Ethnography of a parasite: A quantitative ethnographic observation of forest malaria in the Amazon basin.
CONCLUSIONS: We hypothesize that malarial infection in the forest follows a pattern where the parasite persists in pockets of holoendemicity, and occupational hazard risk for individuals outside those pockets is associated with behaviors that take place in the proximity of the pockets of endemicity. PMID: 29783880 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Feged-Rivadeneira A, Evans S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Access for all? Assessing vertical and horizontal inequities in healthcare utilization among young people in northern Sweden.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that both vertical and horizontal inequities in access exist for young people in northern Sweden and that the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and healthcare utilization are complex and need further investigation. PMID: 29779450 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wagenius CM, San Sebastián M, Gustafsson PE, Goicolea I Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Mental health interventions among older adults: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: No specific interventions could be recommended on the aforementioned basis. We conclude that a number of factors are of central importance for an intervention to have the desired effect. If these factors are considered, mental health can be successfully promoted among older adults. PMID: 29781365 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Niclasen J, Lund L, Obel C, Larsen L Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Irritable bowel symptoms, use of healthcare, costs, sickness and disability pension benefits: A long-term population-based study.
CONCLUSIONS: IBS symptoms influence the long-term use and costs of healthcare, as well as the use of social benefits in the general population. Mental vulnerability explained some, but not all, of the use of healthcare and social benefits. PMID: 29762084 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Poulsen CH, Eplov LF, Hjorthøj C, Hastrup LH, Eliasen M, Dantoft TM, Schröder A, Jørgensen T Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Cardiovascular risk factors in a child population: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
CONCLUSIONS: No clustering of risk factors was found among Norwegian children aged 6-12 years. PMID: 29754570 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Deng WH, Lindberg M, Hjelle OP, Mamen A, Fredriksen PM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Reference intervals for serum lipids and prevalence of dyslipidaemia in 6-12-year-old children: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
CONCLUSIONS: Age- and gender-related reference intervals in a Norwegian population are similar to those reported in other countries. The prevalence of dyslipidaemia among Norwegian children is significant, emphasising the importance of appropriate reference intervals in clinical practice. PMID: 29754571 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Strand MF, Fredriksen PM, Hjelle OP, Lindberg M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Factors affecting running performance in 6-12-year-olds: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
Abstract AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine factors affecting running performance in children. METHOD: A cross-sectional study exploring the relationships between height, weight, waist circumference, muscle mass, body fat percentage, relevant biomarkers, and the Andersen intermittent running test in 2272 children aged 6 to 12 years. Parental education level was used as a non-physiological explanatory variable. RESULTS: Mean values (SD) and percentiles are presented as reference values. Height (β = 6.4, p 
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Fredriksen PM, Mamen A, Gammelsrud H, Lindberg M, Hjelle OP Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Waist circumference in 6-12-year-old children: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
This study investigated how the measurements of waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in children 6-12 years old relate to earlier studies. METHODS: In 2015, 2271 children (boys, n = 1150) were measured for height, weight, and WC. Parental education level was used as a measure of socioeconomic status. RESULTS: A significant increase in WC with age was revealed for both sexes ( p 
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Fredriksen PM, Skår A, Mamen A Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Anthropometric measures as fitness indicators in primary school children: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
This study aimed to investigate how the measurements of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) relate to selected measurements of fitness in children. METHODS: A total of 1731 children from grades 1 to 6 were selected who had a complete set of height, body mass, running performance, handgrip strength and muscle mass measurements. A composite fitness score was established from the sum of sex- and age-specific z-scores for the variables running performance, handgrip strength and muscle mass. This fitness z-score was compared to z-scores and quartiles of BMI, WC and WHtR using an...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mamen A, Fredriksen PM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Handgrip strength in 6-12-year-old children: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
CONCLUSIONS: The results may be used as reference values for handgrip strength in 6-12-year-old children of both sexes. Handgrip strength may not be used as a screening tool for cardiometabolic risk factors in pre-pubertal children. PMID: 29754575 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Fredriksen PM, Mamen A, Hjelle OP, Lindberg M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Objectively assessed moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels among primary school children in Norway: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
The objective was to investigate moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels (MVPA) of primary school children at baseline of the Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP), Norway. METHODS: Data on 2123 children aged 6-12 years were included for analysis (75% participation rate). Average minutes per day in MVPA was objectively measured using accelerometry based on seven-day averages. The sample was analysed for age-, sex-, socioeconomic-, and season-related patterns. A linear regression investigated the moderating effect of these factors as well as body mass index and waist circumference. RESULTS: Some 86.5% o...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Deng WH, Fredriksen PM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Development of weight and height in Norwegian children: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
CONCLUSIONS: A levelling-off of weight gain among children is evident; however, overweight children tend to gain more weight than normal-weight children. PMID: 29754577 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Skår A, Meza TJ, Fredriksen PM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Quality of life in primary school children: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
Abstract AIMS: The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between parents' level of education, measurements of physical attributes, and quality of life in a general sample of primary school children. METHODS: The children's and the parents' versions of the Inventory of Life Quality in Children and Adolescents (ILC) were used to measure health-related quality of life (QOL) in 2140 school children (response rate 93%) and 1639 parents (response rate 71%) recruited from nine primary schools in Norway. A set of physical characteristics were also measured in the children: body mass index (...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ringdal K, Ringdal GI, Olsen HK, Mamen A, Fredriksen PM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Peer relationships and quality of life in 11-12-year-old children: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
CONCLUSIONS: Findings from the current study contribute to contemporary research focused on children's QoL. Being able to rank reciprocal friendships, as well as recognizing that having more than one reciprocal friendship increases QoL, is important and could be beneficial for developing programs that promote high QoL, hence preventing possible maladjustments in a long-term perspective. PMID: 29754579 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lezhnieva N, Fredriksen PM, Bekkhus M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The effects of a school-based physical activity intervention programme on children's executive control: The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP).
CONCLUSIONS: No positive effect of the physical activity intervention programme on children's task performance was found, suggesting that the intervention did not affect children's executive control. PMID: 29754580 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Konijnenberg C, Fredriksen PM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Development and predictors of psychological outcomes following the 2008 earthquake in Iceland: a longitudinal cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate a reduction in anxiety symptoms between 2 and 12 months post-disaster, with PTSD and depression symptoms remaining fairly constant across time. No trends in symptomology were observed over time. The results highlight the need for continued monitoring of those affected by disasters and the identification of subgroups at risk in the aftermath of natural disasters. PMID: 29745295 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Thordardottir EB, Gudmundsdottir H, Gudmundsdottir B, Hrólfsdóttir AM, Aspelund T, Hauksdottir A Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Association between parental hospital-treated somatic illnesses in childhood and later mental disorders among offspring up to early adulthood: An explorative study in the 1987 Finnish Birth Cohort.
CONCLUSIONS: Parental somatic illnesses should be considered as a significant adverse childhood life event, calling for preventive actions and child-centred support in adult healthcare. PMID: 29741125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Merikukka M, Räsänen S, Hakko H, Ristikari T, Gissler M, Niemelä M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Could information about herd immunity help us achieve herd immunity? Evidence from a population representative survey experiment.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that people's decision about whether to vaccinate and thus contribute to herd immunity is influenced by concern for others. Thus, stressing the collective benefits of vaccination could increase the effectiveness of health campaigns. PMID: 29741455 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Arnesen S, Bærøe K, Cappelen C, Carlsen B Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Danish student well-being questionnaire assessed in > 250,000 student responders.
CONCLUSIONS: The proposed four-factor structure addresses central aspects of well-being, which, if used constructively, may support public schools' work to increase levels of student well-being. PMID: 29741456 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Niclasen J, Keilow M, Obel C Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

International variation in programmes for assessment of children's neurodevelopment in the community: Understanding disparate approaches to evaluation of motor, social, emotional, behavioural and cognitive function.
CONCLUSIONS: Developmental surveillance programmes vary greatly and their structure appears to be driven by historical factors as much as by evidence. Consensus should be reached about which surveillance activities constitute screening, and the predictive validity of these components needs to be established and judged against World Health Organization screening criteria. Costs and consequences of specific programmes should be assessed, and the issue of inter-professional communication about children at remediable developmental risk should be prioritised. PMID: 29726749 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scan...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wilson P, Wood R, Lykke K, Hauskov Graungaard A, Ertmann RK, Andersen MK, Haavet OR, Lagerløv P, Abildsnes E, Dahli MP, Mäkelä M, Varinen A, Hietanen M, Nordic Research Network for Children and Adolescents in General Practice Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Towards sustainable work and longer working lives.
PMID: 29732963 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Virtanen M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Somatic Complaints in Adolescence and Labour Market Participation in Young Adulthood.
CONCLUSIONS: The males that reported somatic symptoms in late adolescence appeared to be the most vulnerable to future reduced labour market participation. PMID: 29734852 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Winding TN, Andersen JH Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Alcohol and type 2 diabetes: The role of socioeconomic, lifestyle and psychosocial factors.
CONCLUSIONS: Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, after adjusting for HED, health and lifestyle, and psychosocial characteristics. The association was inverse but non-significant after adjusting for socioeconomic factors. When stratified by occupational position, there was an inverse association only in those with low occupational position and after adjusting for low job control. PMID: 29734853 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Agardh EE, Lundin A, Lager A, Allebeck P, Koupil I, Andreasson S, Östenson CG, Danielsson AK Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Positive predictive value of acute and chronic pancreatitis diagnoses in the Danish National Patient Registry: A validation study.
CONCLUSIONS: The validity of diagnoses of acute and chronic pancreatitis registered in the Danish National Patient Registry since 1996 is generally high. PMID: 29722597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kirkegård J, Mortensen MR, Johannsen IR, Mortensen FV, Cronin-Fenton D Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

China Registry of Hepatitis B (CR-HepB): Protocol and implementation of a nationwide hospital-based registry of hepatitis B.
CONCLUSIONS: To date, 47 hospitals have joined the CR-HepB. This platform can be used to demonstrate the clinical pattern and treatment profile of chronic HBV infection, evaluate long-term efficacy and safety of antiviral therapy and provide real-world evidence for policy-making in China. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT03108794. PMID: 29716439 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shan S, Wei W, Kong Y, Niu J, Shang J, Xie W, Zhang Y, Ren H, Tang H, Ding H, Nan Y, Dou X, Han T, Xu X, Duan Z, Wei L, Hou J, Zhuang H, You H, Jia J, CR-Hepb Study Group, Beijing, China Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Evacuation of Swedish survivors after the 2004 Southeast Asian tsunami: The survivors' perspective and symptoms of post-traumatic stress.
CONCLUSIONS: One-third of Swedish tsunami survivors preferred a later evacuation from disaster sites. These findings call for further studies, with prospective designs, to disentangle the causal direction of the association between evacuation time and PTSS. PMID: 29708026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gudmundsdottir R, Hultman CM, Valdimarsdottir U Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Adolescent self-rated health predicts general practice attendance in adulthood: Results from the Young-HUNT1 survey.
CONCLUSIONS: SRH in adolescence is a predictor for general practitioner consultations in adult life. Previous research shows that SRH is influenced by factors such as well-being, health behaviour, functional status and body satisfaction. Intervention studies are needed to evaluate whether population-based and clinical interventions can improve SRH by improving these factors among adolescents. PMID: 29708028 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hetlevik Ø, Vie TL, Meland E, Breidablik HJ, Jahanlu D Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

15-year-old tobacco and alcohol abstainers in a drier generation: Characteristics and lifestyle factors in a Norwegian cross-sectional sample.
CONCLUSIONS: Differences in perceived parenting styles and a lower degree of unorganized leisure in the abstainer group points to monitoring and closer emotional ties between parents and children as important factors in adolescent abstinence. An implication of these results is that promoting hobby-based activities might be a useful strategy for preventing alcohol and tobacco use in young people. PMID: 29671371 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lund I, Scheffels J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Children with two homes: Psychological problems in relation to living arrangements in Nordic 2- to 9-year-olds.
CONCLUSIONS: Young children with non-cohabiting parents suffered from more psychological problems than those in intact families. Children in joint physical custody had a lower total problem score than those in single care after adjusting for covariates. Longitudinal studies with information on family factors before the separation are needed to inform policy of young children's post-separation living arrangements. PMID: 29644929 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bergström M, Fransson E, Wells MB, Köhler L, Hjern A Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Longitudinal prospective associations between psychological symptoms and heavy episodic drinking from adolescence to midlife.
CONCLUSIONS: The more the HED trajectory indicated frequent HED, the higher was the level of PS throughout the follow-up. Results support the self-medication hypothesis, suggesting that alcohol is used to ease the burden of PS. More attention should be paid to alcohol use of people with mental symptoms in health services. PMID: 29644935 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Berg NJ, Kiviruusu OH, Lintonen TP, Huurre TM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Is fatigue after work a barrier for leisure-time physical activity? Cross-sectional study among 10,000 adults from the general working population.
This study investigates the association between work-related fatigue and the duration of low- and high-intensity leisure-time physical activity in workers with sedentary and physically demanding jobs. METHODS: From the 2010 round of the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study, currently employed wage earners from the general working population ( N=10,427) replied to questions about work-related fatigue (predictor) and duration of low- and high-intensity leisure-time physical activity (outcome). Associations were modelled using general linear models controlling for various confounders. RESULTS: Among workers with phy...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bláfoss R, Micheletti JK, Sundstrup E, Jakobsen MD, Bay H, Andersen LL Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Icelandic inclusion, German hesitation and American fear: A cross-cultural comparison of mental-health stigma and the media.
CONCLUSIONS: While Western nations tend to report similar, lower levels of stigma globally, they each have unique areas of concern. Anti-stigma programs must take note of both similarities and differences to tailor their efforts to the local context. PMID: 29600744 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Manago B, Pescosolido BA, Olafsdottir S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Geographic origin as a determinant of left ventricular mass and diastolic function - the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study.
We examined the association of eastern/western baseline origin with LV mass and diastolic function. METHODS: The study population included 2045 subjects of the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study with data from the baseline survey (1980) and the latest follow-up (2011) when echocardiography was performed at the age of 34-49 years. RESULTS: Subjects with eastern baseline origin had in 2011 higher LV mass (139±1.0 vs. 135±1.0 g, p=0.006) and E/e'-ratio indicating weaker LV diastolic function (4.86±0.03 vs. 4.74±0.03, p=0.02) than western subjects. Results were independent of age, se...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Vähämurto L, Juonala M, Ruohonen S, Hutri-Kähönen N, Kähönen M, Laitinen T, Tossavainen P, Jokinen E, Viikari J, Raitakari OT, Pahkala K Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Temporal trend and regional disparity in osteoarthritis hospitalisations in Sweden 1998-2015.
CONCLUSIONS: OA hospitalisations have increased substantially, suggesting the need to improve OA prevention and primary-care management in Sweden. PMID: 29576011 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kiadaliri AA, Rinaldi G, Lohmander LS, Petersson IF, Englund M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Differences in unmet healthcare needs between public and private primary care providers: A population-based study.
CONCLUSIONS: With the current primary care system, no significant differences in unmet healthcare needs seem to exist when comparing public and private providers. It is likely that the providers are similar in their organizational setup, accessibility and doctor-patient continuity. Still more studies need to be done, preferably in a way so that uncertainty about what type of primary care provider the respondent is listed at can be avoided and perhaps using a longer time interval for unmet needs so that more subjects could be included. PMID: 29554841 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lindström C, Rosvall M, Lindström M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Validity of the diagnosis of appendicitis in the Danish National Patient Register.
CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis of appendicitis alone or in combination with the registered surgical removal of the appendix in the Danish National Patient Register showed acceptable validity. Whether to use the diagnosis for appendicitis only or in combination with procedure codes for the removal of the appendix depends on whether high sensitivity or high positive predictive values are warranted. PMID: 29554842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kleif J, Thygesen LC, Gögenur I Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity in older adults from 10 European countries from 2005 to 2013.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the prevalence of overweight was stable, the prevalence of obesity rose. Based on the data currently available for Europe, the prevalence of obesity in European older adults has already reached epidemic proportions, which reinforces the need for the development of effective healthy lifestyle programs. PMID: 29569525 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Peralta M, Ramos M, Lipert A, Martins J, Marques A Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The relationship between self-efficacy and transition to work or studies in young adults with disabilities.
nderzén I Abstract AIM: To investigate perceived self-efficacy in unemployed young adults with disabilities, and the association between self-efficacy and transition to work or studies. METHODS: This prospective cohort study collected data through self-report questionnaires and registry data from a vocational rehabilitation project with young adults, aged 19-29 years. The Swedish Social Insurance Agency, the Swedish Public Employment Service and the participating municipalities identified potential participants for the study. A total of 531 participants were included in the study, of which 249 (47%) we...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Andersén Å, Larsson K, Pingel R, Kristiansson P, Anderzén I Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

How social media is transforming the spreading of knowledge: Implications for our perceptions concerning vaccinations and migrant health.
PMID: 29569533 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jervelund SS Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

A comparison of measured versus self-reported anthropometrics for assessing obesity in adults: a literature review.
CONCLUSIONS: With globally rising obesity rates, accurate estimation of obesity is essential for effective public health policies to support obesity prevention. As self-report bias tends to be higher among overweight and obese individuals, measured anthropometrics provide a more reliable tool for assessing the prevalence of obesity. PMID: 29528773 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Maukonen M, Männistö S, Tolonen H Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Explaining excess morbidity amongst homeless shelter users: A multivariate analysis for the Danish adult population.
CONCLUSIONS: Ill health amongst homeless shelter users is widely explained by substance abuse problems and other risk factors. Nonetheless, for many diseases homelessness poses an additional risk to the health. PMID: 29528774 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Benjaminsen L, Birkelund JF Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Number of hospital contacts with alcohol problems predicts later risk of alcoholic liver cirrhosis.
n DA Abstract AIMS: Alcoholic liver cirrhosis is usually preceded by years of heavy drinking. We investigated whether the risk of alcoholic liver cirrhosis increases as the number of hospital contacts with alcohol problems goes up. METHODS: This was a supplementary analysis on a nationwide register-based cohort study. All patients in Denmark with an initial hospital contact with alcohol problems (alcohol intoxication, harmful alcohol use or alcohol dependence) 1998-2002, free of liver disease, were followed for diagnosis of alcoholic liver cirrhosis. The number of subsequent hospital contacts with alcohol pro...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Askgaard G, Tolstrup JS, Kjær MS, Leon DA Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Alcohol and drug use among staff at licensed premises in Norway.
CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of frequent drinkers and heavy episodic drinking among staff at licensed premises was high, and the prevalence of illicit drug use was much higher compared with the general population. Thus, staff at licensed premises can be considered a risk-group for alcohol and illicit drug use and therefore represent an important target population in club drug-prevention programmes. PMID: 29516786 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Buvik K, Bye EK, Gripenberg J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The moderating effect of income on the relationship between body mass index and health-related quality of life in Northern Sweden.
CONCLUSIONS: Income has a role as an effect modifier in the relationship between BMI and HRQoL that can be construed as an indirect income inequality. Efforts to promote HRQoL in populations should consider the different impact of being overweight and obese in different socioeconomic groups. PMID: 29516787 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ramadani RV, Mosquera PA, Sebastián MS, Gustafsson PE Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Inequalities in smoking and obesity in Europe predicted to 2050: Findings from the EConDA project.
CONCLUSIONS: Widening educational inequalities in obesity and smoking prevalence are expected in several European countries if current trends in obesity and smoking prevalence are unaltered. This will impact on inequalities in morbidity and mortality of associated diseases such as diabetes, coronary heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. PMID: 29516788 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pérez-Ferrer C, Jaccard A, Knuchel-Takano A, Retat L, Brown M, Kriaucioniene V, Webber L Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Queer narratives and minority stress: Stories from lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals in Norway.
CONCLUSIONS: The stories indicate that positive proximal processes, such as personal resilience and sympathetic environments, can support mental health and counteract negative effects of distal processes contributing to minority stress, such as heteronormativity and subtle microaggression. Public health strategies addressing attitudes to sexual orientation among the general population may contribute to diverse affirmative cultural scripts about queer lives, thereby enhancing queer mental health. PMID: 29516789 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Synnes O, Malterud K Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Participants at Norwegian Healthy Life Centres: Who are they, why do they attend and how are they motivated? A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: Participants were predominantly obese, physically active, female and motivated for change. A high proportion had low educational attainment and low incomes. The trial will reveal whether interventions succeed in increasing physical activity further, or in decreasing sedentary behaviour, and whether health inequalities narrow or widen across groups. PMID: 29516790 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Samdal GB, Meland E, Eide GE, Berntsen S, Abildsnes E, Stea TH, Mildestvedt T Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The outcome of two-step blood pressure screening in dental healthcare.
CONCLUSIONS: The study shows that a two-step method for blood pressure screening in a dental setting including home measurement resulted in a high PPV and eliminated most of those with a false high blood pressure reading. The findings also show that two-step screening for hypertension is feasible in a larger population with more screening providers involved. PMID: 29493430 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Andersson H, Hedström L, Bergman S, Bergh H Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Content and validation of the Electronic Patient Medication module (EPM)-the administrative in-hospital drug use database in the Capital Region of Denmark.
CONCLUSIONS: Our validation of the EPM-research showed very high accordance. With detailed information on in-hospital drug use, the EPM-research may be a useful tool in pharmacoepidemiological research. PMID: 29493431 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jensen TB, Jimenez-Solem E, Cortes R, Betzer C, Bøge Breinholt S, Meidahl Petersen K, Studsgaard Petersen T, Kjellberg J, Christensen HR, Trærup Andersen J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Mortality trends in external causes of death in people with mental health disorders in Sweden, 1987-2010.
CONCLUSIONS: People with mental disorders have high but declining excess mortality from suicide. Mortality from other external causes has increased, as has the gap in mortality rates between psychiatric patients and the general population. PMID: 29493432 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hällgren J, Ösby U, Westman J, Gissler M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research