Oxytocin Effects on Brain Functioning in Humans
The neuropeptide oxytocin has received a lot of attention in the last decade for its effects on social cognition and behavior. Evidence has been reported across species that oxytocin may increase social approach and adaptation by reducing anxiety and stress in social interactions, shifting attention from negative to positive social cues, and increasing attractiveness and trust within partnerships or in groups (1). In human studies, oxytocin has most often been administered intranasally to a group of healthy (predominantly) male volunteers or patients with deficits in social cognition and behavior, such as autism spectrum disorder, schizophrenia, social phobia, or borderline personality disorder, who had to perform experimental tasks (e.g., assessing facial affect recognition, emotion processing, trust, cooperation, or empathy) (2).
AbstractPurposeTo determine the intermediate-term impact of diagnosis and treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast (DCIS) on health services utilization, we compared utilization by cases of DCIS to unaffected controls.MethodsWe identified a population-based cohort of Ontario females diagnosed with DCIS between 2010 and 2015. We matched 5 controls without any history of cancer to each case, on the date of diagnosis of the case (the index date), by age, annual mammography history, socioeconomic status, and comorbidity. We identified billing claims and hospital records, during the interval 13 to 60 months pri...
Conclusion: All three atypical antipsychotics tested in the study can potentially improve cognitive performance in first-episode schizophrenia, but no significant difference in the degree of improvement was found between drugs. PMID: 32496921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study aimed to evaluate serum nesfatin-1, ghrelin, and lipid levels as biological markers of adolescent MDD and their relationship with the severity of depression-anxiety and suicide risk in MDD. Methods:This study included 37 drug naïve adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 who were diagnosed with a first episode MDD according to the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) and DSM-V diagnostic criteria. Thirty-three healthy adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 were included as the control group. The Children's Depression ...
Conclusion: This intervention may be beneficial and may be implemented in a primary healthcare setting or in other open care units. PMID: 32493144 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
The best psychological therapy to reduce bodily inflammation. → Support PsyBlog for just $5 per month. Enables access to articles marked (M) and removes ads. → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
Publication date: June 2020Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Volume 73Author(s):
It is possible to make some memories stronger while leaving others to fade. → Support PsyBlog for just $5 per month. Enables access to articles marked (M) and removes ads. → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
Conclusions: Psychological well-being is severely impacted in overweight women with PCOS. Behavioral modification can positively impact dimensions of well-being, although not fully significant, compared to control treatment. Personality factors could contribute to the understanding of successful weight loss. PMID: 32503005 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
The book is as much an exploration of longevity’s enemies — loneliness, anxiety, a lack of supportive social networks — as its boosters.
This article addresses these issues from the perspective of phenomenological psychopathology. The primary goal of the article is to suggest a new way of assessing and distinguishing the alterations of social attention in subjects with mental disorders. The first part of the article characterizes the essential properties of a capacity for social attention based on multidisciplinary evidence. This model is then used to examine anomalies in social attention in autism, schizophrenia, borderline personality disorder, and social anxiety disorder. The analysis of alterations in the way subjects with different types of pathologies...