A scoping review of research to assess the frequency, types, and reasons for end-of-life care setting transitions.
CONCLUSIONS: This review demonstrates the need to quantify and justify end-of-life care setting transitions as it appears dying people are frequently moved, often as death nears. This research is needed to distinguish transitions related to end-of-life care needs and those arising from pressures on or from care providers and others unrelated to the person's care needs. PMID: 30102574 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - August 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wilson DM, Birch S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Area-level relative deprivation and alcohol use in Denmark: Is there a relationship?
CONCLUSIONS: Area-level measures of relative deprivation were not strongly related to alcohol use, yet in the same models individual-level socioeconomic variables had a more noticeable influence. This suggests that in a stronger welfare state, the impact of area-level relative deprivation may not be as great. Further work is needed to develop more sensitive measures of relative deprivation. PMID: 30101675 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - August 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bloomfield K, Berg-Beckhoff G, Seid AK, Stock C Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Educational inequalities in midlife risk factors for non-communicable diseases in two Norwegian counties 1974-2002.
CONCLUSIONS: In two Norwegian counties, the NCD risk factors showed dynamic patterns during 1974-2002. For blood pressure and serum total cholesterol, the levels showed consistent beneficial changes in all educational subgroups, with a narrowing tendency for educational gradients in men. In women, the educational gradient for smoking increased markedly. Knowledge on midlife trends in the educational gradients of risk factors may help to explain recent and future NCD mortality. PMID: 30080116 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - August 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Graff-Iversen S, Ariansen I, Næss Ø, Selmer RM, Strand BH Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The Norwegian Healthy Life Centre Study: A pragmatic RCT of physical activity in primary care.
CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed that the intervention had no short-term effect on time spent on MVPA or sedentary. This study does not support a strong emphasis on behaviour change on an individual level as a way of targeting general health and risk reduction at a population level. Although less active people benefitted more from the HLC intervention, the intervention was unable to counteract widening of inequity across educational groups. PMID: 30074437 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - August 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Samdal GB, Meland E, Eide GE, Berntsen S, Abildsnes E, Stea TH, Mildestvedt T Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Achievement and participation in schools for young adolescents with self-reported neuropsychiatric disabilities: A cross-sectional study from the southern part of Sweden.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents with self-reported neuropsychiatric disabilities have a disadvantaged situation in school, and are exposed to factors that could have long-term negative effects. More longitudinal research is required to conclude what factors are causing restricted participation and low achievement. PMID: 30070167 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - August 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Carlberg L, Granlund M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Health, Education and Employment Outcomes in Young Refugees in the Nordic Countries: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests pre-migration factors but also post-migration conditions such as perceived discrimination, social support and Nordic language proficiency as important factors for the mental health, education and employment outcomes of young refugees in the Nordic countries. Further Nordic comparative research and studies focusing on the relationship between health, education and employment outcomes are needed. PMID: 30067129 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Borsch AS, de Montgomery CJ, Gauffin K, Eide K, Heikkilä E, Smith Jervelund S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

How are children who are delayed in the Childhood Vaccination Programme vaccinated: A nationwide register-based cohort study of Danish children aged 15-24 months and semi-structured interviews with vaccination providers.
CONCLUSIONS: Vaccination providers generally complied with the recommended minimum 6 months' interval between DTaP-IPV-Hib-2 and DTaP-IPV-Hib-3. Conversely, there was a low compliance with the recommendation to administer DTaP-IPV-Hib-3 and MMR-1 simultaneously. More efforts are needed to ensure timely vaccination. PMID: 30024308 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pedersen KB, Holck ME, Jensen AKG, Suppli CH, Benn CS, Krause TG, Sørup S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Does sports club participation contribute to physical activity among children and adolescents? A comparison across six European countries.
CONCLUSIONS: The extent to which overall PA and/or VPA is gained through sports club participation versus other settings needs to be further studied. Nonetheless, it can be argued that sports clubs have an important position in PA promotion for younger populations. PMID: 29999480 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kokko S, Martin L, Geidne S, Van Hoye A, Lane A, Meganck J, Scheerder J, Seghers J, Villberg J, Kudlacek M, Badura P, Mononen K, Blomqvist M, De Clercq B, Koski P Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Lobbying against sugar taxation in the European Union: Analysing the lobbying arguments and tactics of stakeholders in the food and drink industries.
CONCLUSIONS: The observed tactics and arguments presented by the FDI in opposition to sugar taxation have striking similarities with those previously used by the tobacco industry. An improved understanding of the stakeholders' mandate and resources and their most important tactics will strengthen the position of public health experts when debating sugar taxation with the FDI, which may contribute to improving population health. PMID: 29974816 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tselengidis A, Östergren PO Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Gender segregation of occupations and sustainable employment: A prospective population-based cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: For both women and men, the gender composition of the occupation they work in seems to be of importance for their future labour market attachment and sickness absence or receipt of a disability pension. PMID: 29974817 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gonäs L, Wikman A, Vaez M, Alexanderson K, Gustafsson K Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants of work disability following lumbar spine decompression surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: To prevent long-term work disability after lumbar spine decompression surgery, specific focus is required on older and female patients, those with mental or somatic comorbidities, high levels of preoperative pain or sickness absence, with a simultaneous lumbar fusion surgery, a low educational level or a non-European immigrant background. PMID: 29974820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wang M, Mittendorfer-Rutz E, Dorner TE, Pazarlis KA, Ropponen A, Svedberg P, Helgesson M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Healthy and sustainable diet and physical activity: the rationale for and experiences from developing a combined summary score.
CONCLUSIONS: Our experiences illustrate the importance of methodological perspectives and scrutiny related to both the development and testing of complex summary scores. Nevertheless, we think that combined summary scores could be applicable for use within epidemiological studies and for measuring the effects of interventions, if accounting for the methodological limitations as far as possible. PMID: 29963968 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bjørnarå HB, Torstveit MK, Bere E Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Sexual health interventions for young people in state care: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: Without making recommendations, the result suggests that group-based educational interventions in general increase knowledge, attitudes and behaviour compared with standard care. However, these findings need to be further investigated, with a special emphasis on cultural context and the involvement of young people. PMID: 29956593 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hammarström S, Stenqvist K, Lindroth M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Ethnic inequalities in child and adolescent health in the Scandinavian welfare states: The role of parental socioeconomic status - a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall poorer health outcomes in non-Western immigrant compared with majority children in Scandinavia cannot be fully explained by SES. Evidence points to additional mechanisms at individual, household, societal or policy levels, including reasons for migration, culture and societal discrimination. Finally, methodological issues may influence study outcomes, e.g. heterogeneity of populations studied and socioeconomic variables included. PMID: 29956595 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mock-Muñoz de Luna CJ, Vitus K, Torslev MK, Krasnik A, Jervelund SS Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Exploring spatial patterns of cardiovascular disease in Sweden between 2000 and 2010.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study can serve as a basis for distribution of health-care resources, preventive measures and exploration of aetiological factors. PMID: 29911498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rajabi M, Mansourian A, Pilesjö P, Åström DO, Cederin K, Sundquist K Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Dementia and road traffic accidents among non-institutionalized older people in Denmark: A Danish register-based nested case-control study.
Abstract AIM: We used register-based data to estimate the effect of all-type dementia on road traffic accidents (RTAs) risk, combined with comorbidities or sedative medicines, among non-institutionalized older people in Denmark. METHODS: The source population was all residents in Denmark aged 65 years and older, alive as of January 1, 2008 ( n = 853,228). Cases were those who had any type of RTA in 2009-2014. Each case was matched for age, sex and geographic location to 4-6 controls. All-type dementia was ascertained using the International Classification of Diseases version 10 (ICD-10) diagnosis supplemented...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Petersen JD, Siersma VD, Depont Christensen R, Storsveen MM, Nielsen CT, Vass M, Waldorff FB Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Mortality, morbidity and follow-up after acute poisoning by substances of abuse: A prospective observational cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Follow-up measures seem targeted to those most in need, though one out of three had none. The mortality rate calls for concern. PMID: 29886813 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Vallersnes OM, Jacobsen D, Ekeberg Ø, Brekke M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Ageing populations in the Nordic countries: Mortality and longevity from 1990 to 2014.
CONCLUSIONS: Developments in cross-country variation suggest that survival until old age has become more similar for Finnish females and more different for Danish males and females compared with the other countries in recent decades. This provides perspectives on the potential to improve longevity in Denmark and Finland. Similarities in LE in old age suggest that expected mortality in old age has been more similar throughout the study period. PMID: 29886814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jørgensen TSH, Fors S, Nilsson CJ, Enroth L, Aaltonen M, Sundberg L, Brønnum-Hansen H, Strand BH, Chang M, Jylhä M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Testing a New Tool Assessing Attitude Towards Treatment and Health in Primary Health Care Setting: Senior Patients and Doctors Perspectives.
CONCLUSIONS: The questionnaire is found appropriate for use among patients and doctors, and can be used as a good tool to monitor older patients' ATH and concordance between doctors and patients' perspectives. PMID: 29886819 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lazarewicz MA, Wlodarczyk D, Chylinska J, Jaworski M, Rzadkiewicz M, Adamus M, Haugan G, Lillefjell M, Espnes GA Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The next step towards more equity in health in Sweden: how can we close the gap in a generation?
Abstract In 2015, a national Commission for Equity in Health was appointed by the Swedish Government. In this paper, some key lines of thought from the three reports published by the Commission are summarised. First, the theories and principles for the Commission's work are outlined, in particular regarding the views taken on how health inequalities arise. Second, the importance of process is discussed in relation to cross-sectorial efforts to reduce inequalities in health. More specifically, this brings up some of the proposals made for how to redesign the public health policy framework for cross-sectorial work. ...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lundberg O Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

How to apply the evidence-based recommendations for greater health equity into policymaking and action at the local level?
Abstract In 2014, the regional commission for equity in health in the Swedish region of Östergötland, the Östgötacommission, presented their scientific report on health inequities and possible explanatory factors in the region as well as evidence-based recommendations to reduce health disparities. The final report with its 66 recommendations was officially approved by politicians across parties in the region. In the next step, out of the 66 recommendations, 10 areas of action were politically prioritized and declared in a common letter of intent signed by representatives from the municipalities...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Van Vliet J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Governance for public health and health equity: The Tr öndelag model for public health work.
CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of systematic, knowledge-based and multi-sectoral governance of public health measures in municipalities demand shared understanding of the challenges, updated overview of the population health and impact factors, anchoring in plans, new skills and methods for selection and implementation of measures, as well as development of trust, ownership, shared ethics and goals among those involved. PMID: 29862906 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lillefjell M, Magnus E, Knudtsen MS, Wist G, Horghagen S, Espnes GA, Maass R, Anthun KS Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Time to dismiss the idea of a structural fix within government? An analysis of intersectoral action for health in Danish municipalities.
CONCLUSIONS: It is time to dismiss the idea that intersectoral action for health can be achieved by means of a structural fix. Rather than rearranging organizational boundaries it may be more useful to seek to manage the silos which exist in any organization, e.g. by promoting awareness of their implications for public health action and by enhancing the boundary spanning skills of public health officers. PMID: 29862907 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Holt DH, Carey G, Rod MH Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The relevance of public health research for practice: A 30-year perspective.
Abstract The Nordic context where public health responsibility is strongly devolved to municipalities raises specific demands on public health research. The demands for causal inference of disease aetiology and intervention efficacy is not different, but in addition there is a need for population health science that describes local prevalence, distribution and clustering of determinants. Knowledge of what interventions and policies work, for whom and under what conditions is essential, but instead of assuming context independence and demanding high external validity it is important to understand how contextual fac...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Diderichsen F Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Enhancing public health outcomes in developing countries: from good policies and best practices to better implementation.
Abstract In rich and poor countries alike, a core challenge is building the state's capability for policy implementation. Delivering high-quality public health and health care-affordably, reliably and at scale, for all-exemplifies this challenge, since doing so requires deftly integrating refined technical skills (surgery), broad logistics management (supply chains, facilities maintenance), adaptive problem solving (curative care), and resolving ideological differences (who pays? who provides?), even as the prevailing health problems themselves only become more diverse, complex, and expensive as countries become m...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Woolcock M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Remembering who owns the river.
Abstract We have discovered the elixir of life. For the first time in human existence we now know how we can avoid disease, make our lives healthier and more fulfilled, and even fend off the grim reaper himself (at least for a while). We may not have joined the immortals - many traps and snares continue to prey on us - but we are beginning to learn some of their secrets. Why then are we failing to grasp these heady opportunities? WHO data show that nine out of ten of we Europeans are dying of lifestyle diseases; that is diseases caused by our own choices - self-inflicted diseases. Despite the all too familiar cons...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hastings G Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Associations between self-injury and involvement in cyberbullying among mentally distressed adolescents in Scania, Sweden.
CONCLUSIONS: Peer victimization in cyber space is associated with self-injury, especially among victims and bully-victims. Decreasing peer victimization is a priority, and school and health professionals need to be aware of the associations between cyberbullying and self-injury among mentally distressed adolescents. PMID: 29857787 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Fridh M, Lindström M, Rosvall M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Distribution of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and the estimated 10-year risk of acute myocardial infarction or cerebral stroke in Sami and non-Sami populations: The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey.
CONCLUSIONS: There were no differences in 10-year risk of AMI or CS between the Sami and non-Sami populations in 10 selected municipalities in Northern Norway. PMID: 29806547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Siri SRA, Braaten T, Jacobsen BK, Melhus M, Eliassen BM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Frequent attenders in occupational health primary care: A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: This research characterized FA10 clients at a Finnish OHS. Illnesses of the musculoskeletal system and mental and behavioral disorders were accentuated among FA10s. The stability of the FA10 group, along with their sickness absences and work disabilities, should be investigated further. PMID: 29806549 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Reho TTM, Atkins SA, Talola N, Viljamaa M, Sumanen MPT, Uitti J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Being a refugee or having a refugee status? Birthweight and gestational age outcomes among offspring of immigrant mothers in Sweden.
ern A Abstract AIMS: to evaluate whether the information on refugee status based on the residence permit is a useful source of information for perinatal health surveillance. METHODS: Using the Swedish population registers (1997-2012), we use multinomial regression models to assess the associations between migration status (refugee and non-refugee) and birth outcomes derived from birthweight and gestational age: low birthweight (LBW) (
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Juárez S, Mussino E, Hjern A Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Ethnography of a parasite: A quantitative ethnographic observation of forest malaria in the Amazon basin.
CONCLUSIONS: We hypothesize that malarial infection in the forest follows a pattern where the parasite persists in pockets of holoendemicity, and occupational hazard risk for individuals outside those pockets is associated with behaviors that take place in the proximity of the pockets of endemicity. PMID: 29783880 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Feged-Rivadeneira A, Evans S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Access for all? Assessing vertical and horizontal inequities in healthcare utilization among young people in northern Sweden.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that both vertical and horizontal inequities in access exist for young people in northern Sweden and that the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and healthcare utilization are complex and need further investigation. PMID: 29779450 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wagenius CM, San Sebastián M, Gustafsson PE, Goicolea I Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Mental health interventions among older adults: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: No specific interventions could be recommended on the aforementioned basis. We conclude that a number of factors are of central importance for an intervention to have the desired effect. If these factors are considered, mental health can be successfully promoted among older adults. PMID: 29781365 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Niclasen J, Lund L, Obel C, Larsen L Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Irritable bowel symptoms, use of healthcare, costs, sickness and disability pension benefits: A long-term population-based study.
CONCLUSIONS: IBS symptoms influence the long-term use and costs of healthcare, as well as the use of social benefits in the general population. Mental vulnerability explained some, but not all, of the use of healthcare and social benefits. PMID: 29762084 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Poulsen CH, Eplov LF, Hjorthøj C, Hastrup LH, Eliasen M, Dantoft TM, Schröder A, Jørgensen T Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Cardiovascular risk factors in a child population: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
CONCLUSIONS: No clustering of risk factors was found among Norwegian children aged 6-12 years. PMID: 29754570 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Deng WH, Lindberg M, Hjelle OP, Mamen A, Fredriksen PM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Reference intervals for serum lipids and prevalence of dyslipidaemia in 6-12-year-old children: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
CONCLUSIONS: Age- and gender-related reference intervals in a Norwegian population are similar to those reported in other countries. The prevalence of dyslipidaemia among Norwegian children is significant, emphasising the importance of appropriate reference intervals in clinical practice. PMID: 29754571 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Strand MF, Fredriksen PM, Hjelle OP, Lindberg M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Factors affecting running performance in 6-12-year-olds: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
Abstract AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine factors affecting running performance in children. METHOD: A cross-sectional study exploring the relationships between height, weight, waist circumference, muscle mass, body fat percentage, relevant biomarkers, and the Andersen intermittent running test in 2272 children aged 6 to 12 years. Parental education level was used as a non-physiological explanatory variable. RESULTS: Mean values (SD) and percentiles are presented as reference values. Height (β = 6.4, p 
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Fredriksen PM, Mamen A, Gammelsrud H, Lindberg M, Hjelle OP Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Waist circumference in 6-12-year-old children: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
This study investigated how the measurements of waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in children 6-12 years old relate to earlier studies. METHODS: In 2015, 2271 children (boys, n = 1150) were measured for height, weight, and WC. Parental education level was used as a measure of socioeconomic status. RESULTS: A significant increase in WC with age was revealed for both sexes ( p 
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Fredriksen PM, Skår A, Mamen A Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Anthropometric measures as fitness indicators in primary school children: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
This study aimed to investigate how the measurements of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) relate to selected measurements of fitness in children. METHODS: A total of 1731 children from grades 1 to 6 were selected who had a complete set of height, body mass, running performance, handgrip strength and muscle mass measurements. A composite fitness score was established from the sum of sex- and age-specific z-scores for the variables running performance, handgrip strength and muscle mass. This fitness z-score was compared to z-scores and quartiles of BMI, WC and WHtR using an...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mamen A, Fredriksen PM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Handgrip strength in 6-12-year-old children: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
CONCLUSIONS: The results may be used as reference values for handgrip strength in 6-12-year-old children of both sexes. Handgrip strength may not be used as a screening tool for cardiometabolic risk factors in pre-pubertal children. PMID: 29754575 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Fredriksen PM, Mamen A, Hjelle OP, Lindberg M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Objectively assessed moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels among primary school children in Norway: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
The objective was to investigate moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels (MVPA) of primary school children at baseline of the Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP), Norway. METHODS: Data on 2123 children aged 6-12 years were included for analysis (75% participation rate). Average minutes per day in MVPA was objectively measured using accelerometry based on seven-day averages. The sample was analysed for age-, sex-, socioeconomic-, and season-related patterns. A linear regression investigated the moderating effect of these factors as well as body mass index and waist circumference. RESULTS: Some 86.5% o...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Deng WH, Fredriksen PM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Development of weight and height in Norwegian children: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
CONCLUSIONS: A levelling-off of weight gain among children is evident; however, overweight children tend to gain more weight than normal-weight children. PMID: 29754577 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Skår A, Meza TJ, Fredriksen PM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Quality of life in primary school children: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
Abstract AIMS: The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between parents' level of education, measurements of physical attributes, and quality of life in a general sample of primary school children. METHODS: The children's and the parents' versions of the Inventory of Life Quality in Children and Adolescents (ILC) were used to measure health-related quality of life (QOL) in 2140 school children (response rate 93%) and 1639 parents (response rate 71%) recruited from nine primary schools in Norway. A set of physical characteristics were also measured in the children: body mass index (...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ringdal K, Ringdal GI, Olsen HK, Mamen A, Fredriksen PM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Peer relationships and quality of life in 11-12-year-old children: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
CONCLUSIONS: Findings from the current study contribute to contemporary research focused on children's QoL. Being able to rank reciprocal friendships, as well as recognizing that having more than one reciprocal friendship increases QoL, is important and could be beneficial for developing programs that promote high QoL, hence preventing possible maladjustments in a long-term perspective. PMID: 29754579 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lezhnieva N, Fredriksen PM, Bekkhus M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The effects of a school-based physical activity intervention programme on children's executive control: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
CONCLUSIONS: No positive effect of the physical activity intervention programme on children's task performance was found, suggesting that the intervention did not affect children's executive control. PMID: 29754580 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Konijnenberg C, Fredriksen PM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Development and predictors of psychological outcomes following the 2008 earthquake in Iceland: a longitudinal cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate a reduction in anxiety symptoms between 2 and 12 months post-disaster, with PTSD and depression symptoms remaining fairly constant across time. No trends in symptomology were observed over time. The results highlight the need for continued monitoring of those affected by disasters and the identification of subgroups at risk in the aftermath of natural disasters. PMID: 29745295 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Thordardottir EB, Gudmundsdottir H, Gudmundsdottir B, Hrólfsdóttir AM, Aspelund T, Hauksdottir A Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Association between parental hospital-treated somatic illnesses in childhood and later mental disorders among offspring up to early adulthood: An explorative study in the 1987 Finnish Birth Cohort.
CONCLUSIONS: Parental somatic illnesses should be considered as a significant adverse childhood life event, calling for preventive actions and child-centred support in adult healthcare. PMID: 29741125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Merikukka M, Räsänen S, Hakko H, Ristikari T, Gissler M, Niemelä M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Could information about herd immunity help us achieve herd immunity? Evidence from a population representative survey experiment.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that people's decision about whether to vaccinate and thus contribute to herd immunity is influenced by concern for others. Thus, stressing the collective benefits of vaccination could increase the effectiveness of health campaigns. PMID: 29741455 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Arnesen S, Bærøe K, Cappelen C, Carlsen B Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Danish student well-being questionnaire assessed in > 250,000 student responders.
CONCLUSIONS: The proposed four-factor structure addresses central aspects of well-being, which, if used constructively, may support public schools' work to increase levels of student well-being. PMID: 29741456 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Niclasen J, Keilow M, Obel C Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

International variation in programmes for assessment of children's neurodevelopment in the community: Understanding disparate approaches to evaluation of motor, social, emotional, behavioural and cognitive function.
CONCLUSIONS: Developmental surveillance programmes vary greatly and their structure appears to be driven by historical factors as much as by evidence. Consensus should be reached about which surveillance activities constitute screening, and the predictive validity of these components needs to be established and judged against World Health Organization screening criteria. Costs and consequences of specific programmes should be assessed, and the issue of inter-professional communication about children at remediable developmental risk should be prioritised. PMID: 29726749 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scan...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wilson P, Wood R, Lykke K, Hauskov Graungaard A, Ertmann RK, Andersen MK, Haavet OR, Lagerløv P, Abildsnes E, Dahli MP, Mäkelä M, Varinen A, Hietanen M, Nordic Research Network for Children and Adolescents in General Practice Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research