Fathers' experiences during the first postnatal week at home after early discharge of mother and baby from the maternity unit: A meta-synthesis.
CONCLUSIONS: The fathers' experiences were affected by the emotional support of midwives, which boosted their confidence. This seems to be a premise for taking and coping with responsibility during the first days at home. Good cooperation between hospitals and municipalities is vital, and midwives must be available and present in order to ensure continuity in maternity care. PMID: 30426850 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - November 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Brunstad A, Aasekjær K, Aune I, Nilsen ABV Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Adolescents need more sleep: Rethinking the preventive options of school environments.
Abstract Sleep problems in adolescence have both somatic and psychological consequences for health. Most adolescents spend a considerable amount of time in school, but there is little published research on how the school environment affects adolescent health and well-being. This commentary explores whether using a nap room in the middle of the school day can reduce perceived stress and fatigue in high school students and improve their sleep quality. We show that a short nap of 10 minutes can prevent stress-related problems. A method of improving adolescent health might be the reorganization of the school environme...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - November 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Roessler KK, Grove S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Cohort study design for estimating the effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccines in real time based on register data: The Finnish example.
n J Abstract This paper presents the principles of implementing register-based cohort studies as currently applied for real-time estimation of influenza vaccine effectiveness in Finland. All required information is retrieved from computerised national registers and deterministically linked via the unique personal identity code assigned to each Finnish resident. The study cohorts comprise large subpopulations eligible for a free seasonal influenza vaccination as part of the National Vaccination Programme. The primary outcome is laboratory-confirmed influenza. Each study subject is taken to be at risk of experiencin...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - November 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Baum U, Auranen K, Kulathinal S, Syrjänen R, Nohynek H, Jokinen J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Social determinants of child trafficking addressed by government and non-government strategies in South and Southeast Asia: an integrative review.
CONCLUSIONS: The gravity of child trafficking necessitates that interventions address all of the 21 social determinants of child trafficking at all levels of the SEM. The authors found no account on any anti-child-trafficking intervention from four South Asian and five Southeast Asian nations. Dissemination and continuous evaluation of anti-trafficking interventions are warranted. PMID: 30381999 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - November 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gautam Poudel P, Barroso CS Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Educational inequalities in fracture-related mortality using multiple cause of death data in the Sk åne region, Sweden.
Educational inequalities in fracture-related mortality using multiple cause of death data in the Skåne region, Sweden. Scand J Public Health. 2018 Oct 22;:1403494818807831 Authors: Lindéus M, Englund M, Kiadaliri AA Abstract AIM: To assess the absolute and relative educational inequalities in mortality from hip and non-hip fractures in Skåne region, Sweden. METHODS: We conducted a population-based open cohort study. People aged 30-99 years, resident in the region during 1998-2013 ( n = 999, 148) were followed until death, their 100th birthday, relocation outside S...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - October 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lindéus M, Englund M, Kiadaliri AA Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Invisible rights: Barriers and facilitators to access and use of interpreter services in health care settings by Polish migrants in Norway.
CONCLUSIONS: Even though migrants are entitled to free interpreter services, Polish migrants experience several barriers accessing interpreters in health care settings. A variety of practices such as selective use and use of unqualified and ad hoc interpreters reveals a failure to meet recommended standards of interpretation services. Not involving professional interpreters in language-discordant consultations constitutes a serious threat to practitioners' ability to work as competent professionals, potentially risking the quality and safety of health care for these patients. PMID: 30345877 [PubMed - as supplied by pu...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - October 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Czapka EA, Gerwing J, Sagbakken M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Gender empowerment, inequalities and the prevalence of adult female obesity: An empirical analysis using new data, 1990-2013.
CONCLUSIONS: Any conclusion should be treated tentatively given the short temporal domain examined here and uncertainties in the data. While promoting rights and equity for women are still intrinsically valuable and moral, the task of reducing obesity per se may require more targeted public action promoting healthier lifestyles and consumption among vulnerable groups. PMID: 30343641 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: De Soysa I, Lewin OL Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Associations of partnering transition and socioeconomic status with a four-year change in daily steps among Finnish adults.
CONCLUSIONS: In order to promote PA in the general population of adults, it is recommended to pay attention to people with lower SES and those who have had changes in their marital status. These factors could be taken into account when developing strategies to promote PA among the adult population. PMID: 30328367 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - October 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Salin K, Hirvensalo M, Kankaanpää A, Magnussen CG, Yang X, Hutri-Kähönen N, Viikari J, Raitakari OT, Telama R, Tammelin TH Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Depressive symptoms and mental health-related quality of life in adolescence and young adulthood after early parental death.
Bidstrup P Abstract AIMS: Little is known about long-term mental health in young adults who participate in ongoing grief counseling programs after early parental death in childhood, adolescence or young adulthood. The purpose of this study was to examine mental health in young adults according to early parental death and participation in grief counseling. METHODS: In a cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study, we included three samples of young adults age 18-41 years. One sample who had lost a parent between age 0 and 30 years and who had participated in grief counseling identified through fo...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - October 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Appel CW, Frederiksen K, Hjalgrim H, Dyregrov A, Dalton SO, Dencker A, Høybye MT, Dige J, Bøge P, Mikkelsen OA, Johansen C, Envold Bidstrup P Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Smoking during pregnancy in Finland - Trends in the MATEX cohort.
CONCLUSIONS: The observed increase in smoking rate during pregnancy in teenage and young women is concerning. Pregnancy is a trigger point for smoking cessation in a big fraction of pregnant women. More studies are needed to explain the opposite trends of smoking rates in Northern and Western Finland compared with Eastern Finland. PMID: 30328381 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - October 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rumrich IK, Vähäkangas K, Viluksela M, Gissler M, Surcel HM, Korhonen A, De Ruyter H, Hänninen O Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Changes in Smoking During Retirement Transition: A Longitudinal Cohort Study.
We examined the effect of retirement transition on changes in smoking, identified trajectories of smoking around the retirement transition, and investigated factors predicting the membership in the trajectories. METHODS: This longitudinal cohort study included 1,432 current or former smokers who entered into statutory retirement in 2000-2011 and who filled out two to four questionnaires sent at four-year intervals. Effect of retirement on smoking was analysed as a non-randomized pseudo-trial in which we compared the likelihood of quitting and relapsing smoking between two subsequent survey waves among those who retire...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pulakka A, Halonen JI, Pentti J, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J, Stenholm S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The role of social embeddedness for remaining in non-desired workplaces and mental health consequences: Results from Scania Public Health Cohort.
CONCLUSIONS: This study underlines the importance of social embeddedness for NDWs and the development of poor mental health over time. Particularly low social support from co-workers and low workplace affinity seem to be risk factors for future experience of an NDW and impaired mental health. PMID: 30301422 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bernhard-Oettel C, Canivet C, Aronsson G, StengÅRd J, ÖStergren PO Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Workplace inclusion of employees with back pain and mental health problems: A focus group study about employees' experiences.
CONCLUSIONS: Workplace inclusion of employees is difficult when their health problems are unspecific, longstanding, and lead to negative consequences for children or colleagues. System level efforts are necessary to reduce negative stereotypes about employees with health problems and facilitate inclusion practices. PMID: 30301425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ree E, Johnsen TL, Harris A, Malterud K Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Socioeconomic inequalities in health during the Great Recession: A scoping review of the research literature.
CONCLUSIONS: The Great Recession in Europe tends to be followed by increasing socioeconomic inequalities in health. Policymakers should take note of this finding. Widening socioeconomic inequalities in health is a major cause of concern, in particular if health deterioration among 'vulnerable groups' is caused by accelerating cumulative disadvantages. PMID: 30301437 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Heggebø K, Tøge AG, Dahl E, Berg JE Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Precarious work and the risk of receiving a disability pension.
CONCLUSIONS: We recommend the evaluation of several precarious job features in future studies. The risk of receiving a DP could potentially be offset by improving individuals' employability. PMID: 30303039 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ojala S, Pyöriä P Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Completeness and correctness of acute myocardial infarction diagnoses in a medical quality register and an administrative health register.
CONCLUSIONS: The Norwegian Myocardial Infarction Register and the Norwegian Patient Register are adequately complete and correct for administrative purposes, disease surveillance, quality assessment, and research. PMID: 30269654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - September 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Govatsmark RES, Janszky I, Slørdahl SA, Ebbing M, Wiseth R, Grenne B, Vesterbekkmo E, Bønaa KH Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Physical function tests predict incident falls: A prospective study of 2969 men in the Swedish Osteoporotic Fractures in Men study.
CONCLUSIONS: Low results on simple physical tests is a risk factor for incident falls in elderly Swedish men and may facilitate identification of high-risk individuals suitable for fall-intervention programs. PMID: 30269679 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - September 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Cöster ME, Karlsson M, Ohlsson C, Mellström D, Lorentzon M, Ribom E, Rosengren B Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Weight change among normal weight, overweight and obese employees and subsequent diagnosis-specific sickness absence: A register-linked follow-up study.
CONCLUSIONS: Obesity and weight gain were associated with a higher rate of sickness absence, especially due to musculoskeletal diseases among women. Preventing obesity and weight gain likely helps prevent sickness absence. PMID: 30269682 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - September 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Svärd A, Lahti J, Mänty M, Roos E, Rahkonen O, Lahelma E, Lallukka T Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Psychosocial job demand and control: multi-site musculoskeletal pain in Swedish police.
CONCLUSIONS: The psychosocial work environment should be considered when investigating factors related to the health and wellbeing of police. PMID: 30253688 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Larsen LB, Ramstrand N, Fransson EI Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Quality of life and service use amongst parents of young children: Results from the Children and Parents in Focus trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Parental service use and HRQoL is associated not only with their own mental-health status but also with their children's mental-health problems. PMID: 30253689 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nystrand C, Ssegonja R, Sampaio F Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Patterns of complementary and alternative medicine use among Arab immigrants in Denmark: A qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS: Arabic and Islamic medicine is a special form of complementary and alternative medicine, used by some Arab immigrants, which appears to be deeply embedded in their health beliefs within cultural and religious contexts. Healthcare providers should be familiar with diverse health practices and beliefs in order to provide culturally sensitive care and improve the quality of care delivered to ethnic minority patients with different religious backgrounds. PMID: 30253693 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Zeid WA, Andersen JS, Kristiansen M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Heat wave-related mortality in Sweden: A case-crossover study investigating effect modification by neighbourhood deprivation.
CONCLUSIONS: It may not be appropriate to assume that heat waves in Sweden will have the same impact in a northern setting as in a southern, or that the impact of heat waves will be the same in affluent and deprived neighbourhoods. When designing and implementing heat-wave warning systems, neighbourhood, regional and national information should be incorporated. PMID: 30253698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Oudin Åström D, Åström C, Forsberg B, Vicedo-Cabrera AM, Gasparrini A, Oudin A, Sundquist K Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Estimates of prediabetes and undiagnosed type 2 diabetes in Denmark: The end of an epidemic or a diagnostic artefact?
CONCLUSIONS: Estimates of undiagnosed type 2 diabetes and prediabetes are dramatically lower than reported in previous studies (60,681 vs 200,000 and 292,715 vs 750,000); however, whether this reflects a true decrease in incidence or the change to HbA1c-based diagnostic criteria is not clear. PMID: 30222048 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - September 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jørgensen ME, Ellervik C, Ekholm O, Johansen NB, Carstensen B Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Lolland-Falster Health Study: Study protocol for a household-based prospective cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: LOFUS will contribute to the knowledge on health in disadvantaged, rural-provincial areas. PMID: 30222051 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - September 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jepsen R, Egholm CL, Brodersen J, Simonsen E, Grarup J, Cyron A, Ellervik C, Rasmussen K Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

School- and class-level variation in self-harm, suicide ideation and suicide attempts in Danish high schools.
CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that self-harm was common, especially in girls. The degree of clustering of self-harm and suicide behaviour in school and school classes was low. PMID: 30222056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - September 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pisinger VSC, Hawton K, Tolstrup JS Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of the smoking intervention X:IT after the second year: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Although X:IT was effective after the first year of intervention, we were not able to demonstrate any effects after the second year. Implementation of the intervention was lower in the second year compared to the first year which indicates that the missing effect of the intervention at second follow-up is due to lack of implementation. PMID: 30222087 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - September 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Andersen A, Bast LS, Due P, Thygesen LC Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Morbid obesity in the UK: A modelling projection study to 2035.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of morbid obesity is predicted to increase by 2035 across the three UK countries, with Wales projected to have the highest rates. This is likely to have serious health and financial implications for society and the UK health system. PMID: 30160640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Keaver L, Xu B, Jaccard A, Webber L Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The social and psychological health outcomes of team sport participation in adults: An integrative review of research.
CONCLUSIONS: There is consistent evidence that participation in a team sport is associated with improved social and psychological health independent of the type of team sport, age, somatic, or mental health problems. The findings indicate that team sport could be more efficient in promoting health and ensuring exercise participation and continuation than individual sport. However, when utilising team sports for health purposes, precautions must be taken with regard to their inherent competitive nature. PMID: 30113260 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Andersen MH, Ottesen L, Thing LF Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Trends in educational and income inequalities in cardiovascular morbidity in middle age in Northern Sweden 1993-2010.
CONCLUSIONS: The trend of widening income inequalities over 18 years in the middle-aged in Northern Sweden, in the face of stable or even decreasing educational inequalities, is worrisome from a public health perspective, especially as Swedish authorities monitor socioeconomical inequalities exclusively by education. The results show that certain social inequalities in CVD rise and persist even within a traditionally egalitarian welfare regime. PMID: 30113264 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Waenerlund AK, Mosquera PA, Gustafsson PE, San Sebastián M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

A scoping review of research to assess the frequency, types, and reasons for end-of-life care setting transitions.
CONCLUSIONS: This review demonstrates the need to quantify and justify end-of-life care setting transitions as it appears dying people are frequently moved, often as death nears. This research is needed to distinguish transitions related to end-of-life care needs and those arising from pressures on or from care providers and others unrelated to the person's care needs. PMID: 30102574 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - August 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wilson DM, Birch S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Area-level relative deprivation and alcohol use in Denmark: Is there a relationship?
CONCLUSIONS: Area-level measures of relative deprivation were not strongly related to alcohol use, yet in the same models individual-level socioeconomic variables had a more noticeable influence. This suggests that in a stronger welfare state, the impact of area-level relative deprivation may not be as great. Further work is needed to develop more sensitive measures of relative deprivation. PMID: 30101675 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - August 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bloomfield K, Berg-Beckhoff G, Seid AK, Stock C Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Educational inequalities in midlife risk factors for non-communicable diseases in two Norwegian counties 1974-2002.
CONCLUSIONS: In two Norwegian counties, the NCD risk factors showed dynamic patterns during 1974-2002. For blood pressure and serum total cholesterol, the levels showed consistent beneficial changes in all educational subgroups, with a narrowing tendency for educational gradients in men. In women, the educational gradient for smoking increased markedly. Knowledge on midlife trends in the educational gradients of risk factors may help to explain recent and future NCD mortality. PMID: 30080116 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - August 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Graff-Iversen S, Ariansen I, Næss Ø, Selmer RM, Strand BH Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The Norwegian Healthy Life Centre Study: A pragmatic RCT of physical activity in primary care.
CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed that the intervention had no short-term effect on time spent on MVPA or sedentary. This study does not support a strong emphasis on behaviour change on an individual level as a way of targeting general health and risk reduction at a population level. Although less active people benefitted more from the HLC intervention, the intervention was unable to counteract widening of inequity across educational groups. PMID: 30074437 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - August 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Samdal GB, Meland E, Eide GE, Berntsen S, Abildsnes E, Stea TH, Mildestvedt T Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Achievement and participation in schools for young adolescents with self-reported neuropsychiatric disabilities: A cross-sectional study from the southern part of Sweden.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents with self-reported neuropsychiatric disabilities have a disadvantaged situation in school, and are exposed to factors that could have long-term negative effects. More longitudinal research is required to conclude what factors are causing restricted participation and low achievement. PMID: 30070167 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - August 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Carlberg L, Granlund M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Health, Education and Employment Outcomes in Young Refugees in the Nordic Countries: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests pre-migration factors but also post-migration conditions such as perceived discrimination, social support and Nordic language proficiency as important factors for the mental health, education and employment outcomes of young refugees in the Nordic countries. Further Nordic comparative research and studies focusing on the relationship between health, education and employment outcomes are needed. PMID: 30067129 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Borsch AS, de Montgomery CJ, Gauffin K, Eide K, Heikkilä E, Smith Jervelund S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

How are children who are delayed in the Childhood Vaccination Programme vaccinated: A nationwide register-based cohort study of Danish children aged 15-24 months and semi-structured interviews with vaccination providers.
CONCLUSIONS: Vaccination providers generally complied with the recommended minimum 6 months' interval between DTaP-IPV-Hib-2 and DTaP-IPV-Hib-3. Conversely, there was a low compliance with the recommendation to administer DTaP-IPV-Hib-3 and MMR-1 simultaneously. More efforts are needed to ensure timely vaccination. PMID: 30024308 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pedersen KB, Holck ME, Jensen AKG, Suppli CH, Benn CS, Krause TG, Sørup S Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Does sports club participation contribute to physical activity among children and adolescents? A comparison across six European countries.
CONCLUSIONS: The extent to which overall PA and/or VPA is gained through sports club participation versus other settings needs to be further studied. Nonetheless, it can be argued that sports clubs have an important position in PA promotion for younger populations. PMID: 29999480 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kokko S, Martin L, Geidne S, Van Hoye A, Lane A, Meganck J, Scheerder J, Seghers J, Villberg J, Kudlacek M, Badura P, Mononen K, Blomqvist M, De Clercq B, Koski P Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Lobbying against sugar taxation in the European Union: Analysing the lobbying arguments and tactics of stakeholders in the food and drink industries.
CONCLUSIONS: The observed tactics and arguments presented by the FDI in opposition to sugar taxation have striking similarities with those previously used by the tobacco industry. An improved understanding of the stakeholders' mandate and resources and their most important tactics will strengthen the position of public health experts when debating sugar taxation with the FDI, which may contribute to improving population health. PMID: 29974816 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tselengidis A, Östergren PO Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Gender segregation of occupations and sustainable employment: A prospective population-based cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: For both women and men, the gender composition of the occupation they work in seems to be of importance for their future labour market attachment and sickness absence or receipt of a disability pension. PMID: 29974817 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gonäs L, Wikman A, Vaez M, Alexanderson K, Gustafsson K Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Determinants of work disability following lumbar spine decompression surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: To prevent long-term work disability after lumbar spine decompression surgery, specific focus is required on older and female patients, those with mental or somatic comorbidities, high levels of preoperative pain or sickness absence, with a simultaneous lumbar fusion surgery, a low educational level or a non-European immigrant background. PMID: 29974820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wang M, Mittendorfer-Rutz E, Dorner TE, Pazarlis KA, Ropponen A, Svedberg P, Helgesson M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Healthy and sustainable diet and physical activity: the rationale for and experiences from developing a combined summary score.
CONCLUSIONS: Our experiences illustrate the importance of methodological perspectives and scrutiny related to both the development and testing of complex summary scores. Nevertheless, we think that combined summary scores could be applicable for use within epidemiological studies and for measuring the effects of interventions, if accounting for the methodological limitations as far as possible. PMID: 29963968 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bjørnarå HB, Torstveit MK, Bere E Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Sexual health interventions for young people in state care: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: Without making recommendations, the result suggests that group-based educational interventions in general increase knowledge, attitudes and behaviour compared with standard care. However, these findings need to be further investigated, with a special emphasis on cultural context and the involvement of young people. PMID: 29956593 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hammarström S, Stenqvist K, Lindroth M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Ethnic inequalities in child and adolescent health in the Scandinavian welfare states: The role of parental socioeconomic status - a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall poorer health outcomes in non-Western immigrant compared with majority children in Scandinavia cannot be fully explained by SES. Evidence points to additional mechanisms at individual, household, societal or policy levels, including reasons for migration, culture and societal discrimination. Finally, methodological issues may influence study outcomes, e.g. heterogeneity of populations studied and socioeconomic variables included. PMID: 29956595 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mock-Muñoz de Luna CJ, Vitus K, Torslev MK, Krasnik A, Jervelund SS Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Exploring spatial patterns of cardiovascular disease in Sweden between 2000 and 2010.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study can serve as a basis for distribution of health-care resources, preventive measures and exploration of aetiological factors. PMID: 29911498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rajabi M, Mansourian A, Pilesjö P, Åström DO, Cederin K, Sundquist K Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Dementia and road traffic accidents among non-institutionalized older people in Denmark: A Danish register-based nested case-control study.
Abstract AIM: We used register-based data to estimate the effect of all-type dementia on road traffic accidents (RTAs) risk, combined with comorbidities or sedative medicines, among non-institutionalized older people in Denmark. METHODS: The source population was all residents in Denmark aged 65 years and older, alive as of January 1, 2008 ( n = 853,228). Cases were those who had any type of RTA in 2009-2014. Each case was matched for age, sex and geographic location to 4-6 controls. All-type dementia was ascertained using the International Classification of Diseases version 10 (ICD-10) diagnosis supplemented...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Petersen JD, Siersma VD, Depont Christensen R, Storsveen MM, Nielsen CT, Vass M, Waldorff FB Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Mortality, morbidity and follow-up after acute poisoning by substances of abuse: A prospective observational cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Follow-up measures seem targeted to those most in need, though one out of three had none. The mortality rate calls for concern. PMID: 29886813 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Vallersnes OM, Jacobsen D, Ekeberg Ø, Brekke M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Ageing populations in the Nordic countries: Mortality and longevity from 1990 to 2014.
CONCLUSIONS: Developments in cross-country variation suggest that survival until old age has become more similar for Finnish females and more different for Danish males and females compared with the other countries in recent decades. This provides perspectives on the potential to improve longevity in Denmark and Finland. Similarities in LE in old age suggest that expected mortality in old age has been more similar throughout the study period. PMID: 29886814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jørgensen TSH, Fors S, Nilsson CJ, Enroth L, Aaltonen M, Sundberg L, Brønnum-Hansen H, Strand BH, Chang M, Jylhä M Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

Testing a New Tool Assessing Attitude Towards Treatment and Health in Primary Health Care Setting: Senior Patients and Doctors Perspectives.
CONCLUSIONS: The questionnaire is found appropriate for use among patients and doctors, and can be used as a good tool to monitor older patients' ATH and concordance between doctors and patients' perspectives. PMID: 29886819 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lazarewicz MA, Wlodarczyk D, Chylinska J, Jaworski M, Rzadkiewicz M, Adamus M, Haugan G, Lillefjell M, Espnes GA Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

The next step towards more equity in health in Sweden: how can we close the gap in a generation?
Abstract In 2015, a national Commission for Equity in Health was appointed by the Swedish Government. In this paper, some key lines of thought from the three reports published by the Commission are summarised. First, the theories and principles for the Commission's work are outlined, in particular regarding the views taken on how health inequalities arise. Second, the importance of process is discussed in relation to cross-sectorial efforts to reduce inequalities in health. More specifically, this brings up some of the proposals made for how to redesign the public health policy framework for cross-sectorial work. ...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lundberg O Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research

How to apply the evidence-based recommendations for greater health equity into policymaking and action at the local level?
Abstract In 2014, the regional commission for equity in health in the Swedish region of Östergötland, the Östgötacommission, presented their scientific report on health inequities and possible explanatory factors in the region as well as evidence-based recommendations to reduce health disparities. The final report with its 66 recommendations was officially approved by politicians across parties in the region. In the next step, out of the 66 recommendations, 10 areas of action were politically prioritized and declared in a common letter of intent signed by representatives from the municipalities...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Van Vliet J Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research