Tuesday ’s Daily Brief: sexual violence in conflict, a malaria vaccine trial, updates on Libya, Ebola in DR Congo, Sri Lanka and Mali
Here are our top stories for this Tuesday: a focus on conflict-related sexual violence at the Security Council, a groundbreaking trial for a malaria vaccine in Malawi, thousands seeking shelter in Libya ’s capital as fighting continues, concerns in the Democratic Republic of the Congo after the attack of an Ebola treatment centre, an update on the death toll of the Sri Lanka attacks, and the Security Council’s condemnation of the killing of peacekeepers in Mali.  (Source: UN News Centre - Women, Children, Population)
Source: UN News Centre - Women, Children, Population - April 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How mistrust and fear make fighting Ebola more difficult
An Ebola outbreak in Congo has killed more than 800 people, and angry locals have attacked aid workers. Canadian doctor Vinh-Kim Nguyen tells us what he saw on an aid mission to the region. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - April 23, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Radio/Front Burner Source Type: news

East Africa: DR Congo, East Africa Seek Collaboration in Malaria Fight
[New Times] Medical practitioners from East African countries have highlighted the need to partner with the Democratic Republic of Congo, and all EAC countries to establish cross-border measures in combating malaria. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Attacks on Hospital in Ebola Zone Kill Cameroonian Doctor Attacks on Hospital in Ebola Zone Kill Cameroonian Doctor
Attacks on a hospital at the epicenter of Democratic Republic of Congo's Ebola outbreak have killed a Cameroonian doctor and injured several others, the local mayor said on Friday.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - April 22, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Using their immunity, Ebola survivors play special role in Congo outbreak
Dozens of survivors are providing care — and much-needed human contact — to some of the littlest victims of the second-worst Ebola epidemic on record. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - April 22, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Health Source Type: news

Congo-Kinshasa: WHO Ebola Responder Killed in Attack on the Butembo Hospital
[WHO] Today, Dr Richard Valery Mouzoko Kiboung, an epidemiologist deployed by WHO in the response to the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) was killed in an attack on Butembo University Hospital. Two other persons were injured in the attack but are believed to be in a stable condition. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 22, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Congo-Kinshasa: Rebels Attack Ebola Hospital in North Kivu
[Deutsche Welle] Militiamen in the DRC's North Kivu province attacked another hospital in their most recent assault on organizations fighting Ebola. The city of Butembo in North Kivu province is at the center of the current epidemic. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 21, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

New attack on Ebola center in Congo; 1 militia member killed
New attack on Ebola center in Congo, local official says; militia member is killed (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - April 20, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Congo-Brazzaville: UN Condemns Attack On Ebola Treatment Centre Which Left Doctor Dead, Two Others Injured
[UN News] The UN has condemned an attack on an Ebola treatment centre in the Democratic Republic of the Congo on Friday, which led to the death of a doctor working for the World Health Organization (WHO), and injured two others. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 20, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Congo-Kinshasa: Doctor Fighting Ebola Outbreak Killed in Attack
[VOA] A doctor fighting an Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo was killed in an attack on an eastern hospital, according to the World Health Organization. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 20, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

UN condemns attack on Ebola treatment centre in DR Congo which left doctor dead, two others injured
The UN has condemned an attack on an Ebola treatment  centre in the Democratic Republic of the Congo on Friday, which led to the death of a doctor working for the World Health Organization (WHO), and injured two others.  (Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security)
Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security - April 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Attackers kill doctor at hospital in Congo's Ebola epicenter
Attackers storm hospital in the epicenter of Congo's Ebola outbreak, kill doctor from Cameroon, hurt others (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - April 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Ebola Survivors Comfort Sick and Frightened in Congo Outbreak Ebola Survivors Comfort Sick and Frightened in Congo Outbreak
Wearing a disposable gown and gloves for protection, Jeanine Masika cradles a 2-year-old Ebola patient and offers the listless toddler teaspoons of brown soup.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines)
Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines - April 19, 2019 Category: Intensive Care Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
The incidence of Ebola virus disease (EVD) cases in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continued to increase this week; however, it remained confined to a limited geographical area within North Kivu and Ituri provinces. This recent trend is likely attributable, in part, to past and ongoing security issues, unrest amongst certain local populations, and lingering community mistrust towards outbreak response teams. Improved case detection and response activities have been observed in previously inaccessible hotspots. In the 21 days between 27 March and 16 April 2019, 55 health areas within 11 health zones reported new cases...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - April 18, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Ebola survivors comfort sick and frightened in Congo outbreak
Wearing a disposable gown and gloves for protection, Jeanine Masika cradles a 2-year-old Ebola patient and offers the listless toddler teaspoons of brown soup. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 17, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Congo-Kinshasa: Around 260,000 Children in Kasai Region Suffering Severe Acute Malnutrition
[UN News] More than a quarter of a million children in the Kasai region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) - and thousands of others who have fled with their families to nearby provinces - are suffering severe and acute malnutrition, and need lifesaving treatment, said the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) on Wednesday. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Congo-Kinshasa: Following Second Brutal Assault On Ebola Clinic, UN Health Chief Vows to Continue Serving 'Most Vulnerable'
[UN News] Amidst a deadly Ebola outbreak, on Saturday morning armed militia members brutally attacked an Ebola clinic in the Democratic Republic of the Congo's (DRC) eastern city of Butembo, prompting a call from the UN's global health agency chief "to protect the treatment centres". (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Congo's leader sets Ebola outbreak end date after 800 deaths
Congo's president said Tuesday that he wants an Ebola virus outbreak that already has become the country's second-deadliest contained in under three months, although some health experts estimate it could take twice as long (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Congo's president wants Ebola contained within 3 months
'If we follow the instructions, in two or three months Ebola will be finished,' Congolese President Felix Tshisekedi tells a crowd. Some health experts say it could take twice as long. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Health Source Type: news

Ebola is real, Congo president tells skeptical population
Congolese President Felix Tshisekedi on Tuesday implored people in areas hit by the nation's worst-ever Ebola outbreak to accept the disease is real and trust health workers. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Rapid Risk Assessment: Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo – Fourth Update
Source: European Union, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Published: 4/16/2019. This 11-page report is the fourth update of a rapid risk assessment that addresses the public health risk associated with the current Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and its implications for European Union/European Economic Area citizens. It was triggered by an increase of EVD transmission in the affected areas over recent weeks, the persistent occurrence of new cases among contacts unknown at the time of EVD diagnosis, the occurrence of a substantial number of cases outside o...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

WHO: Congo Ebola Outbreak Still Not a Global Emergency
MONDAY, April 15, 2019 -- The ongoing Ebola outbreak in Congo is of " deep concern " but does not yet qualify as a global emergency, the World Health Organization says. The outbreak began on Aug. 1, 2018, and is the second deadliest in history, with... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - April 15, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Measles Cases Are Still Rising in the U.S. But They ’re Even Higher Globally
The number of measles cases reported around the world has roughly tripled since last year, according to preliminary data from the World Health Organization (WHO). More than 112,000 measles cases in 170 countries have been reported to the WHO so far this year. By contrast, about 28,000 measles cases in 163 countries were reported at this time last year, the WHO says. There are likely many more cases that have gone unreported, the WHO says, but the data provides a good sense of global disease trends. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on Monday also released updated figures for domestic cases of measles. Th...
Source: TIME: Health - April 15, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized public health Source Type: news

Congo-Kinshasa: Ebola Not an International 'Health Emergency' but Risks Spreading Across the Border, Warns UN Health Agency
[UN News] The Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) "does not constitute a public health emergency of international concern", according to a statement issued on Friday by the World Health Organization (WHO). (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 15, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Congo-Kinshasa: Ebola Resurgence Tests Global Response
[AfricaFocus] "Despite a worsening Ebola epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the World Health Organization on Friday again decided not to declare the outbreak a global health emergency. While expressing ´deep concern´ about the number of increasing cases in parts of Congo, and the potential risk of the disease spreading to neighboring countries, the W.H.O. said the epidemic did not meet the criteria for declaring an international public health emergency." - New York Times, April 12, 2019 (http:// ti (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 15, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Congo-Kinshasa: Ebola Outbreak Does Not Pose Global Threat - Experts
[VOA] Experts meeting in emergency session at the World Health Organization agree the Ebola outbreak in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo does not constitute a public health emergency of international concern. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 14, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Why this 2nd-worst Ebola outbreak is growing concern
Here's a look at how the latest outbreak of the Ebola virus in Congo become the second-deadliest in history, claiming 772 lives since last August.  (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - April 13, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Health Source Type: news

Congo-Kinshasa: Ebola Epidemic Not Under Control, Urgent Change of Strategy Needed
[MSF] New York -The international medical humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders/M édecins Sans Frontières (MSF) made the following statement after the World Health Organization decided today to not declare a Public Health Emergency of International Concern for the ongoing Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 13, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Ebola not an international ‘health emergency’ but risks spreading across DR Congo border, warns UN health agency
The Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) “does not constitute a public health emergency of international concern”, according to a statement issued on Friday by the World Health Organization (WHO). (Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security)
Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security - April 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Congo's Ebola outbreak might be declared global emergency
Officials are highly concerned about a possible spread of the outbreak. (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - April 12, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Ebola spread concentrated in Congo, not a wider emergency: WHO
An outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) that has killed more than 700 people and is continuing to spread does not constitute an international emergency, the World Health Organization said on Friday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 12, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Congo Ebola outbreak not a public health emergency of international concern, WHO says
The Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo does not constitute a public health emergency of international concern, the World Health Organization's director-general, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, said Friday. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - April 12, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

As Ebola Cases Rise in Congo, the W.H.O. Declines to Issue Emergency Declaration
The epidemic shows no signs of abating. In the eight-month-old outbreak, the highest number of cases recorded in a single day occurred this week. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - April 12, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DENISE GRADY Tags: Epidemics Ebola Virus Deaths (Fatalities) World Health Organization Congo, Democratic Republic of (Congo-Kinshasa) your-feed-science Source Type: news

Ebola outbreak 'not global emergency yet'
World Health Organization says Ebola outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo will become an emergency without more support. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - April 12, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The Latest: WHO says Ebola outbreak not yet global emergency
The Latest: WHO says Ebola outbreak in Congo not yet global emergency but 'deep concern' (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - April 12, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

'Redouble efforts' to detect cases of Ebola in Congo, urges World Health Organization
WHO experts haven't declared Congo's Ebola outbreak an international emergency, but say more must be done to fight it. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - April 12, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Health Source Type: news

Statement on the Meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee for Ebola Virus Disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo on 12th April 2019
Source: World Health Organization (WHO). Published: 4/12/2019. This statement is from a meeting held to provide the World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General with the committee's views and perspectives on Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, whether the event constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC), and if the event constitutes a PHEIC, what temporary recommendations should be made. The Director-General accepted the committee ’s assessment and on April 12, 2019, did not declare the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo a Public Health Eme...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Preliminary Results on the Efficacy of rVSV-ZEBOV-GP Ebola Vaccine Using the Ring Vaccination Strategy in the Control of an Ebola Outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: An Example of Integration of Research into Epidemic Response
Source: World Health Organization (WHO). Published: 4/12/2019. This four-page report provides information about preliminary analysis that was completed with the aim to better understand whether or not the rVSV-ZEBOV-GP candidate vaccine is effective and is contributing to prevent cases of Ebola virus disease when delivered using the ring vaccination strategy. This experimental Ebola vaccine is being used to try to contain the outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and is protective 97.5 percent of the time. These early results confirm previous observations of high efficacy of rVSV-ZEBOV-GP Ebola vaccine against...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - April 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Democratic Republic of Congo sees WORST EVER day for Ebola with 18 new cases in 24 hours
Some 751 people have been killed in the Democratic Republic of Congo in the second worst outbreak in history. Global chiefs will meet on Friday to decide if it is an international concern. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - April 11, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
The rise in number of Ebola virus diseases cases observed in the North Kivu provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo continues this week. During the last 21 days (20 March to 9 April 2019), 57 health areas within 11 health zones reported new cases; 40% of the 141 health areas affected to date (Table 1 and Figure 2). During this period, a total of 207 probable and confirmed cases were reported from Katwa (83), Vuhovi (41), Mandima (29), Beni (21), Butembo (15), Oicha (8), Masereka (4), Lubero (2), Musienene (2), Kalunguta (1), and Mabalako (1). As of 9 April, a total of 1186 confirmed and probable EVD cases have be...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - April 11, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

WHO experts to decide whether Congo Ebola outbreak is international emergency
The World Health Organization (WHO) on Wednesday said it had reconvened an expert panel to consider whether an outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo constitutes a public health emergency of international concern. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 10, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Congo-Kinshasa: Number of Ebola Cases in North Kivu on The Rise
[WHO] The recent escalation in the number of   Ebola virus disease (EVD) cases continues in the North Kivu provinces of  the  Democratic  Republic  of  the  Congo.  This  past  week  saw 65 new  confirmed  cases  reported  in  the  last seven days, predominantly from the areas ofKatwa, Mandima, Butembo, and Vuhovi. During the last 21 days (18 March to 7 April 2019), 58health areas within 13health zones reported new cases; 42%of t (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 10, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Congo Ebola outbreak 'far from contained,' U.S. aid chief says
The deadly Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo is far from contained, U.S. Agency for International Development Administrator Mark Green said on Tuesday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 9, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Rwanda: Govt to Vaccinate Front-Line Health-Workers Against Ebola
[WHO] Kigali -The Ministry of Health with support from the World Health Organization and other partners will launch vaccination of health care and frontline health workers to prevent them against the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in case they have to deal with patients contaminated by the virus. The activity begins on Monday, April 15, 2019 in Rubavu and other districts in high risk zone located near boarders with the Democratic Republic of Congo. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 8, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Congo-Kinshasa: Ebola Outbreak Has All the Makings of a Humanitarian Crisis
[The Conversation Africa] It's been eight months since the start of the current Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). By the beginning of April, almost 700 people have succumbed to the disease, making this the second worst Ebola outbreak ever recorded. It's second only to the West Africa outbreak of 2013 to 2016 that claimed more than 11 000 lives. And it seems that the end is not yet in sight. The Conversation Africa's Ina Skosana asked Jacqueline Weyer about this deepening public health crisis. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 5, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Congo-Kinshasa: Aid Groups Struggle to Fight Ebola Virus
[Deutsche Welle] The Ebola outbreak in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo has become difficult to contain. Many locals distrust health authorities trying to combat the epidemic, which poses a significant challenge for their work. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 5, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo
This past week saw a marked increase in the number of Ebola virus disease (EVD) cases in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. During the last 21 days (13 March to 2 April 2019), 57 health areas within 12 health zones reported new cases; 42% of the 135 health areas affected to date (Table 1 and Figure 2). During this period, a total of 172 confirmed cases were reported from Katwa (50), Vuhovi (34), Mandima (28), Masereka (18), Beni (13), Butembo (12), Oicha (8), Kayna (3), Lubero (3), Kalunguta (1), Bunia (1) and Musienene (1). WHO and partners will continue to adapt our strategies and strengthen response efforts to limit ...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - April 4, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Congo-Kinshasa: Insecurity, Community Mistrust Stymie Efforts to Control Ebola Epidemic
[VOA] The World Health Organization says insecurity and community mistrust in the Democratic Republic of Congo's conflict-ridden North Kivu Province are major impediments to international health efforts to bring the deadly Ebola outbreak under control. Latest official figures put the number of Ebola cases in the Eastern DRC at 1,089, including 679 deaths. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 3, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Gorillas gather around and groom their dead
(PeerJ) It is now known that many animals exhibit unique behaviors around same-species corpses, ranging from removal of the bodies and burial among social insects to quiet attendance and caregiving among elephants and primates. Researchers in Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo have been able to take a close look at the behavioral responses to the deaths of three individuals -- both known and unknown -- in gorillas and have reported their findings in PeerJ -- the Journal of Life and Environmental Sciences. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - April 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

WHO says Ebola cases rising in eastern Congo after violence
WHO says Ebola cases rising in eastern Congo after series of attacks on health facilities (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - April 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news