Parent Pain Cognitions and Treatment Adherence in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
ConclusionThese results suggest that parent pain catastrophizing and fears of pain are related to a greater difficulty following treatment plans, possibly in part because of barriers parents experience that preclude adherence. Given these findings, the identification and management of parent pain cognitions is critical to improving treatment adherence and outcomes for children with JIA and their families. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - September 11, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

JPP Student Journal Club Commentary: Associations between Boys ’ Early Childhood Exposure to Family and Neighborhood Poverty and Body Mass Index in Early Adolescence
Efforts to improve health behavior in youth at the individual and family level may prove futile if they are diminished by larger neighborhood and community level factors (Sallis, Floyd, Rodr íguez,& Saelens, 2012). For example, the uptake and implementation of behavioral interventions to prevent obesity may be restricted by neighborhood level factors such as reduced access to healthy foods and limited areas for physical activity (Drewnowski& Specter, 2004;Sallis et  al., 2012). Youth living in low-resourced communities may have a greater propensity for obesogenic behaviors brought on in part by environm...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - August 27, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Editorial: Clinical Trial Registration – Using Empirical Data to Inform Journal of Pediatric Psychology’s Policy
Over the past several years, there has been increasing attention to transparency in the conduct of and reporting of clinical trials. This is for good reason. We know that a great deal of waste occurs in resources when clinical trials are conducted but the results are not reported or published, and, that there can be significant biases in the results that do make it into a published evaluation (Chan et  al., 2014;Glasziou et  al., 2014;Simera et  al., 2010). For example, an investigator may choose to only report statistically significant outcomes in an attempt to make a treatment appear more efficacious and t...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - August 23, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

JPP Student Journal Club Commentary: From Clinic to Community: Translating Obesity Intervention Research Findings to Applications
Since at least 2001, rural children are more likely to be overweight or obese than their urban counterparts (Johnson& Johnson, 2015;Ogden et  al., 2018). Despite this statistic, many, if not most, randomized control trials of weight management have been conducted with controlled, urban, clinic settings with middle- to upper-income participants, thus creating a gap between research findings and real-world application. Unsurprisingly, evidence-based practices tailored for urban populations may be less successful when applied to rural areas, given the differences in resource availability, and cultural factors. Consid...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - July 30, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Trauma Resilience and Recovery Program: Addressing Mental Health in Pediatric Trauma Centers
ConclusionsOur intervention model was feasible and increased reach to families who needed services. Efforts to improve follow-up engagement are discussed, as are initial successes in implementing this model in other pediatric trauma centers. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - July 12, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

From Diagnoses to Ongoing Journey: Parent Experiences Following Congenital Heart Disease Diagnoses
ConclusionParents' experiences informed both acute and long term implications following CHD diagnoses, and highlight current gaps in mental health care. Direction for clinical care and improved intervention opportunities are discussed. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - July 10, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

A Primer on Mixed Methods for Pediatric Researchers
ConclusionsIncreasing the use of mixed methods research in the field of pediatric psychology will contribute to advances in observational studies with children and families, intervention development and evaluation, and creation of new tools and assessments that aim to optimize child and family health outcomes. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - July 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Trial Registration and Outcome Reporting in Child and Pediatric Psychology: A Systematic Review
ConclusionsFindings reveal low rates of prospective registration and considerable risk for incomplete or selective outcome reporting among RCTs published in JPP and JCCAP. Coordinated efforts from all stakeholders involved in the conduct and reporting of clinical child and pediatric psychology research are needed to improve transparent reporting of clinical trials. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Chronic Physical Health Conditions, Mental Health, and Sources of Support in a Longitudinal Australian Child Population Cohort
ConclusionsChildren with hospital records of chronic conditions, particularly epilepsy and asthma, might benefit from school-based care plans that integrate their physical and mental health support needs. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - June 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Assessing Children ’s Eudaimonic Well-Being: The PROMIS Pediatric Meaning and Purpose Item Banks
ConclusionThe PROMIS Pediatric Meaning and Purpose item banks and their short forms are ready for use in clinical research and practice. They are measures of children ’s eudaimonic well-being and indicative of children’s hopefulness, optimism, goal-directedness, and feelings that life is worth living. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - June 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Meta-Analysis: Association of Parent and Child Mental Health with Pediatric Health Care Utilization
ConclusionsChild and parent MH problems are significantly associated with increased HCU. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - June 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Associations Between Boys ’ Early Childhood Exposure to Family and Neighborhood Poverty and Body Mass Index in Early Adolescence
ConclusionsFindings have implications for policy relevant to obesity prevention. More research on associations between early exposure to poverty and later risk for obesity on low-income samples is warranted, as the relationship is likely complex and influenced by many different factors, including the family and neighborhood food environments and child health behaviors. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - June 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

A Developmental Cascade from Prenatal Stress to Child Internalizing and Externalizing Problems
ConclusionResults provide support for the fetal programming, interpersonal stress transmission, and continuation of stress models. Findings highlight the need for prenatal preventative programs that continue into the early postnatal period, targeting maternal stress and parenting behaviors. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - June 5, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Parental Self-Control as a Moderator of the Association Between Family Conflict and Type 1 Diabetes Management
AbstractObjectiveTo examine whether parental self-control (i.e., parents ’ ability to regulate their emotions, cognitions, and behaviors) moderates the detrimental association between type 1 diabetes (T1D)-specific family conflict and adherence and HbA1c, such that conflict is most detrimental when parental self-control is low.MethodsOne hundred and forty-nine adolescents diagnosed with T1D (Mage = 14.09; 53% female) reported on their T1D-specific conflict with their mothers and fathers and their adherence to the T1D regimen at two time points (6  months apart). Mothers and fathers reported on their self-contr...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - May 31, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

S.A.F.E.R. Near Water: An Intervention Targeting Parent Beliefs About Children ’s Water Safety
ConclusionThese findings provide support for the feasibility and usefulness of a multifaceted, parent-focused, educational program delivered alongside children ’s swim programming to promote closer adult supervision of children around water. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - May 30, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Parental Involvement and Executive Function in Emerging Adults with Type 1 Diabetes
ConclusionsParental involvement in diabetes management remains important during the high-risk time of emerging adulthood, especially for those with poorer EF. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - May 16, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Developmental Trajectories of Feeding Problems in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
ConclusionsOverall, our findings demonstrated that in our sample of children with ASD, most feeding problems remitted over time, but a small subgroup showed chronic feeding problems into school age. It is important to consider and assess feeding problems in ASD against the backdrop of typical development, as many children with ASD may show improvement with age. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - May 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Cognitive Function in Pediatric Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
AbstractObjectiveDespite surgical palliation, children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) have compromised cardiac functioning and increased risk for cognitive deficits. We quantitatively reviewed the empirical data from this literature.MethodsThe present meta-analysis included 13 studies reporting cognitive function for children with HLHS between the ages of 2  years and 6 months and 17 years that used standardized assessments of Full Scale IQ (FSIQ), Verbal IQ (VIQ), and Performance IQ (PIQ). Differences in cognitive function were assessed relative to normative data, and we examined sample m...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - May 9, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Cognitive Function in Sickle Cell Disease Across Domains, Cerebral Infarct Status, and the Lifespan: A Meta-Analysis
ConclusionIndividuals with SCD are at risk for cognitive deficits across domains, infarct status, and the lifespan. More research is necessary to determine unbiased effects for cognitive function in adults with SCD. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - May 3, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Implementation Science in Pediatric Psychology: The Example of Type 1 Diabetes
ConclusionsIS is promising for advancing the translation of pediatric psychology approaches into clinical care. Following the science of implementation, further documentation of the reach of evidence-based care and establishing practice guidelines are important initial steps. Examining the barriers and facilitators of evidence-based psychosocial care can guide the development of testable implementation strategies to improve integration of care. Successful strategies can be evaluated through multi-site controlled implementation trials to explore their effectiveness. These lines of inquiry can be considered within pediatric ...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - May 2, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Featured Article: Behavior Interventions Addressing Obesity in Rural Settings: The E-FLIP for Kids Trial
This study was a three-armed, randomized controlled trial. Participants were children (age 8 –12 years) with overweight or obesity and their parents. A FB (n = 88), a PO (n = 78) and a health education condition (HEC) (n = 83) each included 20 group contacts over 1 year. Assessment and treatment contacts occurred at Cooperative Extension Service offices. The main outcome was change in child body mass indexz-score (BMIz) from baseline to year 2.ResultsParents in all conditions reported high treatment satisfaction (mean of 3.5 or higher on a 4-point scale). A linear mixed model...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - April 30, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Parenting Stress, Sleep, and Psychological Adjustment in Parents of Infants and Toddlers With Congenital Heart Disease
ConclusionsFindings suggest that parents of infants and toddlers with CHD report high parenting stress, poor sleep, and maladjustment. Analyses indicate the stress-adjustment relationship is mediated by quality of sleep. Given the multiple demands on parents of infants and children with CHD, it is important to attend to parents ’ overall functioning and mental health. Our findings highlight targets for intervention to improve the well-being of parents of young children with CHD. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - April 26, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Meta-Analysis of Anxiety in Parents of Young People with Chronic Health Conditions
ConclusionMeasures for preventing and reducing anxiety symptoms in parents of young people with neuromuscular disorders, HIV-infection/AIDS, and those undergoing cancer treatments are particularly needed. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - April 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

A Prospective Examination of Child Avoidance Coping and Parental Coping Assistance After Pediatric Injury: A Mixed-Methods Approach
ConclusionsOur study suggests that child avoidance coping is multifaceted and may result from both parent encouragement as well as independent decisions by children. Future research may explore additional factors that influence child avoidance coping, outside of parental suggestion, in response to trauma exposure. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - March 29, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Corrigendum
to: “An Accidental Scientist: Chance, Failure, Risk-Taking, and Mentoring” (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - June 18, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Methods Commentary: Uncovering Unobserved Data Patterns With Latent Variable Mixture Modeling
In a recent article in theJournal of Pediatric Psychology entitled “Latent Profiles of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Elementary School-Age Youth: Associations With Health-Related Quality of Life,”Mitchell and Steele (2017) used latent variable mixture modeling (LVMM) to empirically uncover three patterns of physical activity and sedentary behavior (SB) based on accelerometer data. These three patterns, also known as latent classes, were subgroups of youth who were classified as Active, Moderate, or Inactive in terms of their physical activity and SB. More specifically, these patterns were based on...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - June 8, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Editorial: New Instructions for Single-Subject Research in the Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Single-subject designs (also referred to as N-of-1 studies) have a rich tradition in the broad field of psychology (Cohen, Feinstein, Masuda,& Vowles, 2014), and they have much potential for demonstrating response to pediatric psychology interventions (Drotar& Lemanek, 2001;Rapoff& Stark, 2008). Many clinicians in our field work with children and adolescents with rare conditions or in very unique medical contexts, for which an evidence-based intervention protocol is not established. Therefore, single-subject designs are particularly attractive for bridging science and practice —the methods can be used to ...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - May 24, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of an Adherence-Promotion Intervention for Children With Leukemia: A Markov Model-Based Simulation
ConclusionsProviding APIs to children with B-ALL may improve health outcomes and save costs over a 6-year period. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - May 15, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

JPP Student Journal Club Commentary: Interpersonal Stressors and Resources as Predictors of Adolescent Adjustment Following Traumatic Brain Injury
Adolescents, who are at high risk for traumatic brain injury (TBI) (Faul& Coronado, 2015), are more likely to exhibit cognitive, emotional, social, and behavioral deficits following injury (Chapman et  al., 2010;Lambregts et  al., 2018;Max et  al., 1997;Tousignant et  al., 2018). High levels of stress in youth with TBI can lead to impaired functioning in adulthood (Taylor, Barrett, McLellan,& McKinlay, 2015). In general, adolescent stress has also been associated with an increased risk for depression (Hamilton, Stange, Abramson,& Alloy, 2015) and lower life satisfaction (Moksnes, Lore, Lille...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - May 15, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Early Adaptive Functioning Trajectories in Preschoolers With Autism Spectrum Disorders
ConclusionsThese findings bolster the idea that social interest and behavioral problems are crucial for the early adaptive functioning development of children with autism. The current study has clinical implications in pointing out early intervention targets in children with ASD. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - April 25, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

JPP Student Journal Club Commentary: Stress, Conflict, and the Family System in Pediatric Cancer
Family systems and family dynamics are of utmost importance in understanding both risk and resilience among families affected by pediatric cancer, as well as other medical conditions (Kazak, Alderfer,& Reader, 2017). Over three decades of work suggests that a consistent subset of youth with pediatric illness are at increased risk for negative psychosocial outcomes such as depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress, and this risk extends even beyond the affected children, to include their parents and siblings as well (Pinquart& Shen, 2011a,2011b;Sharpe& Rossiter, 2002). Although it appears clear that family f...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - April 19, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Pioneer Paper: An Accidental Scientist: Chance, Failure, Risk-Taking, and Mentoring
AbstractI never intended to become a scientist. My career developed on the basis of chance happenings, repeated failure, the willingness to take risks and the acceptance and provision of mentoring. My career has included periods of difficulty and shifted back and forth between academic health centers and universities in Canada. Although I have been amply recognized for my successes, my greatest learning has come from my failures. My greatest satisfaction has been in the development, evaluation and dissemination of interventions. The combination of intellectual stimulation and emotional gratification has meant a rewarding c...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - April 6, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Development of a Psychosocial Risk Screener for Siblings of Children With Cancer: Incorporating the Perspectives of Parents
ConclusionsPsychosocial screening requires sibling-specific screening items that correspond to preexisting risk (at diagnosis) and reactions to cancer (several months after diagnosis). Validated, sibling-specific screeners will facilitate identification of siblings with elevated psychosocial risk. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - April 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Featured Article: Interpersonal Stressors and Resources as Predictors of Adolescent Adjustment Following Traumatic Brain Injury
ConclusionInterpersonal stressors and social support have important implications for adolescent adjustment after TBI. Adolescents with low levels of school resources, with high levels of friend stress, and who sustain severe TBI are at greatest risk for difficulties with adjustment. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - March 29, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Multimethod Assessment of Medication Nonadherence and Barriers in Adolescents and Young Adults With Solid Organ Transplants
ConclusionsMultimethod nonadherence evaluations for AYA transplant recipients should assess objective nonadherence using the MLVI, particularly in light of low reported nonadherence rates for antirejection medications. Assessments should include adherence barriers measures, given associations with the MLVI, and potentially prioritize assessing barriers over gauging nonadherence via self- or proxy-reports. Caregiver emotional distress symptoms may also be considered to provide insight into family or environmental barriers to adherence. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - March 17, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Describing Perceived Racial Bias Among Youth With Sickle Cell Disease
This study provides a description of racial bias experiences within community and medical settings and highlights the need for further evaluation of the impact of racial bias among youth with SCD. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - March 17, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Patterns of Spillover Between Marital Adjustment and Parent –Child Conflict During Pediatric Cancer Treatment
ConclusionTargeting problems in marital relationships soon after diagnosis may prevent conflict from developing in the parent –child relationship. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - March 17, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Psychometric Evaluation of the Caregiver Burden Inventory in Children and Adolescents With PANS
ConclusionsParents of patients with PANS experience high caregiver burden. The CBI may be confidently used to assess caregiver burden in this population. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - March 14, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

JPP Student Journal Club Commentary: Smartphone-Delivered Interventions for Pediatric Populations: Improving Methodologies to Address Concerns of Feasibility and Efficacy
Smartphones demonstrate growing popularity as a delivery mechanism for pediatric interventions for multiple reasons. First, smartphone ownership is growing exponentially in the United States (Pew Research Center, 2018) and internationally (Poushter, 2016). Many now rely on smartphones as their sole source of Internet access (Smith, 2015), particularly users who are younger, minorities, and of lower socioeconomic status (Pew Research Center, 2018). Smartphones therefore promote access to large numbers of diverse groups, and do not require users to have costly broadband and/or computer access nor to take the time to physical...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - March 13, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Screening for Family Psychosocial Risk in Pediatric Cancer: Validation of the Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT) Version 3
ConclusionsResults reinforce the psychometric properties of this approach for screening of family psychosocial risk. The PAT provides an evidence-based screener that identifies families at three levels of risk and can provide the basis for further evaluation and treatment of children with cancer and their families. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - March 2, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Psychometric Evaluation of the PROMIS ® Pediatric Psychological and Physical Stress Experiences Measures
ConclusionsThe Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Pediatric Psychological and Physical Stress item banks and short forms provide efficient, precise, and valid assessments of children ’s stress experiences. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 27, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Featured Article: Caregiver Perceptions of Stress and Sibling Conflict During Pediatric Cancer Treatment
AbstractObjectiveThe current study examined the effect of stress on sibling conflict during the first year of pediatric cancer treatment.MethodFamilies (N = 103) included a child with cancer (aged 2–17 years,Mage = 6.46,SD = 3.52) and at least one sibling aged
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 21, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Selective Difficulties in Lexical Retrieval and Nonverbal Executive Functioning in Children With HbSS Sickle Cell Disease
AbstractLanguage deficits in multilingual children with sickle cell disease (SCD) are poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that selective language deficits in this population could relate to an impaired frontal lobe functioning often associated with high-risk homozygous HbS disease (HbSS). In all, 32 children from immigrant communities with HbSS SCD aged 6 to 12  years (mean age = 9.03,n =  9 with silent infarcts) and 35 demographically matched healthy controls (mean age = 9.14) were tested on their naming skills, phonological and semantic fluency, attention, and selected executive functi...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 8, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Health-Care Utilization Patterns of Maltreated Youth
AbstractTo examine in detail the health-care utilization patterns of maltreated children, we studied electronic health records (EHRs) of children assigned maltreatment-related codes in a large medical system. We compared youth with maltreatment-related diagnoses (N = 406) with those of well-matched youth (N = 406). Data were based on EHRs during a 4-year period from the University of Minnesota’s Clinical Data Repository, which covers eight hospitals and over 40 clinics across Minnesota. A primary care provider (PCP) was assigned to over 80% of youth in both groups. As expected, however, th...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 2, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Young Adult Outcomes for Children With 22q11 Deletion Syndrome and Comorbid ADHD
ConclusionsA categorical diagnosis of ADHD in childhood predicted a greater variety of worse outcomes than dimensional levels of ADHD symptoms. Despite the significant impact of comorbid ADHD in 22q11DS, evidence-based treatment rates were low. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - January 25, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Trajectories of Acute Diabetes-Specific Stress in Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes and Their Caregivers Within the First Year of Diagnosis
ConclusionsDistinct patterns of stress emerged for both the adolescent and parent cohorts. Resilience at the time of diagnosis was particularly protective for adolescents. These results suggest that stress-reducing and resilience-promoting interventions for newly diagnosed adolescents with T1D may have potential to improve longer-term outcomes. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - January 24, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

JPP Student Journal Club Commentary: Linking Biology to the Environment: Novel Methods for Understanding Pediatric Obesity
Pediatric obesity is a complex, seemingly intransient public health concern that has spurred research to identify causes and potential solutions. Both obesity-related behaviors and outcomes are affected by dynamic processes of many factors across multiple levels of the social ecological model. The environmental –behavioral relationship is reciprocal, dynamic, and dominated by temporally dependent feedback. Pediatric psychology and public health have generated substantial literature on predictors of obesity, with pediatric psychology focusing on individual social determinates and public health focusing on environmenta...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - January 19, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Introduction to the Special Issue: Advances in Behavioral and Psychological Pain Research in Children: From Prevention Through Chronic Pain Management
Pain is a common pediatric health problem, with severe and disabling pain occurring in 5 –10% of youth (Huguet& Miro, 2008). A wide body of psychological research describes the prevalence and impact of chronic pain during childhood and adolescence, and psychosocial and behavioral factors (e.g., pain anxiety, parent responses, sleep disturbances) associated with pain and pain-related disability. Pediatric pain has been a frequent topic of publications in theJournal of Pediatric Psychology over the past two decades (Canter, Amaro, Noser,& Roberts, 2018). The last special issue on pain in children was published ...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - January 10, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Examining the Stability of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Factor Structure in Adolescents and Young Adults With Cystic Fibrosis: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis
ConclusionsThe original HADS two-factor structure demonstrated problematic fit in this sample, indicating poor discrimination between symptoms of anxiety and depression. A three-factor structure demonstrated best fit, indicating existing scoring guidelines and cutoffs would be inappropriate for use with this patient population. Use of the HADS to screen for anxiety and depression in CF could lead to an underestimation of clinically relevant symptomatology for depression and potential overestimation of anxiety symptoms. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - January 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Associations of ADHD Symptoms With Smoking and Alternative Tobacco Product Use Initiation During Adolescence
ConclusionsUnderstanding the psychosocial mechanisms underlying the pathway from ADHD to e-cigarette use may advance tobacco product use etiologic theory and prevention practice in the current era in which e-cigarette use is popular among youth. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - January 2, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research