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Oropharyngeal Dysphagia Evaluation Tools in Adults with Solid Malignancies Outside the Head and Neck and Upper GI Tract: A Systematic Review

AbstractDysphagia is often associated with head and neck and upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract cancers. Evidence suggests that those with solid malignancies in other primary sites may also have swallowing difficulties. Timely and accurate identification of dysphagia is important given the impact it has on hydration, medical treatment, nutrition, prognosis, and quality of life. A systematic review was conducted to identify swallow screening, evaluation, and quality of life tools for those with solid malignancies outside the head and neck and upper GI tract. Ten electronic databases, one journal and two published conference proceedings were searched. Following deduplication, 7435 studies were examined for relevance. No tools were validated solely in this cancer population, though some included this group in larger cohorts. Comments are provided on the diagnostic properties and applicability of these tools. In the absence of appropriate diagnostic instruments, the exact prevalence of dysphagia and its impact on clinical and psychosocial well-being remain unknown. Accurate and adequate measurement of therapeutic intervention is also compromised. This review establishes the need for validated dysphagia evaluation tools for this clinical population.
Source: Dysphagia - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

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In this study, using 348 HNSCCs (126 OP SCCs and 222 non-OP SCCs), we evaluated diagnostic performances of different HPV tests in OP and non-OP SCCs: PCR, p16 immunostaining, in situ hybridization targeting DNA (DNA-CISH) and RNA (RNA-CISH), combined p16 + DNA-CISH, and combined p16 + RNA-CISH.
Source: Human Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
This cohort study explores whether a tumor-specific genetic signature exists for node-negative vs node-positive HPV 16 –positive/p16-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas.
Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusion Réunion Island features some particularities in terms of incidence: women are less than half as likely as in Metropolitan France to develop any type of cancer, whereas incidence in males is among highest in France. The presentation of results in cancer registries could be improved in line with everyday practice in head and neck surgery.
Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Purpose of review Oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) incidence is increasing worldwide, especially in developed countries where it seems to be etiologically related to the elevating rates of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Considered a distinct disease because of its weak correlation with the traditional risk factors (tobacco use and alcohol), it has different patterns of survival outcomes, locoregional and distant failure, generally with better prognosis independently of the treatment. The standard therapeutic approach for locally advanced (LA) OPCs includes radiation therapy with concurrent chemotherapy, result...
Source: Current Opinion in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: HEAD AND NECK: Edited by Gilberto de Castro Junior Source Type: research
Conclusion: More than 90% of all head and neck cancer patient undergoing radiation therapy experience therapy related pain for more than 6 weeks. 53% of the patients require opioids and 15% require strong opioids. The use of concurrent chemotherapy was significantly associated with severe pain.
Source: Indian Journal of Palliative Care - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Was observed the factors contributing to postoperative infections for patients affected by head and neck tumor. 35% of our study population devel oped an SSI (27/77). The most commonly discovered pathogen was MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus). Were examinated sex, cardiovascular disease, blood loss more than 560 mL, and a long operation time ≥ 6 hours were significant risk factors for SSI. KEY WORDS: Free flaps, Head and neck cancer, Infective complications. PMID: 29629890 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
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Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusion Our data can estimate abundance of OPC in male and female head and neck cancer patients and is helpful to use effective strategies for antifungal treatment, prophylaxis, and preventive therapies in these patients.
Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The SIF is a robust flap that can be reliably used for a variety of head and neck defects following tumor ablation with an acceptable rate of donor- and flap-related complications. PMID: 29559870 [PubMed]
Source: Ochsner Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Ochsner J Source Type: research
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