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Growth inhibition of Candida species and Aspergillus fumigatus by statins.

Statins are a class of drugs widely used for lowering high cholesterol levels through their action on 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, a key enzyme in the synthesis of cholesterol. We studied the effects of two major statins,simvastatin and atorvastatin, on five Candida species andAspergillus fumigatus. The statins strongly inhibited the growth of all species, except Candida krusei. Supplementation of Candida albicans and A.
Source: The Aspergillus Website - updates - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: news

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Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
In this study, we investigate the prevalence rate of H. pylori infection and its relationship to MBL rs1800450 and TNF-α rs1800620 polymorphism in T2DM. In this case-control study, 174 patients with type II diabetes and 185 healthy controls were studied. Also, demographics, physical, and biochemical parameters were performed in all patients. The DNA extracted from blood specimens was amplified by H. pylori cagA-specific primers. The MBL rs1800450 and TNF-α rs1800620 genotyping were detected by amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR). The results show that H. pylori cagA pos...
Source: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy - Category: Microbiology Tags: Monoclon Antib Immunodiagn Immunother Source Type: research
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Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: General Cardiology Source Type: blogs
Authors: Pinkas J, Bojar I, Gujski M, BartosiƄska J, Owoc A, Raczkiewicz D Abstract BACKGROUND Increasing age, increased body mass index (BMI), and abnormal lipid profiles contribute to an increased risk of vitamin D deficiency. Women who have a perimenopausal and postmenopausal reduction in estrogen levels are a high-risk group for vitamin D deficiency. The aims of this study were to compare the serum vitamin D levels, lipid profile, and BMI between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women in non-manual employment, and to determine whether there were any interdependent factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS Three hundred w...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
In this study, we explored in a prospective cohort of morbidly obese women undergoing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGP) correlations between baseline anthropometrics, metabolic parameters, resting energy expenditure (REE), body composition, and 1-year % excess body mass index loss (%EBMIL). We also investigated risk factors for insufficient %EBMIL.MethodsOne hundred three consecutive women were prospectively evaluated at baseline (age 40.6  ± 11.2, weight 113.9 kg ± 15.3, BMI 43.3 ± 4.9 kg/m2) and 1  year after LRYGP. Weight, excess weight, brach...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundDiabetes mellitus is a prevalent disease that endangers human health. Bariatric surgery can effectively relieve insulin resistance with elevated serum bile acids (BAs). 12 α-Hydroxylated BAs were previously reported to be associated with insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to analyze changes in 12α-hydroxylated BA composition and possible associated mechanisms in diabetic rats following sleeve gastrectomy (SG).MethodsSG and sham operations were performed in diabetic rats induced by high-fat diet feeding and streptozotocin. Body weight, food intake, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT),...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
In conclusion, A. ibericus was found to be a good alternative FOS producer.
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Contributors : Maurice W de Ronde ; Perry D Moerland ; Sara-Joan Pinto-SietsmaSeries Type : Non-coding RNA profiling by arrayOrganism : Homo sapiensCardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of human morbidity and mortality worldwide, underscoring the need to improve diagnostic strategies. Monocytes play a major role in the initiation, propagation, and progression of CVD. MicroRNAs are endogenous small non-coding RNAs that control gene expression and are expressed in a tissue and disease-specific manner. Therefore they have been proposed to be useful biomarkers. The aim of this study was to investigate whether diffe...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Non-coding RNA profiling by array Homo sapiens Source Type: research
The cholesterol-lowering agents known as statins have in vitro activities against human pathogenic fungi, such as Candida species, Cryptococcus neoformans, and Zygomycetes. Synergy between statins and azoles against these fungi has also been reported. We evaluated the in vitro activities of two statins, lovastatin andsimvastatin, alone and in combination with azoles and amphotericin B, against clinical isolates ofAspergillus spp.
Source: The Aspergillus Website - updates - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: news
Abstract Fungal infections pose a significant public health burden with high morbidity and mortality. CD101 is a novel echinocandin under development for the treatment and prevention of systemic Candida infections. Preclinical studies were conducted to evaluate the metabolic stability, plasma protein binding, pharmacokinetics, toxicity, and efficacy of CD101 at various dose levels. CD101 was stable to biotransformation in rat/monkey/human liver microsomes and rat/monkey/dog/human hepatocytes. In vitro studies suggest minimal interaction with recombinant cytochrome P450 enzymes (IC50 values>10 μM). Similar to...
Source: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Antimicrob Agents Chemother Source Type: research
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