Infliximab Optimization Based on Therapeutic Drug Monitoring in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Background: Infliximab (IFX) is an effective treatment for the management of moderate to severe inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Low-serum IFX levels are associated with the development of antibodies to IFX (ATI), which subsequently associated with clinical relapse and increased morbidity. The primary purpose of this study is to examine the relation between dose and interval to IFX level. Secondary goal is to evaluate the relation between IFX level and ATI in a pediatric IBD population. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of all children diagnosed with IBD and treated with IFX at a tertiary care pediatric IBD center. We performed our analysis based on prescribed dosing intervals and rounded dose up to 5 or 10 mg/kg as indicated in clinical practice. Results: Our study included 278 samples from 129 children on IFX. ATI were detected in 37 samples (13.3%). Low IFX levels (
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Gastroenterology: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Source Type: research

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Conclusions: The percentage of individuals sensitized to inhalants in CD and to inhalants and foods in UC, were higher than corresponding results in BD. However, whereas allergen positive reactions in CD were comparable to those in BD, they were reduced in UC because of the few UC reactions to food allergens. This contrasts previous data and the study also points to sensitization to inhalants as a potential factor in the complex pathogenesis of IBD. PMID: 31524013 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A number of studies have showed an association between PD and IBD. Both diseases share genetic and environmental etiological factors. The precise role of intestinal bacteria remains vague. The periodontal microbiota that might be involved in the association of these diseases are Fusobacterium nucleatum, Campylobacter rectus and Campylobacter concisus. Fungal and viral microbiota dysbiosis should also be evaluated as common pathogenic pathways in IBD and periodontal disease. PMID: 31522142 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Int Acad Periodontol Source Type: research
Is there an increased risk of developing de novo inflammatory bowel disease while under treatment with anti-TNF-alpha for other chronic inflammatory or immune-mediated diseases?Alimentary Pharmacology &Therapeutics
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Gastroenterology Journal Article Source Type: news
Source: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: research
Eun Ju Jeong Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), collectively referred to as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), are autoimmune diseases characterized by chronic inflammation within the gastrointestinal tract. Debromohymenialdisine is an active pyrrole alkaloid that is well known to serve as a stable and effective inhibitor of Chk2. In the present study, we attempted to investigate the anti-inflammatory properties of (10Z)-debromohymenialdisine (1) isolated from marine sponge Stylissa species using an intestinal in vitro model with a transwell co-culture system. The treatment with 1 attenuated th...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Dysfunction of the gut–blood barrier plays an important role in many diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease, hemorrhagic shock (HS), or burn injury. However, little is known about gut barrier dysfunction after hemodynamically instable polytrauma (PT). Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effects of PT and HS on remote intestinal damage and barrier dysfunction, especially regarding the role of zonula occludens protein 1 (ZO-1) as an important tight junction protein. Male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to either PT (thorax trauma, closed head injury, soft tissue injury, and distal femoral fracture), 60 min of pres...
Source: Shock - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Articles Source Type: research
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) will often require abdominal surgical intervention for indications not directly related to their IBD. Because these patients often have a history of multiple previous abdominal operations and/or ostomies, they are at increased risk for incisional and parastomal hernias. They may also have develop symptomatic cholelithiasis, chronic pain, or desmoid disease. All of these potentially surgical issues may require special consideration in the IBD population.
Source: Surgical Clinics of North America - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundObesity is considered a risk factor for many chronic diseases and obese patients are often considered higher risk surgical candidates. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the outcomes of obese (body mass index  ≥ 30 kg/m2) versus non-obese patients undergoing surgery for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).MethodsPubMed, Scopus, and Embase libraries were searched up to March 2019 for studies comparing outcomes of obese with non-obese patients undergoing surgery for IBD. A meta-analysis was conducted using Review Manager software to create forest plots and calculate odds ratios...
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Condition:   Moderate to Severe Ulcerative Colitis Interventions:   Drug: 50 mg;   Drug: 450 mg;   Drug: 150 mg;   Other: 0 mg Sponsor:   Pfizer Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the possible effect of grounded flaxseed and flaxseed oil on serum levels of inflammatory markers, metabolic parameters, and the severity of disease in patients with UC. METHODS: In this open-labeled randomized controlled trial, 90 UC patients were randomly assigned to one of the 3 groups for 12 weeks: grounded flaxseed (GF; 30 g/day), flaxseed oil (FO; 10 g/day) and control group. The weight, waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, serum inflammatory markers (interleukin-6 (IL-6), interferon gamma (INF-γ), transforming grow...
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research
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