[Management of Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia].
This article is a consensus of patient representatives and clinicians, which are highly experienced in care of PCD-patients and provides an overview of the management of PCD. Treatments are mainly based on expert opinions, personal experiences, or are deduced from other lung diseases, notably cystic fibrosis (CF), COPD or bronchiectasis. Most strategies focus on routine airway clearance and treatment of recurrent respiratory tract infections. Non-respiratory symptoms are treated organ specific. To generate further evidence-based knowledge, other projects are under way, e. g. the International PCD-Registry. Participating ...
Source: Pneumologie - September 27, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[A Rarely Differential Diagnosis of Exertional Dyspnea].
Authors: Albrecht S, Taube C, Aigner C, Theegarten D Abstract The determination of exercise-induced dyspnea is an important multifaceted task for a differential diagnosis of the pulmonologist. We are reporting the case of a 70-year old female patient at the time of the first presentation with a tumor filling almost the entire left hemithorax. Histologically a solitary pleural fibroma could be diagnosed. PMID: 32927488 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - September 15, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[A Rare Cause of a Eosinophilic Lung Disease].
Authors: Stolpe C, Tannapfel A Abstract A 47-year-old male presented with dyspnoea and pulmonary nodules. He had longstanding asthma, chronic rhinosinusitis and a history of seizures, having been treated with valproic acid for years. A transbronchial biopsy and a bronchoalveolar lavage yielded a eosinophilic bronchitis and alveolitis without any malignant cells. The patient was then treated with oral corticosteroids for a few months, and the antiepileptic medication was switched to levetiracetam. Within a few months the dyspnoea improved and both the pulmonary nodules and the eosinophilia in the full blood count re...
Source: Pneumologie - September 15, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Studies on Factors Influencing Influenza Vaccination Rates in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease].
CONCLUSION : Measures should particularly target COPD patients under 60 years of age with a negative vaccination history and sensitize them as risk patients. Widespread uncertainties about the severity of influenza and vaccination protection should be addressed. It should be communicated that influenza vaccination does not lead to exacerbation. The vaccination recommendation should increasingly be made by pulmonologists. PMID: 32927490 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - September 15, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Changes to the Law on Occupational Diseases and Consequences for Medical Assessment].
Authors: Drexler H, Kraus T, Preisser A, Schiltenwolf M, Skudlik C, Teschler H PMID: 32916742 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - September 12, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Renin-Angiotensin-System (RAS) and COVID-19 - On The Prescription of RAS Blockers].
Authors: Kreutz R, Abd El-Hady Algharably E, Ganten D, Messerli F PMID: 32916743 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - September 12, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[COVID-19 associated pneumonia despite repeatedly negative PCR-analysis from oropharyngeal swabs].
CONCLUSION:  This casuistic describes a case of COVID-19 associated pneumonia presenting with typical clinical features, laboratory and radiological findings. Detection of viral RNA was not successful from deep oral swab-samples despite repeated attempts. Finally, PCR-analysis of sputum confirmed the diagnosis. Analysis of deeper airway samples (sputum, bronchoalveolar lavage, tracheal secretions) or stool for SARS-CoV-2 should be performed in cases of evident clinical suspicion of COVID-19 and negative PCR results from deep oral swabs. PMID: 32916744 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - September 12, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

„Herr Doktor haben Sie nicht was Stärkeres“. Doppelverordnungen und Wirkdauer von Inhalativa bei COPD-Patienten in der pneumologischen Praxis.
„Herr Doktor haben Sie nicht was Stärkeres“. Doppelverordnungen und Wirkdauer von Inhalativa bei COPD-Patienten in der pneumologischen Praxis. Pneumologie. 2020 Sep;74(9):621-623 Authors: Mülleneisen NK PMID: 32916745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - September 12, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Guidelines for the Management of Community Acquired Pneumonia in Children and Adolescents (Pediatric Community Acquired Pneumonia, pCAP) - Issued under the Responsibility of the German Society for Pediatric Infectious Diseases (DGPI) and the German Society for Pediatric Pulmonology (GPP)].
Authors: Rose MA, Barker M, Liese J, Adams O, Ankermann T, Baumann U, Brinkmann F, Bruns R, Dahlheim M, Ewig S, Forster J, Hofmann G, Kemen C, Lück C, Nadal D, Nüßlein T, Regamey N, Riedler J, Schmidt S, Schwerk N, Seidenberg J, Tenenbaum T, Trapp S, van der Linden M Abstract The present guideline aims to improve the evidence-based management of children and adolescents with pediatric community-acquired pneumonia (pCAP). Despite a prevalence of approx. 300 cases per 100 000 children per year in Central Europe, mortality is very low. Prevention includes infection control measures and comprehensive ...
Source: Pneumologie - August 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

Reference Values for Pulmonary Single-Breath Diffusing Capacity - Results of the "Study of Health in Pomerania".
CONCLUSION:  The study provides a novel set of prediction equations for pulmonary single-breath diffusing capacity in an adult Caucasian population. The results are comparable to previously reported equations, underline their importance and draw attention to the need for up-to-date reference equations that adequately take into account both the subjects' origin, age, anthropometric characteristics and the equipment used. PMID: 32820488 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - August 22, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Operability and Pathological Response of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) after Neoadjuvant Therapy with Immune Checkpoint Inhibition].
CONCLUSION:  In selected patients, neoadjuvant therapy with ICI is well tolerated and can induce a complete remission of the tumor. Treatment with ICI has no negative impact on the surgical procedure. Prognosis seems to be promising in CPR and limited in PPR. PMID: 32820489 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - August 22, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Cryobiopsy].
Authors: Böckeler M PMID: 32777842 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - August 13, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Recommendations for Performance of Lung Function in Times of SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic].
Authors: Ochmann U, Nowak D, Criée C, im Auftrag der DGP PMID: 32781472 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - August 13, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Current Aspects of Definition and Diagnosis of Pulmonary Hypertension].
Authors: Lange TJ, Borst M, Ewert R, Halank M, Klose H, Leuchte H, Meyer FJ, Seyfarth HJ, Skowasch D, Wilkens H, Held M PMID: 32707587 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - July 27, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis with Pulmonary and Cardiac Involvement].
CONCLUSION:  Serological detection of elevated ANCAs is not necessary for diagnosis of EGPA. Only 30 - 70 % of patients are positive for these, particularly if neurological and/or renal rather than cardiac and/or pulmonary involvement is present. This may be a pitfall in establishing the correct diagnosis. Induction therapy with cyclophosphamide is the preferred treatment for steroid-refractory EGPA with life-threatening organ involvement. PMID: 32707588 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - July 27, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Lymphangiomatosis: Rare Cause of Pleural Effusion].
Authors: Uhlenbruch M, Keymel S, Krüger S Abstract A 33-year-old man presented to us with slowly progressive dyspnea. At the physical examination we found pleural effusion on the right side, lymph edema of the left lower limb and foot and blotchy map-like skin changes. The pleural puncture revealed a chylous effusion. In whole body MRI we saw the pleural effusion on the right, an increase in lymph vessels in the pelvis and paraaortic, and prominent chylous vessels. There was no bone involvement. The abdominal thoracic duct was enlarged by up to 3 mm. We diagnosed a general lymphatic anomaly (GLA) - lymphangi...
Source: Pneumologie - July 27, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Treatment with Dexamethasone in Patients with COVID-19 - A Position Paper of the German Respiratory Society (DGP)].
Authors: Kolditz M, Dellweg D, Geerdes-Fenge H, Lepper PM, Schaberg T, Ewig S, Pfeifer M, Bauer T PMID: 32674177 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - July 17, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[DZK Recommendations for Tuberculosis, BCG and COVID-19 in Germany - (Official Abbreviation of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Caused by the New Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2)].
Authors: Otto-Knapp R, Häcker B, Breuer C, Diel R, Kaufmann SHE, Korr G, Pfeiffer M, Schaberg T, Schönfeld N, Witte P, Bauer T PMID: 32674189 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - July 17, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[48-Year-Old Triathlete with Severe COVID-19 Pneumonia: Successful and Safe Treatment with Oxygen and CPAP].
We present the case of a 48-year old man, a triathlet, with severe COVID-19 and extensive bilateral pneumonia. On day 7 since onset of symptoms, the patient had fever, cough, rheumatic pain, dyspnea as well as severe hypoxemic respiratory failure (PaO2 49,9 mmHg, PaCO2 35,7 mmHg, Horovitz-Index 130). CT of the lung showed extensive bilateral ground glass opacities.The patient was treated according to a predefined standard, including oxygen supplementation and, after intermittent worsening, with CPAP-ventilation. The patient improved and could be discharged with normal blood gases at ambient air after 12 days of hospita...
Source: Pneumologie - July 17, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[ECMO Therapy in a Case of Severe ARDS Related to COVID-19].
We report the case of a 60-year old female patient with advanced severe lung injury as a consequence of COVID-19-pneumonia. The patient was initially treated with highflow oxygen via nasal cannula (HFNC) and CPAP for two days but had to be intubated and mechanically ventilated. After failure of mechanical ventilation because of persistant severe hypoxemia treatment was switched to ECMO which was applicated for 24 days. Prognostic parameters indicated a favourable trend after day 14. After discontinuation of ECMO and 11 days of intermittent assisted ventilation via tracheostoma and low dose oxygen (1 l/min), the patient c...
Source: Pneumologie - July 17, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Cryobiopsy].
This article explains the method and implementation of transbronchial cryobiopsy. PMID: 32674192 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - July 17, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[The Diagnosis is Obvious].
Authors: Fisser C, Wiest C, Hamer OW, Müller T, Lubnow M, Pfeifer M, Lerzer C, Dvorak I Abstract Clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM) is a rare entity of dermatomyositis. As a rule, CADM presents without muscular involvement. Thus, the level of creatine kinase is most commonly within the normal range. Dermal manifestations of CADM are Gottron's papules and mechanic's hands. In the case of melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 intracellular pathogen sensor (MDa5 antibodies), CADM is often associated with a rapidly progressive and severe form of interstitial lung disease. Pulmonary function te...
Source: Pneumologie - July 16, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Complications after Indwelling Pleural Catheter Implant for Symptomatic Recurrent Benign and Malignant Pleural Effusions].
CONCLUSION:  Small pneumothoraxes are frequent after IPC implantation, but usually do not require specific therapy. IPC infection was detected in 15.1 % of all patients after a median period of 87 days. This was more common in patients with BPE, longer catheter dwell times and large pneumothorax. PMID: 32663890 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - July 16, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Technological Innovations in Pulmonology - Examples from Diagnostics and Therapy].
Authors: Randerath W, Dreher M, Gompelmann D, Held M, Koczulla R, Köhnlein T, Rohde G, Wälscher J, Watz H, Steinkamp G Abstract A significant proportion of the current technological developments in pneumology originate from the various areas of information technology. The spectrum ranges from smartphone apps to be used in daily life or in patient care to the use of artificial intelligence in screening and early detection of diseases. The diagnostic accuracy of apps for symptom analysis is currently very limited. Research projects are performed on the integration of symptoms and functional parameters into ...
Source: Pneumologie - July 16, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Current Aspects of Definition and Diagnosis of Pulmonary Hypertension].
Authors: Lange TJ, Borst M, Ewert R, Halank M, Klose H, Leuchte H, Meyer FJ, Seyfahrth HJ, Skowasch D, Wilkens H, Held M Abstract At the 6th World Symposium on Pulmonary Hypertension (WSPH), which took place from February 27 until March 1, 2018 in Nice, scientific progress over the past 5 years in the field of pulmonary hypertension (PH) was presented by 13 working groups. The results of the discussion were published as proceedings towards the end of 2018. One of the major changes suggested by the WSPH was the lowering of the diagnostic threshold for PH from ≥ 25 to> 20 mmHg mean pulmonary arterial pr...
Source: Pneumologie - July 16, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Chronic Granulomatous Disease: A Rare Differential Diagnosis in Recurrent Pulmonary Infections in Adults].
Authors: Kleymann J, Schütz C, Körholz J, Taube F, Vogler M, Halank M, Kolditz M, Langner S, Geberzahn L, Holotiuk O, Roesler J, Koschel D Abstract Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) should be considered as a differential diagnosis in children and adolescents with frequent infections, especially when caused by certain specific pathogens.This case report describes a 64-year-old female with multiple recurrent and complicated bronchopulmonary infections, caused by common, but also rare pathogens, autoimmune phenomena, malignancies and recurrent organizing pneumonia (OP) with granulomas. Finally, the patient...
Source: Pneumologie - July 10, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Assessment of Asbestos-related Occupational Diseases: Socio-medical and Legal Aspects].
Authors: Schneider J, Baur X, Becker P Abstract Occupational diseases are certain diseases designated as such by law. Whereas the medical conditions are described in guidelines, their recognition is based on judicial administrative procedures. Establishing causality is based on requirements of social law. The basic socio-legal concepts are mentioned and the principles of causality in asbestos-related occupational diseases are listed. Exemplary social court judgments are cited. Judgements may not infrequently differ from the medical point of view. The aim of this article is to describe the correct use of social medi...
Source: Pneumologie - July 10, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Recommendations from the German Respiratory Society for Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Patients with COVID-19].
Authors: Glöckl R, Buhr-Schinner H, Koczulla AR, Schipmann R, Schultz K, Spielmanns M, Stenzel N, Dewey S Abstract The German Respiratory Society (DGP) has commissioned Assembly 12 "Rehabilitation, Prevention and Tobacco Control" to develop recommendations for the implementation of pulmonary rehabilitation in COVID-19 patients. This position paper is based on the current state of knowledge, which develops daily. This position paper describes the health consequences in COVID-19 as well as the indications for pulmonary rehabilitation. Rehabilitative therapies in COVID-19 are already indicated on the wa...
Source: Pneumologie - June 26, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

Stellungnahme zum Leserbrief „Die maskierte Gesellschaft“ von Herrn Prof. Santiago Ewig, Prof. Sören Gatermann und Prof. Sebastian Lemmen.
Stellungnahme zum Leserbrief „Die maskierte Gesellschaft“ von Herrn Prof. Santiago Ewig, Prof. Sören Gatermann und Prof. Sebastian Lemmen. Pneumologie. 2020 Jun 24;: Authors: Dellweg D, Pfeifer M PMID: 32583379 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - June 26, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

Die maskierte Gesellschaft.
Authors: Ewig S, Gatermann S, Lemmen S PMID: 32583380 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - June 26, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Legal Issues of Resource Allocation in the COVID-19 Pandemic - Between Utilitarianism and Life Value Indifference].
Authors: Hübner J, Schewe DM, Katalinic A, Frielitz FS PMID: 32557507 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - June 20, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Autopneumonectomie. A Forgotten Disease].
CONCLUSION:  After autopneumonectomy, postpneumonectomy like syndrome may occur in very rare cases, whereupon operative treatment is mandatory. Any respiratory infections should be treated with antibiotics. Pacemaker electrode placement via the subclavian vein is contraindicated due to the risk of a catastrophic pneumothorax. PMID: 32557508 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - June 20, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[The Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) in Adults].
This article gives an overview with focus on RSV in adults. In addition, molecular pathological characteristics of the virus are explained, research approaches concerning vaccines and therapeutics are mentioned and current problems in management are discussed. PMID: 32557509 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - June 20, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Management of Diagnostic Procedures and Treatment of Sleep Related Breathing Disorders in the Context of the Coronavirus Pandemic - German Respiratory Society (DGP)German Sleep Society (DGSM)].
Authors: Büchner N, Woehrle H, Dellweg D, Wiater A, Young P, Hein H, Randerath W PMID: 32521554 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - June 12, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Analysis of Snoring in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) by Polysomnography and LEOSound].
DISCUSSION:  In nearly 60 % of obstructive apnea events we found snoring during apnea-terminating hyperpnoea. LEOSound is a good diagnostic tool to monitor snoring. It is necessary to clarify why only 60 % of all obstructive events/hyperpnoea develop snoring. From a pathophysiological point of view opening of collapsed upper airway should lead in a very high percentage to turbulences in airstream and committed snoring. PMID: 32492719 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - June 5, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD) - D-A-CH-Expert Statement].
Authors: Greulich T, Fähndrich S, Clarenbach C, Gleiber W, Hautmann H, Heine R, Idzko M, Schmidt-Scherzer K, Skowasch D, Wiewrodt R, Bals R, Koczulla AR PMID: 32492720 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - June 5, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Position Paper of the German Respiratory Society (DGP) on the Impact of Community Masks on Self-Protection and Protection of Others in Regard to Aerogen Transmitted Diseases].
Authors: Dellweg D, Lepper PM, Nowak D, Köhnlein T, Olgemöller U, Pfeifer M PMID: 32455450 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - May 28, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Position Paper of the German Respiratory Society (DGP) on the Impact of Community Masks on Self-Protection and Protection of Others in Regard to Aerogen Transmitted Diseases].
Authors: Dellweg D, Lepper PM, Nowak D, Köhnlein T, Olgemöller U, Pfeifer M PMID: 32434252 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - May 21, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Recommendations for the Treatment of Elderly Patients with COVID-19 from the Taskforce for Gerontopneumology].
Authors: Stieglitz S, Frohnhofen H, Netzer N, Haidl P, Orth M, Schlesinger A PMID: 32434253 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - May 21, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[German Guideline for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis].
Authors: Behr J, Günther A, Bonella F, Dinkel J, Fink L, Geiser T, Geißler K, Gläser S, Handzhhiev S, Jonigk D, Koschel D, Kreuter M, Leuschner G, Markart P, Prasse A, Schönfeld N, Schupp JC, Sitter H, Müller-Quernheim J, Costabel U PMID: 32422671 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - May 20, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

Kommentar zu S. Meinrenken. COPD-Diagnose: FEV1:FVC-Grenzwert best ätigt sich in großen Studien. Pneumologie 2020; 74: 10.
Kommentar zu S. Meinrenken. COPD-Diagnose: FEV1:FVC-Grenzwert bestätigt sich in großen Studien. Pneumologie 2020; 74: 10. Pneumologie. 2020 May;74(5):259 Authors: Windisch W, Criée CP PMID: 32392614 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - May 13, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Acute Dyspnea at Sea Due to Misjudgement of Pre-existing Medical Conditions].
Authors: Heblich F, Kübler C, Jaschke F, Mitterhauser M, Koehler A, Petutschnigg B, Kroll M Abstract A guest on a cruise ship must be disembarked during the voyage due to a probable malignant pleural effusion recurring after puncture and draining part of the fluid. As in this case, patients are often advised by their general practitioners or specialists to take part in an already planned cruise, although complications of existing underlying diseases cannot always be well treated in the on-board hospital. The diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities in the on-board hospital are clearly limited in many aspects c...
Source: Pneumologie - May 13, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[The Course of E-Cigarette Use in Adolescence: A Cohort Study over 18 Months].
Authors: Hanewinkel R, Isensee B, Seidel AK, Goecke M, Morgenstern M PMID: 32384545 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - May 10, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Living with Chronic Disease. A Portrait of Karl Jaspers].
Authors: Herth FJF, Weidmann B PMID: 32384546 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - May 10, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[The Course of E-Cigarette Use in Adolescence: A Cohort Study over 18 Months].
Authors: Hanewinkel R, Isensee B, Seidel AK, Goecke M, Morgenstern M Abstract AIM:  Description of adolescent e-cigarette use over time. METHOD:  In 2017 and 2019, 261 adolescents from North Rhine-Westphalia who had used e-cigarettes at least once a month (mean age: 14.9 years; 33.5 % female) took part in a questionnaire study. RESULTS:  In 2017, 84 adolescents (32.2 %) reported exclusive e-cigarette use (single users), 177 adolescents were classified as dual users (67.8 %) because they consumed a tobacco product (conventional cigarette and/or hookah) in addition to e-cigarettes. During...
Source: Pneumologie - April 24, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Position Paper for the State of the Art Application of Respiratory Support in Patients with COVID-19 - German Respiratory Society].
Authors: Pfeifer M, Ewig S, Voshaar T, Randerath W, Bauer T, Geiseler J, Dellweg D, Westhoff M, Windisch W, Schönhofer B, Kluge S, Lepper PM Abstract Against the background of the pandemic caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2, the German Society for Pneumology and Respiratory Medicine (DGP e.V.), in cooperation with other associations, has designated a team of experts in order to answer the currently pressing questions about therapy strategies in dealing with COVID-19 patients suffering from acute respiratory insufficiency (ARI).The position paper is based on the current knowledge that is evolving daily. Ma...
Source: Pneumologie - April 24, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Management of Patients with COVID-19 - Recommendations from a Palliative Care Perspective].
Authors: Nehls W, Delis S, Haberland B, Maier BO, Sänger K, Tessmer G, Radbruch L, Bausewein C, Diese Handlungsempfehlung wurde erstellt durch die Deutsche Gesellschaft für Palliativmedizin (DGP) mit Unterstützung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Pneumologie und Beatmungsmedizin (DGP e. V.). PMID: 32316056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Pneumologie)
Source: Pneumologie - April 23, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Responsibilities of Weaning Centers during the COVID-19 Pandemic Outbreak - Recommendations for the Assignment of ICU Capacities in COVID-19 Patients as shown by the Berlin-Brandenburg POST-SAVE-Model].
Authors: Wiesner B, Bachmann M, Blum TG, Forchheim S, Geiseler J, Kassin A, Kretzschmar E, Weber-Carstens S, Westhoff M, Witzenrath M, Grohé C Abstract The enormous increase in patients with severe respiratory distress due to the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak requires a systematic approach to optimize ventilated patient at risk flow. A standardised algorithm called "SAVE" was developed to distribute patients with COVID-19 respiratory distress syndrome requiring invasive ventilation. This program is established by now in Berlin. An instrumental bottleneck of this approach is the vacant slot assignment ...
Source: Pneumologie - April 17, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Recommendations for Performing Bronchoscopy in Times of the COVID-19 Pandemic].
Authors: Darwiche K, Ross B, Gesierich W, Petermann C, Huebner RH, Grah C, Gompelmann D, Hetzel J, Holland A, Eisenmann S, Stanzel F, Kempa A, Conrad K, Eberhardt R Abstract COVID-19, caused by coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is a new and ongoing infectious disease affecting healthcare systems worldwide. Healthcare worker are at high risk for COIVD-19 and many have been infected or even died in countries severely affected by COVID-19 like China or Italy. Bronchoscopy causes cough and aerosol production and has to be considered a significant risk for the staff to get infected. Particular recommendations should guide to preve...
Source: Pneumologie - April 16, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research

[Large Pneumothorax in a Sleep Apnea Patient with CPAP without Previously Known Lung and Thoracic Diseases - a Case Report].
Authors: Langner S, Kolditz M, Kleymann J, Tausche K, Almeida AB, Schweigert M, Koschel D Abstract CPAP is the most common treatment for obstructive sleep apnea.Serious complications from this treatment are very rare. Pneumothorax following lung barotrauma under CPAP therapy has been described in case reports only in patients with pre-existing lung and thoracic diseases.A 68-year-old sleep apnea patient without pre-existing lung or thoracic diseases and with established CPAP therapy since many years was admitted to the hospital after a severe thoracic pain event with persistent shortness of breath. Chest radiograph...
Source: Pneumologie - April 11, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research