Latin America Has Weak Defences Against the Pandemic
This article includes reporting by Ivet González in Havana, Mario Osava in Rio de Janeiro, and Orlando Milesi in Santiago. The post Latin America Has Weak Defences Against the Pandemic appeared first on Inter Press Service. (Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health)
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - April 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Humberto Marquez Tags: Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Latin America & the Caribbean Population Regional Categories Coronavirus COVID-19 ECLAC Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) Poverty World Health Organ Source Type: news

Psychiatric symptoms caused by cannabis constituents: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Hindley G, Beck K, Borgan F, Ginestet CE, McCutcheon R, Kleinloog D, Ganesh S, Radhakrishnan R, D'Souza DC, Howes OD.
BACKGROUND: Approximately 188 million people use cannabis yearly worldwide, and it has recently been legalised in 11 US states, Canada, and Uruguay for recreational use. The potential for increased cannabis use highlights the need to better understand its ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Trends in marijuana use in two Latin-American countries: an age, period, and cohort study - Castillo-Carniglia A, Rivera-Aguirre A, Calvo E, Queirolo R, Keyes KM, Cerd á M.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Uruguay and Chile have the highest levels of marijuana use in Latin America and experienced consistent increases over the last 2 decades. We aim to calculate separate age-period-cohort (APC) effects for past-year marijuana use in Urugu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Inequality is bad for society, economic prosperity good
(Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg) Rich countries vary a lot when it comes to health and social problems. A comparison of social ills ranging from intentional homicides to obesity rates in 40 rich societies shows that Asian and European countries fare much better than Anglophone and Latin American countries. The most problem-ridden countries are Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay and the United States. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - January 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The adult mortality profile by cause of death in 10 Latin American countries (2000-2016) - Calazans JA, Queiroz BL.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the adult mortality profile from eight causes of death in 10 Latin American countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay) from 2000 to 2016. METHODS: The cause of ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

From prohibition to regulation: a comparative analysis of the emergence and related outcomes of new legal cannabis policy models (Colorado, Washington State and Uruguay) - Obradovic I.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Governments Must Short Circuit Tobacco Industry ’s Pervasive Tactics
This report card ranked countries according to their efforts in protecting public health policies. Japan, Jordan, Egypt and Bangladesh are among those that scored the highest in the level of tobacco industry influence, which means weaker resistance of governments from industry meddling, while the United Kingdom, Uganda and Iran lead in protecting health policy from industry meddling. The ranking is based on civil society reports from 33 countries covering about 70% of the world population. The Global Tobacco Index is released by the STOP (Stopping Tobacco Organizations and Products) project. Key global findings • Trans...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - October 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Dr. Mary Assunta and Dr. Ulysses Dorotheo Tags: Development & Aid Economy & Trade Environment Featured Global Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Swiftly Ending Tobacco Epidemic Requires Government Action, Not Empty Promises
By Mark HurleyWASHINGTON DC, Oct 23 2019 (IPS) New information published in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report shows that action taken by just 11 countries – most of them low- or middle-income – has resulted in 20 million fewer adult tobacco users in 2017 compared with 2008. Seventy percent of the world’s tobacco users live in low- and middle-income countries. This promising progress is a testament to strong government action and its effects are far reaching. Between 2008 and 2017, over 53 million fewer adults were exposed to secondhand smoke in indoor public places like restaurants, government buildings and ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - October 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mark Hurley Tags: Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Global Global Governance Headlines Health Inequity IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Measuring the effect of body-worn cameras on complaints in Latin America: the case of traffic police in Uruguay - Mitchell RJ, Ariel B, Firpo ME, Fraiman R, Castillo F, Hyatt JM, Weinborn C, Brants Sabo H.
PURPOSE More than a half a dozen published studies have observed the effect of body-worn cameras (BWCs) on complaints against the police. Nearly all, with varying degrees of methodological sophistication, tell a similar story: a strong reduction in comp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Sex differences in nonmedical prescription tranquilizer and stimulant use trends among secondary school students in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay - Perlmutter AS, Rivera-Aguirre AE, Mauro PM, Castillo-Carniglia A, Rodr íguez N, Cadenas N, Cerdá M, Martins SS.
BACKGROUND: Little is known about recent nonmedical prescription tranquilizer and stimulant use trends in Latin America. We tested whether recent trends among students in three South American countries differed by sex over time. METHODS: Three coun... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

#CochraneSantiago - Meet our content creators!
Cochrane Chile is hostingCochrane ’s Colloquium in Santiago, October 22-25, 2019. Cochrane ’s Colloquium is an annual, global health event based on promoting the most prestigious evidence in the world and where hundreds of international researchers, opinion leaders, health experts and patients join together for open, scientific debate promoting the use of evidence in health. Through tal ks, workshops and other activities and presentations, we will be exploring this year ' s theme of “Embracing diversity”.Meet our content creator volunteers who will be helping to share the work of Cochrane and extend our annual scie...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - October 7, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

Virtual #CochraneSantiago - Meet our content creators!
Cochrane ’s first virtual Colloquium is happening 2-6 December, 2019. Cochrane ’s Colloquium is an annual, global health event based on promoting the most prestigious evidence in the world and where hundreds of international researchers, opinion leaders, health experts and patients join together for open, scientific debate promoting the use of evidence in health. Through act ivities and presentations, we will be exploring this year ' s theme of “Embracing diversity”.Meet our content creator volunteers who will be helping to share the work of Cochrane and our virtual#CochraneSantiagomaterials and discussion to their...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - October 7, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

High ambitions: Uruguay cannabis firm targets booming global market for medical marijuana
In a white, sterilized laboratory on the outskirts of Uruguayan capital Montevideo, biochemist Javier Varela and his team are carefully cultivating plants for a booming multibillion-dollar global market in medical marijuana. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - October 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Superbug hotspots emerging in farms across globe – study
Global outbreak of antibiotic-resistant superbugs linked to overconsumption of meatHotspots of antibiotic-resistantsuperbugsare springing up in farms around the world, the direct result of our overconsumption of meat, with potentially disastrous consequences for human health, astudy has found.Areas in north-east India, north-east China and the Red River delta in Vietnam were identified as hotspots in Asia, with areas as widely separated as Mexico and Johannesburg also affected. But the hotspots are expanding quickly. The study found areas where resistance to antibiotics among farm animals was starting to emerge in Kenya, M...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 19, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Fiona Harvey Environment correspondent Tags: Drug resistance Farming Science Environment Medicine China Asia Pacific World news Antibiotics Society Vietnam Mexico South Africa Health Source Type: news

Consequences of alcohol use, and its association with psychological distress, sensitivity to emotional contagion and age of onset of alcohol use, in Uruguayan youth with or without college degree - Ruiz P, Pilatti A, Pautassi RM.
Psychological distress can promote alcohol consumption during emerging adulthood. Still unknown is, however, how predisposition to emotional contagion alters psychological distress, and how these phenomena are affected by level of education. The present st... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news