Differential Time to Positivity of Central and Peripheral Blood Cultures is Inaccurate for the Diagnosis of Staphylococcus aureus Long-Term Catheter-Related Sepsis

Conclusions These results strongly suggest that despite its high specificity, the differential positivity time may not be reliable to rule out catheter-related bloodstream infections due to S. aureus.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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nioł A series of 18 aminochalcone derivatives were obtained in yields of 21.5–88.6% by applying the classical Claisen-Schmidt reaction. Compounds 4–9, 14 and 16–18 with 4-ethyl, 4-carboxy-, 4-benzyloxy- and 4-benzyloxy-3-methoxy groups were novel, not previously described in the scientific literature. To determine the biological properties of the synthesized compounds, anticancer and antimicrobial activity assays were performed. Antiproliferative potential was evaluated on four different human colon cancer cell lines—HT-29, LS180, LoVo and LoVo/DX —using the SRB assay ...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionEthyl acetate &Water extracts have represented potent activity against Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli, &Staphylococcus aureus bacteria as well, provided cytotoxicity against tested cancer cell lines. These results can be explored to identify individual phyto-molecules from the extracts for anticancer &antimicrobial potentials to identify new phytomedicines.
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: We report a first case of systemic bacterial infection in a patient with anti-IL6 autoantibodies. Disturbed IL-6 signaling, whether iatrogenic by targeted IL-6 blockade or endogenous due to the presence of autoantibodies against IL-6, represents a risk factor for increased infectious susceptibility. Patients with severe bacterial infection without elevation of CRP should be examined for the presence of anti-IL6 autoantibodies.
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In this study, the medicinal plant Aconitum carmichaeli was selected as a potential source for endophytes. An endophytic microorganism, Aureobasidium pullulans AJF1, harbored in the flower of Aconitum carmichaeli, was cultured on a large scale and extracted with an organic solvent. Extensive chemical investigation of the extracts resulted in isolation of three lipid type compounds (1–3), which were identified to be (3R,5R)-3,5-dihydroxydecanoic acid (1), (3R,5R)-3-(((3R,5R)-3,5-dihydroxydecanoyl)oxy)-5-hydroxydecanoic acid (2), and (3R,5R)-3-(((3R,5R)-5-(((3R,5R)-3,5-dihydroxydecanoyl)oxy)-3-hydroxydecanoyl)oxy)-...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, the medicinal plant Aconitum carmichaeli was selected as a potential source for endophytes. An endophytic microorganism, Aureobasidium pullulans AJF1, harbored in the flower of Aconitum carmichaeli, was cultured on a large scale and extracted with an organic solvent. Extensive chemical investigation of the extracts resulted in isolation of three lipid type compounds (1–3), which were identified to be (3R,5R)-3,5-dihydroxydecanoic acid (1), (3R,5R)-3-(((3R,5R)-3,5-dihydroxydecanoyl)oxy)-5-hydroxydecanoic acid (2), and (3R,5R)-3-(((3R,5R)-5-(((3R,5R)-3,5-dihydroxydecanoyl)oxy)-3-hydroxydecanoyl)oxy)-...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, we treated NSCLC cell lines A549 and H460 and a normal lung cell line, 16HBE, with LukS-PV and investigated the biological roles of LukS-PV in NSCLC. Cells were treated with varying concentrations of LukS-PV and cell viability was evaluated by CCK8 and EdU assay. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis and analyze the cell cycle, and the expression of apoptosis and cell cycle-associated proteins and genes were identified by western blotting analysis and qRT-polymerase chain reaction, respectively. We found that LukS-PV inhibited the proliferation of NSCLC cells but had little cytotoxicity in normal ...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
Abstract In this article, a new compound H2[{Cu(HL)(H2O)}2(P2Mo5O23)]·5H2O (1) (HL = 2-acetylpyrazine thiosemicarbazone) has been synthesized and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction of and other detection techniques. Interestingly, the structure of 1 is different from many reported copper-based complexes, in which the [P2Mo5O23]6-, two Cu2+ ions and two HL were directly connected by covalent bands. Biological studies demonstrated that 1 indicated moderate antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), and a better cytotoxicity ...
Source: Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Bioorg Med Chem Lett Source Type: research
rik The present study aimed to identify the chemical constituents and to assess the in-vitro, antimicrobial, anticancer, antioxidant, metabolic enzymes and cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitory properties of essential oil (EO) of Stachys viticina Boiss. leaves. The S. viticina EO was isolated and identified using microwave-ultrasonic and GC-MS techniques, respectively. Fifty-two compounds were identified, of which endo-borneol was the major component, followed by eucalyptol and epizonarene. The EO was evaluated against a panel of in-vitro bioassays. The EO displayed antimicrobial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphy...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the cytotoxic aspect of Treg cells in CRC patients. Data showed that tumor-infiltrating FOXP3+ Treg cells expressed granzyme B immediately following resection, indicating that granzyme B-expressing Treg cells were present directly ex vivo. In the tumor-associated lymph nodes (LNs) and circulating lymphocytes, however, granzyme B-expressing Treg cells were only scarcely found. We then attempted to stimulate granzyme B expression in circulating Treg cells. Granzyme B upregulation in Treg cells could not be activated by standard T cell receptor (TCR) activation through anti-CD3/CD28 and IL-2 but...
Source: Immunology Letters - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Immunol Lett Source Type: research
Marques F Abstract The emergence of resistance to antimicrobial and anticancer drugs poses severe threats to public health worldwide, highlighting the need for more efficient treatments. Here, four monoanionic Au bisdithiolate complexes [Au(mnt)2]- (where mnt = 1,1-dicyanoethylene-2,2-dithiolate)(1), [Au(i-mnt)2]- (where i-mnt = 2,2-dicyanoethylene-1,1-dithiolate)(2), [Au(cdc)2]- (where cdc = cyanodithioimido carbonate)(3), and [Au(qdt)2]- (where qdt = quinoxaline-2,3-dithiolate)(4) were screened for their antimicrobial and antitumor activities. Complexes 3 and 4 showed antibacterial activity agai...
Source: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: J Inorg Biochem Source Type: research
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