First Month of COVID-19 Vaccine Safety Monitoring - United States, December 14, 2020-January 13, 2021
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):283-288. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm7008e3.ABSTRACTTwo coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines are currently authorized for use in the United States. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine on December 11, 2020, and for the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine on December 18, 2020; each is administered as a 2-dose series. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices issued interim recommendations for Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines on December 12, 2020 (1), and December 19, 2020 (2), respective...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 25, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Julianne Gee Paige Marquez John Su Geoffrey M Calvert Ruiling Liu Tanya Myers Narayan Nair Stacey Martin Thomas Clark Lauri Markowitz Nicole Lindsey Bicheng Zhang Charles Licata Amelia Jazwa Mark Sotir Tom Shimabukuro Source Type: research

Suspected Recurrent SARS-CoV-2 Infections Among Residents of a Skilled Nursing Facility During a Second COVID-19 Outbreak - Kentucky, July-November 2020
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):273-277. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm7008a3.ABSTRACTReinfection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is believed to be rare (1). Some level of immunity after SARS-CoV-2 infection is expected; however, the evidence regarding duration and level of protection is still emerging (2). The Kentucky Department for Public Health (KDPH) and a local health department conducted an investigation at a skilled nursing facility (SNF) that experienced a second COVID-19 outbreak in October 2020, 3 months after a first outbreak in July. Five residents received posit...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 25, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Alyson M Cavanaugh Douglas Thoroughman Holly Miranda Kevin Spicer Source Type: research

Estimated Medicaid Costs Associated with Hepatitis A During an Outbreak - West Virginia, 2018-2019
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):269-272. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm7008a2.ABSTRACTHepatitis A is a vaccine-preventable disease caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). Transmission of the virus most commonly occurs through the fecal-oral route after close contact with an infected person. Widespread outbreaks of hepatitis A among persons who use illicit drugs (injection and noninjection drugs) have increased in recent years (1). The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends routine hepatitis A vaccination for children and persons at increased risk for infection or severe disease, and, since 1996, ...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 25, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Samantha J Batdorf Megan G Hofmeister Tamara C Surtees Erica D Thomasson Shannon M McBee Nathan J Pauly Source Type: research

QuickStats: Motor-Vehicle-Traffic Death* Rates Among Persons Aged 15-24 Years and ≥25 Years - United States, 2000-2019
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):295. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm7008a6.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33630819 | DOI:10.15585/mmwr.mm7008a6 (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 25, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Detection of B.1.351 SARS-CoV-2 Variant Strain - Zambia, December 2020
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):280-282. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm7008e2.ABSTRACTThe first laboratory-confirmed cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the illness caused by SARS-CoV-2, in Zambia were detected in March 2020 (1). Beginning in July, the number of confirmed cases began to increase rapidly, first peaking during July-August, and then declining in September and October (Figure). After 3 months of relatively low case counts, COVID-19 cases began rapidly rising throughout the country in mid-December. On December 18, 2020, South Africa published the genome of a SARS-CoV-2 variant strain with several ...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 25, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Mulenga Mwenda Ngonda Saasa Nyambe Sinyange George Busby Peter J Chipimo Jason Hendry Otridah Kapona Samuel Yingst Jonas Z Hines Peter Minchella Edgar Simulundu Katendi Changula King Shimumbo Nalubamba Hirofumi Sawa Masahiro Kajihara Junya Yamagishi Muzal Source Type: research

Erratum: Vol. 69, No. RR-5
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):294. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm7008a5.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33630821 | DOI:10.15585/mmwr.mm7008a5 (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 25, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Erratum: Vol. 70, No. 6
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):293. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm7008a4.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33630822 | DOI:10.15585/mmwr.mm7008a4 (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 25, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Clusters of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Among Elementary School Educators and Students in One School District - Georgia, December 2020-January 2021
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):289-292. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm7008e4.ABSTRACTIn-person learning benefits children and communities (1). Understanding the context in which transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), occurs in schools is critical to improving the safety of in-person learning. During December 1, 2020-January 22, 2021, Cobb and Douglas Public Health (CDPH), the Georgia Department of Public Health (GDPH), and CDC investigated SARS-CoV-2 transmission in eight public elementary schools in a single school district. COVID-19 cases* among educators and students ...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 25, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Jeremy A W Gold Jenna R Gettings Anne Kimball Rachel Franklin Grant Rivera Elana Morris Colleen Scott Paula L Marcet Marisa Hast Megan Swanson Jazmyn McCloud Lemlem Mehari Ebony S Thomas Hannah L Kirking Jacqueline E Tate Janet Memark Cherie Drenzek Snigd Source Type: research

Changes in Suicide Rates - United States, 2018-2019
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):261-268. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm7008a1.ABSTRACTSuicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States overall, and the second and fourth leading cause among persons aged 10-34 and 35-44 years, respectively (1). In just over 2 decades (1999-2019), approximately 800,000 deaths were attributed to suicide, with a 33% increase in the suicide rate over the period (1). In 2019, a total of 12 million adults reported serious thoughts of suicide during the past year, 3.5 million planned a suicide, and 1.4 million attempted suicide (2). Suicides and suicide attempts in 2019 led to a...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 25, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Deborah M Stone Christopher M Jones Karin A Mack Source Type: research

First Identified Cases of SARS-CoV-2 Variant B.1.1.7 in Minnesota - December 2020-January 2021
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):278-279. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm7008e1.ABSTRACTOn January 9, 2021, the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) announced the identification of the SARS-CoV-2 variant of concern (VOC) B.1.1.7, also referred to as 20I/501Y.V1 and VOC 202012/01, in specimens from five persons; on January 25, MDH announced the identification of this variant in specimens from three additional persons. The B.1.1.7 variant, which is reported to be more transmissible than certain other SARS-CoV-2 lineages*,† (1), was first reported in the United Kingdom in December 2020 (1). As of February 14, 2021, a...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 25, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Melanie J Firestone Alexandra J Lorentz Xiong Wang Kathryn Como-Sabetti Sara Vetter Kirk Smith Stacy Holzbauer Stephanie Meyer Kristin Ehresmann Richard Danila Ruth Lynfield Source Type: research

Mortality Among Minority Populations with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Including Asian and Hispanic/Latino Persons - California, 2007-2017.
Abstract Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem autoimmune disease with manifestations that vary widely in severity. Although minority populations are at higher risk for SLE and have more severe outcomes (1), population-based estimates of mortality by race and ethnicity are often lacking, particularly for Asian and Hispanic/Latino persons. Among 812 patients in the California Lupus Surveillance Project (CLSP) during 2007-2009 (2,3), who were matched to the 2007-2017 National Death Index (NDI), 16.6% had died by 2017. This proportion included persons of White (14.4%), Black (25%), Asian (15.3%), and Hi...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 19, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Gianfrancesco MA, Dall'Era M, Murphy LB, Helmick CG, Li J, Rush S, Trupin L, Yazdany J Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Required and Voluntary Occupational Use of Hazard Controls for COVID-19 Prevention in Non-Health Care Workplaces - United States, June 2020.
Abstract Certain hazard controls, including physical barriers, cloth face masks, and other personal protective equipment (PPE), are recommended to reduce coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) transmission in the workplace (1). Evaluation of occupational hazard control use for COVID-19 prevention can identify inadequately protected workers and opportunities to improve use. CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health used data from the June 2020 SummerStyles survey to characterize required and voluntary use of COVID-19-related occupational hazard controls among U.S. non-health care workers. A survey-weighted r...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 19, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Billock RM, Groenewold MR, Free H, Haring Sweeney M, Luckhaupt SE Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Decline in Receipt of Vaccines by Medicare Beneficiaries During the COVID-19 Pandemic - United States, 2020.
Abstract On March 13, 2020, the United States declared a national emergency concerning the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak (1). In response, many state and local governments issued shelter-in-place or stay-at-home orders, restricting nonessential activities outside residents' homes (2). CDC initially issued guidance recommending postponing routine adult vaccinations, which was later revised to recommend continuing to administer routine adult vaccines (3). In addition, factors such as disrupted operations of health care facilities and safety concerns regarding exposure to SARS-CoV-2, the virus th...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 19, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Hong K, Zhou F, Tsai Y, Jatlaoui TC, Acosta AM, Dooling KL, Kobayashi M, Lindley MC Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Trends in Use of Telehealth Among Health Centers During the COVID-19 Pandemic - United States, June 26-November 6, 2020.
Abstract Telehealth can facilitate access to care, reduce risk for transmission of SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 [COVID-19]), conserve scarce medical supplies, and reduce strain on health care capacity and facilities while supporting continuity of care. Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)-funded health centers* expanded telehealth† services during the COVID-19 pandemic (1). The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services eliminated geographic restrictions and enhanced reimbursement so that telehealth services-enabled health centers could expand telehealth servic...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 19, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Demeke HB, Merali S, Marks S, Pao LZ, Romero L, Sandhu P, Clark H, Clara A, McDow KB, Tindall E, Campbell S, Bolton J, Le X, Skapik JL, Nwaise I, Rose MA, Strona FV, Nelson C, Siza C Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Maximizing Fit for Cloth and Medical Procedure Masks to Improve Performance and Reduce SARS-CoV-2 Transmission and Exposure, 2021.
Abstract Universal masking is one of the prevention strategies recommended by CDC to slow the spread of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) (1). As of February 1, 2021, 38 states and the District of Columbia had universal masking mandates. Mask wearing has also been mandated by executive order for federal property* as well as on domestic and international transportation conveyances.† Masks substantially reduce exhaled respiratory droplets and aerosols from infected wearers and reduce exposure of uninfected wearers to these particles. Cloth masks§ and medical procedure ...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 19, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Brooks JT, Beezhold DH, Noti JD, Coyle JP, Derk RC, Blachere FM, Lindsley WG Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Care Outcomes Among Black or African American Persons with Diagnosed HIV in Rural, Urban, and Metropolitan Statistical Areas - 42 U.S. Jurisdictions, 2018.
Abstract During 2018, Black or African American (Black) persons accounted for 43% of all diagnoses of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States (1). Among Black persons with diagnosed HIV infection in 41 states and the District of Columbia for whom complete laboratory reporting* was available, the percentages of Black persons linked to care within 1 month of diagnosis (77.1%) and with viral suppression within 6 months of diagnosis (62.9%) during 2018 were lower than the Ending the HIV Epidemic initiative objectives of 95% for linkage to care and viral suppression goals (2). Access to HIV-re...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 19, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Lyons SJ, Dailey AF, Yu C, Johnson AS Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

QuickStats: Death Rates* Attributed to Excessive Cold or Hypothermia † Among Persons Aged ≥15 Years, by Urban-Rural Status§ and Age Group - National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2019.
QuickStats: Death Rates* Attributed to Excessive Cold or Hypothermia† Among Persons Aged ≥15 Years, by Urban-Rural Status§ and Age Group - National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 19;70(7):258 Authors: PMID: 33600381 [PubMed - in process] (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 19, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices Recommended Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Aged 18 Years or Younger - United States, 2021.
Abstract At its October 2020 meeting, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices* (ACIP) approved the 2021 Recommended Child and Adolescent Immunization Schedule for Ages 18 Years or Younger. After Emergency Use Authorization of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), ACIP issued an interim recommendation for use of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine in persons aged ≥16 years at its December 12, 2020, meeting (1). In addition, ACIP approved an amendment to include COVID-19 vaccine recommendations in the child and adolescent immunization schedule. After Emergency Use Autho...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 12, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Wodi AP, Ault K, Hunter P, McNally V, Szilagyi PG, Bernstein H Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices Recommended Immunization Schedule for Adults Aged 19 Years or Older - United States, 2021.
Abstract At its October 2020 meeting, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)* approved the Recommended Immunization Schedule for Adults Aged 19 Years or Older, United States, 2021. After the Emergency Use Authorization of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine by the Food and Drug Administration, ACIP issued an interim recommendation for use of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine in persons aged ≥16 years at its December 12, 2020, emergency meeting (1). In addition, ACIP approved an amendment to include COVID-19 vaccine recommendations in the child and adolescent and adult immunization schedules. After ...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 12, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Freedman MS, Ault K, Bernstein H Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

COVID-19 Vaccination Intent, Perceptions, and Reasons for Not Vaccinating Among Groups Prioritized for Early Vaccination - United States, September and December 2020.
Abstract As of February 8, 2021, 59.3 million doses of vaccines to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) had been distributed in the United States, and 31.6 million persons had received at least 1 dose of the COVID-19 vaccine (1). However, national polls conducted before vaccine distribution began suggested that many persons were hesitant to receive COVID-19 vaccination (2). To examine perceptions toward COVID-19 vaccine and intentions to be vaccinated, in September and December 2020, CDC conducted household panel surveys among a representative sample of U.S. adults. From September to December, vaccination i...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 12, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Nguyen KH, Srivastav A, Razzaghi H, Williams W, Lindley MC, Jorgensen C, Abad N, Singleton JA Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Observed Face Mask Use at Six Universities - United States, September-November 2020.
Abstract Approximately 41% of adults aged 18-24 years in the United States are enrolled in a college or university (1). Wearing a face mask can reduce transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) (2), and many colleges and universities mandate mask use in public locations and outdoors when within six feet of others. Studies based on self-report have described mask use ranging from 69.1% to 86.1% among adults aged 18-29 years (3); however, more objective measures are needed. Direct observation by trained observers is the accepted standard for monitoring behaviors such as han...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 12, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Barrios LC, Riggs MA, Green RF, Czarnik M, Nett RJ, Staples JE, Welton MD, Muilenburg JL, Zullig KJ, Gibson-Young L, Perkins AV, Prins C, Lauzardo M, Shapiro J, Asimellis G, Kilgore-Bowling G, Ortiz-Jurado K, Gutilla MJ Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Decline in COVID-19 Hospitalization Growth Rates Associated with Statewide Mask Mandates - 10 States, March-October 2020.
This study examined whether implementation of statewide mask mandates was associated with COVID-19-associated hospitalization growth rates among different age groups in 10 sites participating in the COVID-19-Associated Hospitalization Surveillance Network (COVID-NET) in states that issued statewide mask mandates during March 1-October 17, 2020. Regression analysis demonstrated that weekly hospitalization growth rates declined by 2.9 percentage points (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.3-5.5) among adults aged 40-64 years during the first 2 weeks after implementing statewide mask mandates. After mask mandates had been implem...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 12, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Joo H, Miller GF, Sunshine G, Gakh M, Pike J, Havers FP, Kim L, Weber R, Dugmeoglu S, Watson C, Coronado F Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Comorbidities Among Young Adults with Congenital Heart Defects: Results from the Congenital Heart Survey To Recognize Outcomes, Needs, and well-beinG - Arizona, Arkansas, and Metropolitan Atlanta, 2016-2019.
Abstract An estimated 1.4 million adults in the United States live with congenital heart defects (CHDs), yet their health outcomes are not well understood (1). Using self-reported, cross-sectional data from 1,482 respondents in the 2016-2019 Congenital Heart Survey To Recognize Outcomes, Needs, and well-beinG (CH STRONG) (2), CDC and academic partners estimated the prevalence of comorbidities among adults with CHDs aged 20-38 years born in Arizona (AZ), Arkansas (AR), and metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia (GA) compared with the general population (aged 20-38 years) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Su...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 12, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Oster ME, Riser AP, Andrews JG, Bolin EH, Galindo MK, Nembhard WN, Rose CE, Farr SL Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Trends and Geographic Patterns in Drug and Synthetic Opioid Overdose Deaths - United States, 2013-2019.
Abstract Deaths involving synthetic opioids other than methadone (synthetic opioids), which largely consist of illicitly manufactured fentanyl; psychostimulants with abuse potential (e.g., methamphetamine); and cocaine have increased in recent years, particularly since 2013 (1,2). In 2019, a total of 70,630 drug overdose deaths occurred, corresponding to an age-adjusted rate of 21.6 per 100,000 population and a 4.3% increase from the 2018 rate (20.7) (3). CDC analyzed trends in age-adjusted overdose death rates involving synthetic opioids, psychostimulants, cocaine, heroin, and prescription opioids during 2013-201...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 12, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Mattson CL, Tanz LJ, Quinn K, Kariisa M, Patel P, Davis NL Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

COVID-19 Stats: Percentage of Middle and High School Students Aged 13-21 Years Attending In-Person Classes Who Reported Observing Fellow Students Wearing a Mask All the Time,* by School Setting and Activity - United States, October 2020.
Authors: PMID: 33571177 [PubMed - in process] (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 12, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

QuickStats: Trends in Secondhand Smoke Exposure* Among Nonsmoking Adults, by Race † and Hispanic Origin - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, United States, 2009-2018.
QuickStats: Trends in Secondhand Smoke Exposure* Among Nonsmoking Adults, by Race† and Hispanic Origin - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, United States, 2009-2018. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 12;70(6):224 Authors: PMID: 33571178 [PubMed - in process] (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 12, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Sexual Orientation Disparities in Risk Factors for Adverse COVID-19-Related Outcomes, by Race/Ethnicity - Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, United States, 2017-2019.
Abstract Sexual minority persons experience health disparities associated with sexual stigma and discrimination and have a high prevalence of several health conditions that have been associated with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) (1,2). Current COVID-19 surveillance systems do not capture information about sexual orientation. To begin bridging the gap in knowledge about COVID-19 risk among sexual minority adults, CDC examined disparities between sexual minority and heterosexual adults in the prevalence of underlying conditions with strong or mixed evidence of associations with severe COVID-19-related i...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 5, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Heslin KC, Hall JE Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Vital Signs: Prevalence of Multiple Forms of Violence and Increased Health Risk Behaviors and Conditions Among Youths - United States, 2019.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE: Many youths experience multiple types of violence, with potentially lifelong health impacts. Violence is preventable using proven approaches that address individual, family, and environmental risks. Prioritizing violence prevention is strategic to promoting adolescent and adult health. PMID: 33539331 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 5, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: David-Ferdon C, Clayton HB, Dahlberg LL, Simon TR, Holland KM, Brener N, Matjasko JL, D'Inverno AS, Robin L, Gervin D Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Early COVID-19 First-Dose Vaccination Coverage Among Residents and Staff Members of Skilled Nursing Facilities Participating in the Pharmacy Partnership for Long-Term Care Program - United States, December 2020-January 2021.
Abstract Residents and staff members of long-term care facilities (LTCFs), because they live and work in congregate settings, are at increased risk for infection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) (1,2). In particular, skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), LTCFs that provide skilled nursing care and rehabilitation services for persons with complex medical needs, have been documented settings of COVID-19 outbreaks (3). In addition, residents of LTCFs might be at increased risk for severe outcomes because of their advanced age or the presence of underlying chronic medical conditi...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 5, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Gharpure R, Guo A, Bishnoi CK, Patel U, Gifford D, Tippins A, Jaffe A, Shulman E, Stone N, Mungai E, Bagchi S, Bell J, Srinivasan A, Patel A, Link-Gelles R Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Demographic Characteristics of Persons Vaccinated During the First Month of the COVID-19 Vaccination Program - United States, December 14, 2020-January 14, 2021.
Abstract In December 2020, two COVID-19 vaccines (Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna) were authorized for emergency use in the United States for the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).* Because of limited initial vaccine supply, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) prioritized vaccination of health care personnel† and residents and staff members of long-term care facilities (LTCF) during the first phase of the U.S. COVID-19 vaccination program (1). Both vaccines require 2 doses to complete the series. Data on vaccines administered during December 14, 2020-January 14, 2021, and rep...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 5, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Painter EM, Ussery EN, Patel A, Hughes MM, Zell ER, Moulia DL, Scharf LG, Lynch M, Ritchey MD, Toblin RL, Murthy BP, Harris LQ, Wasley A, Rose DA, Cohn A, Messonnier NE Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Decreases in Young Children Who Received Blood Lead Level Testing During COVID-19 - 34 Jurisdictions, January-May 2020.
Abstract Exposure to lead, a toxic metal, can result in severe effects in children, including decreased ability to learn, permanent neurologic damage, organ failure, and death. CDC and other health care organizations recommend routine blood lead level (BLL) testing among children as part of well-child examinations to facilitate prompt identification of elevated BLL, eliminate source exposure, and provide medical and other services (1). To describe BLL testing trends among young children during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, CDC analyzed data reported from 34 state and local health departments ab...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 5, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Courtney JG, Chuke SO, Dyke K, Credle K, Lecours C, Egan KB, Leonard M Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Erratum: Vol. 70, No. 4.
Authors: PMID: 33539335 [PubMed - in process] (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 5, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Prevalence of Stress and Worry, Mental Health Conditions, and Increased Substance Use Among Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic - United States, April and May 2020.
Abstract In 2019, approximately 51 million U.S. adults aged ≥18 years reported any mental illness,* and 7.7% reported a past-year substance use disorder† (1). Although reported prevalence estimates of certain mental disorders, substance use, or substance use disorders are not generally higher among racial and ethnic minority groups, persons in these groups are often less likely to receive treatment services (1). Persistent systemic social inequities and discrimination related to living conditions and work environments, which contribute to disparities in underlying medical conditions, can further compound...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 5, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: McKnight-Eily LR, Okoro CA, Strine TW, Verlenden J, Hollis ND, Njai R, Mitchell EW, Board A, Puddy R, Thomas C Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

QuickStats: Death Rates* for Motor-Vehicle-Traffic Injuries, Suicide, and Homicide Among Adolescents and Young Adults Aged 15-24 Years - United States, 1999-2019.
Authors: PMID: 33539337 [PubMed - in process] (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - February 5, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Erratum: Vol. 70, No. 3.
Authors: PMID: 33507886 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 29, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Trends in Outbreak-Associated Cases of COVID-19 - Wisconsin, March-November 2020.
Abstract During September 3-November 16, 2020, daily confirmed cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) reported to the Wisconsin Department of Health Services (WDHS) increased at a rate of 24% per week, from a 7-day average of 674 (August 28-September 3) to 6,426 (November 10-16) (1). The growth rate during this interval was the highest to date in Wisconsin and among the highest in the United States during that time (1). To characterize potential sources of this increase, the investigation examined reported outbreaks in Wisconsin that occurred during March 4-November 16, 2020, with respect to their setting an...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 29, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Pray IW, Kocharian A, Mason J, Westergaard R, Meiman J Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Notes from the Field: An Outbreak of West Nile Virus - Arizona, 2019.
PMID: 33507888 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 29, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ruberto I, Kretschmer M, Zabel K, Sunenshine R, Smith K, Townsend J, Richard D, Erhart LM, Staab N, Komatsu K, Venkat H Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Implementation and Evolution of Mitigation Measures, Testing, and Contact Tracing in the National Football League, August 9-November 21, 2020.
Abstract The National Football League (NFL) and the NFL Players Association (NFLPA) began the 2020 football season in July, implementing extensive mitigation and surveillance measures in facilities and during travel and gameplay. Mitigation protocols* were evaluated and modified based on data from routine reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests for SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19); proximity tracking devices; and detailed interviews. Midseason, transmission was observed in persons who had cumulative interactions of
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 29, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Mack CD, Wasserman EB, Perrine CG, MacNeil A, Anderson DJ, Myers E, Smith S, McDonald LC, Osterholm M, Solomon GS, Mayer T, Sills A, NFL COVID-19 Advisory and Operational Team Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

COVID-19 Cases and Transmission in 17 K-12 Schools - Wood County, Wisconsin, August 31-November 29, 2020.
eg TB Abstract The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has disrupted in-person learning in the United States, with approximately one half of all students receiving online-only instruction since March 2020.* Discontinuation of in-person schooling can result in many hardships (1) and disproportionately affects families of lower socioeconomic status (2). Current evidence suggests that transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, in kindergarten through grade 12 (K-12) schools might not significantly contribute to COVID-19 spread nationwide (3). During August 31-November 29, 2020, COVID-19 case...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 29, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Falk A, Benda A, Falk P, Steffen S, Wallace Z, Høeg TB Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

QuickStats: Percentage* of Women Who Have Ever Used Emergency Contraception † Among Women Aged 22-49 Years Who Have Ever Had Sexual Intercourse, by Education - National Survey of Family Growth, United States, 2017-2019.
QuickStats: Percentage* of Women Who Have Ever Used Emergency Contraception† Among Women Aged 22-49 Years Who Have Ever Had Sexual Intercourse, by Education - National Survey of Family Growth, United States, 2017-2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Jan 29;70(4):145 Authors: PMID: 33507891 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 29, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Allergic Reactions Including Anaphylaxis After Receipt of the First Dose of Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine - United States, December 21, 2020-January 10, 2021.
This report summarizes the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of case reports of allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis and nonanaphylaxis allergic reactions, after receipt of the first dose of Moderna COVID-19 vaccine during December 21, 2020-January 10, 2021, in the United States. CDC has issued updated interim clinical considerations for use of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines currently authorized in the United States (3) and interim considerations for preparing for the potential management of anaphylaxis (4). PMID: 33507892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 29, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: CDC COVID-19 Response Team, Food and Drug Administration Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Impact of COVID-19 on Cervical Cancer Screening Rates Among Women Aged 21-65 Years in a Large Integrated Health Care System - Southern California, January 1-September 30, 2019, and January 1-September 30, 2020.
Abstract On March 19, 2020, the governor of California issued a statewide stay-at-home order to contain the spread of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).* The order reduced accessibility to and patient attendance at outpatient medical visits,† including preventive services such as cervical cancer screening. In-person clinic visits increased when California reopened essential businesses on June 12, 2020.§ Electronic medical records of approximately 1.5 million women served by Kaiser Permanente Southern California (KPSC), a large integrated health care system, were exam...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 29, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Miller MJ, Xu L, Qin J, Hahn EE, Ngo-Metzger Q, Mittman B, Tewari D, Hodeib M, Wride P, Saraiya M, Chao CR Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Response to a COVID-19 Outbreak on a University Campus - Indiana, August 2020.
This report describes the outbreak and the data-driven, targeted interventions and rapid escalation of testing, tracing, and isolation measures that enabled the medium-sized university to resume in-person instruction and campus activities. These strategies might prove useful to other colleges and universities responding to campus outbreaks. PMID: 33507894 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 29, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Fox MD, Bailey DC, Seamon MD, Miranda ML Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 Transmission Associated with High School Wrestling Tournaments - Florida, December 2020-January 2021.
Abstract On December 7, 2020, local public health officials in Florida county A were notified of a person with an antigen-positive SARS-CoV-2 test* result who had attended two high school wrestling tournaments held in the county on December 4 and 5. The tournaments included 10 participating high schools from three counties. The host school (school A in county A) participated in the tournaments on both days; five high school teams from two counties participated the first day only; four additional high school teams from the three counties participated the second day. A total of 130 wrestlers, coaches, and referees a...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 29, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Atherstone C, Siegel M, Schmitt-Matzen E, Sjoblom S, Jackson J, Blackmore C, Neatherlin J Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Percentage of Adolescents Meeting Federal Fruit and Vegetable Intake Recommendations - Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, United States, 2017.
Abstract According to the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, persons should consume fruits and vegetables as part of a healthy eating pattern to reduce their risk for diet-related chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, some cancers, and obesity.* A healthy diet is important for healthy growth in adolescence, especially because adolescent health behaviors might continue into adulthood (1). The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) recommends minimum daily intake of 1.5 cups of fruit and 2.5 cups of vegetables for females aged 14-18 years and 2 cups of fruit and 3 cups of vegetab...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 22, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Lange SJ, Moore LV, Harris DM, Merlo CL, Lee SH, Demissie Z, Galuska DA Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Vaccination Coverage with Selected Vaccines and Exemption Rates Among Children in Kindergarten - United States, 2019-20 School Year.
This report summarizes data collected by state and local immunization programs* on vaccination coverage among children in kindergarten (kindergartners) in 48 states, exemptions for kindergartners in 49 states, and provisional enrollment and grace period status for kindergartners in 28 states for the 2019-20 school year, which was more than halfway completed when most schools moved to virtual learning in the spring because of the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Nationally, vaccination coverage† was 94.9% for the state-required number of doses of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids, and acellular pertussis vaccine (D...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 22, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Seither R, McGill MT, Kriss JL, Mellerson JL, Loretan C, Driver K, Knighton CL, Black CL Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

QuickStats: Emergency Department Visit Rates* for Motor Vehicle Crashes, † by Age Group - United States, 2018§.
QuickStats: Emergency Department Visit Rates* for Motor Vehicle Crashes,† by Age Group - United States, 2018§. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Jan 22;70(3):106 Authors: PMID: 33476313 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl...)
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 22, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

COVID-19 Trends Among Persons Aged 0-24 Years - United States, March 1-December 12, 2020.
Abstract Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) case and electronic laboratory data reported to CDC were analyzed to describe demographic characteristics, underlying health conditions, and clinical outcomes, as well as trends in laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 incidence and testing volume among U.S. children, adolescents, and young adults (persons aged 0-24 years). This analysis provides a critical update and expansion of previously published data, to include trends after fall school reopenings, and adds preschool-aged children (0-4 years) and college-aged young adults (18-24 years) (1). Among children, adolescents, an...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 22, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Leidman E, Duca LM, Omura JD, Proia K, Stephens JW, Sauber-Schatz EK Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Emergence of SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 Lineage - United States, December 29, 2020-January 12, 2021.
Abstract On December 14, 2020, the United Kingdom reported a SARS-CoV-2 variant of concern (VOC), lineage B.1.1.7, also referred to as VOC 202012/01 or 20I/501Y.V1.* The B.1.1.7 variant is estimated to have emerged in September 2020 and has quickly become the dominant circulating SARS-CoV-2 variant in England (1). B.1.1.7 has been detected in over 30 countries, including the United States. As of January 13, 2021, approximately 76 cases of B.1.1.7 have been detected in 12 U.S. states.† Multiple lines of evidence indicate that B.1.1.7 is more efficiently transmitted than are other SARS-CoV-2 variants (1-3). T...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 22, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Galloway SE, Paul P, MacCannell DR, Johansson MA, Brooks JT, MacNeil A, Slayton RB, Tong S, Silk BJ, Armstrong GL, Biggerstaff M, Dugan VG Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Evaluation of Abbott BinaxNOW Rapid Antigen Test for SARS-CoV-2 Infection at Two Community-Based Testing Sites - Pima County, Arizona, November 3-17, 2020.
A, Rogers S, Emery B, Wang H, Petway M, Bohannon C, Folster JM, MacNeil A, Salerno R, Kuhnert-Tallman W, Tate JE, Thornburg NJ, Kirking HL, Sheiban K, Kudrna J, Cullen T, Komatsu KK, Villanueva JM, Rose DA, Neatherlin JC, Anderson M, Rota PA, Honein MA, Bower WA Abstract Rapid antigen tests, such as the Abbott BinaxNOW COVID-19 Ag Card (BinaxNOW), offer results more rapidly (approximately 15-30 minutes) and at a lower cost than do highly sensitive nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) (1). Rapid antigen tests have received Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for use in symptoma...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - January 22, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Prince-Guerra JL, Almendares O, Nolen LD, Gunn JKL, Dale AP, Buono SA, Deutsch-Feldman M, Suppiah S, Hao L, Zeng Y, Stevens VA, Knipe K, Pompey J, Atherstone C, Bui DP, Powell T, Tamin A, Harcourt JL, Shewmaker PL, Medrzycki M, Wong P, Jain S, Tejada-Stro Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research