A novel device combining acoustic vibration with oscillating expiratory pressure for the treatment of nasal congestion
This study investigated the simultaneous administration of nasal acoustic vibration and oscillating expiratory pressure for the treatment of nasal congestion.MethodsPatients with chronic nasal congestion but without fixed anatomic obstruction participated in a prospective clinical study applying simultaneous acoustic vibrations and positive expiratory pressure to the nasal cavity twice daily over 5 weeks. Safety was assessed by rhinoscopy and patient questionnaires. Efficacy was assessed using peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF), visual analogue scale (VAS) of nasal symptoms, Total Nasal Symptom Score (TNSS), Nasal Obstruct...
Source: International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology - February 28, 2020 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Zachary M. Soler, Shaun A. Nguyen, Craig Salvador, Thomas Lackland, Vincent M. Desiato, Kristina Storck, Rodney J. Schlosser Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Sinonasal sarcoidosis in Iran
Introduction: Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease, and about 1-15% of patients with sarcoidosis show sinonasal involvements. Since, sinonasal involvements are similar to non-sarcoid rhinosinusitis and infectious rhinosinusitis and allergies, accurate diagnosis of Sinonasal Sarcoidosis (SNS) patients is mandatory to minimize unnecessary antibiotics and surgical treatments in sarcoidosis patients. This was the first study in Iran, to evaluate the SNS cases and their clinical presentations.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, eighty-eight biopsy proven sarcoidosis patients, with head and neck complaints, were included. ...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - November 21, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Abedini, A., Kiani, A., Safavi Naeini, A., Taghavi, K., Bandegani, N., Kazempour-Dizaji, M. Tags: Sarcoidosis and other granulomatous ILD/DPLD Source Type: research

Endoscopic endonasal resection of congenital trans-sphenoidal meningoencephalocele with extension to the epipharynx in early childhood: a case report
Conclusion: Endoscopic endonasal approach can be an effective and a safe treatment option for resection of congenital transsphenoidal MEC in early childhood.Keywords: Sphenoid sinus; endoscopic endonasal approach; meningoencephalocele; CSF leak; congenital. (Source: African Health Sciences)
Source: African Health Sciences - November 6, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Rhinologic signs associated with snuff taking
Publication date: Available online 4 November 2019Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck DiseasesAuthor(s): S.H.R. Hounkpatin, M.C. Flatin, A.F. Bouraima, H.N. Amegan, M.A.F. Toukourou Adios, W. AdjibabiAbstractObjectiveTo study rhinologic signs associated with nasal tobacco (snuff) intake in Parakou, northern Benin.Materials and methodsA cross-sectional descriptive comparative study included 300 tobacco snuff takers and 300 subjects who did not use tobacco at all. The sampling technique was a stratified 4-stage random sample for non-users and a convenience non-random sample for snuff takers.ResultsT...
Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases - November 5, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

M453 pantoea agglomerans: an atypical pathogen in chronic sinusitis
Bacterial cultures of nasal secretions from the middle meatus, obtained by rhinoscopy, may mirror the microbial environment within the sinuses. In theory, nasal mucus blown from the nose may produce a more accurate culture result than a swab of nasal mucous membranes. It is common to find antibiotic resistant bacteria as a cause of chronic sinusitis. Antibiotic sensitivity testing of bacterial isolates can aid in directing therapeutic choices. Pantoea agglomerans (formerly Enterobacter agglomerans) is a gram-negative aerobic bacillus that has rarely been reported as a cause of chronic sinusitis. (Source: Annals of Allergy,...
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - November 1, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: T. Hood, M. Vaughn Source Type: research

The Diagnostic Value of Traditional Nasal Examination Tools in an Endoscopic Era.
CONCLUSION: The traditional nasal examination tools exhibited excellent specificity. However, the sensitivity was only average, meaning that they may not be suitable for screening. We do not recommend routine use of topical anesthesia and decongestants when applying these tools, as the application of these agents did not improve the clinical sensitivity or specificity. The posterior rhinoscopy mirror had a lowest sensitivity. We thus do not recommend using a posterior rhinoscopy mirror to rule out pathologies of the posterior nasal cavity. PMID: 31547699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal)
Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal - September 23, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Chainansamit S, Chit-Uea-Ophat C, Reechaipichitkul W, Piromchai P Tags: Ear Nose Throat J Source Type: research

Evaluation of Olfactory Sensation, Acoustic Rhinometry, and Quality of Life of the Patients With Nasal Septal Deviation
Objectives: Nasal septum deviations are deformities that occur in the cartilage and bones of the septum. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the patients with septum deviation according to the acoustic rhinometry measurements in terms of changes in smell function and the effects on quality of life. Methods: Twenty patients with septum deviation between the ages18 to 75 years old and 20 subjects without septum deviation were included in the study. Control group consisted of the 20 subjects with no septal deviation. After ENT examinations, acoustic rhinometry measurements, the SF-36 quality of life scale, and th...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - June 1, 2019 Category: Surgery Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research

Fibrosarcoma of the ethmoid sinus: a rare entity
CONCLUSIONIt’s important knowledge about this pathology because of its rarity and its therapeutic and prognostic difficulties. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - May 16, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

[Pediatric acute dacryocystitis due to frontoethmoidal mucocele].
CONCLUSION: Paranasal mucoceles, e. g., ethmoidal mucoceles, can compress the lacrimal pathways and cause acute lacrimal inflammation in childhood. Paranasal mucoceles should thus be excluded in cases of unclear masses in the lacrimal region. PMID: 31065761 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: HNO)
Source: HNO - May 9, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research

The evaluation of nasal mucociliary clearance in patients with Helicobacter pylori infection.
CONCLUSION: Nasal mucociliary clearance time was significantly increased in patients with H pylori infection. The results suggest that H pylori infection may have an unfavourable effect on nasal mucociliary clearance. PMID: 30722796 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology)
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - February 8, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research

Aspergillosis in immunocompromised patients with haematological malignancies.
Authors: Gletsou E, Ioannou M, Liakopoulos V, Tsiambas E, Ragos V, Stefanidis I Abstract Aspergillosis, which is saprophytic in nature, is known to cause massive destruction of paranasal sinuses in immunocompromised hosts, but in immunocompetent individuals invasive aspergillosis is rare. Diagnosis is posed from history, physical examination including anterior and posterior rhinoscopy, endoscopy of the nose and paranasal sinuses, radiological findings (CT and/or MRI), fungus cultures and histopathological examination. Non-specific presenting symptoms provide time for infection to extent from sinuses to vital surrou...
Source: Journal of B.U.ON. - February 7, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J BUON Source Type: research

Ectopic Intranasal Canine Tooth in a Child: A Rare Case Report and Literature review
ConclusionIntranasal teeth are a rare form of ectopic teeth encountered to otolaryngology clinic and may cause a variety of symptoms and complications. CT is very useful; it confirms the diagnosis and facilitates surgical planning. Early diagnosis and treatment are very important to avoid their possible complications. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - February 1, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Does the reduction of inferior turbinate affect lower airway functions?
ConclusionThis study demonstrated that the widening of the nasal passage after the reduction of the inferior turbinate size had a favorable effect on the pulmonary function tests.ResumoIntroduçãoEmbora o nariz e os pulmões sejam órgãos separados, numerosos estudos relataram que todo o sistema respiratório pode ser considerado como uma única unidade anatômica e funcional. As vias aéreas superiores e inferiores afetam uma à outra diretamente ou através de mecanismos reflexos.ObjetivoAvaliar os efeitos da ablação por radiofrequênci...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - January 2, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Evaluation of choroidal thickness measurements in patients with marked nasal septal deviation
ConclusionOur results suggest that marked nasal septal deviation may not lead to significant hypoxia and sympathetic activation, resulting in deterioration of the choroidal blood flow and consequent choroidal thickening.ResumoIntroduçãoA obstrução crônica das vias aéreas superiores devido a acentuado desvio do septo nasal pode causar hipóxia crônica. Pode alterar o equilíbrio do sistema simpático-parassimpático e afetar o fluxo sanguíneo na coroide.ObjetivoAvaliar as medidas da espessura da coroide em pacientes com acentuado desvio de septo n...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - January 1, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Dangers of use of prophylactic antibiotics in patients with a primary immunodeficiency
Antibiotic prophylaxis is often used as treatment for patients with primary immunodeficiencies (PI) and resistant chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). We investigated the relationship between antibiotic prophylaxis and resistant organisms cultured on rhinoscopy in these patients. (Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology)
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - November 1, 2018 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: M. Youch, W. Tichenor Tags: P253 Source Type: research

Efficacy and Safety of Sublingual Immunotherapy in Elderly Rhinitis Patients Sensitized to House Dust Mites.
This study aims to determine the efficacy and safety of house dust mite (HDM)-sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) in elderly patients with AR. METHODS: A total of 45 patients aged ≥ 60 years with HDM-induced AR who had ≥ 3 A/H ratio on skin prick test and/or ≥ 0.35 IU/L to both Dermatophagoides farinae and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus by ImmunoCAP were enrolled in 4 university hospitals. To evaluate additional effects of HDM-SLIT, they were randomized to the SLIT-treated group (n = 30) or control group (n = 15). Rhinoconjunctivitis total symptom score (RTSS), rhinoscopy score, Korean rhinoconjunctivitis quality ...
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - October 13, 2018 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

The evaluation of malignant mucosal melanoma of nasal cavity with a rare occasion.
Authors: Kepekci AH, Kig C, Gundogan GI Abstract Malignant mucosal melanoma is an uncommon disease with a low rate of survival. Malignancies of nasal mucosa which usually presents with nasal obstruction, epistaxis and back drip are difficult to treat and often have poor prognosis. The present case had presented to our clinic with classic symptoms and diagnostic findings of nasal polyposis. Consistently, the patient had previously been diagnosed with and treated for nasal polyposis in another ENT clinic. Physical examination, rhinoscopic examination, computed tomography (CT) scan of the head did not reveal any findi...
Source: International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology - September 26, 2018 Category: Physiology Tags: Int J Physiol Pathophysiol Pharmacol Source Type: research

Oncocytoma of the nasal septum: A rare cause of persistent irritation
We present a 64 year old woman of Caribbean origin who presented with left sided nasal irritation only. Direct rhinoscopy confirmed a small nasal septum lesion. This was surgically excised and histologically identified as an oncocytoma. This case highlights the need for thorough initial assessment and careful histological analysis to detect rare nasal neoplasms. (Source: Human Pathology: Case Reports)
Source: Human Pathology: Case Reports - September 2, 2018 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Acute Dentoalveolar Abscess of Sinusal Origin: an Uncommon Case Report
Dentoalveolar abscess of sinusal origin is uncommon and may lead to an unfavorable outcome. A 25-year-old woman presented with a severe headache that had evolved approximately 5 months prior. Computed tomography analysis showed diffuse and irregular mucoperiosteal thickening of all the sinuses. After the rhinoscopy, and based on the clinical and imagological findings, the patient was diagnosed with rhinosinusopathy. Antibiotics and corticoid drugs were prescribed. One day after the rhinoscopy, the patient showed spread of the sinus infection to the dental tissues, requiring emergency dental care due to diffuse facial cellu...
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - September 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Livia Natalia Sales Brito, Hellen Bandeira De Pontes Santos, Nic ássio Silva Menezes, Marcos Alexandre Da Franca Pereira, Patrícia Maria De Ribeiro Vieira, Daliana Queiroga De Castro Gomes, Gustavo Pina Godoy Tags: Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Source Type: research

Common Sites, Etiology, and Solutions of Persistent Septal Deviation in Revision Septoplasty.
Conclusion: Middle septum and caudal septum were common sites of persistent deviation. Proper chondrotomy with excision of deviated middle septum and correction of the caudal deviation with batten graft are key maneuvers to treat persistent deviation. PMID: 30021415 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - July 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Nasal Framework Reconstruction in Patient with Eosinophilic Angiocentric Fibrosis
AbstractEosinophilic angiocentric Fibrosis (EAF) is a rare condition involving the sinonasal tract and nasal septum which is mostly considered as a benign condition. EAF could present with progressive nasal obstruction as its most common symptom. In this case report, we try to report a case of middle aged man with nasal septum tumor-link lesion which was diagnosed with EAF. A 45  years old man presented with complete nasal obstruction who described a growing nasal cavity mass for over 6 months. Anterior rhinoscopy revealed bilateral mass with a smooth surface on the nasal septum and mass protruded into both nasal...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - July 18, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Major Chronic Respiratory Diseases in Chiang Mai: Prevalence, Clinical Characteristics, and Their Correlations.
Authors: Pothirat C, Phetsuk N, Liwsrisakun C, Bumroongkit C, Deesomchok A, Theerakittikul T Abstract Objective: To identify the prevalence, clinical characteristics, disease severity, and correlations of major chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs) among the adult population living in Chiang Mai. Material and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted with adults living in municipal areas of Chiang Mai. All clinical relevant data collected by face-to-face interview was confirmed by pulmonologists. The chest radiographic findings and post-bronchodilator spirometry were done in all subjects. The aeroallergen ski...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Could nasal septal deformities type 5 and 6 be a predictive factor of the indi- vidual genetic predilection for the onset of an acute coronary syndrome?.
CONCLUSION: the fact that types 5 and 6 are inherited deformities and not related to trauma against the nose suggests the possible genetic predisposition for the onset of ACS with positive coronary angiography. PMID: 29727128 [PubMed - in process] (Source: B-ENT)
Source: B-ENT - May 9, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: B-ENT Source Type: research

Destructive Fibrosarcoma of the Maxillary Sinus
Paranasal fibrosarcoma of nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is a very rare malignant tumor. It is usually presented with nasal obstruction and epistaxis. In this clinical report, clinical symptoms, pathogenesis, and treatment principles of a paranasal fibrosarcoma originating from the right maxillary sinus and obstructing the right nasal passage are discussed. A 55-year-old male patient was admitted to the authors clinic with complaints of nasal obstruction and epistaxis lasting for 2 years. Anterior rhinoscopy revealed a mass lesion which obstructed the right nasal passage and caused frequent epistaxis. An opacity consi...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - May 1, 2018 Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research

Intranasal Osteosarcoma in a Dog – A Case Report
This report describes a six-year-old, female, cross-breed dog presented with signs of 90 days duration and diagnosed with a mass located in the right nasal cavity. Radiography, rhinoscopy and computed tomography findings suggested the presence of an intranasal tumor. Osteosarcoma in the nasal cavity was diagnosed based on histopathological examination and clinical and imaging findings. (Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine)
Source: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine - April 23, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Gabriela Noronha de Toledo, Pamela Rodrigues Reina Moreira, Daniele Rolemberg, Andreia Coutinho, Julio Edward Hough Monteiro, Mareliza P. Menezes, Maria Eduarda Moutinho, Felipe Augusto Ruiz Sueiro, Rosemeri de Oliveira Vasconcelos, Paola de Castro Moraes Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Over-The-Counter Intranasal Preparations: A Randomized Trial
AbstractTo compare the effectiveness of over-the-counter normal saline with nasal decongestant drops for the symptomatic relief of nasal congestion, and to determine if nasal drops used alone are effective in the treatment of patients suffering from nasal congestion. Prospective, randomized double blinded study. Otorhinolaryngology Outpatient Department. Patients suffering from nasal congestion and similar symptoms such as nasal discharge, dryness, crusting, sneezing, itching and loss of smell. Resolution of symptoms based on visual analog scale and objective findings on anterior rhinoscopy. Chi-square test was done for co...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - April 3, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Intralacrimal migration of Masterka ® stents.
CONCLUSION: Prevention of intralacrimal migration of self-retaining stents involves a rigorous analysis of the relationship between the meatus and the fixation head at the time of placement. After lacrimal intubation, scheduled monitoring is necessary to screen for stent disappearance. Management is based on clinical findings, anterior rhinoscopy and even exploratory canaliculotomy. PMID: 29576330 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal Francais d Ophtalmologie)
Source: Journal Francais d Ophtalmologie - March 27, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Fr Ophtalmol Source Type: research

Nasal cytology.
Authors: Gelardi M, Cavaliere C, Jannuzzi L Abstract Nasal cytology represents a useful, inexpensive and easy-to-apply diagnostic method to better detail the phenotypic characteristics of rhinitis. In fact, it allows to detect and quantify the cell population within the nasal mucosa at a given time. The technique involves sampling, processing and microscope reading. Sampling requires the collection of cells from the surface of nasal mucosa that is usually done by a sterile disposable curette. Samples should be collected from the middle portion of the inferior turbinate where the ratio ciliate/mucinous cells is expe...
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - March 20, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research

Leiomyoma in the nasal cavity of a dog
A 7‐year‐old, 34‐kg, neutered male Labrador retriever was presented with a 1‐year history of intermittent sneezing with occasional left‐sided epistaxis. CT revealed a mass in the left nasal cavity. Histopathological analysis of rhinoscopy‐guided tissue biopsies was consistent with chronic necrotic and ulcerative rhinitis. Surgical debridement by ventral rhinotomy was subsequently performed and histopathological diagnosis was leiomyoma. Complete resolution of the nasal discharge and reduced sneezing frequency were observed after surgery. Fourteen months postoperatively, CT detected no regrowth of the mass. (Sour...
Source: The Journal of Small Animal Practice - January 22, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: M. Hamon, B. Dequeant, A. Decambron, E. Reyes ‐Gomez, M. Manassero Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Does the reduction of inferior turbinate affect lower airway functions?
Conclusion This study demonstrated that the widening of the nasal passage after the reduction of the inferior turbinate size had a favorable effect on the pulmonary function tests. (Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - November 26, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Does the reduction of inferior turbinate size affect lower airway functions?
Conclusion This study demonstrated that the widening of the nasal passage after the reduction of the inferior turbinate size had a favorable effect on the pulmonary function tests. (Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - November 7, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Clinical recognition of mouth breathers by orthodontists: A preliminary study
Conclusions Recognition of mouth breathing in young persons by orthodontists is poor. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - November 3, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Chronic Rhinosinusitis.
Abstract Chronic rhinosinusitis is an inflammatory disease of the paranasal sinuses that occurs in 1% to 5% of the U.S. POPULATION: It may significantly decrease quality of life. Chronic rhinosinusitis is defined by the presence of at least two out of four cardinal symptoms (i.e., facial pain/pressure, hyposmia/anosmia, nasal drainage, and nasal obstruction) for at least 12 consecutive weeks, in addition to objective evidence. Objective evidence of chronic rhinosinusitis may be obtained on physical examination (anterior rhinoscopy, endoscopy) or radiography, preferably from sinus computed tomography. Treatmen...
Source: American Family Physician - October 15, 2017 Category: Primary Care Authors: Sedaghat AR Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research

To distinguish IgG4-related disease from seronegative granulomatosis with polyangiitis
Rheumatology key messageIgG4-related disease might be an alternative diagnosis in limited granulomatosis with polyangiitis. Sir, IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a fibro-inflammatory disease that can affect almost every organ [1]. Indeed, previous unexplained conditions have now been reclassified as primarily IgG4-RD and may imitate many inflammatory, infectious and malignant disorders often leading to a delay in diagnosis or incorrect diagnosis. Nasal manifestation of IgG4-RD, mostly of the paranasal sinuses, has previously been described in case reports, but it can also manifest as a primary or secondary nasal disease s...
Source: Rheumatology - September 5, 2017 Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research

Evaluation of a modified infraorbital approach for a maxillary nerve block for rhinoscopy with nasal biopsy of dogs.
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Maxillary nerve block via a modified infraorbital approach prior to rhinoscopy and nasal biopsy reduced procedural nociception as determined on the basis of blood pressures and plasma cortisol concentrations during anesthesia. These findings warrant further evaluation in dogs with nasal disease. PMID: 28836847 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - August 25, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Fizzano KM, Claude AK, Kuo LH, Eells JB, Hinz SB, Thames BE, Ross MK, Linford RL, Wills RW, Olivier AK, Archer TM Tags: Am J Vet Res Source Type: research

Safety and tolerability of surfactant nasal irrigation
ConclusionIn normal volunteers, surfactant nasal irrigation may be associated with tolerability issues due to congestion. A subset may experience reduction in olfactory acuity that appears reversible. (Source: International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology)
Source: International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology - May 30, 2017 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Justin H. Turner, Jeffanie Wu, Cindy A. Dorminy, Rakesh K. Chandra Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Evolution in Visualization for Sinus and Skull Base Surgery
Rhinoscopy became a formal field of study in the mid-nineteenth century as improvements in nasal specula were made and the potent vasoconstrictive effects of cocaine on the intranasal tissues were discovered. Since then, a multitude of advances in visualization and illumination have been made. The advent of the Storz-Hopkins endoscope in the mid-twentieth century represents a culmination of efforts spanning nearly 2 centuries, and illumination has evolved concomitantly. The future of endoscopic sinus surgery may integrate developing technologies, such as 3-dimensional endoscopy, augmented reality navigation systems, and ro...
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - April 4, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Omar H. Ahmed, Sonya Marcus, Richard A. Lebowitz, Joseph B. Jacobs Source Type: research

Therapeutic effect of hyaluronic acid in reducing nasal mucosa recovery time after septoplasty.
Abstract Mucociliary clearance represents a host defense mechanism of airways that can be compromised by various pathologic conditions, such as nasal septal deviation. Although septoplasty can resolve obstruction, it impairs mucociliary clearance in the immediate postoperative period. Clinical studies have demonstrated how hyaluronic acid can interfere with this function. Our study aims to provide evidence of a therapeutic effect of hyaluronic acid on nasal mucosa recovery after septoplasy. Sixty-five patients underwent septoplasty. On postoperative day 1, patients were randomized to a control arm that was treated...
Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal - April 1, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Klinger F, Caviggioli F, Lisa AV, Maione L, Vinci V, Siliprandi M, Barbera F, Klinger M, Malvezzi L Tags: Ear Nose Throat J Source Type: research

Endoscopic photodynamic therapy using talaporfin sodium for recurrent intranasal carcinomas after radiotherapy in three dogs
This report describes the effect of endoscopic photodynamic therapy using talaporfin sodium for canine intranasal carcinoma recurring after radiation therapy. Rhinoscopic photodynamic therapy was administered after radiation therapy in three dogs with recurrent intranasal carcinoma. Two to 24 illuminations of a 665‐nm diode laser were performed two hours after intravenous bolus injection of 5·0 mg/kg of talaporfin sodium. Photodynamic therapy induced almost complete remission and prolonged survival time in all cases suggesting that it might be a useful treatment for intranasal carcinomas that recur after ra...
Source: The Journal of Small Animal Practice - March 31, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: K. Ishigaki, K. Nariai, M. Izumi, K. Teshima, M. Seki, K. Edamura, T. Takahashi, K. Asano Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Use of semi-nested PCR and rhinoscopy for the diagnosis of oestrosis
In this study, the usefulness of semi-nested PCR and rhinoscopy in the diagnosis of oestrosis was evaluated by applying these techniques in the heads of 184 animals (158 sheep and 26 goats) obtained from an abattoir shortly after slaughter. Gross evaluation revealed that 84.2% of the sheep and 38.5% of the goat heads were positive for oestrosis. Semi-nested PCb R yielded 100% diagnostic sensitivity and specificity in detecting oestrosis in 184 corresponding mucus samples. Rhinoscopic examination yielded 100% diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for oestrosis in goats, with 81% diagnostic sensitivity and 100% specificity ...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - March 14, 2017 Category: Zoology Source Type: research

A novel approach to brachycephalic syndrome. 3. Isolated laser ‐assisted turbinectomy of caudal aberrant turbinates (CAT LATE)
ConclusionIt is possible to remove CAT with endoscopically applied diode‐laser energy while leaving the nonobstructing ventral nasal concha intact. (Source: Veterinary Surgery)
Source: Veterinary Surgery - January 3, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Riccarda Schuenemann, Sabine Pohl, Gerhard U. Oechtering Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE ‐ CLINICAL Source Type: research

A Congenital Nasal Mass Causing Respiratory Distress
A neonate had noisy breathing and nasal congestion; physical examination revealed significant distress,and retractions, and a mucosalized mass filling the left nasal cavity was visualized on anterior rhinoscopy, requiring nasal stenting to relieve obstruction. What is your diagnosis? (Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - December 8, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Importance to question sinonasal symptoms and to perform rhinoscopy and rhinomanometry in cystic fibrosis patients
ConclusionsAmong SNOT‐20 scores the PNS subscore is related to rhinoscopically detected polyposis and sinonasal secretion. Therefore, we recommend including short questions regarding PNS into CF‐routine care. At the same time our results show that a high inspiratory airflow is not associated with a good sensation of nasal patency. Altogether, rhinomanometry is not required within routine CF‐care, but it can be interesting as an outcome parameter within clinical trials. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - November 29, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: J.M. Bock, M. Schien, C. Fischer, L. Naehrlich, M. Kaeding, O. Guntinas ‐Lichius, A. Gerber, C. Arnold, J.G. Mainz Tags: Original Article: Cystic Fibrosis Source Type: research

Nasal mucosa healing after endoscopic sinus surgery in chronic rhinosinusitis of elderly patients: role of topic alpha-tocopherol acetate.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed the effectiveness of alpha-tocopherol acetate topic treatment in elderly patients affected by CRS after FESS, in improving and speeding up the process of restoring the sinonasal mucosa, compared to another topic medication. PMID: 27888473 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research)
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - November 25, 2016 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Testa D, Marcuccio G, Panin G, Bianco A, Tafuri D, Thyrion FZ, Nunziata M, Piombino P, Guerra G, Motta G Tags: Aging Clin Exp Res Source Type: research

CF sinus disease after lung transplantation
Conclusion: Sinus disease affected more than 60% of our patients, and only a minority presented fully normal rhinoscopic findings. The role of topical upper airway treatment in eradication and potential prevention of subsequent graft colonization requires further evaluation. (Source: European Respiratory Journal)
Source: European Respiratory Journal - November 8, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Morlacchi, L. C., Greer, M., Tudorache, I., Blasi, F., Welte, T., Mainz, J. G., Gottlieb, J. Tags: 8.2 Transplantation Source Type: research

In-house and commercial and bovine dander extracts in the diagnostics of allergic occupational diseases
Background: The inconsistency of commercial bovine dander extracts hampers the diagnostics of IgE-mediated occupational allergies.Aim: Aim was to investigate whether the in-house extract improves the diagnostics of occupational immediate allergies and reveals new information regarding bovine allergens.Methods: Altogether 102 patients with a suspected bovine-related occupational rhinitis, asthma and/or contact urticaria underwent skin-prick tests (SPTs) with in-house and available commercial bovine dander extracts. The nasal provocation test (NPT) was performed on 31 of the patients to confirm possible occupational rhinitis...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - November 8, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lindstrom, I., Airaksinen, L., Suojalehto, H., Pallasaho, P., Puustinen, A. Tags: 6.2 Occupational and Environmental Health Source Type: research

Assessment of Smell Function in Syndromic Craniosynostosis Patients
Abstract: Craniosynostosis is defined as premature fusion of the cranial suture lines and is part of a syndrome in 15% to 40% of the patients. There is limited literature available regarding these children's ability to smell. Most of them will undergo numerous surgical procedures, some of which may alter their sense of smell, potentially leading to significant social as well as safety implications. Ethical approval was obtained for this pilot study. Children with syndromic craniosynostosis were recruited and underwent anterior rhinoscopy, prior to performing a smell test utilizing the Sensonic pediatric Smell wheel. The re...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - September 1, 2016 Category: Surgery Tags: Scientific Foundations Source Type: research

Esthesioneuroblastoma located in the thoracic extradural space: Case report
Conclusion It has been known that the metastasis of the ENB to the spinal cord is an uncommon event, and it occurs often years after initial diagnosis. MRI scan is helpful for making the diagnosis, and surgery is the treatment of choice for obtaining diagnostic tissue and debulking the tumor. Radiotherapy is also a mainstay of postoperative treatment. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 30, 2016 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

An often neglected area in crooked nose: middle turbinate pneumatization
Conclusion This study revealed a link between crooked nose and BMT. (Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - July 21, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research