Congenital heart disease: Recent technical advances in three-dimensional echocardiography.

[Congenital heart disease: Recent technical advances in three-dimensional echocardiography]. Presse Med. 2017 Jan 04;: Authors: Karsenty C, Hadeed K, Acar P Abstract The recent technical advances allow the use in practice of three-dimensional echocardiography in children especially through the new high frequency matrix probe. It is difficult or even impossible to hold breathing during children' acquisition so to avoid motion full volume artifact, one beat and live 3D modes are suitable. 3D echocardiography is more accurate than 2D to assess the size, location, and relationship with surrounding structures of atrial and ventricular septal defects and thus helps in the therapeutic decision. 3D echocardiography enables to guide precisely percutaneous procedure. The morphology of the valve leaflets, chordal support apparatus, papillary muscle and the annulus are particularly well described in 3D and allows assessment of the regurgitation before repair and after as well for the common valve of the atrioventricular septal defect or in the Ebstein anomaly. Complex heart diseases such as double outlet right ventricle are suitable to a tridimensional assessment to plan surgical strategy. 3D printing, fusion imaging in cathlab and automated volume quantification embody recent innovations of new techniques in congenital heart disease. PMID: 28063755 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Presse Medicale - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

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ri S, Manohar K, Marwah A, Mishra S, Mohanty SR, Murthy KS, Suresh PV, Radhakrishnan S, Rajashekar P, Ramakrishnan S, Rao N, Rao SG, Reddy CH, Sharma R, Shivaprakasha K, Subramanyan R, Kumar RS, Talwar S, Tomar M, Verma S, Raju V, Working group on Management of Congenital Heart Disease in India Abstract JUSTIFICATION: A number of guidelines are available for management of congenital heart diseases from infancy to adult life. However, these guidelines are for patients living in high income countries. Separate guidelines, applicable to Indian children, are required when recommending an intervention for congenital he...
Source: Indian Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research
ConclusionsSecondary subaortic stenosis (SSS) occurs after DORV surgery. The Konno operation or the RRIB can be selected for surgical correction, which is more satisfactory and safer for the treatment of stenosis. For patients with SSS after the operation of VSD or PAVSD, the FMR can be chosen for the operation. The operation is relatively simple, the operation time is short and the effect is satisfactory. Existing problems include that the incidence of a third ‐degree atrioventricular block is slightly higher after the operation.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusion: The prevalence of CHD in patients with Down syndrome is similar between Malaysia and high-income countries. The lower survival rate is attributed to limited expertise and resources which limit timely surgery.What is Known:•The survival of patients with Down syndrome with congenital heart disease (CHD) has improved in high-income countries. However, little is known about the survival of patients with Down syndrome with CHD from middle-income countries.•In the Caucasian population, atrioventricular septal defect is the most common type of CHD associated with Down syndrome.What is New:•In middle-inc...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
ConclusionsInfective endocarditis in patients with CHD is an ongoing clinical challenge. In contemporary practice in tertiary congenital centres, 1/15 patients do not survive to hospital discharge. Streptococci remain the most common causative organism, and antecedent dental or medical procedures were undertaken in a significant minority in the three months before diagnosis. The presence of an atrioventricular septal defect or staphylococcal infection is associated with significantly increased risk of early mortality.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractThe frequency of newborns with congenital heart disease (CHD) is approximately 1% in the general population; however, the recurrence rate of CHD in mothers with CHD differs in ethnicity and reports. We therefore aimed to determine the prevalence of CHD among neonates born to mothers with CHD in our institute in Japan. We reviewed the medical charts of 803 neonates delivered by 529 women with CHD at the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center from 1982 to 2016. They included isolated ventricular septal defect (VSD,31.4%), isolated atrial septal defect (ASD, 23.3%), tetralogy of Fallot (TOF,10.6%). We defined CHD...
Source: Mammalian Genome - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion: Surgical treatment in patients with CHD and DS usually does not require highly complex surgical procedures, but are affected by infectious complications, resulting in a longer ICU and h ospital length of stay with considerable mortality.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
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Source: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: An increase of mild CHD was observed during the period analysed. This could have been influenced by improvements in diagnostic techniques, extended use of echocardiography, and the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, clinical modification coding system, and to a decrease in very severe CHD, which is less influenced by external factors. Significant geographical differences were found in the incidence of severe and very severe CHD. PMID: 29605620 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Anales de Pediatria - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: An Pediatr (Barc) Source Type: research
This study evaluated the safety and acute haemodynamic effects of inhaled iloprost in children with PAH associated with congenital heart disease (CHD). Children with PAH –CHD who underwent cardiac catheterization and iloprost administration in our catheter laboratory between June 2007 and October 2015 were included. Iloprost was administered by atomization inhalation and changes in hemodynamic parameters were recorded. In total, 100 children with PAH–CHD were en rolled. Median age was 13 [1.5–18.0] years and 34% were male. A ventricular septal defect was present in 84%, a patent duct in 12%, a complete at...
Source: Pediatric Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Down syndrome (DS) is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities. The incidence of DS at birth in developed countries has remained relatively stable over the last 20 years, at approximately 1 per 1000 live births. DS is associated with a number of congenital defects and is also at increased risk of conditions that may develop later in life, and thus requires multidisciplinary care and close surveillance. Congenital heart disease (CHD) is present in 35%–50% of patients and is haemodynamically significant in two-thirds.1 Early diagnosis and treatment in expert centres are essential for improving short-term a...
Source: Heart - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Congenital heart disease, Drugs: cardiovascular system, Hypertension, Interventional cardiology, Epidemiology Editorials Source Type: research
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