Survey of Australian dermatologists' perceptions and experiences with isotretinoin-induced depression and suicide - Rea S, Tucker S, Frittelli V, Gunnarsson R.

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Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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The use of substances, such as alcohol, is common among people living with bipolar disorder (BD). Data from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) study showed that 43.6% and 33.6% of adults with BD had experience a comorbid alcohol or drug use disorder respectively during their lifetime, a prevalence estimate that is 5 to 8 times greater than for people without a mental disorder (Regier  et al., 1990). Subsequent studies have confirmed the association between the use of substances and BD,(Hunt et al., 2016) which is concerning because this association increases health morbidity and mortality (Whiteford...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
Suicide rates are high and have only been increasing over the years. Over 800,000 people die all over the world by suicide each year. A proportion of the suicides are murder suicides resulting in additional loss of life. Attempts at suicide occur more frequently and we have about one million suicide attempts occurring each year. Suicide is a heart-breaking problem that is growing and needs to be addressed in as many ways as is possible. Understanding the risk factors, knowing the warning signs and what to do about them, is a crucial step. The more the awareness the greater the impact on suicide prevention. Risk Factors f...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Depression General Suicide Source Type: news
ConclusionThe initially preventative effect of the firearm legislation reform in Austria in 1997 seems to have been counteracted by the global economic downturn of 2008. Increased firearm availability was associated with corresponding increases in both firearm suicide and firearm homicide mortality. Restrictive firearm legislation should be an imperative part of a country’s suicide prevention programme. Although firearm legislation reform may have long-lasting effects, societal changes may facilitate compensatory firearm acquisitions and thus counteract preventive efforts, calling in turn again for adapted counter-measures.
Source: European Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2018Source: Preventive Medicine, Volume 113Author(s): M. Rodelli, I. De Bourdeaudhuij, E. Dumon, G. Portzky, A. DeSmetAbstractCyberbullying is associated with negative mental health outcomes including adolescent suicidal ideation. This requires effective and accessible preventive efforts. Healthy lifestyles are factors adolescents themselves can modify that may lower their risk of suicidal ideation. The aim of this study was to examine associations between physical activity, (outdoor) sport participation, a healthy diet, higher sleep duration and low levels of smoking and alcohol use, and suicidal ...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2018Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 54, Issue 6Author(s): Andrew M. Subica, Li-Tzy WuIntroductionNational estimates of U.S. Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander (NHPI), American Indian/Alaskan Native (AIAN), and multiracial adolescent substance use and suicidality are scarce because of their small population sizes. The aim was to estimate the national prevalence of, and disparities in, substance use and suicidality among these understudied adolescents.MethodsAnalyses conducted in 2017 of U.S. adolescents (grades ninth to 12th) from the 1991–2015 Combined National Y...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 26 August 2017Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Mélanie RacineAbstractDeath by suicide is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide. Because individuals with chronic pain are at least twice as likely to report suicidal behaviors or to complete suicide, it is of utmost importance to target which risk factors contribute the most to increasing suicidality. This comprehensive review aims to provide an update on research advancements relating to the identification of potential risk factors for suicidality in individuals with chronic ...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionPeripheral neuropathies secondary to toxins are increasingly considered but can be difficult to definitively diagnose especially when it presents with a subacute severe form mimicking Guillain-Barré syndrome. Yet, detecting the syndromic presentation and a history of toxin exposure can facilitate prompt and accurate diagnosis.
Source: Neurophysiologie Clinique - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2018Source: Trends in Neuroscience and Education, Volume 11Author(s): Thiago Coronato Nunes, Rollan Schoo Hirano, Lucas Caroli Cruz, Azizi Seixas, Girardin Jean-Louis, Vilma Aparecida da Silva FonsecaAbstractThe current study investigated memory issues among medical students and explored possible causes.MethodsFifty-nine medical students (age: 25.7 ± 2,5) in their last year filled out the following instruments: Beck Depression and Beck Anxiety inventories, Insomnia Severity Index, ASSIST and Subjective Memory Complaints Scale.ResultsMemory complaints were found in 71%, 54% recognized that ...
Source: Trends in Neuroscience and Education - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionActuellement, il existe encore peu d’article portant sur le versant psychologique et modulable de la séduction. Malgré tout, la littérature existante nous offre des pistes intéressantes sur les habiletés de séduction qui peuvent être travaillées afin de favoriser la rencontre amoureuse.SummaryPurposeSolitude and social isolation are correlated with most risk of suicide, depression and alcoholism. Affective link is a protective factor for human well being. To create an affective link, people have to initiate a courtship phase. However, many patients seem...
Source: Sexologies - Category: Sexual Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: July 2018Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, Volume 57Author(s): Steffen Heide, Theodore ChanAbstractDeaths in police custody often attract a huge amount of public interest and are frequently associated with controversy related to causation. While systematic investigations of deaths in police custody are currently available for countries in Europe, North America and Australia, the different inclusion and exclusion criteria and the lack of a uniform definition limits their comparability.Rates of death vary by age and gender with some similarities across different countries and continents. The m...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research
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