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Altered voice processing in young children with autism and delayed language development

(Kanazawa University) Three- to five-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and delayed language development appear to process voices differently than typically developing children, according to a new study published in Scientific Reports.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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ConclusionsThis study suggests that reduced orienting to audiovisual synchrony within biological motion is an early sign of autism. The findings support the view that poor multisensory processing could be an important antecedent marker of this neurodevelopmental condition.
Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
The New York Public Library launched ‘Library Shelfie Day’, a social media event, a few years ago as a way to promote libraries and demonstrate a love of reading. The idea worked well with Instagram and was an international hit with over 1200 posts. Why did people like it so much? A number of factors contributed to this phenomenon. It definitely resonated with what people cared about, their passion for reading. Wonderful books include both the courageous and inspiring stories of individuals as well as reveal the health barriers members of our society must face. The PNR staff loves to read and here are a few of...
Source: Dragonfly - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Health Literacy/Consumer Health Public Libraries reading social media Source Type: news
Antivaccine quacks like to argue that a healthy immune system will protect you from infectious disease, rendering vaccines unnecessary. It's a ridiculous claim, well-refuted by the history of medicine. A naturopath whom I had somehow never heard of before, Henele E'ale, is now spewing that very same lie. The post Henele E’ale: A new antivaccine naturopathic quack (but I repeat myself) appeared first on RESPECTFUL INSOLENCE.
Source: Respectful Insolence - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Antivaccine nonsense Autism Naturopathy Quackery featured Henele E'ale Source Type: blogs
In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers find that children with autism spectrum disorders who are bilingual have improved cognitive flexibility.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Autism Source Type: news
(Uppsala University) An ability to integrate information from different sensory modalities is important for infants' development and for their perception of the environment. A new study suggests that infants who pay little attention to synchronous sights and sounds may be at elevated risk for developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
This study focuses on parent, youth, and clinician acceptability of a well-researched CBT program,Facing Your Fears, for youth with ASD and anxiety. Data was collected as part of a larger multi-site study that compared three different instructional conditions for clinicians learning the intervention. Results indicated that parents rated acceptability as higher for the overall treatment compared to youth. Further, youth and parents rated exposure related sessions as more acceptable than psychoeducation, and higher exposure acceptability ratings were predictive of lower youth anxiety levels post-treatment. Clinicians who rec...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
In this study, infants who were originally followed prospectively to examine general developmental risks due to substance exposure interacted with their mother and an unfamiliar experimenter for 2‐min episodes at 4 months of age. Electrocardiogram was collected to measure respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and the session was video recorded for behavioral coding. Two groups of infants were compared: infants with a diagnosed ASD outcome (N = 8) and matched controls (N = 186). Infants were compared on mean RSA and infant behavioral codes for each 2‐min episode. No significant group differences...
Source: Autism Research - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Short Report Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAutistic people are at increased risk of anxiety, with around 50% of autistic adults and children experiencing this debilitating mental health condition. The purpose of this review is to consider some contemporary ideas about underlying mechanisms for anxiety in autism, explore issues in the identification and assessment of anxiety and discuss emerging trends in anxiety interventions for autistic people, before identifying some important next steps in the field.Recent FindingsEmerging evidence suggests that anxiety may present differently in autism compared to the general population and that whilst...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
Conclusions and ImplicationsVPA exposure in early development causes molecular and neurochemical alterations in zebrafish, which persist into adulthood and accompany impaired sociability. These findings will highlight the possible involvement of the histaminergic system in outcomes related to neuropsychiatric disorders. Furthermore, it supports zebrafish as a tool to investigate mechanisms underlying these disorders.
Source: British Journal of Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research
MAGEL2 is the paternally expressed gene within Prader–Willi syndrome critical region at 15q11.2. We encountered three individuals in whom truncating mutations of MAGEL2 were identified. Patients 1 and 2, siblings born to healthy, non‐consanguineous Japanese parents, showed generalized hypotonia, lethargy, severe respiratory difficulty, poor feeding, and multiple anomalies including arthrogryposis soon after birth. We carried out whole‐exome sequencing, which detected a MAGEL2 mutation (c.1912C>T, p.Gln638*, heterozygous). The patients’ father was heterozygous for the mutation. Patient 3 was a female infa...
Source: American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: CLINICAL REPORT Source Type: research
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