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Growth inhibition of Candida species and Aspergillus fumigatus by statins.

Statins are a class of drugs widely used for lowering high cholesterol levels through their action on 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, a key enzyme in the synthesis of cholesterol. We studied the effects of two major statins,simvastatin and atorvastatin, on five Candida species andAspergillus fumigatus. The statins strongly inhibited the growth of all species, except Candida krusei. Supplementation of Candida albicans and A.
Source: The Aspergillus Website - updates - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: news

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In conclusion, Buxus sempervirens leaf extract may be helpful in controlling the development of hyperlipidemia as well as atherosclerosis in diabetic animals. PMID: 29669507 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cardiovascular and Hematological Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Cardiovasc Hematol Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
In conclusion, these result suggested that the Chinese herbal formula HJF reduced hepatic steatosis maybe through decreasing certain gut bacteria (such as Enterobacteriaceae bacteria and F. rappini), alleviating intestinal endotoxemia and reducing NLRP3 inflammasome activation. PMID: 29675053 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Cai Y, Wang Y, Zhi F, Xing QC, Chen YZ Abstract Treating type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using thiazolidinediones and biguanides can present several challenges for patients. Sanggua Drink (SGD) is a commonly used agent in traditional Chinese medicine, and it consists of Folium Mori, Fructus Momordicae Charantiae, Radix Puerariae Lobatae, and Rhizoma Dioscorea. The hypoglycemic effects and mechanisms of SGD extracts on insulin resistance in diabetic rats were investigated. SGD (1.24 g/kg orally) was verified in T2DM rats induced by a high-fat diet and streptozotocin. The results showed that SGD treat...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the effects of a novel liver-specific LXR inverse agonist, SR9243, on antifibrosis in NASH mice. A high-cholesterol diet was employed to induce NASH in BALB/c mice by either carbon tetrachloride (CCL4) administration or bile-duct ligation (BDL). Once NASH was induced, mice were treated with SR9243 for one month by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection. Liver tissues were collected to determine the degree of fibrosis and intrahepatic inflammation via pathological examination and QPCR; serum was collected to analyze the plasma lipid levels and liver function by clinical biochemistry. The mice developed...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
(MedPage Today) -- This week's topics include preventing falls in the elderly, ambulatory versus clinic blood pressures, statin use benefit, and how much alcohol is okay to consume
Source: MedPage Today Primary Care - Category: Primary Care Source Type: news
Test your medicine knowledge with the MKSAP challenge, in partnership with the American College of Physicians. A 62-year-old man is evaluated during a routine visit. He is asymptomatic and walks 1 mile most days of the week. Medical history is significant for aortic stenosis, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. Medications are aspirin, metformin, lisinopril, metoprolol, and rosuvastatin. On physical examination, the patient is afebrile, blood pressure is 130/66 mm Hg, pulse rate is 68/min, and respiration rate is 14/min. BMI is 29. Cardiac examination reveals a grade 2/6 early-peaking syst...
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Conditions Cardiology Diabetes Source Type: blogs
Authors: Zang H, Jiang F, Cheng X, Xu H, Hu X Abstract Adropin has been identified as potent regulatory hormone implicated in insulin sensitivity and the maintenance of energy homeostasis. The aim of current study was to investigate serum adropin concentrations of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in the fasting status, especially those overweight/obese and evaluate the relationships between adropin levels and metabolic parameters. A total of 116 T2DM patients and 60 controls with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) were recruited to the study. Adropin concentration was determined using commercial ELISA kits. Ant...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
Conclusion Our results suggest that control of lipid levels in patients with FH has improved and that the achievement of guideline-directed goals has been facilitated by access to PCSK9 inhibitors. These observations provide insight into the real-world effectiveness of PCSK9 inhibitor therapy in patients with FH. Teaser Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH) is characterized by very high levels of low density lipoprotein cholesterol and increased risk of cardiovascular events. We examined the real-world impact of PCSK9 inhibitors on lipid levels in patients in the British Columbia FH Registry. From 2015 to 2017, lipid levels i...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
The cholesterol-lowering agents known as statins have in vitro activities against human pathogenic fungi, such as Candida species, Cryptococcus neoformans, and Zygomycetes. Synergy between statins and azoles against these fungi has also been reported. We evaluated the in vitro activities of two statins, lovastatin andsimvastatin, alone and in combination with azoles and amphotericin B, against clinical isolates ofAspergillus spp.
Source: The Aspergillus Website - updates - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: news
Abstract Fungal infections pose a significant public health burden with high morbidity and mortality. CD101 is a novel echinocandin under development for the treatment and prevention of systemic Candida infections. Preclinical studies were conducted to evaluate the metabolic stability, plasma protein binding, pharmacokinetics, toxicity, and efficacy of CD101 at various dose levels. CD101 was stable to biotransformation in rat/monkey/human liver microsomes and rat/monkey/dog/human hepatocytes. In vitro studies suggest minimal interaction with recombinant cytochrome P450 enzymes (IC50 values>10 μM). Similar to...
Source: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Antimicrob Agents Chemother Source Type: research
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