaret Up to 25% of people living with HIV (PLWHA) in South Africa are thought to suffer from some form of depression and anxiety during the course of the illness. The nurse-initiated ART improves patients’ access to ART and gives nurses authority to treat uncomplicated patients. However, there is no parallel continuing development program aimed at preparing nurses to manage mental health problems at primary health care level. The purpose of the study wa...
Source: International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Psychosocial stress, defined here as socioenvironmental demands that tax the adaptive capacity of the individual (e.g., low socioeconomic status, childhood adversity, bullying), has repeatedly been linked to substance use disorders (SUDs). Neighborhood poverty and social support are shown to influence substance use patterns. Among smokers, multiple psychosocial stressors are associated with relapse, and acute psychosocial stress has been demonstrated to enhance cigarette craving and smoking behavior. Similarly, psychosocial stress has been associated with greater risk of relapse in individuals with alcohol and cocaine use ...
Source: Psychology of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: A syndemic index comprised of co-occurring psychosocial risk factors in adolescence seem to have lasting effects on the vulnerability to engage in HIV risk behaviors in emerging adulthood, some of which extend into young adulthood.
Source: AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Epidemiology and Social Source Type: research
This study aimed to examine the impact of a mHealth application (app) comprised of evidence-based self-care strategies on the symptom experience of PLWH. We conducted a 12-week feasibility study with 80 PLWH who were randomized (1:1) to a mHealth app, mobile Video Information Provider (mVIP), with self-care strategies for improving 13 commonly experienced symptoms in PLWH or to a control app. Intervention group participants showed a significantly greater improvement than the control group in 5 symptoms: anxiety (p  = 0.001), depression (p = 0.001), neuropathy (p = 0.002), fever/chills/sweat (p...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Source: AIDS Care - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
This is the 1000th presentation to my bioethics blog since starting on Google Blogspot.com in 2004.There has been many topics covered. Though comments by the visitors has always been encouraged and, since as a " discussion blog " , comments leading to discussions I have felt was the definitive function here. Virtually none of the thread topics have gone unread and most have had some commentary, some with mainly particularly strong and emphatic opinions http://bioethicsdiscussion.blogspot.com/2013/01/should-pathologists-be-physicians.html, some with extensive up to 12 years long continued discussion http://bioethi...
Source: Bioethics Discussion Blog - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Longitudinal trajectories of increasing alcohol use and stable misuse highlight the need to integrate routine screening and alcohol misuse interventions into HIV primary care. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 29265385 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
ConclusionsLongitudinal trajectories of increasing alcohol use and stable misuse highlight the need to integrate routine screening and alcohol misuse interventions into HIV primary care.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
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