NIH Global Health Interest Group Fall 2014 Symposium "Hot Topics in Global Health"

NIH Global Health Interest Group Fall 2014 Symposium “Hot Topics in Global Health” Please register online https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/FVXJCMH Speakers: Linda S. Birnbaum, Ph.D., Director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) and the National Toxicology Program (NTP) “21st Century Challenges in Global Health: Addressing a Changing Environment” Michele Bloch, M.D., Ph.D., Chief, Tobacco Control Research Branch (TCRB), Behavioral Research Program (BRP), Division Cancer Control and Population Sciences (DCCPS), National Cancer Institute (NCI) “E-cigarettes: What do we Know and What do we Need to Know?” Laurie A. Garrett*, Senior Fellow for Global Health, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) “Ebola Control and the Current Outbreak” *Speaker will be joining via Skype Deborah L. Birx, MD, Ambassador-at-Large and Coordinator of the USG Activities to Combat HIV/AIDS “Changing the Course of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic—Using Data, Modeling, Economic Analyses and Innovation to Improve Program Impact”For more information go to http://sigs.nih.gov/globalhealth/Pages/default.aspxAir date: 9/11/2014 1:00:00 PM
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: Journals (General) Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video

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Conclusions and Perspectives It is interesting that watershed events, such as the loss of Neu5Gc from the glycocalyx of human cells have occurred numerous times in many mammalian and other vertebrate species. These cases of convergent evolution represent precious opportunities for increased understanding of evolutionary processes. In some respects, Neu5Gc is an ideal self-molecule as it is “private” to vertebrates and, based on current data, has yet to be successfully mimicked by microbes. Against the background of this benefit, the loss of Neu5Gc appears paradoxical and may implicate strong selective regimes,...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Yuka Nadai1,2, Kathrin Held1,2, Sarah Joseph3, Mohamed I. M. Ahmed1,2, Verena S. Hoffmann1,2, David Peterhoff4, Marco Missanga5, Asli Bauer1,5, Agricola Joachim6, Ulf Reimer7, Johannes Zerweck7, Sheena McCormack3, Alethea V. Cope8, Roger Tatoud8, Robin J. Shattock8, Merlin Lee Robb9, Eric G. Sandstroem10, Michael Hoelscher1,2, Leonard Maboko5, Muhammad Bakari6, Arne Kroidl1,2, Ralf Wagner4,11, Jonathan Weber8, Georgios Pollakis12 and Christof Geldmacher1,2* 1Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany 2German Center for Infection Research (DZIF), Partner S...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Eun-Ju Ko, Sabrina Helmold Hait, Gospel Enyindah-Asonye, Mohammad Arif Rahman, Tanya Hoang and Marjorie Robert-Guroff* Vaccine Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States Inducing strong mucosal immune responses by vaccination is important for providing protection against simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). A replicating adenovirus type 5 host range mutant vector (Ad5hr) expressing SIV proteins induced mucosal immune responses in rectal tissue associated with delayed SIV acquisition in female rhesus macaques, but the initial mechanisms leading to the induced immu...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that in the presence of an HIV-1 infection, the cellular distribution of FcγRIIIa is altered and that the functional consequence of FcγRIIIa variant is affected. Importantly, it underscores the need to characterize FcγR expression, cellular distribution and functional consequences of FcγR genetic variants within a specific environment or disease state. Introduction Receptors for the Fc domain of immunoglobulin G (IgG), so called Fc gamma receptors (FcγRs), link the specificity of IgG with potent effector functions of the innate immune system. Fc&ga...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions Apart West Nile virus (78), thousands of congenital microcephaly cases, fetal brain tissue damage and neurological syndromes have been associated with ZIKV infection. Unfortunately, the epidemics of this mosquito born, and a relative stable virus is on a rise. Although congenital microcephaly is a rare disorder however, due to lack of standardized diagnostic test facilities, the incidence in the geographically widespread ZIKV epidemic regions is higher. Animals studies showed that ZIKV is a neurotropic virus. It directly targets the developing embryonic brain cells by inducing apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, and...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, we included data previously published by our group from patients followed-up at HFI and all HIV-1 sequences obtained by NGS publicly available. A detailed description of the studied populations can be found in their respective articles (Pessoa et al., 2015, 2016; Alves et al., 2017). We focused on the HIV-1 subtype classification, identification of HIV recombinants and multiple infection investigation for our novel patients. As previous published, the patients from HFI were mostly males (75%) with a median age of 38 years at the time of sample collection. Regarding our new cohort, we also found a prevalence ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
President Donald Trump’s proposed 2020 budget includes nearly $300 million meant to “defeat the HIV/AIDS epidemic” in the U.S. — even as it calls for a 12% reduction in total funding to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). During his February State of the Union address, Trump announced an ambitious plan to “eliminate the HIV epidemic in the United States within 10 years.” During a subsequent call with reporters, health officials said the initiative would focus on 48 at-risk counties across the country and would involve promoting early HIV treatment and diagnosis, expanding ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized HIV/AIDS Source Type: news
About 1.1 million Americans currently live with HIV, and approximately 40,000 are infected each year, according to federal data. But in his State of the Union address, President Donald Trump promised to “eliminate the HIV epidemic in the United States within 10 years” — a plan that hinges on a multi-agency push for better diagnosis, treatment and prevention in at-risk communities, health officials said Wednesday. Trump introduced the plan during his annual address on Tuesday but offered few details. Health officials fleshed out the plan during a call with reporters on Wednesday. The initiative will be ove...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime HIV/AIDS onetime Source Type: news
(CNN) — From climate change to superbugs, the World Health Organization has laid out 10 big threats to our global health in 2019. And unless these threats get addressed, millions of lives will be in jeopardy. Here’s a snapshot of 10 urgent health issues, according to the United Nations’ public health agency: Not vaccinating when you can One of the most controversial recent health topics in the US is now an international concern. “Vaccine hesitancy — the reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the availability of vaccines — threatens to reverse progress made in tackling vaccine-prevent...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News CNN Local TV Source Type: news
Alcohol content measuring wristbands, smart lighters, nicotine tracking wearables, stop smoking apps, virtual reality therapies, automated messaging platforms are the newest elements in the arsenal of digital health technologies supporting everyone in the fight against addiction to cigarettes, alcohol or drugs. Addiction and dependency ruins lives Once you become addicted, it sticks with you for a long time, if not for life. It doesn’t matter whether it’s about cigarettes, alcohol, medication, drugs, gambling, sex, etc., any of these substances or phenomena could cause you strong dependency and might impact you...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine Future of Pharma Medical Professionals Patients Researchers alcohol cigarette digital health drugs health technology Innovation medication opioid opioid crisis smartphone smartphone apps smoking virtual Source Type: blogs
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