Social inequalities in unintentional childhood injury incidence suggest subgroup identification and differentiation in the municipal planning of preventive efforts.
CONCLUSIONS: Injury risk varied with socio-economic factors in a Danish municipal setting. The effect varied between specific injury types. Social and ethnic background is important in establishing targeted preventive efforts, but some aspects of selection bias may occur. PMID: 31159653 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Andersen IK, Lauritsen J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

What are we missing? The profile of non-respondents in the Finnish Gambling 2015 survey.
CONCLUSIONS: Socio-economic position was associated with lower response rate which may cause bias while studying gambling behaviour of socio-economically vulnerable individuals. Obtaining additional auxiliary information through record linkage to administrative registers and use of more sophisticated methods for controlling bias caused by non-response, such as multiple imputation, would offer information about the impact of non-response to the results related to gambling and gambling problems. PMID: 31096858 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kontto J, Tolonen H, Salonen AH Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Organisation of preventive child health services: Key to socio-economic equity in vaccine uptake?
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the organisation of preventive health care in special units, 'well-baby' clinics, facilitates vaccine uptake among children with low SES in a Nordic welfare context. PMID: 31096860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Arat A, Norredam M, Baum U, Jónsson SH, Gunlaugsson G, Wallby T, Hjern A Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Trends in socioeconomic differences in daily smoking among 15-year-old Danes 1991-2014.
Abstract AIM: To examine trends in socioeconomic differences in daily smoking among 15-year-old Danes between 1991-2014, using occupational social class as indicator of socioeconomic status. METHODS: The study included 15-year-olds participating in seven Danish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children studies between 1991-2014, n = 8,641. The analyses focused on absolute socioeconomic differences (prevalence difference between low and high occupational social class) and relative socioeconomic differences communicated by odds ratio for daily smoking. RESULTS: The prevalence of daily smoking declined from ...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Holstein BE, Andersen A, Damsgaard MT, Due P, Bast LS, Rasmussen M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The contribution of smoking-related deaths to the gender gap in life expectancy in Sweden between 1997 and 2016.
CONCLUSIONS: The combination of decreasing smoking-related mortality among men and increasing smoking-related mortality among women in Sweden accounted for almost 40% of the narrowing of the gender gap in life expectancy during the period 1997-2016. PMID: 31068082 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Östergren O, Martikainen P Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Sociodemographic and health status predictors of parental role strain: A general population study.
CONCLUSIONS: Parental role strain is unevenly distributed in the parental population and varies by sociodemographic and health statuses of parents and children. Understanding and addressing parental role strain could improve parental mental health and help create a family environment that enhances the psychosocial development of children. PMID: 31068085 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kristjansdottir G, Hallström IK, Vilhjalmsson R Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The study design of ComAlong Toddler: a randomised controlled trial of an early communication intervention.
CONCLUSION: The study will provide information regarding identification and intervention for 18-month old children with communication delay. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN13330627. PMID: 31068096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Fäldt A, Fabian H, Thunberg G, Lucas S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Parental separation/divorce in childhood and tobacco smoking in adulthood: A population-based study.
CONCLUSIONS: Experience of parental separation/divorce in childhood was significantly associated with tobacco smoking in adulthood for both sexes. There seems to be no specific critical period. PMID: 31068100 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lindström M, Rosvall M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The effects of social protection policies on health inequalities: Evidence from systematic reviews.
CONCLUSIONS: The systematic review evidence base of the effects of social protection policy interventions remains sparse, of low quality, of limited generalizability (as the evidence base is concentrated in the Anglo-Saxon welfare state type), and relatively inconclusive. There is a clear need for evaluations in more diverse welfare state settings and particularly of family policies. PMID: 31068103 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hillier-Brown F, Thomson K, Mcgowan V, Cairns J, Eikemo TA, Gil-Gonzále D, Bambra C Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Child abuse and physical health: A population-based study on physical health complaints among adolescents and young adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that exposure to abuse, particularly sexual and emotional, during childhood predicts physical health complaints in adolescence and early adulthood. In a public health perspective, early identification of child abuse may be beneficial in preventing physical health complaints later in life. PMID: 31068105 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rueness J, Myhre Md MC, Strøm IF, Wentzel-Larsen T, Dyb G, Thoresen S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The validity of heart failure diagnoses in the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register.
vestigators Abstract BACKGROUND: Contemporary validation studies of register-based heart failure diagnoses based on current guidelines and complete clinical data are lacking in Finland and internationally. Our objective was to assess the positive and negative predictive values of heart failure diagnoses in a nationwide hospital discharge register. METHODS: Using Finnish Hospital Discharge Register data from 2013-2015, we obtained the medical records for 120 patients with a register-based diagnosis for heart failure (cases) and for 120 patients with a predisposing condition for heart failure, but without a hea...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Vuori MA, Laukkanen JA, Pietilä A, Havulinna AS, Kähönen M, Salomaa V, Niiranen TJ, FinnGen investigators Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Job demands and control and sickness absence, disability pension and unemployment among 2,194,692 individuals in Sweden.
CONCLUSIONS: Using a JEM among all in a population rather than for specific occupations gives a more comprehensive view of the associations between job demands/job control and long-term SA/DP and unemployment, respectively. PMID: 31057049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Norberg J, Alexanderson K, Framke E, Rugulies R, Farrants K Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The second clinical survey of the population-based study on health and living conditions in regions with Sami and Norwegian populations - the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey: Performing indigenous health research in a multiethnic landscape.
Conclusions: This article describes the methods and data collection of the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey and presents some characteristics of the sample. The definition of ethnic groups is a core question in the survey and includes several criteria. To ensure that indigenous values and priorities are reflected in the research themes, we recommend that future research projects be directed in close collaboration with the Sami Parliament and the local communities. PMID: 31060480 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Broderstad AR, Hansen S, Melhus M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants of disability pension applications and awarded disability pensions in Finland, 2009 and 2014.
CONCLUSIONS: With a greater probability of disability pension applications but also a lower probability of being awarded pension, the occupational disability process involves a comprehensive disadvantage for lower socioeconomic status groups. PMID: 31044651 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Perhoniemi R, Blomgren J, Laaksonen M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Changes in the gender segregation of occupations in Sweden between 2003 and 2011.
n K Abstract AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze possible changes in the gender composition of occupations in Sweden, using register data covering the whole working population. METHODS: Cross tabulations on gender by occupation were computed and comparisons made of numbers and proportions of women and men aged 20-64 years to illustrate occupational gender-segregation categories in 2003 and 2011, respectively. All of those in working ages, employed in 2003 and 2011 (4.2 resp 4.7 millions individuals), were included. Differences in the distribution of women and men in all occupations were summarized using...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gonäs L, Wikman A, Vaez M, Alexanderson K, Gustafsson K Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Return to work after first incidence of long-term sickness absence: A 10-year prospective follow-up study identifying labour-market trajectories using sequence analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Sequence analysis revealed prototypical labour-market trajectories and provided a holistic overview of the heterogeneous RTW processes. While the most frequent outcome was successful RTW, several unfavourable labour-market trajectories were identified, with trajectory membership predicted by socio-demographic measures. PMID: 30973057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Madsen AÅ Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Association of snus experimentation in late adolescence with daily cigarette smoking in early adulthood: A longitudinal study among Finnish men.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data support the proposition that snus experimentation during late adolescence is longitudinally associated with daily cigarette smoking in early adulthood. Although a causal association cannot be inferred with certainty, snus experimentation might constitute an indicator of the propensity to proceed to regular snus use and initiation of use of other tobacco or nicotine products. PMID: 30973058 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Araneda D, Korhonen T, Laatikainen T, Haukkala A, Rose RJ, Kaprio J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Scandinavian research on complementary and alternative medicine: A bibliometric study.
CONCLUSIONS: Complementary and alternative medicine is a small and moderately growing research field in Scandinavia, with an average of 120 publications per year. The largest sub-term is integrative and complementary medicine, but the majority of documents are classified as other medical sub-fields. A similar pattern is found regarding the sources. The Medical Subject Heading classifications of the documents and the author keywords indicate that much of the relevant research takes a general focus on complementary and alternative medicine. Regarding specific therapies, mind-body and sensory art therapies are particularly pr...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Danell JB, Danell R, Vuolanto P Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Physical-work ability and chronic musculoskeletal complaints are related to leisure-time physical activity: Cross-sectional study among manual workers aged 50-70 years.
CONCLUSIONS: Engaging in ⩾ 3 h/wk of high-intensity leisure-time physical activity was associated with greater physical-work ability among manual workers aged 50-70 years. Both high- and low-intensity physical activity related to lower odds of having chronic musculoskeletal complaints in the knees. PMID: 30973060 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Norheim KL, Samani A, Hjort Bønløkke J, Omland Ø, Madeleine P Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Incidence of injuries in Norway: linking primary and secondary care data.
CONCLUSIONS: A substantial proportion of injured patients in Norway are treated exclusively in primary care. The demographic profile of these patients differs from those treated in secondary care. PMID: 30973061 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ohm E, Holvik K, Madsen C, Alver K, Lund J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Gender equality and sick leave among first-time parents in Sweden.
CONCLUSIONS: Equal sharing or taking the lion's share of paid work and domestic responsibilities were associated with an increased risk of sick leave among first-time parents in Sweden. Family-friendly policies are important for facilitating the life of dual earner families, but do not fully counteract the work-life demands of first-time parents. PMID: 30973064 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lidwall U, Voss M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Frequent attenders at risk of disability pension: a longitudinal study combining routine and register data.
CONCLUSIONS: Frequent attendance of healthcare services, both occasional and persistent, is associated with increased risk of future DP. The association is linked to increased sickness absences. Frequent attenders should be identified and their rehabilitative needs evaluated. Frequency of consultationcould be used in selecting candidates for early rehabilitation before sickness absences develop. PMID: 30973068 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Reho TTM, Atkins SA, Talola N, Sumanen MPT, Viljamaa M, Uitti J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The public debate on organ donation and presumed consent in Denmark: Are the right issues being addressed?
This article discusses the public debate on organ donation and presumed consent in Denmark, and asks whether the right issues are being addressed in the quest towards more available organs and better donor rates? Basing our considerations on the various arguments in the debate and on scientific findings, we question the potential benefits of presumed consent and challenge some of the assumptions and rationalizations that characterize the discussions in Denmark regarding public support, public trust and the role of the family in donation decisions. PMID: 30973069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavia...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jensen AMB, Larsen JB Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in seeking help for domestic violence based on Google search data and Finnish police calls in 2017.
CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests that Google search volumes can be used to study the highest peaks in seeking help for domestic violence in countries with a high level of Internet usage and no available police data. PMID: 30973072 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Koutaniemi EM, Einiö E Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Adjusting for non-response in the Finnish Drinking Habits Survey.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of complex non-response weights derived from the logistic regression model or random forest are not likely to provide much added value over more simple weights in surveys on alcohol use. Surveys may not catch heavy drinkers and therefore are prone for under-reporting of alcohol use at the population level. Also, factors other than sociodemographic characteristics are likely to influence participation decisions. PMID: 30973075 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tolonen H, Honkala M, Reinikainen J, Härkänen T, Mäkelä P Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Antipsychotic medication use among working-age first-generation migrants resident in Finland: An administrative data linkage study.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that attention should be paid to the lower use of medication for psychotic disorders in some migrant groups, as well as the potential role of social disadvantage for migrants from North Africa and Middle East. PMID: 30973081 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bosqui T, Väänänen A, Koskinen A, Buscariolli A, O'reilly D, Airila A, Toivanen M, Kouvonen A Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Social determinants of adolescent smoking over three generations.
CONCLUSIONS: The influence of grandparents' low socioeconomic circumstances on grandchildren's smoking is mediated through parents' socioeconomic circumstances. Low academic achievement in adolescence is a strong predictor of smoking and adolescents orient towards the group of their future education level, not that of their parents. PMID: 30973093 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - April 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Doku DT, Acacio-Claro PJ, Koivusilta L, Rimpelä A Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Mental health: Current trends and challenges in the Nordic countries and beyond.
PMID: 30921529 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - March 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Olafsdottir S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Ischemic heart failure as a complication of incident acute myocardial infarction: Timing and time trends: A national analysis including 78,814 Danish patients during 2000-2009.
CONCLUSIONS: In-hospital and post-discharge heart failure requiring hospitalization decreased whereas post-discharge heart failure diagnosed at outpatient clinics increased among incident acute myocardial infarction patients during 2000-2009. The development of heart failure, especially after acute myocardial infarction discharge, indicates a poor prognosis. PMID: 30813840 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sulo G, Sulo E, Jørgensen T, Linnenberg A, Prescott E, Tell GS, Osler M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Influence of physical and psychosocial working conditions for the risk of disability pension among healthy female eldercare workers: Prospective cohort.
CONCLUSIONS: While a higher level of physical exertion is a risk factor for disability pension among older female eldercare workers, a moderate level of emotional demands is associated with lower risk among the younger workers. The age of the worker may be an important factor when providing recommendations for promoting a long and healthy working life. PMID: 30813841 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Andersen LL, Villadsen E, Clausen T Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Brief mental-health training as a suicide intervention in Greek refugee camps.
PMID: 30813843 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kavalidou K Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The "cancer-cold" hypothesis and possible extensions for the Nordic populations.
In conclusion, more studies are needed to elucidate the real causes of this epidemiological pattern. PMID: 30813844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Voskarides K Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and Feeding Practices in Finnish preschools.
CONCLUSIONS: After adjustments, preschool neighborhood SES was mostly unassociated with the feeding practices in preschools. Municipal policies may have a significant impact on feeding practices and ultimately on young children's food intake in Finland where most children attend municipal preschools. PMID: 30813851 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lehto R, Lehto E, Konttinen H, Vepsäläinen H, Nislin M, Nissinen K, Vepsäläinen C, Koivusilta L, Erkkola M, Roos E, Ray C Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Flaunting our assets. Making the most of the Nordic registry goldmine: Cerebral palsy as an example.
CONCLUSIONS: Nordic register research has great potential. Linking national CP quality registries and follow-up programs with other large national registries holds particular promise because problems identified through research can be applied at a population level. It is imperative that ethical clearance and data delivery processes are streamlined and transparent, and that data variables are measured the same way in the different countries. PMID: 30813853 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Alriksson-Schmidt AI, Jeglinsky-Kankainen IFD, Jahnsen RB, Hollung SJ, Andersen GL, HÄgglund GV Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Occupational balance, work and life satisfaction in working cohabiting parents in Sweden.
CONCLUSIONS: It seems important for both parents in a couple to experience satisfaction with the division of domestic work to experience high occupational balance as well as work and life satisfaction. PMID: 30813858 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - February 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Håkansson C, Milevi S, Eek F, Oudin A, Wagman P Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Role of employment-related inequalities in young adults' life satisfaction: A comparative study in five European welfare state regimes.
CONCLUSIONS: There are nuanced patterns of employment type and life satisfaction across European states that hint at welfare state regimes as possible moderators in this relationship. The results suggest that the psychological burdens of unemployment or work uncertainty cannot be overlooked and should be addressed according to different types of social provisions. PMID: 30678524 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Vancea M, Shore J, Utzet M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Cyberbullying and traditional bullying among Nordic adolescents and their impact on life satisfaction.
CONCLUSIONS: We found relatively little overlap between cyberbullying and traditional bullying, indicating that the two may be separate phenomena stemming from different mechanisms, at least in the Nordic context. PMID: 30672390 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Arnarsson A, Nygren J, Nyholm M, Torsheim T, Augustine L, Bjereld Y, Markkanen I, Schnohr CW, Rasmussen M, Nielsen L, Bendtsen P Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Capital interplays and social inequalities in health.
Abstract We explore the ramifications of applying Pierre Bourdieu's theory of capitals to epidemiological research on socioeconomic health inequalities. Capitals are resources used by individuals and groups to maintain and enhance their positions in the social order. The notion of capital interplay refers to the interconnectedness of multiple forms of capital in the production of good health. We provide definitions of economic, cultural and social capitals and describe a variety of causally distal processes-namely, capital acquisition, multiplier and transmission interplays-from which new hypotheses can be develop...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Veenstra G, Abel T Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Educational level and living arrangements are associated with dietary intake of red meat and fruit/vegetables: A Danish cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: Men and women with a high educational level ate more fruit and vegetables but less red meat than men and women with a low educational level. Men and women living with others ate more red meat, fruit and vegetables than men and women living alone. PMID: 30632902 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Laursen UB, Johansen MB, Joensen AM, Lau CJ, Overvad K, Larsen ML Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Autopsy rates in Iceland.
This article gives an overview on autopsy rates in Iceland and compares the situation with European countries. PMID: 30632904 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kunz SN, Bergsdóttir Þ, Jónasson JG Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

A follow-up of the introduction of a maximum entitlement period for receiving sickness benefits in Sweden: A nationwide register-based study.
CONCLUSIONS: One out of seven individuals with MEPSB in 2010 had their main source of income from paid work in 2011, although they had a long-term SB before and after the policy change. Further research is warranted to address the long-term effects of this policy change. PMID: 30632905 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Vaez M, Leijon O, Wikman A, Nord T, Lidwall U, Wiberg M, Alexanderson K, Gonäs L Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Income inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity in northern Sweden: A decomposition analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that in order to achieve an economically equal leisure time physical inactivity, policy may need to target the two main barriers of functional limitations and socioeconomic disadvantages. PMID: 30632908 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Szilcz M, Mosquera PA, San Sebastián M, Gustafsson PE Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Socioeconomic differences in swimming ability among children in Malm ö, southern Sweden: Initial results from a community-level intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings do not suggest that sociodemographic differences in swimming ability have decreased in the first birth cohort exposed to the community-level intervention in Malmö. Striking differences in self-reported swimming ability were noted when the children reached the fourth grade both pre- and post-intervention with marked lower abilities in socially disadvantaged groups. Monitoring of swimming abilities should continue for the present, and similar interventions aimed at reducing inequalities among children. Efforts to increase water comfort at preschool age ought to be considered. PMID: 3063291...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pilgaard FIH, Östergren PO, Olin A, Kling S, Albin M, Björk J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Mental illnesses are not an 'ideal type' of disability for disability income support: Perceptions of policymakers in Australia and Canada.
CONCLUSIONS: The rise of DIS recipients has divided the once protected 'deserving' category of the disabled into more ('ideal type' of disability) and less deserving (imperfect disability). Such conceptualisations are important because these categories can influence the allocation of welfare resources. PMID: 30632917 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mcallister A Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Illegal substance use among 1,309 music festival attendees: An investigation using oral fluid sample drug tests, breathalysers and questionnaires.
CONCLUSIONS: Illegal substance use was less prevalent than in previous nightlife and electronic dance music studies. Almost all those testing positive for illegal substances had detectable alcohol levels and 41% had a blood alcohol concentration greater than 0.10%, possibly indicating combined use. PMID: 30632949 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - January 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gjersing L, Bretteville-Jensen AL, Furuhaugen H, Gjerde H Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Maternal health-still a long way to go.
st M PMID: 30470169 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - November 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Målqvist M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Fathers' experiences during the first postnatal week at home after early discharge of mother and baby from the maternity unit: A meta-synthesis.
CONCLUSIONS: The fathers' experiences were affected by the emotional support of midwives, which boosted their confidence. This seems to be a premise for taking and coping with responsibility during the first days at home. Good cooperation between hospitals and municipalities is vital, and midwives must be available and present in order to ensure continuity in maternity care. PMID: 30426850 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Brunstad A, Aasekjær K, Aune I, Nilsen ABV Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Adolescents need more sleep: Rethinking the preventive options of school environments.
Abstract Sleep problems in adolescence have both somatic and psychological consequences for health. Most adolescents spend a considerable amount of time in school, but there is little published research on how the school environment affects adolescent health and well-being. This commentary explores whether using a nap room in the middle of the school day can reduce perceived stress and fatigue in high school students and improve their sleep quality. We show that a short nap of 10 minutes can prevent stress-related problems. A method of improving adolescent health might be the reorganization of the school environme...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - November 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Roessler KK, Grove S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Cohort study design for estimating the effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccines in real time based on register data: The Finnish example.
n J Abstract This paper presents the principles of implementing register-based cohort studies as currently applied for real-time estimation of influenza vaccine effectiveness in Finland. All required information is retrieved from computerised national registers and deterministically linked via the unique personal identity code assigned to each Finnish resident. The study cohorts comprise large subpopulations eligible for a free seasonal influenza vaccination as part of the National Vaccination Programme. The primary outcome is laboratory-confirmed influenza. Each study subject is taken to be at risk of experiencin...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - November 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Baum U, Auranen K, Kulathinal S, Syrjänen R, Nohynek H, Jokinen J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Social determinants of child trafficking addressed by government and non-government strategies in South and Southeast Asia: an integrative review.
CONCLUSIONS: The gravity of child trafficking necessitates that interventions address all of the 21 social determinants of child trafficking at all levels of the SEM. The authors found no account on any anti-child-trafficking intervention from four South Asian and five Southeast Asian nations. Dissemination and continuous evaluation of anti-trafficking interventions are warranted. PMID: 30381999 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - November 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gautam Poudel P, Barroso CS Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research