JAK-STAT signalling and the atrial fibrillation promoting fibrotic substrate

ConclusionsHF activates the LA JAK-STAT system and enhances PDGF-signalling. JAK-STAT inhibition reduces the profibrotic effects of PDGF stimulation on canine fibroblasts in vitro while attenuating in vivo LA-fibrosis and remodelling in post-MI mice, suggesting that the JAK/STAT pathway contributes to LA-fibrogenesis and might be a potential target for LA-fibrosis prevention.
Source: Cardiovascular Research - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Not all interventional procedures result in a mortality benefit. Medical therapy alone increases survival in many cardiac diseases. PMID: 32083425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a metabolic disorder of insulin resistance — a reduced sensitivity to the action of insulin — which leads to high blood sugar, or hyperglycemia. Approximately 12% of American adults have T2D, and more than one-third of Americans have prediabetes, a precursor to T2D. This is a major public health concern, as T2D dramatically increases risk for heart disease, including heart attacks, atrial fibrillation, and heart failure. The development and progression of T2D is affected by many factors. Some, such as a person’s race/ethnicity, age, and gender cannot be modified. Others, including...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Diabetes Exercise and Fitness Healthy Eating Heart Health Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsIn this large, contemporary population-based observational study of older stable patients with prior MI, BB were not associated with a reduction in major cardiovascular events or mortality in those with prior MI within 3 years. This study supports the need to conduct contemporary clinical trials evaluating the use of BBs post-MI.
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
We examined the association between glucose-lowering medications and a broad range of cardiovascular outcomes, and assessed the strength of evidence for these associations.MethodsFor this umbrella review we searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials examining the cardiovascular safety of glucose-lowering medications. Cardiovascular outcomes examined included major adverse cardiovascular events, cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure, unstable angina, and atrial fibrillation. For each meta-analysis, we estimat...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractAimAccumulating evidence has demonstrated that intestinal microbiota ‐dependent trimethylamine N‐oxide (TMAO) is involved in the pathogenesis of various cardiovascular diseases. The present study was designed to investigate the prognostic value of TMAO in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) after myocardial infarction (MI).Methods and resultsWe included 1208 CHF patients after MI in a prospective cohort study and determined the association between plasma TMAO and cardiovascular outcomes using Cox regression analysis. Patients with elevated TMAO levels were more likely to be older and have histories of atr...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
AbstractAimsTo develop a risk model for sudden cardiac death (SCD) in high ‐risk acute myocardial infarction (AMI) survivors.Methods and resultsData from the Effect of Carvedilol on Outcome After Myocardial Infarction in Patients With Left Ventricular Dysfunction trial (CAPRICORN) and the Valsartan in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial (VALIANT) were used to create a SCD risk model (with non ‐SCD as a competing risk) in 13 202 patients. The risk model was validated in the Eplerenone Post‐AMI Heart Failure Efficacy and Survival Study (EPHESUS). The rate of SCD was 3.3 (95% confidence interval 3.0–3.5) per ...
Source: European Journal of Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the link between AF and senescence markers through the assessment of protein expression in the tissue lysates of human appendages from patients in AF, including paroxysmal (PAF) or permanent AF (PmAF), and in sinus rhythm (SR). The major findings of the study indicated that the progression of AF is strongly related to the human atrial senescence burden as determined by p53 and p16 expression. The stepwise increase of senescence (p53, p16), prothrombotic (TF), and proremodeling (MMP-9) markers observed in the right atrial appendages of patients in SR, PAF, and PmAF points toward multiple inter...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractBackgroundPatients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and dementia experience reduced quality of life and increased mortality. Technetium 99m ECD brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (99mTc-ECD brain perfusion SPECT) is a beneficial modality for diagnosing dementia and identifying high-risk patients with mild cognitive impairment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of brain perfusion using99mTc-ECD SPECT in patients with AF and dementia.MethodsOf a total of 405 consecutive patients diagnosed with AF as cardiac outpatients with dementia using the Mini-Mental State Examination...
Source: EJNMMI Research - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionAmong patients with AF, OSA is an independent risk factor for MACNE and, more specifically, stroke/SE.Graphical Abstract
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusion A great deal of progress is being made in the matter of treating aging: in advocacy, in funding, in the research and development. It can never be enough, and it can never be fast enough, given the enormous cost in suffering and lost lives. The longevity industry is really only just getting started in the grand scheme of things: it looks vast to those of us who followed the slow, halting progress in aging research that was the state of things a decade or two ago. But it is still tiny compared to the rest of the medical industry, and it remains the case that there is a great deal of work yet to be done at all...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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