Evaluating acarological risk for exposure to Ixodes scapularis and Ixodes scapularis-borne pathogens in recreational and residential settings in Washington County, Minnesota

Publication date: Available online 22 November 2017 Source:Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases Author(s): Micah B. Hahn, Jenna K.H. Bjork, David F. Neitzel, Frances M. Dorr, Tessa Whitemarsh, Karen A. Boegler, Christine B. Graham, Tammi L. Johnson, Sarah E. Maes, Rebecca J. Eisen The distribution of I. scapularis, the tick vector of the bacteria that cause Lyme disease, has been expanding over the last two decades in the north-central United States in parallel with increasing incidence of human cases of Lyme disease in that region. However, assessments of residential risk for exposure to ticks are lacking from this region. Here, we measured the density of host-seeking I. scapularis nymphs in two suburban and two rural public recreational sites located in Washington County, Minnesota as well as in nearby residential properties. We sought to compare tick densities across land use types and to identify environmental factors that might impact nymphal density. We also assessed the prevalence of infection in the collected ticks with Lyme disease spirochetes (Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. mayonii), and other I. scapularis-borne pathogens including B. miyamotoi, Babesia microti and Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Similar to studies from the eastern United States, on residential properties, I. scapularis nymphal densities were highest in the ecotonal areas between the forest edge and the lawn. Residences with the highest densities of nymphs were more likely to have a higher percentage ...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research

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In this study, silver nanoparticles were covalently-bonded on polyvinylchloride (PVC) film, and zinc oxide nanowires with a radiating acicular structure were then self-assembled on the composite surface. The composite film reduced the attachment of Staphylococcus aureus by nearly two orders of magnitude in 24 hours. The integration of silver nanoparticles and zinc oxide nanowires holds potential for antimicrobial applications.
Source: Materials Letters - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is common and can be profoundly debilitating. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) —the delivery of high-frequency stimulation via electrodes to neural targets—is safe and effective for the treatment of refractory OCD (1,2). DBS has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for treatment of Parkinson's disease since 2002 and OCD since 2009. Although this treatment is effective on a group level, why specific patients respond but others less so remains an open question.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Deliberate self-harm, encompassing suicide attempts, completed suicides, and nonsuicidal self-injurious behavior, is a global public health problem with a particularly strong impact on the world ’s youth and young adults. In the United States, suicide is the third leading cause of death among children 10 to 14 years of age and the second leading cause of death among adolescents and adults 15 to 34 years of age (1). Suicide attempts far outnumber completed suicides, and the personal, socia l, and economic costs of suicidal behavior are staggering.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
In conclusion, our data show for the first time the presence of TBEV in ticks and the related sero-reactivity in goats, confirming the presence of TBEV in the environment of the Canton of Ticino. Further surveillance studies will have to be conducted to follow the persistence of TBEV in this region.
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 April 2019Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Min-Goo Seo, Oh-Deog Kwon, Dongmi KwakAbstractA 23-year-old male Thoroughbred horse at the Korean Military Academy appeared thin with visible rib bones and presented clinical signs of fever, anorexia, lethargy, and severe dehydration. To determine the presence of various febrile disease-causing agents, the 23 cohabiting horses at the academy, including this horse, were subjected to hematology, blood chemistry, and molecular analysis using whole blood samples collected during regular medical check-ups. On the basis of clinical history,...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
PMID: 30995209 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research
We examined changes in cigarette prevalence and quit ratios over 15 years by racial/ethnic group (Non-Hispanic (NH) White, NH Black, Hispanic, NH Other). Data were drawn from the 2002–2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) public use data files and analyzed in 2018. Linear time trends of the prevalence of daily, nondaily, and menthol cigarette use and quit ratios (i.e., proportion of former smokers among lifetime smokers) were assessed using logistic regression models. 19.35% of NH White persons were daily smokers in 2016; this prevalence was significantly higher than all other groups (NH Black 10.99%,...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Women in the United States continue to experience intimate partner violence (IPV) at unprecedented rates, necessitating the development and implementation of personalized, effective healthcare-based interventions. METHODS of developing patient-cent...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
OBJECTIVE: To quantify how changes in reporting of specific causes of death and of selecting underlying cause from among multiple causes of death contribute to trends in mortality from unintentional injury in Americans aged 65 years or older. METHO...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news
A global health crisis exists surrounding suicide. In the United States, suicide rates have increased by nearly 30% in most states since 1999. Although the suicide rate among Hispanic Americans is significantly lower than non-Hispanic Whites, reasons for t...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
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