Introduction to the Special Issue: Advances in Behavioral and Psychological Pain Research in Children: From Prevention Through Chronic Pain Management

Pain is a common pediatric health problem, with severe and disabling pain occurring in 5 –10% of youth (Huguet&Miro, 2008). A wide body of psychological research describes the prevalence and impact of chronic pain during childhood and adolescence, and psychosocial and behavioral factors (e.g., pain anxiety, parent responses, sleep disturbances) associated with pain and pain-related disability. Pediatric pain has been a frequent topic of publications in theJournal of Pediatric Psychology over the past two decades (Canter, Amaro, Noser,&Roberts, 2018). The last special issue on pain in children was published in 2006, with a range of topics including conceptual papers on cognitive and functional aspects of chronic pain (Lipani&Walker, 2006), review papers on pain assessment (Eccleston, Jordan,&Crombez, 2006), and results of psychological intervention studies, which targeted youth with fibromyalgia (Degotardi et  al., 2006), abdominal pain (Hicks, von Baeyer,&McGrath, 2006), and recurrent headache (Connelly, Rapoff, Thompson,&Connelly, 2006).
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Conclusion: The results of our study may suggest the presence of FM as a clinical sign of a more severe migraine. However, the long-term prospective studies including these group of patients are needed to understand the prognostic impact and importance of the comorbid FM in migraine. Abbreviations: FM: Fibromyalgia; MIDAS: Migraine Disability Assessment. PMID: 31221031 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Conclusion: These findings support the hypothesis that in FM a deteriorated function of cortical inhibition, indexed by a higher SICI parameter, a lower function of the DPMS, together with a higher level of BDNF indicate that FM has different pathological substrates from depression. They suggest that an up-regulation phenomenon of intracortical inhibitory networks associated with a disruption of the DPMS function occurs in FM. Introduction Major depressive disorder (MDD) and fibromyalgia (FM) present overlapped symptoms. Although the connection between these two disorders has not been elucidated yet, the disruption...
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Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain disorder of uncertain etiology characterized by widespread pain and numerous potential comorbidities including fatigue, disordered sleep, neurocognitive deficits, gastrointestinal distress, headache, anxiety, and depression.61 This symptomatology often presents in an unpredictable remitting/relapsing cycle that further detracts from patients' quality of life and results in significantly increased medical costs, health care utilization, and work-related disability.
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ConclusionsThis study outlined a relevant presence of symptoms of central sensitization among children with migraine. Severe allodynia and comorbidity for JFM seemed to cause a general decline of quality of life, which would suggest the opportunity of a routine assessment of these clinical features.
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Abstract ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to create and validate severity levels for the central sensitization inventory (CSI), a valid and reliable patientā€reported outcome instrument designed to identify patients whose presenting symptoms may be related to a central sensitivity syndrome (CSS; eg, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome), with a proposed common etiology of central sensitization (CS). MethodsBased on CSI score means and standard deviations from previously published subject samples, the following CSI severity levels were established: subclinical = 0 to 29; mild = 30 to 39; mode...
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