Alcohol‐Induced Blackouts as Predictors of Other Drinking Related Harms Among Emerging Young Adults
ConclusionsBecause blackouts indicate drinking at levels that result in significant cognitive and behavioral impairment, questions about blackouts could serve as important, simple screeners for the risk of experiencing other alcohol related harms. Additional work on this subject is warranted. In 2012 to 2013, 68% (1,463/2,140) of respondents nationwide 1 year past high school reported consuming alcohol. They were asked whether in the past 6 months because of drinking they forgot what they did. After controlling for levels of drinking, this blackout measure was the strongest independent predictor of the total number of other alcohol problems reported, including, in the past 6 months because of drinking, hangovers, doing something respondents regretted, having arguments, damaging property, getting hurt, overdosing, and having police problems.
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the low number of university students disclosing sexual assaults to health professionals or support services, the results of this survey suggest more work is needed to facilitate greater disclosures to health professionals enabling victims to access the services they need regardless of alcohol use. PMID: 33032303 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: October 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, Volume 89Author(s): E.K. Grantham, A.S. Warden, G.S. McCarthy, A. DaCosta, S. Mason, Y. Blednov, R.D. Mayfield, R.A. Harris
CONCLUSION: When gastroenterologists encounter NAFLD/NASH patients, serum CK should be verified. If hyperCKemia, frontal baldness, a hatched face, history of cataract surgery, and grip myotonia are noted, the possibility of MD may be considered. PMID: 33033573 [PubMed]
CONCLUSION: We demonstrate that, compared to N-acetylcysteine alone, co-administration of glycyrrhizin decreases the liver necrosis score and improves survival in a murine model of acetaminophen-induced liver injury. Our study opens a potential new therapeutic pathway in the prevention of acetaminophen hepatotoxicity. PMID: 33033567 [PubMed]
Authors: Arab JP, Dirchwolf M, Álvares-da-Silva MR, Barrera F, Benítez C, Castellanos-Fernandez M, Castro-Narro G, Chavez-Tapia N, Chiodi D, Cotrim H, Cusi K, de Oliveira CPMS, Díaz J, Fassio E, Gerona S, Girala M, Hernandez N, Marciano S, Masson W, Mendez-Sanchez N, Leite N, Lozano A, Padilla M, Panduro A, Paraná R, Parise E, Perez M, Poniachik J, Restrepo JC, Ruf A, Silva M, Tagle M, Tapias M, Torres K, Vilar-Gomez E, Costa Gil JE, Gadano A, Arrese M Abstract Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) currently represents an epidemic worldwide. NAFLD is the most frequently diagnosed chr...
CONCLUSION: The ultrasonography measure of right liver lobe diameter by itself can reliably identify patients with NAFLD with a good sensitivity and specificity, however, this can be improved by adding the LAP mathematical index in our population. PMID: 33031969 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Jessica F. Magidson, Emily N. Satinsky, Christina M. Luberto, Bronwyn Myers, Christopher J. Funes, Rachel Vanderkruik, Lena S. Andersen
CONCLUSIONS: Because blackouts indicate drinking at levels that result in significant cognitive and behavioral impairment, questions about blackouts could serve as important, simple screeners for the risk of experiencing other alcohol related harms. Additional work on this subject is warranted. PMID: 27012148 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
“Bernard also laughed; after two grams of soma the joke seemed, for some reason, good. Laughed and then, almost immediately, dropped off to sleep.” — Aldous Huxley, Brave New World It’s been a tough few years for benzodiazepines, the pharmaceutical industry’s top-selling family of prescription drugs. Tough in every way, that is, except sales: Xanax remains the world’s most popular pill, and U.S. prescriptions for it and other benzos grow by 12 percent every year. It’s their reputation, long enjoyed, as harmless and effective medicines that’s taking a flurry of hits — so...
ABSTRACT Background and aimsPrevious research demonstrates that the number of problems related to each additional drink consumed on any drinking occasion, dose–response, varies non‐linearly across average drinking quantities. We test predictions from a dynamic model of drinking behavior that locates this heterogeneity in drinkers’ efforts to equilibrate between costs and benefits of use. DesignEquations derived from the theoretical model are used to assess dose–response across drinking quantity subgroups using censored regressions. SettingFourteen California, USA, college campuses surveyed from 2003 to ...