Joint association of physical and psychosocial working conditions with risk of long-term sickness absence: Prospective cohort study with register follow-up.
This study aimed to determine the joint association of physical and psychosocial working conditions with risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in the general working population. Methods: Based on questionnaire responses about physical working conditions and psychosocial working conditions (influence at work, emotional demands, support from colleagues and support from managers) and two-year prospective follow-up in a national register on social transfer payments, we estimated the risk of incident LTSA of>30 days among 9544 employees without previous LTSA from the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study. The analyses wer...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sundstrup E, Andersen LL Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Smartphone interactions and mental well-being in young adults: A longitudinal study based on objective high-resolution smartphone data.
Conclusions: Smartphone interactions are related to better mental well-being, which may be attributed to the beneficial effects of an underlying social network. Over time, accommodating a large network via smartphone communication might, however, have negative effects on mental well-being for women. PMID: 32536319 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Dissing AS, Hulvej Rod N, Gerds TA, Lund R Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Gambling among 16-year-olds and associated covariates: A Nordic comparison.
Conclusions: Results indicate that although gambling regulation and its implementation have an important impact on gambling behaviour, we need more research on social, economic and cultural factors and how youth understand and interact with them. Contexts and regulations in other related fields should inform gambling research, policies and interventions. PMID: 32522086 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Spångberg J, Svensson J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Refugee camps and COVID-19: Can we prevent a humanitarian crisis?
PMID: 32522120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Vonen HD, Olsen ML, Eriksen SS, Jervelund SS, Eikemo TA Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Interventions to promote work ability by increasing physical activity among workers with physically strenuous jobs: A scoping review.
Conclusions: Few interventions were effective in promoting work ability by increasing PA among workers in physically strenuous jobs. In particular, trials based on the demands of work, multimodal interventions and applying wearable technology are needed. PMID: 32515284 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mänttäri S, Oksa J, Lusa S, Korkiakangas E, Punakallio A, Oksanen T, Laitinen J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Subjective socio-economic status predicts self-rated health irrespective of objective family socio-economic background.
Conclusions: Even when controlling for a large number of objective SES markers, subjective SES and self-rated health are linked, suggesting that subjective assessments of SES are meaningful measures of SES which form a distinct pathway to health. PMID: 32508240 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Präg P Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The effect of household crowding and composition on health in an Inuit cohort in Greenland.
Conclusions: Results indicate that household conditions are related to health in Greenland. Public health authorities should work to ensure affordable housing of good quality in all communities. PMID: 32508246 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hansen CB, Larsen CVL, Bjerregaard P, Riva M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

A validation study of the Norwegian version of the Health Literacy Questionnaire: A robust nine-dimension factor model.
Conclusions: This study of the Norwegian HLQ replicates the original factor structure of the Australian HLQ, indicating the questionnaire has cogent and independent scales with good reliability. Researchers, programme implementers and policymakers could use the Norwegian version of the HLQ with confidence to generate reliable information on health literacy for different purposes. PMID: 32508258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wahl AK, Hermansen Å, Osborne RH, Larsen MH Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Self-reported mould and long-term sickness absences from work.
Conclusions: Supervisors, occupational physicians and other authorities need to take employees' complaints of mould in the workplace seriously. PMID: 32508282 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Finell E, Nätti J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The Norwegian Armed Forces Health Registry conscription board health examinations 1968-2018.
Conclusions: The NAFHR contains CBHE data on the majority of Norwegian men and a substantial number of women born since 1950. NAFHR data represent a valuable resource for research collaborations. PMID: 32466714 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Fadum EA, Strand LA, Rudvin I, Hæreid ML, Borud EK Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of selection bias due to dropouts in the follow-up of the Scania Public Health Cohort.
Conclusions: Despite selective participation at follow-up, there was little evidence of selection bias, insofar as estimated associations were generally similar across participants, dropouts and the whole cohort. This finding is important for the assessment of the validity of prospective findings from this cohort and similar ones, where the loss of individuals at consecutive follow-ups of exposure is non-negligible. PMID: 32466718 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Canivet C, Nilsson A, Björk J, Moghaddassi M, Östergren PO Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

No association between moist oral snuff (snus) use and oral cancer: pooled analysis of nine prospective observational studies.
Conclusions: Swedish snus use does not appear to be implicated in the development of oral cancer in men. PMID: 32466721 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Araghi M, Galanti MR, Lundberg M, Liu Z, Ye W, Lager A, Engström G, Alfredsson L, Knutsson A, Norberg M, Wennberg P, Lagerros YT, Bellocco R, Pedersen NL, Östergren PO, Magnusson C Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Associations between work environment, health status and sick leave among pregnant employees.
Conclusions: Psychosocial and physical work-related risk factors and poor health status were associated with more sick leave in pregnant employees. Early adjustment of work-related risk factors at the workplace is needed to reduce sick leave. PMID: 32466722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pedersen P, Momsen AH, Andersen DR, Nielsen CV, Nohr EA, Maimburg RD Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Experience of violence and self-rated health: Do youths disclose their experiences when visiting a Youth Centre in Sweden.
Conclusions: Youths who reported any type of violence during their lifetime showed lower self-rated health compared to those who were not exposed. Youth Centres have an important role in identifying youths who are exposed to violence and/or self-report their health as low. Still, only a minority of youths who have been exposed to violence told health professionals at a Youth Centre about it when asked. It is necessary to further investigate how the issues can be best addressed. PMID: 32456530 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Petersson C, Swahnberg K, Peterson U, Oscarsson M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Rural-urban mortality inequalities in four Nordic welfare states.
Conclusions: The welfare efforts to offset rural-urban disparities have mostly not been sufficient. PMID: 32456534 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bremberg S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Differences in breastfeeding rate between mothers delivering by caesarean section and those delivering vaginally.
Conclusions: Breastfeeding in mothers giving birth by caesarean section is more likely to continue until (at least) 6 months if established early (at 2 months). It may be worthwhile to promote breastfeeding for mothers who deliver by caesarean section. PMID: 32456550 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lagerberg D, Wallby T, Magnusson M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Bullying, social support and adolescents' mental health: Results from a follow-up study.
Conclusions: Based on the fixed-effects models, being bullied was associated with more anxiety and depression symptoms. However, being bullied was not significantly associated with mental well-being. Social support from family was not significantly associated with either aspects of mental health. Moreover, social support from friends was associated with higher scores on mental well-being and fewer anxiety and depression symptoms. The two sources of social support did not buffer the negative effects of being bullied on either aspect of mental health. PMID: 32456594 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinav...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ringdal R, Bjørnsen HN, Espnes GA, Bradley Eilertsen ME, Moksnes UK Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Work participation in young Norwegians: a 19-year follow up in a registry-based life-course cohort.
Conclusions: The complex problems characterising individuals with low work participation suggest that preventive measures should take sex into account and be targeted at social, educational and mental issues in early life, and focusing on identified vulnerable groups. PMID: 32449464 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kristensen P, Hanvold TN, Hasting RL, Merkus SL, Hoff R, Mehlum IS Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Does household income mediate the association between education and health in Canada?
Conclusions: Education and household income are joint and independent predictors of health in Canada. Accordingly, both should be included in research on socioeconomic health inequalities in this context. PMID: 32400282 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Veenstra G, Vanzella-Yang A Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Nordic registry data (part III): Use of healthcare services, complications hereof, and inequalities in mortality.
PMID: 32367785 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jervelund SS, de Montgomery CJ Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and time trends of overweight, obesity and severe obesity in 447,925 Swedish adults, 1995-2017.
m-Bak E Abstract Aims: The purpose of this research was to describe the current prevalence and historic trends in overweight, obesity and severe obesity in Sweden. Methods: Data on BMI, age, gender, education and geographic region were obtained in n=447,925 Swedish adults through a nationwide screening test (1995-2017). To account for sampling variations, we quantified prevalence estimates and time trends using standardized values (direct method) to all 18-74-year-old Swedes, using nationwide databases. Rates of overweight (BMI ⩾25 kg/m2), obesity (BMI ⩾30 kg/m2) and severe obesity (BMI ⩾35 kg/m2) were calcu...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hemmingsson E, Ekblom Ö, Kallings LV, Andersson G, Wallin P, Söderling J, Blom V, Ekblom B, Ekblom-Bak E Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Diabetes stigma and its association with diabetes outcomes: a cross-sectional study of adults with type 1 diabetes.
Conclusions: The findings demonstrated that diabetes stigma is negatively associated with both diabetes distress and glycaemic control and should be considered part of the psychosocial burden of adults with type 1 diabetes. PMID: 32338563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hansen UM, Olesen K, Willaing I Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Women and intimate partner violence: Prevalence of hospital visits and nature of injuries in the Icelandic population.
Conclusions: The total number of new visits resulting from IPV was 1454, and prevalence was 1.69 per 1000 women in the capital area over the research period. The majority of women were shown to have minor physical injuries of a superficial nature, located on the upper body. Although a low percentage of women were admitted, the associated cost for visits and admissions was substantial. PMID: 32308135 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jónasdóttir D, Thorsteinsdottir T, Ásgeirsdóttir TL, Lund SH, Arnarsson EÖ, Ashikali E, Líndal Þ, Mogensen B Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Screen-based media use and blood pressure in preschool-aged children: A prospective study in the Odense Child Cohort.
Conclusions: No prospective association was found between screen time and BP. However, a significant cross-sectional association was found between screen time before bedtime and high BP in preschool children. PMID: 32267814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pedersen J, Rasmussen MG, Neland M, Grøntved A Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Sleep disturbance and work-related mental strain: A national prospective cohort study of the prediction of subsequent long-term sickness absence, disability pension and mortality.
Conclusions: Work-related mental strain and, in particular, sleep disturbances were associated with a higher risk of subsequent LTSA and DP, but without synergy effects. Sleep disturbances were also associated with mortality. Exposure to interventions tackling sleep disturbance and prevention of workplace stress may reduce work disability. PMID: 32195635 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Åkerstedt T, Mittendorfer-Rutz E, Rahman S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

A Swedish translation and validation of the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale.
This study aimed to test initial validity, reliability, and feasibility of the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale in a sample of Swedish mothers. Methods: A translation was performed through 11 steps using a forward-backward bilingual technique. For criterion validity, the Swedish translation of the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (S-MIBS) was compared with the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire, sub-scale 1 (PBQ1) and 2 (PBQ2) and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in a sample of 63 Swedish mothers. Internal consistency was calculated with Cronbach's alpha. For feasibility testing, the mothers were asked to grade their ...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mörelius E, Elander A, Saghamre E Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Population differences in health-related quality of life between cancer survivors and controls: Does low educational attainment widen the gap?
Conclusions: Cancer survivors had lower HRQOL than controls, and HRQOL was lower in the low than in the high educational attainment group. However, low educational attainment did not widen the gap in HRQOL following a cancer diagnosis. Despite this, the combined effect of low educational attainment and a cancer diagnosis markedly reduced HRQOL in some cancer survivors. The study identified groups of cancer survivors with low HRQOL who may have unmet rehabilitation needs. PMID: 32122260 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Larsen FB, Sørensen JB, Nielsen CV, Momsen AH, Friis K, Stapelfeldt CM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Nordic registry data - part II: health, employment and children.
PMID: 32090698 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: De Montgomery CJ, Smith Jervelund S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor: A misleading CFS prevalence estimate in DanFunD.
PMID: 32037965 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tack M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Response to Letter to the Editor: A misleading CFS prevalence estimate in DanFunD.
gaard Eplov L, Fink P PMID: 32037954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 8, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Weinreich Petersen M, Schröder A, Jørgensen T, Ørnbøl E, Meinertz Dantoft T, Eliasen M, Wisbech Carstensen T, Falgaard Eplov L, Fink P Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Association between psychosocial working conditions in mid-life and leisure activity in old age.
Conclusions: The results suggest that active jobs in mid-life may be replaced by active leisure during retirement. Active job conditions may promote engagement in society in old age, which in turn may have positive health consequences. PMID: 32031469 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nilsen C, Andel R, Agahi N, Fritzell J, Kåreholt I Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Poor family relationships in adolescence as a risk factor of in-patient psychiatric care across the life course: A prospective cohort study.
Conclusions: Poor family relationships during upbringing can have serious negative mental-health consequences that persist into mid-adulthood. However, the effect of poor family relations seems to abate with age. The findings point to the importance of effective interventions in families experiencing poor relationships. PMID: 32009544 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Alm S, Låftman SB, Sivertsson F, Bohman H Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Effective interventions targeting the mental health of children and young adults: A scoping review.
Conclusions: Based on this review, it can be concluded that the use of stepwise, multi-domain approaches incorporating the social networks of the target group, adjusting activities to specific age groups and the social context, training implementers well and using stringent implementation manuals will improve the effectiveness of interventions targeting the mental health of children and young adults. PMID: 32009546 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bjerre N, Lillefjell M, Magnus E, Anthun KS Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Educational inequality in patient-reported outcomes but not mortality among cardiac patients: Results from the national DenHeart survey with register follow-up.
Conclusions: In a large population of patients with cardiac disease a significant educational gradient was found in mental and physical health and quality of life at hospital discharge. There was, however, no association between educational level and risk of cardiac events or mortality 1 year after hospital discharge. PMID: 32009558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Christensen AV, Juel K, Ekholm O, Thrysoee L, Thorup CB, Borregaard B, Mols RE, Rasmussen TB, Berg SK Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Next steps in the development of the social determinants of health approach: the need for a new narrative.
Abstract During the past 15-20 years the Social Determinants of Health (SDoH) framework has become the main approach to understand health inequalities. With this model a range of factors important for health and inequalities in health over the life-course have been connected into a larger framework. Despite its usefulness and popularity within the field, and wide use in influential reviews, the SDoH framework has not been easy to communicate to stakeholders in other sectors, and we cannot as yet see much of substantial societal change as a result of it. In this Commentary I try to discuss possible reasons behind o...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lundberg O Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Nordic registry data: value, validity and future.
PMID: 31985364 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Smith Jervelund S, De Montgomery CJ Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Gender- and age-stratified analyses of ADHD medication use in children and adolescents in Finland using population-based longitudinal data, 2008-2018.
Conclusions: The prevalence of ADHD medication use has continued to increase in Finland. Although use has increased more rapidly among females resulting in lower male-to-female ratios, medication use among females is considerably lower compared with males. Consequently, gender discrepancy in 2018 was relatively large, particularly among children. Future studies should also consider reporting annual prevalence by children's birth month. PMID: 31985349 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Vuori M, Koski-Pirilä A, Martikainen JE, Saastamoinen L Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Descriptive study of all Danish patients undergoing emergency exploratory laparotomies in the period 2003-2014.
Conclusions: Emergency exploratory laparotomies are common high-risk procedures especially for the elderly population. These results can be used to focus on better postoperative care to reduce the mortality. PMID: 31973622 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Toftlund SA, Gögenur I, Thygesen LC Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal pain as a predictor for depression in the general working population of Denmark.
Conclusions: The results of the present study indicate that musculoskeletal pain is an important predictor of indicators of depression in the general working population of Denmark. PMID: 31969068 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hannerz H, Holtermann A, Madsen IEH Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Loneliness in the lives of Danish adolescents: Associations with health and sleep.
Conclusions: Loneliness is associated with poorer self-reported health and sleep problems among young adolescents. Those findings are similar across two measures of loneliness, suggesting robust findings. The development of interventions and health-education efforts to fight loneliness in adolescence is important. PMID: 31969070 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Eccles AM, Qualter P, Madsen KR, Holstein BE Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The contribution of physical working conditions to sickness absence of varying length among employees with and without common mental disorders.
Conclusions: Employees with hazardous exposures or physical workload combined with CMD were at the highest risk of SA compared with those without these exposures or with only one exposure. PMID: 31960756 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Halonen JI, Lallukka T, Kujanpää T, Lahti J, Kanerva N, Pietiläinen O, Rahkonen O, Lahelma E, Mänty M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Influences of childhood family factors on depressive symptoms in adolescence and early adulthood: A Danish longitudinal study.
Conclusions: Timing of low income, mother's low educational level and mother's low LMP during childhood in relation to future depressive symptoms in the offspring appears to be of some importance in this Danish youth cohort. Family functioning and negative life events were the most stable risk factors for depressive symptoms. Results should, however, be interpreted with caution due to the risk of reverse causality. PMID: 31960768 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Poulsen PH, Biering K, Winding TN, Aagaard Nohr E, Andersen JH Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

A performance comparison of patient pathways in Nordic capital areas - a pilot study for ischaemic stroke patients.
Conclusions: Extending and deepening international performance analysis in order to cover patient pathways, including primary care and social services, is very useful for benchmarking activities when focusing on diseases affecting older people. PMID: 31916496 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Häkkinen U, Goude F, Hagen TP, Kruse M, Moger T, Peltola M, Rehnberg C Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Vitamin D status and current policies to achieve adequate vitamin D intake in the Nordic countries.
Conclusions: Despite the common nutrition recommendations, there are differences between the Nordic countries in the implementation of the recommendations and policies to achieve adequate vitamin D intake and status. There is a need for wider Nordic collaboration studies as well as strategies to improve vitamin D status, especially in risk groups. PMID: 31916497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Itkonen ST, Andersen R, Björk AK, Brugård Konde Å, Eneroth H, Erkkola M, Holvik K, Madar AA, Meyer HE, Tetens I, Torfadóttir JE, Thórisdóttir B, Lamberg-Allardt CJE Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Is there a link between cardiovascular mortality and economic fluctuations?
Conclusions: Our findings, based on data from predominantly affluent countries, suggest that heart-disease mortality does not respond to economic fluctuations. PMID: 31916500 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Dadgar I, Norström T Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Outside the norm: Mental health, school adjustment and community engagement in non-binary youth.
Conclusions: Youth with non-binary gender identity constitute a vulnerable population regarding mental health problems and school adjustment. The willingness to exert influence on municipal issues suggests a possible pathway to engagement. PMID: 31868564 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - December 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Durbeej N, Abrahamsson N, Papadopoulos FC, Beijer K, Salari R, Sarkadi A Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Child-Centred Health Dialogue for primary prevention of obesity in Child Health Services - a feasibility study.
Conclusions: This study demonstrates that a child-centred, multicomponent, interactive intervention for the promotion of healthy lifestyles and primary prevention of obesity for all 4-year-old children participating in Child Health Services is feasible on a small scale. As almost all caregivers make use of Child Health Services in Sweden, the findings should be confirmed in a randomised controlled trial before the intervention can be implemented on a larger scale. PMID: 31854251 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - December 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Derwig M, Tiberg I, Björk J, Hallström I Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of the quality of cause-of-death data in Greenland, 2006-2015.
Conclusions: In the 10 years' worth of data analysed, the true underlying COD in many cases was unknown. Several likely explanations for this include lack of systematic COD training for physicians, logistic and capacity challenges in Greenland that potentially could reduce the quality of the collected data and its usability in providing essential information about the true pattern of mortality in Greenland. PMID: 31856682 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - December 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Iburg KM, Mikkelsen L, Richards N Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Mortality and causes of death among people suspected of driving under the influence and testing positive for multiple substances.
Conclusions: DUIMS indicates higher mortality, and DUIMS' profiles in causes of death differ from the general population. Elevated risk for, for instance, suicidal, accidental and violent death among those using multiple substances highlights the need to also pay attention to causes of death other than poisoning/overdose. PMID: 31856686 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - December 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Karjalainen K, Haukka J, Kuussaari K, Hautala S, Hakkarainen P Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Newly arrived refugee parents in Sweden and their experience of the resettlement process: A qualitative study.
Conclusions: The parents describe the experiences of having escaped from a war-torn country and arrived in new surroundings as mainly challenging for their current situation. Feelings of uncertainty arise as families struggle with daily life while waiting for residence permits, finding stable housing, learning a language and adjusting to new social circumstances. Having this in mind, we conclude that this group of refugees is exposed to health risks in the near future and, as such, is in need of additional support. PMID: 31841079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - December 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mangrio E, Carlson E, Zdravkovic S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research