Corrigendum
to: “An Accidental Scientist: Chance, Failure, Risk-Taking, and Mentoring” (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - June 18, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Methods Commentary: Uncovering Unobserved Data Patterns With Latent Variable Mixture Modeling
In a recent article in theJournal of Pediatric Psychology entitled “Latent Profiles of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Elementary School-Age Youth: Associations With Health-Related Quality of Life,”Mitchell and Steele (2017) used latent variable mixture modeling (LVMM) to empirically uncover three patterns of physical activity and sedentary behavior (SB) based on accelerometer data. These three patterns, also known as latent classes, were subgroups of youth who were classified as Active, Moderate, or Inactive in terms of their physical activity and SB. More specifically, these patterns were based on...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - June 8, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Editorial: New Instructions for Single-Subject Research in the Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Single-subject designs (also referred to as N-of-1 studies) have a rich tradition in the broad field of psychology (Cohen, Feinstein, Masuda,& Vowles, 2014), and they have much potential for demonstrating response to pediatric psychology interventions (Drotar& Lemanek, 2001;Rapoff& Stark, 2008). Many clinicians in our field work with children and adolescents with rare conditions or in very unique medical contexts, for which an evidence-based intervention protocol is not established. Therefore, single-subject designs are particularly attractive for bridging science and practice —the methods can be used to ...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - May 24, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of an Adherence-Promotion Intervention for Children With Leukemia: A Markov Model-Based Simulation
ConclusionsProviding APIs to children with B-ALL may improve health outcomes and save costs over a 6-year period. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - May 15, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

JPP Student Journal Club Commentary: Interpersonal Stressors and Resources as Predictors of Adolescent Adjustment Following Traumatic Brain Injury
Adolescents, who are at high risk for traumatic brain injury (TBI) (Faul& Coronado, 2015), are more likely to exhibit cognitive, emotional, social, and behavioral deficits following injury (Chapman et  al., 2010;Lambregts et  al., 2018;Max et  al., 1997;Tousignant et  al., 2018). High levels of stress in youth with TBI can lead to impaired functioning in adulthood (Taylor, Barrett, McLellan,& McKinlay, 2015). In general, adolescent stress has also been associated with an increased risk for depression (Hamilton, Stange, Abramson,& Alloy, 2015) and lower life satisfaction (Moksnes, Lore, Lille...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - May 15, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Early Adaptive Functioning Trajectories in Preschoolers With Autism Spectrum Disorders
ConclusionsThese findings bolster the idea that social interest and behavioral problems are crucial for the early adaptive functioning development of children with autism. The current study has clinical implications in pointing out early intervention targets in children with ASD. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - April 25, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

JPP Student Journal Club Commentary: Stress, Conflict, and the Family System in Pediatric Cancer
Family systems and family dynamics are of utmost importance in understanding both risk and resilience among families affected by pediatric cancer, as well as other medical conditions (Kazak, Alderfer,& Reader, 2017). Over three decades of work suggests that a consistent subset of youth with pediatric illness are at increased risk for negative psychosocial outcomes such as depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress, and this risk extends even beyond the affected children, to include their parents and siblings as well (Pinquart& Shen, 2011a,2011b;Sharpe& Rossiter, 2002). Although it appears clear that family f...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - April 19, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Pioneer Paper: An Accidental Scientist: Chance, Failure, Risk-Taking, and Mentoring
AbstractI never intended to become a scientist. My career developed on the basis of chance happenings, repeated failure, the willingness to take risks and the acceptance and provision of mentoring. My career has included periods of difficulty and shifted back and forth between academic health centers and universities in Canada. Although I have been amply recognized for my successes, my greatest learning has come from my failures. My greatest satisfaction has been in the development, evaluation and dissemination of interventions. The combination of intellectual stimulation and emotional gratification has meant a rewarding c...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - April 6, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Development of a Psychosocial Risk Screener for Siblings of Children With Cancer: Incorporating the Perspectives of Parents
ConclusionsPsychosocial screening requires sibling-specific screening items that correspond to preexisting risk (at diagnosis) and reactions to cancer (several months after diagnosis). Validated, sibling-specific screeners will facilitate identification of siblings with elevated psychosocial risk. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - April 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Featured Article: Interpersonal Stressors and Resources as Predictors of Adolescent Adjustment Following Traumatic Brain Injury
ConclusionInterpersonal stressors and social support have important implications for adolescent adjustment after TBI. Adolescents with low levels of school resources, with high levels of friend stress, and who sustain severe TBI are at greatest risk for difficulties with adjustment. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - March 29, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Multimethod Assessment of Medication Nonadherence and Barriers in Adolescents and Young Adults With Solid Organ Transplants
ConclusionsMultimethod nonadherence evaluations for AYA transplant recipients should assess objective nonadherence using the MLVI, particularly in light of low reported nonadherence rates for antirejection medications. Assessments should include adherence barriers measures, given associations with the MLVI, and potentially prioritize assessing barriers over gauging nonadherence via self- or proxy-reports. Caregiver emotional distress symptoms may also be considered to provide insight into family or environmental barriers to adherence. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - March 17, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Describing Perceived Racial Bias Among Youth With Sickle Cell Disease
This study provides a description of racial bias experiences within community and medical settings and highlights the need for further evaluation of the impact of racial bias among youth with SCD. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - March 17, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Patterns of Spillover Between Marital Adjustment and Parent –Child Conflict During Pediatric Cancer Treatment
ConclusionTargeting problems in marital relationships soon after diagnosis may prevent conflict from developing in the parent –child relationship. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - March 17, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Psychometric Evaluation of the Caregiver Burden Inventory in Children and Adolescents With PANS
ConclusionsParents of patients with PANS experience high caregiver burden. The CBI may be confidently used to assess caregiver burden in this population. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - March 14, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

JPP Student Journal Club Commentary: Smartphone-Delivered Interventions for Pediatric Populations: Improving Methodologies to Address Concerns of Feasibility and Efficacy
Smartphones demonstrate growing popularity as a delivery mechanism for pediatric interventions for multiple reasons. First, smartphone ownership is growing exponentially in the United States (Pew Research Center, 2018) and internationally (Poushter, 2016). Many now rely on smartphones as their sole source of Internet access (Smith, 2015), particularly users who are younger, minorities, and of lower socioeconomic status (Pew Research Center, 2018). Smartphones therefore promote access to large numbers of diverse groups, and do not require users to have costly broadband and/or computer access nor to take the time to physical...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - March 13, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Screening for Family Psychosocial Risk in Pediatric Cancer: Validation of the Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT) Version 3
ConclusionsResults reinforce the psychometric properties of this approach for screening of family psychosocial risk. The PAT provides an evidence-based screener that identifies families at three levels of risk and can provide the basis for further evaluation and treatment of children with cancer and their families. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - March 2, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Psychometric Evaluation of the PROMIS ® Pediatric Psychological and Physical Stress Experiences Measures
ConclusionsThe Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Pediatric Psychological and Physical Stress item banks and short forms provide efficient, precise, and valid assessments of children ’s stress experiences. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 27, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Featured Article: Caregiver Perceptions of Stress and Sibling Conflict During Pediatric Cancer Treatment
AbstractObjectiveThe current study examined the effect of stress on sibling conflict during the first year of pediatric cancer treatment.MethodFamilies (N = 103) included a child with cancer (aged 2–17 years,Mage = 6.46,SD = 3.52) and at least one sibling aged
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 21, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Selective Difficulties in Lexical Retrieval and Nonverbal Executive Functioning in Children With HbSS Sickle Cell Disease
AbstractLanguage deficits in multilingual children with sickle cell disease (SCD) are poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that selective language deficits in this population could relate to an impaired frontal lobe functioning often associated with high-risk homozygous HbS disease (HbSS). In all, 32 children from immigrant communities with HbSS SCD aged 6 to 12  years (mean age = 9.03,n =  9 with silent infarcts) and 35 demographically matched healthy controls (mean age = 9.14) were tested on their naming skills, phonological and semantic fluency, attention, and selected executive functi...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 8, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Health-Care Utilization Patterns of Maltreated Youth
AbstractTo examine in detail the health-care utilization patterns of maltreated children, we studied electronic health records (EHRs) of children assigned maltreatment-related codes in a large medical system. We compared youth with maltreatment-related diagnoses (N = 406) with those of well-matched youth (N = 406). Data were based on EHRs during a 4-year period from the University of Minnesota’s Clinical Data Repository, which covers eight hospitals and over 40 clinics across Minnesota. A primary care provider (PCP) was assigned to over 80% of youth in both groups. As expected, however, th...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 2, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Young Adult Outcomes for Children With 22q11 Deletion Syndrome and Comorbid ADHD
ConclusionsA categorical diagnosis of ADHD in childhood predicted a greater variety of worse outcomes than dimensional levels of ADHD symptoms. Despite the significant impact of comorbid ADHD in 22q11DS, evidence-based treatment rates were low. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - January 25, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Trajectories of Acute Diabetes-Specific Stress in Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes and Their Caregivers Within the First Year of Diagnosis
ConclusionsDistinct patterns of stress emerged for both the adolescent and parent cohorts. Resilience at the time of diagnosis was particularly protective for adolescents. These results suggest that stress-reducing and resilience-promoting interventions for newly diagnosed adolescents with T1D may have potential to improve longer-term outcomes. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - January 24, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

JPP Student Journal Club Commentary: Linking Biology to the Environment: Novel Methods for Understanding Pediatric Obesity
Pediatric obesity is a complex, seemingly intransient public health concern that has spurred research to identify causes and potential solutions. Both obesity-related behaviors and outcomes are affected by dynamic processes of many factors across multiple levels of the social ecological model. The environmental –behavioral relationship is reciprocal, dynamic, and dominated by temporally dependent feedback. Pediatric psychology and public health have generated substantial literature on predictors of obesity, with pediatric psychology focusing on individual social determinates and public health focusing on environmenta...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - January 19, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Introduction to the Special Issue: Advances in Behavioral and Psychological Pain Research in Children: From Prevention Through Chronic Pain Management
Pain is a common pediatric health problem, with severe and disabling pain occurring in 5 –10% of youth (Huguet& Miro, 2008). A wide body of psychological research describes the prevalence and impact of chronic pain during childhood and adolescence, and psychosocial and behavioral factors (e.g., pain anxiety, parent responses, sleep disturbances) associated with pain and pain-related disability. Pediatric pain has been a frequent topic of publications in theJournal of Pediatric Psychology over the past two decades (Canter, Amaro, Noser,& Roberts, 2018). The last special issue on pain in children was published ...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - January 10, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Examining the Stability of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Factor Structure in Adolescents and Young Adults With Cystic Fibrosis: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis
ConclusionsThe original HADS two-factor structure demonstrated problematic fit in this sample, indicating poor discrimination between symptoms of anxiety and depression. A three-factor structure demonstrated best fit, indicating existing scoring guidelines and cutoffs would be inappropriate for use with this patient population. Use of the HADS to screen for anxiety and depression in CF could lead to an underestimation of clinically relevant symptomatology for depression and potential overestimation of anxiety symptoms. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - January 3, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Associations of ADHD Symptoms With Smoking and Alternative Tobacco Product Use Initiation During Adolescence
ConclusionsUnderstanding the psychosocial mechanisms underlying the pathway from ADHD to e-cigarette use may advance tobacco product use etiologic theory and prevention practice in the current era in which e-cigarette use is popular among youth. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - January 2, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

JPP Student Journal Club Commentary: Novel Parent Intervention Reduces Vaccine Injection Pain in Toddlers: Potential Mechanisms and Path Forward
The research and management of pediatric pain and distress during vaccine injections have witnessed tremendous improvements in the past decade, with the development of clinical practice guidelines and recommendations being adopted by the World Health Organization (McMurtry et  al., 2016;Taddio et al., 2015). These improvements are particularly important given increasing rates of vaccine hesitancy and increased morbidity, which is, in part, driven by parental concerns about child pain and distress. However, significant research gaps remain, specifically in the areas of nonpharmacological parent-targeted interventions (...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - December 26, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Concurrent and Longitudinal Associations Among Temperament, Parental Feeding Styles, and Selective Eating in a Preschool Sample
ConclusionsThis study provides a novel investigation of child temperament and eating behaviors, allowing for a better understanding of how negative affectivity is associated with instrumental feeding, emotional feeding, and selective eating. These results inform interventions to improve child health. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - December 22, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

A Multimethod, Case-Controlled Study of Sleep –Wake Disturbances in Adolescents With Spina Bifida
ConclusionsAdolescents with SB are at risk for nighttime sleep disturbances and daytime fatigue. Additional research will need to identify mechanisms and adverse consequences of poor sleep to develop interventions addressing sleep deficiency. Sex-specific disparities in sleep patterns in pediatric SB is a novel finding that requires assessment of etiological underpinnings to clarify clinical implications. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - December 20, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Problem Areas in Diabetes: Teen and Parent of Teen Versions
ConclusionsThe PAID-T and P-PAID-T are valid, reliable, and useful measures of diabetes-specific distress for teenagers with type 1 diabetes and parents of teenagers. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - December 18, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Grit, Illness-Related Distress, and Psychosocial Outcomes in College Students With a Chronic Medical Condition: A Path Analysis
AbstractObjectiveAdolescents and young adults (AYAs) with chronic medical conditions are at increased risk for a host of negative psychosocial outcomes, including depressive and anxious symptoms. Although studies have shown that illness appraisals (e.g., illness intrusiveness [II] and illness uncertainty [IU]) demonstrate consistent associations with such outcomes, few studies have examined positive factors that may relate to better psychosocial outcomes and appraisals. The present study evaluated grit (i.e., perseverance and passion for long-term goals), a novel construct in pediatric psychology, as a positive factor that...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - December 12, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Latent Profiles of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Elementary School-Age Youth:Associations With Health-Related Quality of Life
ConclusionsIdentification of these naturally occurring profiles suggests need for interventions early in development focused on increasing the intensity of physical activity from light to moderate-to-vigorous for at least 60  min per day as way to improve psychosocial HRQOL. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - December 11, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

JPP Student Journal Club Commentary: Toward a More Complete Understanding of Disruption and Resilience Among Latino and Non-Latino White Youth With Spina Bifida
In the current issue, Papadakis and her colleagues present a stimulating study, entitled “Psychosocial and Family Functioning among Latino Youth with Spina Bifida” (Papadakis et al., 2017) Their study examined how Latino and non-Latino White youth with spina bifida function psychosocially, as well as how family functioning, in the context of the resilience –disruption framework, impacts psychosocial functioning differentially for these youth. The resilience–disruption framework posits a culturally responsive model, where Latino youth with spina bifida may experience disruptions to typical functionin...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - December 8, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Featured Article: Evaluating Smartphone-Based Virtual Reality to Improve Chinese Schoolchildren ’s Pedestrian Safety: A Nonrandomized Trial
ConclusionsPedestrian safety training via smartphone-based VR provides children the repeated practice needed to learn the complex skills required to cross streets safely, and also helps them improve self-efficacy to cross streets. Given rapid motorization and global smartphone penetration, plus epidemiological findings that about 75,000 children die annually worldwide in pedestrian crashes, smartphone-based VR could supplement existing policy and prevention efforts to improve global child pedestrian safety. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - December 5, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Barriers to Transition From Pediatric to Adult Care: A Systematic Review
ConclusionsEach chronic illness group experiences illness-specific challenges but certain barriers transcend chronic illness populations. Suggestions to overcome these barriers are provided. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - November 28, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Effects of Neonatal Pain and Temperament on Attention Problems in Toddlers Born Preterm
ConclusionsThe findings support the impact of neonatal pain experiences, and current toddlers ’ and mothers’ temperament characterized by poorer self-regulation on attention problems in toddlers born preterm. Developmental care in the NICU and follow-up programs after discharge are recommended to promote regulated temperament of the mother–child dyads, aiming to prevent attentional pro blems in toddlers born preterm. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - November 17, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Cognitive Function, Coping, and Depressive Symptoms in Children and Adolescents with Sickle Cell Disease
ConclusionsThe results provide new evidence for the associations between cognitive function and coping, and the association of both of these processes with depressive symptoms in children with SCD. Findings provide potential implications for clinical practice, including interventions to improve children ’s cognitive functioning to attenuate depressive symptoms. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - November 16, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Associations Between Parental SES and Children ’s Health-Related Quality of Life: The Role of Objective and Subjective Social Status
ConclusionOSS was confirmed to have stronger association with children ’s HRQOL than parental SSS. This is in contrast to some research on adults, raising the questions of how best to assess SSS relevant to children and at what point in development SSS may influence children’s health and well-being. The persistent relationship found between parental OSS and child h ealth suggests that efforts to improve low socioeconomic resources in families may contribute to improve children’s health. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - November 15, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Featured Article: The ABCDs of Pain Management: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial Examining the Impact of a Brief Educational Video on Infants ’ and Toddlers’ Pain Scores and Parent Soothing Behavior
ConclusionsThe ABCD pain management strategy delivered via video was an effective way to reduce toddler pain after vaccination and increase parental use of rocking and physical comforting. The treatment effect was not demonstrated with infants. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - November 14, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The Role of Maternal and Child Characteristics in Chinese Children ’s Dietary Intake Across Three Groups
ConclusionsOur findings highlighted the long-lasting effect of mothers ’ ELFI on their feeding and child eating. Mothers’ pressuring to eat played a central role in the association between their past experiences and children’s diet. Also, children’s poor EC abilities might exacerbate the adverse effect of mothers’ ELFI through PEP, resulting in more unhealthy eating. These findings can contribute to the design of contextually based intervention/prevention programs that promote young children’s healthy eating through maternal feeding practices and children’s EC abilities. (Source: J...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - October 31, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Topical Review: Adherence Interventions for Youth on Gluten-Free Diets
ConclusionsAvenues for future research include development and refinement of adherence assessment tools and development of evidence-based GFD adherence interventions. Novel technologies (e.g., GFD mobile applications) require empirical study but present exciting opportunities for adherence intervention. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - October 31, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Editorial: Initiatives and Goals for the Next 5 Years of the Journal of Pediatric Psychology
It is with enthusiasm that I step into the role as Editor-in-Chief of theJournal of Pediatric Psychology (JPP). Having served JPP as an Associate Editor under the editorships of Denny Drotar and Grayson Holmbeck, I had the benefit of learning from two amazing editors how to lead JPP to success. As a first step, I recruited an outstanding team composed of Associate Editors Melissa Alderfer, Dean Beebe, Marisa Hilliard, David Janicke, Bryan Karazsia, and Avani Modi; Student Editorial Liaison Aimee Hildenbrand; and JPP Editorial Assistant Susan Wood. I am particularly delighted to be able to continue working with the highly d...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - October 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Parental Perceptions of Child Vulnerability in Families of Youth With Spina Bifida: the Role of Parental Distress and Parenting Stress
ConclusionsFor parents of youth with SB, personal distress, and parenting stress are related to parental perceptions of child vulnerability, and child age may moderate this relationship. Parental personal distress and parenting stress are important targets for future interventions. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - October 26, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Editorial: Enhancing Transparent Reporting of Pediatric Psychology Intervention Research: Introducing the Role of the Student Editorial Liaison
Complete and transparent reporting of intervention trials is essential for accurately assessing the validity, reliability, and utility of findings (Simera et al., 2010). Unfortunately, inadequate reporting of intervention studies continues to be a pervasive concern across biomedical and psychosocial health research (Altman& Moher, 2014). In particular, systematic reviews highlight that peer-reviewed journal articles frequently lack detailed information regarding eligibility criteria, intervention delivery and service environment, participant flow, measurement of primary and secondary outcomes, sequence generation, allo...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - October 26, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Problems With Self-Regulation, Family Conflict, and Glycemic Control in Adolescents Experiencing Challenges With Managing Type 1 Diabetes
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that among teens experiencing challenges with managing type 1 diabetes, interventions that decrease family conflict may be critical to promoting optimal glycemic control in those teens with greater problems with self-regulation. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - October 25, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

JPP Student Journal Club Commentary: The Value of Assessing Patterns of Psychosocial Risk and Resilience in Glycemic Control Trajectory Models
Maintaining optimal glycemic control is particularly challenging for adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D), as up to 80% of them fail to meet recommended hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) values (Wood et al., 2013). The developmental and social changes of adolescence and the transition of T1D management responsibilities from caregiver to youth highlight the need for a comprehensive understanding of variables that affect glycemic control. However, most previous studies focus on cross-sectional data. Helgeson and colleagues (Helgeson et al., 2017) describe an underused approach to studying long-term health-care outcom...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - October 25, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Burnout in Nurses Working With Youth With Chronic Pain: A Pilot Intervention
ConclusionsOur single-session tailored group treatment was feasible and acceptable, and pilot data suggest that it is beneficial, but a more comprehensive approach is encouraged to reduce burnout that might be related to multiple individual, unit, and system factors. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - October 24, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Is Virtual Reality Ready for Prime Time in the Medical Space? A Randomized Control Trial of Pediatric Virtual Reality for Acute Procedural Pain Management
ConclusionVR is feasible, tolerated, and well-liked by patients, caregivers, and phlebotomists alike for routine blood draw. Given the immersive and engaging nature of the VR experience, VR has the capacity to act as a preventive intervention transforming the blood draw experience into a less distressing, potentially pain-free routine medical procedure, particularly for pediatric patients with high anxiety sensitivity. VR holds promise to reduce negative health outcomes for children and reduce distress in caregivers, while facilitating increased satisfaction and throughput in hectic outpatient phlebotomy clinics. (Source: ...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - October 19, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Are Preschoolers Meeting the Mark? Comparing the Dietary, Activity, and Sleep Behaviors of Preschoolers With Obesity to National Recommendations
In this study, the dietary intake, activity, and sleep behaviors of preschoolers with obesity enrolled in a family-based behavioral WCT are described and compared with national health behavior recommendations.MethodsHealth behaviors of 151 preschoolers with obesity (M age  = 4.60,SD = 0.93) enrolled in a clinical trial of a weight management program were measured at baseline through caregiver-report questionnaires, three 24-hr dietary recalls, and accelerometers.ResultsIn total, 70% of the sample exceeded daily caloric recommendations, only 10 and 5% met recommendations for fruit and vegetable i...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - October 17, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Impulse Control in Negative Mood States, Emotional Eating, and Food Addiction are Associated with Lower Quality of Life in Adolescents with Severe Obesity
ConclusionsIntrapersonal factors, including impulse control in negative mood states, are associated with lower QoL in adolescents with severe obesity. Interventions aimed at reducing frequency of negative affect, reducing impulsivity in negative mood states, and improving coping skills that are not eating based may contribute to improved QoL and merit further study. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - October 16, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research