Short-term Impact of Assisted Deliveries: Evaluation Based on Behavioral Pain Scoring and Heart Rate Variability

In this study, we hypothesized that pain related to instrumental delivery could impair autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity. Materials and Methods: We investigated infants born by spontaneous delivery (SD group, n=35) and those whose deliveries were assisted by vacuum, forceps, or both (AD group, n=35) between the second and fourth hours of life. Pain was evaluated using the Echelle de Douleur et d’Inconfort du Nouveau-Né/Neonatal Pain and Discomfort Scale (EDIN) behavioral pain scale. ANS activity was analyzed using the newborn infant parasympathetic evaluation (NIPE) index, a heart rate variability based index which is related to the autonomic activity mediated by the parasympathetic nervous system. Results: Neonates in the AD group presented higher EDIN scores than neonates born by spontaneous vaginal deliveries (SD group) (P
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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The objective of this article is to review existing literature and highlight the potential clinical utility of birthing balls in current obstetric practice. What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and further research? Use of birthing balls has been advocated to decrease labouring time and therefore reduce progression to caesarean section. Larger studies or meta-analysis would be required to confirm potential benefits of birthing ball use. PMID: 31476927 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionCancer treatment during childhood may lead to late adverse effects, such as reduced musculoskeletal development, or vascular, endocrine and pulmonary dysfunction, which in turn may have an adverse effect on following pregnancy and childbirth. The aim of the present study was to investigate pregnancy and obstetric outcomes as well as the offspring's health among childhood and adolescent female cancer survivors.Material and methodsThis register ‐based study included all women born between 1973 and 1977 diagnosed with cancer in childhood or adolescence (age
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
We present a case where the buttressing balloon-expandable stent is crushed and subsequently removed percutaneously prior to placement of a high radial force self-expanding stent at the compressive site. A 38-year-old woman with May-Thurner syndrome underwent left common iliac vein self-expanding nitinol stent placement. Thirteen months later, she had recurrent symptoms due to collapse/compression of the stent (Fig. 1a) at the May-Thurner lesion. A buttressing balloon-expandable stent was placed (Fig. 1b) with symptom resolution. She again returned, two months later with recurrent left leg pain and swelling. Imaging reveal...
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology : The Turkish Society of Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Diagn Interv Radiol Source Type: research
Conclusions The recent, first randomized clinical trial demonstrated overall and progression free survival benefits after SBRT to oligometastatic disease which supports prior retrospective case series (6). The spine is a common site of metastatic bone disease, and as high quality data continue to mature, along with completion of additional randomized clinical trials, it is expected that utility of SBRT to the spine will increase in the future. Spine SBRT is unique due to the requirement of sharp dose falloff to prevent serious neurologic morbidity. With recent advances in radiotherapy planning, robotic patient positionin...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionDyspareunia is common among primiparous women, and these patients are more likely to suffer perineal tears and anxiety during delivery.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionDyspareunia is common among primiparous women, and these patients are more likely to suffer perineal tears and anxiety during delivery.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to use TGCS to evaluate potential associations between EA and cesarean and assisted vaginal delivery rates, according to the TGCS groups.
Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Epidemiologic Reports Surveys Source Type: research
Calls for rethink on childbirth pain relief as research shows remifentanil works better than pethidineA new drug to relieve pain during labour works better than pethidine, which has been in widespread use since the 1950s even though it has long been known it does not help all women, say researchers.Pethidine is given as an injection, but a new study funded by the National Institute for Health Research shows that remifentanil, which women control by pressing a button when they feel pain, appears to be more effective. Women using remifentanil were half as likely to end up asking for an epidural, which blocks all pain and sen...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Childbirth Medical research Women UK news Drugs Source Type: news
Publication date: April 2018Source: Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia, Volume 34, Issue 2Author(s): Yoong Chuan Tay, Kian Hian TanAbstractSymphysis pubis diastases complicate 1:300 to 1:30,000 pregnancies. Peripartum pain in chronological sequence with labor epidural analgesia often attracts instinctive causation and distress. Predisposing risk factors include macrosomia, short second stage of labor, forceps use, multiparity, small pelvis, intense uterine contractions, previous pelvic ring pathology and trauma. A gestational diabetic primigravid parturient presents with acute post-partum back pain after an uneventful analges...
Source: Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Abstract Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) is the most common cause of anal incontinence and ano-rectal symptoms in women1 . Reported rates of anal incontinence following primary repair of OASI range between 15-61%, with a mean of 39%2, 3 . Other possible complications of OASI include perineal pain, dyspareunia, and less commonly, abscess formation, wound breakdown, and rectovaginal fistulae. Symptom onset may occur immediately, several years postpartum, or only late in life when aging of tissues adds to the delivery insult. Having sustained an OASI may impact significantly on women's physical and emotional h...
Source: The Ultrasound Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
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