Monoclonal Antibodies Against the Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus Obtained by Immunization with Epitope Peptides and CpG-DNA-liposome Complex.

Monoclonal Antibodies Against the Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus Obtained by Immunization with Epitope Peptides and CpG-DNA-liposome Complex. Monoclon Antib Immunodiagn Immunother. 2015 Apr;34(2):101-9 Authors: Park BK, Choi SH, Kim YE, Park S, Lee Y, Lee KW, Kwon HJ Abstract Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the major cause of pulmonary inflammation in infants, young children, and immunocompromised adults. However, the RSV vaccine is not yet available commercially. The RSV-F glycoprotein mediates virus-host cell fusion, leading to syncytial formation; therefore, the RSV-F glycoprotein has been a treatment target for prevention and therapy of RSV infection. To produce the RSV-F-protein epitope-specific monoclonal antibody (MAb), BALB/c mice were immunized with a complex consisting of epitope peptide and MB-ODN 4531(O), encapsulated in a phosphatidyl-β-oleoyl-γ-palmitoyl ethanolamine (DOPE):cholesterol hemisuccinate (CHEMS) complex (Lipoplex(O)). Using conventional hybridoma technology, we obtained two clones able to produce antibodies reactive to two B-cell epitopes of RSV-F protein. Each anti-RSV-F glycoprotein MAb efficiently binds to each epitope. The F7-1A9D10 clone showed specific binding with RSV-F protein. There was no specific protein detected by Western blot analysis using F9 epitope-specific anti-RSV-F glycoprotein MAb (clone F9-1A6C8). However, based on confocal-image analysis, the antibody from the F9-1A6C8 clone showed specif...
Source: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy - Category: Microbiology Tags: Monoclon Antib Immunodiagn Immunother Source Type: research

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Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
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Abstract Although current vaccine technology induces sufficient antibody responses to prophylactically ward off viral infections, an anticancer vaccine that directs the patient's immune system to directly fight extant malignant cells will require inducing Th1 and cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses in addition to antibody-mediated activities. Thus, new mechanisms are necessary to deliver antigen to cells in the lymphatic system that will induce these responses. To this end, we have developed a cholesterol-bearing pullulan (CHP) self-assembly nanogel of less than 100 nm, which we have now further modified to be anioni...
Source: Biomacromolecules - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biomacromolecules Source Type: research
This study demonstrates for the first time that senescent cells secrete functional LTs, significantly contributing to the LTs pool known to cause or exacerbate idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Against Senolytics https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/11/against-senolytics/ There is no consensus in science that is so strong as to have no heretics. So here we have an interview with a naysayer on the matter of senolytic treatments, who argues that the loss of senescent cells in aged tissues will cause more harm to long-term health than the damage they will do by remaining. To be clear, I think this to be a ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This study elucidates the potential to use mitochondria from different donors (PAMM) to treat UVR stress and possibly other types of damage or metabolic malfunctions in cells, resulting in not only in-vitro but also ex-vivo applications. Gene Therapy in Mice Alters the Balance of Macrophage Phenotypes to Slow Atherosclerosis Progression https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/07/gene-therapy-in-mice-alters-the-balance-of-macrophage-phenotypes-to-slow-atherosclerosis-progression/ Atherosclerosis causes a sizable fraction of all deaths in our species. It is the generation of fatty deposits in blood vessel...
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In this study, we found that cofilin competes with tau for direct microtubule binding in vitro, in cells, and in vivo, which inhibits tau-induced microtubule assembly. Genetic reduction of cofilin mitigates tauopathy and synaptic defects in Tau-P301S mice and movement deficits in tau transgenic C. elegans. The pathogenic effects of cofilin are selectively mediated by activated cofilin, as active but not inactive cofilin selectively interacts with tubulin, destabilizes microtubules, and promotes tauopathy. These results therefore indicate that activated cofilin plays an essential intermediary role in neurotoxic signaling th...
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Xuequn Xu†, J. N. Rashida Gnanaprakasam†, John Sherman† and Ruoning Wang* Center for Childhood Cancer and Blood Diseases, Hematology/Oncology &BMT, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States The adoptive transfer of T cells expressing chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) through genetic engineering is one of the most promising new therapies for treating cancer patients. A robust CAR T cell-mediated anti-tumor response requires the coordination of nutrient and energy supplies with CAR T cell expansion and function. Howe...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study included 18 buffy coats collected from volunteer blood donors admitted to the blood transfusion service of IRCCS Bambino Gesù Pediatric Hospital after obtaining informed consent. The Ethical Committee of IRCCS Bambino Gesù Pediatric Hospital approved the study (825/2014) and conducted in accordance with the ethical principles stated in the Declaration of Helsinki. Cells Lines and Cell Culture NK-92 (malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphoma), K562 (chronic myelogenous leukemia, CD19−), Jurkat (acute T cell leukemia, CD19−) Karpas 299 (Human Non-Hodgkin's Ki-positive Large Cell ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions and Perspectives In this review, we have discussed important milestones from the early description of “Serum-sickness” as being due to antibodies directed against Neu5Gc epitopes all the way to the present-day therapeutic implications of these antibodies in cancer therapy. Some of these milestones have been represented in a concise timeline (Figure 6). While the “Xenosialitis” hypothesis is well-supported in the human-like mouse models, it has yet to be conclusively proven in humans. It remains to be seen if “Xenosialitis” plays a role in other uniquely-human diseases. FI...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Immunostimulatory spherical nucleic acids (IS ‐LSNA) consisting of a TLR7/8‐specific RNA shell enter many immune cell types and potently activate TLR7/8. Upon loading the core with the peptide antigen, IS ‐LSNAs exhibit a greater antigen‐specific T cell response than free or cationic lipid‐transfected RNA. These findings highlight the potential of IS‐LSNAs as therapeutics for cancer vaccines and immunotherapy. AbstractImmunostimulatory spherical nucleic acids (IS ‐LSNAs) comprised of RNA selective for toll‐like receptors (TLRs) 7/8 are synthesized and characterized. These structures consist of liposomal cor...
Source: Small - Category: Nanotechnology Authors: Tags: Full Paper Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
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