Evaluating acarological risk for exposure to Ixodes scapularis and Ixodes scapularis-borne pathogens in recreational and residential settings in Washington County, Minnesota

Publication date: Available online 22 November 2017 Source:Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases Author(s): Micah B. Hahn, Jenna K.H. Bjork, David F. Neitzel, Frances M. Dorr, Tessa Whitemarsh, Karen A. Boegler, Christine B. Graham, Tammi L. Johnson, Sarah E. Maes, Rebecca J. Eisen The distribution of I. scapularis, the tick vector of the bacteria that cause Lyme disease, has been expanding over the last two decades in the north-central United States in parallel with increasing incidence of human cases of Lyme disease in that region. However, assessments of residential risk for exposure to ticks are lacking from this region. Here, we measured the density of host-seeking I. scapularis nymphs in two suburban and two rural public recreational sites located in Washington County, Minnesota as well as in nearby residential properties. We sought to compare tick densities across land use types and to identify environmental factors that might impact nymphal density. We also assessed the prevalence of infection in the collected ticks with Lyme disease spirochetes (Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. mayonii), and other I. scapularis-borne pathogens including B. miyamotoi, Babesia microti and Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Similar to studies from the eastern United States, on residential properties, I. scapularis nymphal densities were highest in the ecotonal areas between the forest edge and the lawn. Residences with the highest densities of nymphs were more likely to have a higher percentage ...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research

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yai K Abstract SUMMARYThe tick-borne pathogen Powassan virus is a rare cause of encephalitis in North America and the Russian Far East. The number of documented cases described since the discovery of Powassan virus in 1958 may be 50% of survivors make Powassan virus a medical concern requiring the attention of public health authorities and clinicians. The medical importance of Powassan virus justifies more research on developing specific and effective treatments and prevention and control measures. PMID: 30541872 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinical Microbiology Reviews - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Clin Microbiol Rev Source Type: research
The head of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has called the death of a 7-year-old Guatemalan girl in Department of Homeland Security custody “preventable” and called for pediatricians to have oversight of detention centers that hold migrant children. Dr. Colleen Kraft says the Dec. 8 death of Jackeline Caal is part of a broader failure to meet children’s basic needs that has characterized the Department of Homeland Security’s interaction with young people detained at the U.S.-Mexico border. “We will not stop asking questions until we learn more about the circumstances of this girl&rsqu...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Immigration onetime Source Type: news
Conclusion/Importance: Adolescent exposure to witnessing violence had stronger effects on substance use in adolescence, while experiencing and being threatened with violence in adolescence had stronger effects on substance use in adulthood. Violence prevention efforts targeted toward adolescents may lead to a reduction in substance use throughout the life-course, and clinicians and policy makers should be aware of the downstream effects of violence experienced in adolescence. PMID: 30541369 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
ConclusionUninsured, publicly-insured, and low-MHI patients were more likely to present to ED with uncomplicated hernias. This finding might reflect a lack of access to primary surgical care for non-urgent surgical diseases.Graphical abstract
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Nursing Sciences - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
Most snakes in the United States are nonvenomous, but pit vipers and coral snakes can inject venom. In this article, we look at the symptoms of snake bites, how to identify venomous snakes, and the best treatment and first aid for snake bites.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Bites and Stings Source Type: news
(MedPage Today) -- Randomized trial data point to benefit with surgery after 29 years, but much has changed over that time
Source: MedPage Today Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: news
Date: Monday, 12 17, 2018; Speaker: none; Building: Building 10 (Clinical Center)
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
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Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Policy Patients Cara Angelotta public health suicide epidemic suicide hotlines suicide prevention Source Type: blogs
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Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
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