Toxicological profiling of a de novo synthesized benzimidazole derivative with potent and selective proapoptotic potentials against breast cancer

This study aimed to investigate the toxicological profile of 1-(6-(1H-benzo[d]imidazole-2-yl)-2-methylpyridin-3-yl) ethanone (BMPE), both in vitro and in vivo. The proapoptotic/necrotic and cell cycle arrest potentials of BMPE were assessed in MCF-7 cell line. The in vivo toxicology was assessed in female Balb/c mice by repeated dosing of 5, 25, and 50 mg/kg for 21 consecutive days, then different biochemical, inflammatory, and oxidative markers were assessed in sera/tissue homogenates of treated animals. The new derivative showed a potent selective cytotoxicity against malignant cell lines with IC50 value 0.2 μM/mL, while the cytotoxic effect on normal Wi-38 cells was observed at IC50 value 0.4 μM/mL; i.e. twofold the effective anticancer dose. BMPE exhibited an early DNA fragmentation-derived cell apoptosis observed at the G0/G1 checkpoint. In vivo, BMPE was biochemically/immunologically tolerable at a pharmacological dose range of 5-25 mg/kg, with no significant rates of mortality/morbidity and minimal-to-moderate histopathological alterations recorded. The new derivative represents an attractive therapeutic candidate for breast cancer, considering its noticeable modulatory effect on the oxidative-inflammatory axis that would relate to its potent antitumor effect.PMID:37734466 | DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2023.114049
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - Category: Food Science Authors: Source Type: research