There is a second “window of opportunity” for learning in late adolescence and early adulthood

By guest blogger David Robson If you want to maximise a person’s intellectual potential, the general consensus for a long time has been that you need to start young. According to this traditional view, early childhood offers a precious “window of opportunity” or “sensitive period” for learning that closes slowly as we reach adolescence. It’s the reason that toddlers find it easier to master the accent of a foreign language, for instance. This view has even shaped educational policy. If you want to help people from disadvantaged backgrounds, for instance, some psychologists had argued that you would do better to target primary schools, with diminishing returns for interventions later in life, as if badly performing teenagers were something of a lost cause. Sarah-Jayne Blakemore at University College London has spent the last decade over-turning some of these assumptions, showing that the adolescent brain is still remarkably flexible as it undergoes profound anatomical changes. “The idea that the brain is somehow fixed in early childhood, which was an idea that was very strongly believed up until fairly recently, is completely wrong,” she told Edge in 2012. The transformation is particularly marked in the prefrontal lobes (located behind the forehead) and the parietal lobes (underneath and just behind the top of your head) – two regions that are involved in abstract thought. The upshot is that teenagers may go through a seco...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain Developmental Educational guest blogger Source Type: blogs

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Conclusion: Some patients with psychiatric syndromes and increased ANA titers may suffer from psychiatric variants of SLE, even if the American College of Rheumatology criteria for SLE are not met. Whether the psychiatric symptoms in our patient represent a prodromal stage with the later manifestation of full-blown SLE or a subtype of SLE with isolated CNS involvement remains unclear. Regardless, early diagnosis and initiation of immunosuppressive treatment are essential steps in preventing further disease progression and organ damage. Intrathecal ANAs with extractable nuclear antigen differentiation may be a more sensitiv...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Jie Cai1†, Yi Zhang1†, Yuying Wang1, Shengxian Li1, Lihua Wang1, Jun Zheng1, Yihong Jiang1, Ying Dong1, Huan Zhou1, Yaomin Hu1, Jing Ma1, Wei Liu1,2*† and Tao Tao1*† 1Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Pudong, China 2Shanghai Key Laboratory for Assisted Reproduction and Reproductive Genetics, Center for Reproductive Medicine, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Pudong, China Background: Infertility and dyslipidemia are frequently present in both women...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusion. The 1.05 ppm NMR signal from PA can be used as a marker of P. acnes infection of discs. This signal does not overlap with other disc metabolites and linearly depends on P. acnes concentration. Consequently, NMR spectroscopy may provide a noninvasive method to detect disc infection in the clinical setting. Level of Evidence: N/A
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Basic Science Source Type: research
In this study, DPS-loaded invasomes were prepared using the thin film hydration technique. The effect of different terpenes (Limonene, Cineole, Fenchone, and Citral) in different concentrations on the properties of the prepared DPS-loaded invasomes was investigated using a full factorial experimental design, namely, the particle size, drug entrapment, and release efficiency. The optimized formulation was selected for morphological evaluation which showed spherical shaped vesicles. Further solid-state characterization using differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffractometry revealed that the drug was dispersed in an...
Source: AAPS PharmSciTech - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: AAPS PharmSciTech Source Type: research
Author Affiliations open 1Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA 2Social &Scientific Systems, Inc., Durham, North Carolina, USA 3Westat, Durham, North Carolina, USA 4Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway 5Biostatistics and Computational Biology Branch, NIEHS, NIH, DHHS, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA PDF Version (548 KB) Abstract About This Article Supplemental Material Bac...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusion Although PUS remains the gold standard for the diagnosis of PCOS in most cases, its limitations in overweight and obese girls are real and must be considered. If utilization of endovaginal transducer not being feasible in young virginal girls, PMRI could be a useful alternative, allowing greater delineation of structural components of the ovary and better appreciation of both its volume and structural alterations.
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
This study extends by a factor of 3 an earlier analysis of the genetic factors of acne. Acne severity was rated by nurses on a 4-point scale (1 = absent to 4 = severe) on up to three body sites (face, back, chest) and on up to three occasions (age 12, 14, and 16). The phenotype that we analyzed was the most severe rating at any site or age. The polychoric correlation for monozygotic twins was higher (r MZ = 0.86, 95% CI [0.81, 0.90]) than for dizygotic twins (r DZ = 0.42, 95% CI [0.35, 0.47]). A model that includes additive genetic effects and unique environmental effects was the most parsimonious model to explain the gene...
Source: Twin Research and Human Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Twin Res Hum Genet Source Type: research
​BY MARK GRANT, DO, &SARAH CARIGNAN, PA-CThe patient had been playing a round of golf a week earlier, and thought he had strained a muscle in his right lower back while swinging a golf club. The patient continued his golf workouts throughout the week, which included lifting weights and swinging a golf club with minimal pain.​The day prior to ED presentation, he began having worsening right-sided back pain, and began ibuprofen and ice treatment, which helped minimally. The patient woke up experiencing worsening back pain that radiated from his right flank to his right lower abdominal area. He reported increased pain...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
By MICHEL ACCAD, MD Jim was at his desk, looking weary. The last few weeks had been brutal.  Despite working twelve-hour days, he felt that he had little to show for it.  His annual board meeting was to take place the next day, and he expected it to be tense. With a replacement bill for the ACA about to be voted on, and with Trump in the White House, the situation seemed particularly precarious.  The board members had asked him to present a contingency plan, in case things in DC didn’t go well. As CEO of a major health insurance company, Jim was well aware that business as usu...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized AHCA health reform MICHEL ACCAD repeal and replace Source Type: blogs
Written by Sarah Schuster There are the quirky, small things that make you, you. Then, there are the things you do because of anxiety. While personality traits and anxious habits can blend together, to an outsider it’s not always clear which of these “habits” are driven by anxiety. Whether it makes you look “rude” (avoiding phone calls, canceling plans) or “odd” (leaving a social setting quickly, bouncing your leg) — it can be hard when others judge you based on these actions without knowing what’s going on inside your head. To find out some habits of people who have a...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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