Low molecular weight heparin versus rivaroxaban in the treatment of venous thromboembolism in gastrointestinal malignancies

We present three patients with high-risk gastrointestinal malignancies complicated by cancer-associated VTE with progression of thrombosis while treated with the oral direct Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban. Upon switching therapy to low molecular weight heparin, we found that these patients had clinical and radiologic improvement of VTE. More studies are needed to evaluate the efficacy of rivaroxaban in high-risk gastrointestinal-VTE. We suggest that in some patients, DOACs may not be sufficient for the treatment of VTEs related to high-risk gastrointestinal malignancies.
Source: Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis - Category: Hematology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

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ConclusionsUse of flavonoids mixture (diosmin, troxerutin, rutin, hesperidin, quercetin) is a safe and effective mean of managing bleeding from hemorrhoidal disease and minimal adverse events are reported.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
This study was a retrospective chart review of adult cancer patients treated at Hackensack University Medical Center from January 2013 to October 2015 who received dabigatran, rivaroxaban, or apixaban for VTE treatment. Of 126 patients screened, 39 patients were included. Thirty-five patients received rivaroxaban and four patients received apixaban. Ten of 39 patients (26%) were not receiving a DOAC dosage consistent with the package insert. No patients experienced clinically significant bleeding, while four patients experienced a minor bleed. Four of 14 thrombocytopenic patients (29%) did not have their DOAC dose held for...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
AbstractCancer patients are at high risk of developing thrombotic events, including venous thromboembolism (VTE) [deep venous thrombosis (DVT)  and pulmonary embolism (PE)], and arterial thrombosis. DVT and PE represent the second leading cause of death in cancer patients; moreover, the development of thromboembolic events in cancer patients is linked to a greater need of hospitalization and frequency of side effects during treatment, in particular bleeding, and to an increased risk of recurrence during and following antithrombotic therapy. The thromboembolic risk may be different in different subgroups of cancer popu...
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this practice-based sample of CA-VTE patients, DOACs were associated with similar bleeding risks to warfarin and LMWH. These findings suggest a complex association of bleeding risk with anticoagulant choice in cancer patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 30240508 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: J Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
This study was a retrospective chart review of adult cancer patients treated at Hackensack University Medical Center from January 2013 to October 2015 who received dabigatran, rivaroxaban, or apixaban for VTE treatment. Of 126 patients screened, 39 patients were included. Thirty-five patients received rivaroxaban and four patients received apixaban. Ten of 39 patients (26%) were not receiving a DOAC dosage consistent with the package insert. No patients experienced clinically significant bleeding, while four patients experienced a minor bleed. Four of 14 thrombocytopenic patients (29%) did not have their DOAC dose held for...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe use of a direct oral anticoagulant as extended venous thromboembolism prophylaxis after major gastrointestinal surgery has not been studied to date. These results show dabigatran to be a safe alternative to low-molecular-weight heparin for extended venous thromboembolism prophylaxis with regard to bleeding complications.
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review aims to summarize the epidemiology, current pathophysiologic understanding, and state-of-the-art treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in cancer patients.Recent FindingsThe risk of VTE varies among cancer patients. Recently introduced prediction models better identify those at high risk of VTE. New mechanisms underlying hypercoagulability in cancer have been uncovered. Initial data on the efficacy of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) compared with low-molecular weight heparin to treat VTE in patients with cancer are promising. However, they may be associated with higher risk of gas...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
The mainstay of treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is anticoagulation. Direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) have revolutionized anticoagulation management, although their efficacy and safety in specialized populations such as antiphospholipid syndrome, advanced renal disease, cancer thrombosis, and geriatric patients remain uncertain. Concerns about bleeding risks of DOACs persist despite reassuring data in the literature and the development of specific antidotes. In this article, the authors present an overview of the basic pharmacology of DOACs and discuss their use in acute VTE, secondary VTE prevention, and special...
Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Semin Thromb Hemost DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1661386Atrial fibrillation (AF) is commonly diagnosed in the setting of active cancer. Because of an increased risk of either thromboembolic events or bleeding, the decision to initiate therapeutic anticoagulation in patients with active cancer can be challenging. Moreover, little is still known about the optimal anticoagulation therapy in the setting of AF and cancer, and no guidelines are as yet available. Considering that nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are recommended as alternatives to vitamin K antagonists for stroke prevention in AF patients with CHA2DS2-VA...
Source: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
ors Venous thromboembolism (VTE) complicates the clinical course of approximately 5–10% of all cancer patients. Anticoagulation of the cancer patient often presents unique challenges as these patients have both a higher risk of recurrent VTE and a higher risk of bleeding than patients without cancer. Although low molecular weight heparins (LMWH) are the standard of care for the management of cancer-associated VTE, their use requires once or twice daily subcutaneous injections, which can be a significant burden for many cancer patients who often require a long duration of anticoagulation. The direct oral antic...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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