Risk of Stroke in Patients with ESRD.

This study aimed to determine absolute and excess stroke risks in people with ESRD compared with the general population. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, &MEASUREMENTS: This cohort study used data linkage between the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry and hospital and death records for 10,745 people with ESRD in New South Wales from 2000 to 2010. For the general population, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare hospital usage records and Australian Bureau of Statistics census data were used. Rates and standardized incidence rate ratios of hospitalization with a stroke were calculated. RESULTS: People with ESRD had 640 hospitalizations with stroke in 49,472 person-years of follow-up (1294 per 100,000 person-years), and people in the general population had 338,392 hospitalizations with stroke (212 per 100,000 person-years), an incidence rate ratio of 3.32 (95% confidence interval, 3.31 to 3.33). Excess risk was greater for women (incidence rate ratio, 5.14; 95% confidence interval, 5.11 to 5.18) than men (incidence rate ratio, 2.52; 95% confidence interval, 2.51 to 2.54; P for interaction
Source: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin J Am Soc Nephrol Source Type: research

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Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Might low hemoglobin concentrations contribute to the risk for hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke among hemodialysis patients?Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Nephrology Journal Article Source Type: news
Conclusions—Stroke is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients on LVAD support. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease increases the risk of ischemic stroke, whereas dialysis may increase the risk of hemorrhagic stroke. Although any stroke increases mortality, post-LVAD hemorrhagic stroke was associated with higher mortality compared with ischemic stroke.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Heart Failure, Complications, Quality and Outcomes, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
Conclusion: A significant increase in hemorrhagic events by the use of dual or more AP agents and by co-administration of an AP agent and WF in patients on HD should be considered in planning their anti-thrombosis regimen.Kidney Blood Press Res 2017;42:553 –564
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the author. Data Availability All national (MagIran, Science Information Database (SID) and Iranmedex) and international (PubMed, Scopus) databases were searched from November 2010 to November 2016 using keywords both in English and Persian: Afghan immigrants, Afghan refugees, Iran, infectious diseases, tuberculosis, HIV, Hepatitis B and C, non-communicable disease, food security, mental health, barriers, health insurance, access to health service. All related websites and webpages were also searched by Google with the same keywords ...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the author. Data Availability All national (MagIran, Science Information Database (SID) and Iranmedex) and international (PubMed, Scopus) databases were searched from November 2010 to November 2016 using keywords both in English and Persian: Afghan immigrants, Afghan refugees, Iran, infectious diseases, tuberculosis, HIV, Hepatitis B and C, non-communicable disease, food security, mental health, barriers, health insurance, access to health service. All related websites and webpages were also searched by Google with the same keywords ...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
This article reviews the role of neuroimaging in HIV-negative immunodepressed patients with a neurologic complication that requires urgent management. PMID: 28012729 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Radiologia - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research
Conclusion Our meta-analysis revealed a trend for a reduction of the risk of ischemic stroke in hemodialysis patients with AF treated with VKA. The true protective effect may have been underestimated, owing to inclusion of low-risk patients not expected to benefit from anticoagulation and to suboptimal anticoagulation. However, assessment of the overall effect of VKA in hemodialysis patients should also take into account the increased risk of bleeding, in particular of hemorrhagic stroke. Whether new oral anticoagulants provide a better benefit–risk ratio in hemodialysis patients should be the subject of future trials.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: These findings could be used to establish reliable estimates of the risk of stroke in people with ESKD and identify those who are most likely to benefit from preventive treatments.Cerebrovasc Dis 2016;42:428-438
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions In our population of HD patients with AF, the mortality is very high. OAT is not associated with increased mortality, while antiplatelet drugs are. OAT seems, on the contrary, associated with a better survival; however, it does not decrease the incidence of ischaemic stroke, whereas it increases the incidence of bleeding. Bleeding risk is lower in subjects in whom the INR is kept within the therapeutic range.
Source: Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Intra- and Extracorporeal Treatments of Kidney Failure Source Type: research
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