Target organs for lymphocystis disease virus replication in gilthead seabream ( Sparus aurata )

AbstractThe lymphocystis disease (LCD), the main viral pathology described in cultured gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata), is a self-limiting condition characterized by the appearance of hypertrophied fibroblasts (named lymphocysts) in the connective tissue of fish, primarily in the skin and fins. The causative agent of the disease is the Lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV), a member of theIridoviridae family. In the present study, LCDV genome and transcripts were detected by real-time PCR in caudal fin, as well as in several internal organs, such as intestine, liver, spleen, kidney and brain, from asymptomatic, diseased and recovered gilthead seabream juveniles. These results indicate that the LCDV has a broad range tissue tropism, and can establish a systemic infection, even in subclinically infected fish. As showed by in situ hybridization, the permissive cells for LCDV infection seem to be fibroblasts, hepatocytes and cells of the mononuclear phagocyte system. Histopathological alterations associated with LCD were observed in all the organs analysed, including necrotic changes in liver and kidney, inflammatory response in the intestine submucosa or brain haemorrhage, although lymphocysts were only detected in the dermis of the caudal fin. Nevertheless, these histological changes were reverted in recovered animals.
Source: Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

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We present an approach to enhance microwave brain imaging with an innovative metamaterial (MM) planar design based on a cross-shaped split-ring resonator (SRR-CS). The proposed metasurface is incorporated in different setups, and its interaction with EM waves is studied both experimentally and by using CST Microwave Studio® and is compared to a “no MM” case scenario. We show that the MM can enhance the penetration of the transmitted signals into the human head when placed in contact with skin tissue, acting as an impedance-matching layer. In addition, we show that the MM can improve the transcei...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, we examined the safety of WATCHMAN implantation followed by 6 months of anti-thrombotic therapy in patients with a history of ICH.MethodsThis is a retrospective analysis of 63 patients with a history of ICH prior to WATCHMAN implantation (Group I) and 95 patients without a history of ICH who underwent WATCHMAN placement (Group II). The primary outcome was death, stroke, or major bleeding within 6  months of WATCHMAN placement.ResultsThe average CHA2DS2-VASc of Group I was 4.9  ± 1.7 vs 4.7 ± 1.4 for Group II (p = 0.34). The most common type of...
Source: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Future studies will explore potential mechanisms at the brain-tumor barrier to explain lower cyclophosphamide brain penetration in tumor-bearing mice. These results will be used to further investigate exposure-response relationships in medulloblastoma xenograft models. PMID: 31815662 [PubMed - in process]
Source: J Pharm Pharm Sci - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: J Pharm Pharm Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Yunzhe Xue, Fadi G. Farhat, Olga Boukrina, A.M. Barrett, Jeffrey R. Binder, Usman W. Roshan, William W. GravesAbstractAutomatic identification of brain lesions from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of stroke survivors would be a useful aid in patient diagnosis and treatment planning. It would also greatly facilitate the study of brain-behavior relationships by eliminating the laborious step of having a human expert manually segment the lesion on each brain scan. We propose a multi-modal multi-path convolutional neural network sys...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment of acute strokes due to vertebrobasilar artery occlusion.MethodsWe did a multicentre, randomised, open-label trial, with blinded outcome assessment of thrombectomy in patients presenting within 8 h of vertebrobasilar occlusion at 28 centres in China. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to endovascular therapy plus standard medical therapy (intervention group) or standard medical therapy alone (control group). The randomisation sequence was computer-generated and stratified by participating centres. Allocation concealment was implemen...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractThe study aimed to investigate the relationship between mtDNA copy number and the risk of all-cause mortality in stroke. One thousand four hundred eighty-four stroke patients were documented including 273 deaths (127 thrombosis, 52 lacunar, 94 hemorrhage). Patients in the third quartile had the lowest mortality rates in overall stroke and the three subtypes. The lowest quartile of mtDNA copy number (Q1
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractHereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal-dominant vascular disorder characterized by development of high-flow arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) that can lead to stroke or high-output heart failure. HHT2 is caused by heterozygous mutations inACVRL1, which encodes an endothelial cell bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor, ALK1. BMP9 and BMP10 are established ALK1 ligands. However, the unique and overlapping roles of these ligands remain poorly understood. To define the physiologically relevant ALK1 ligand(s) required for vascular development and maintenance, we generated zebrafish harboring mu...
Source: Angiogenesis - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: High NPR was associated with the increased risk of HT especially PH in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: Clinical Neuroradiology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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