Atrial fibrillation detected by continuous electrocardiographic monitoring using implantable loop recorder to prevent stroke in individuals at risk (the LOOP study): Rationale and design of a large randomized controlled trial

Conclusion The LOOP study will evaluate health benefits and cost-effectiveness of ILR as a screening tool for AF to prevent stroke in patients at risk. Secondary objectives include identification of risk factors for the development of AF and characterization of arrhythmias in the population. The trial holds the potential to influence the future of stroke prevention.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent sustained arrhythmia in the world, with over 30 million people affected as of 2010.1 The number of patients projected to develop AF will double over the next decade.2 AF is independently associated with an increased risk of stroke,3 heart failure (HF),4 and mortality.5 It is not surprising, thus, that AF assumes a sizeable share of health care expenditure and its magnitude is reaching epidemic proportions.6 Blacks despite having a higher prevalence of traditional risk factors for AF, such as HF, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, have been shown to have a lower incidence of AF.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in the general population. In western countries with aging populations, atrial fibrillation poses a significant health concern, as it is associated with a high risk of thromboembolism, stroke, congestive heart failure, and myocardial infarction. Thrombi are generated in the left atrial appendage, and subsequent embolism into the cerebral circulation is a major cause of ischemic stroke. Therefore, patients have a lifetime risk of stroke, and those at high risk, defined as a CHA2DS2-VASc2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age>75 years, diabetes mel...
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
AbstractAtrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia and its prevalence is expected to further increase. Patients with atrial fibrillation have an increased risk of stroke (fivefold increased risk), heart failure, and death. In patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation, the most recent guidelines recommend the use of the CHA2DS2-VASc (congestive heart failure, arterial hypertension, age  >  75 years, diabetes mellitus, stroke/transient ischemic attack, vascular disease, age 65–74 years, sex category) scoring system to identify those who may benefit from oral anticoagulant treatmen...
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in western society affecting more than 35 million individuals worldwide annually. It is a common postoperative complication and may also occur spontaneously during general and local anesthesia administration. Aging, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases including cardiomyopathies, congenital cardiac anomalies, heart failure, myocardial ischemia, pericarditis, previous cardiac surgery, vascular disease, and valvular heart disease are some correlated factors. Beyond age, increased incidence of atrial fibrillation has been corre...
Source: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Ann Card Anaesth Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia worldwide and a major risk factor for cardiovascular complications. Our study aimed to investigate the prevalence, risk factors, demographics, co-morbidities and treatment of AF among in-hospital Bulgarian patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study including 1027 consecutive patients (n = 516, 50.2% males) with a mean age of 67.6 ± 11.3 years, hospitalized for any reason from 1 May until 31 December 2016 in one of the largest internal clinics in Bulgaria, was carried out. RESULTS: Atrial fibril...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
ConclusionsProspective assessment of a GRS for AF identified participants with elevated risk of AF beyond established clinical criteria. Accordingly, a GRS for AF could be incorporated into overall risk assessment to better identify patients at the highest risk of developing AF, although further testing in larger populations is needed to confirm these findings. Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov NCT01970969
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ns JGLM Abstract Cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) can detect atrial arrhythmias, i. e. atrial high-rate episodes (AHRE). The thrombo-embolic risk in patients showing AHRE appears to be lower than in patients with clinical atrial fibrillation (AF) and it is unclear whether the former will benefit from oral anticoagulants. Based on currently available evidence, it seems reasonable to consider antithrombotic therapy in patients without documented AF showing AHRE>24 hours and a CHA2DS2-VASc score (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years [doubled], diabetes...
Source: Netherlands Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Neth Heart J Source Type: research
Conclusions: Long-term exposure to NO2 and road traffic noise was associated with higher risk of heart failure, mainly among men, in both single- and two-pollutant models. High exposure to both pollutants was associated with highest risk. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1272 Received: 25 October 2016 Revised: 09 August 2017 Accepted: 09 August 2017 Published: 26 September 2017 Address correspondence to M. Sørensen. Diet, Genes and Environment, Danish Cancer Society, Strandboulevarden 49, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. Telephone: +45 35257626. Email: mettes@cancer.dk Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to determine temporal changes in AF burden as detected by continuous monitoring. HypothesisAF burden changes over time when detected by continuous monitoring. MethodsA post hoc analysis of patients enrolled in the TRENDS (A Prospective Study of the Clinical Significance of Atrial Arrhythmias Detected by Implanted Device Diagnostics) study with ≥1 stroke risk factor(s) who were implanted with a dual‐chamber cardiac rhythm management device (CRMD) and had AF burden data available for ≥2 years was performed. AF burden was defined as no AF, low AF (
Source: Clinical Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: CLINICAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research
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