Update on Vaccine-Derived Polioviruses - Worldwide, January 2016-June 2017.
This report updates previous summaries regarding VDPVs (3). During January 2016-June 2017, new cVDPV outbreaks were identified, including two in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) (eight cases), and another in Syria (35 cases), whereas the circulation of cVDPV type 2 (cVDPV2) in Nigeria resulted in cVDPV2 detection linked to a previous emergence. The last confirmed case from the 2015-2016 cVDPV type 1 (cVDPV1) outbreak in Laos occurred in January 2016. Fourteen newly identified persons in 10 countries were found to excrete iVDPVs, and three previously reported patients in the United Kingdom and Iran (3) were still excreting type 2 iVDPV (iVDPV2) during the reporting period. Ambiguous VDPVs (aVDPVs), isolates that cannot be classified definitively, were found among immunocompetent persons and environmental samples in 10 countries. Cessation of all OPV use after certification of polio eradication will eliminate the risk for new VDPV infections. PMID: 29095803 [PubMed - in process]
The remotely sensed burned area (BA) products can provide continuous and spatiotemporally explicit characteristics of fire patches, which are critical data sources for understanding regional fire regimes. However, their accuracy remains to be improved. In ...
This work reports a strategy based on γ-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (KH550) and graphene oxide (GO)-functionalized 9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide (DOPO) to fabricate P-N-Si integrated flame retardant [KDOPO-modified GO (DGO)] through mi...
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: The Lancet Respiratory MedicineAuthor(s): Thomas C Williams, Sonnie Kim, David J Spiro, Harry Campbell
ConclusionThe present findings showed that nurses’ assessment of patient's readiness for weaning from MV (BWS) is a safe approach during the day, which can reduce MV duration more than other typical methods in ICUs.
A new Chinese coronavirus, a cousin of the SARS virus, has infected hundreds since the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December. Here's what you need to know.
ConclusionThe prevalence and incidence of MS in the Persian Gulf region has gone through significant changes during the past decades. This study highlights the need for future studies of MS prevalence and incidence, which will further elucidate the possible etiologies leading to periodical and geographical variations in MS incidence.
Beijing has responded faster to the new threat than it did with SARS, but it still silences and punishes those who veer from the official line, with potentially damaging consequences.
This report presents data on VDPVs detected during January 2017-June 2018 and updates previous VDPV summaries (3). During this reporting period, new cVDPV outbreaks were detected in five countries. Fourteen newly identified persons in nine countries were found to excrete iVDPVs. Ambiguous VDPVs (aVDPVs), isolates that cannot be classified definitively, were found among immunocompetent persons and environmental samples in seven countries. PMID: 30359342 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
This report updates previous summaries regarding VDPVs (4). PMID: 27491079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]