Drowning physiology and the effective factors on drowning in Guilan's beaches and swimming pools
Conclusions: Obviously, the sequence of events of drowning is different in freshwater from that of drowning in salt water because fresh water is hypotonic to blood, while sea water is hypertonic. Drowning in sea water has a different sequence compared with drowning in sea water (containing 3.5% salt) which is hypertonic to blood (0.9% salt). Various studies have concluded that spontaneous resuscitation of people with near drowning and drowning or asphyxia (without breath), is possible which requires a series of initial measures. Moreover, according to the results of this study, drowning incidence was higher in men and youn...
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Effects of standard measures in pools safety and safe-making strategies
Conclusions: Examining case studies showed Iranian pools do not have the required safety features. Providing and observing guidelines for designing in the implementation and construction of pools can promote the pools ’ quality and safety in the optimum level. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A presentation of drowning detection system on coastal lines using image processing techniques and neural network
Conclusions:For detecting drowning in sea beaches, the neural network is the best approach with the highest precision. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Drowning during 2011-2017 in Langarud County
Conclusions: This study showed that drowning in Langarud County is an important issue beyond the province. For decreasing drowning cases, it is recommended to take the measures including making young and adolescent men aware of the dangers and reasons of drowning, youth swimming training, informing people of the risk of swimming outside the protected areas, and developing plans and improving rescue systems. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Designing a first-aid kit for use in commercial and fishing vessels based on possible types of injuries
Conclusions: Today, even systems equipped with numerous supplies for rapid rescue and transportation such as NATO rescue systems still provide their medical staff with high quality equipment. In other words, NATO troops, which benefit from a variety of protective and anti-bullet covers, as well as diverse and fast-moving vehicles for rescue and transportation, still have special emphasis on relief efforts at the scene of the incident. Therefore, it is desirable to pay special attention to the rescue and relief in both military and civilian floating vessels. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Study of the effect of health education based on the transtheoretical model in increasing the knowledge of the population covered by shaft Ahmadsargorab Healthcare Center to prevent drowning in 2017
Conclusions: This study showed using health education models plays an important role in promoting population knowledge and preventing drowning. The results of this study can be generalized to other populations. It is hoped that this study be a starting point for paying more attention to the use of health education models to prevent drowning and promote the health of our society. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Study of drowning in fresh and salt water
Conclusions:The risk of drowning is not merely on busy beaches and can threaten people wherever there is water. Given the possible complications that may occur due to the ingestion of plenty of water after swimming in these places, education and increasing knowledge of people, as well as observing the safety points in this regard is necessary. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiologic study of drowning in Mashhad during 2014-2017
Conclusions: Most of the drowning victims were children. Therefore, it is essential for parents to protect their children close to water, especially in private areas such as pools in gardens. We should make such places safe. Safety equipment, protection and training should also be given special attention in public swimming pools and recreational facilities. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A five-year review on death of 1-59 month children due to drowning in Hormozgan province
Conclusions: Sensitizing families, NGOs and policymakers seems to be very effective in preventing drowning in children. Therefore, it should be considered as a health priority in the country. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The status of drowning in 1 to 5-month-old children outside the hospital, Tabriz between 2013 and 2017
Conclusions:Since children under the age of 5 and especially between the ages of 1-4 years old were the groups with the highest risk of drowning, this age group should be focused for prevention strategies, by fencing the pools, preventing children from playing under the bridges and on the way of flood, and not leaving them alone. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Hourly time series model in drowning-induced mortality in Guilan and Mazandaran provinces
Conclusions: The study showed drowning peak time occurs at noon when it is warming and the swimmer may be neglected. Therefore, we can educate and made the society, especially parents, aware of the issue to help prevent and reduce the frequency of drowning. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiology of drowning in children and adolescents survived by Guilan's EMS from 2016 to 2017
Conclusions: As the number of drowning cases has increased 7.7% in 2017 compared to 2016 and children under  5 years of age (1-5 years old) are among high risk groups of drowning, they should be focused for prevention strategies. Authorities in charge should prioritize the issues of controlling and prevention of such events for children.   (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of microbial and physicochemical properties of water in swimming pools of Guilan province in 2017
This study showed a significant relationship between swimming pool water and the absence of free chlorine, high turbidity, and the presence of heterotrophic microorganisms and thermoduric coliforms (P
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The epidemiological study of rescue missions following drowning accidents at the pre-hospital emergency system of Mazandaran province from March 23 to September 22, 2017
Conclusions: Most of the drowning cases occurred outside of the patrolled area in the young and productive age group of society. Therefore, it seems necessary to establish and develop sea-protected shores, as well as provide proper education. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The co-word analysis and visualization of a 10-year international research on drowning
Conclusions: The result of this study will help researchers to develop, plan and increase the qualitative and quantitative levels of their research on drowning. Similar to developed countries, developing research can help improve the culture and general education to prevent drowning in developing countries.  (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiology and prevention of drowning in Iran
Conclusions: As the highest number of drowning occurs in seas and summer, and the highest number of years of life lost happens in the age group of adolescents and young people, it seems that these features need paying more attention in planning and designing the necessary interventions. Considering the main risk factors for drowning, integrated effort and management developing and regulating the rules and standards of the swimming zones and, most importantly, developing education and skills and managing drowning and training the resuscitation skills to reduce the resulting complications are effective in implementing s...
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Study of rip currents as one of the causes of swimmers' drowning in the Caspian Sea
Conclusions: A swimmer who can keep on the surface of the water would be safe, but when the swimmer is on the way of the current, he/she must never counteract it and swim in the opposite direction. The swimmer should float along the rip current and enter the outside of the wave breaking area seawards.  (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The risk management of drowning in the Northern provinces of Iran
Conclusions: Relief and rescue equipment in coastal provinces need to be increased quantitatively and qualitatively, and basic measures should be taken to improve the personal and public health in these areas. Paying attention and proper management in some primary issues can prevent the occurrence of drowning events. The appropriate measures included equipping survivors with rescue equipment and paying disbursement fees based on the salary table of the Life-saving Federation, informing the risks of swimming through the national media, and increasing the number of fixed and mobile relief and rescue posts on the be...
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiological study of drowning on coastal line of Bandar-e Anzali from 2015 to 2017
Conclusions: Since the most number of accidents has occurred outside the patrolled zone, it is suggested to widen the coastal health zones, install warning signs out of the zones, and  employ the skilled personnel to assist swimmers in the coastal lines. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The challenges of establishing drowning registration system in Iran
Conclusions: The drowning registration system has many challenges that can mostly be solved by providing appropriate funding and right registering of drowning and purchasing appropriate equipment. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Domestic violence against women in Shiraz, South-western Iran
Conclusions: More than half of the married women in southwestern Iran are experiencing domestic violence, and mental domestic violence is the most common type. Economic instability and witnessing domestic violence in childhood are the most correlates of domestic violence. Family violence preventive services and other population-based measures are highly necessary for this region. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - July 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Bicycle-related traumatic injury hospitalizations: six years descriptive analysis in Qatar
Conclusions: BRTI is relatively uncommon in Qatar; however, it is characterized by a distinct epidemiology with a considerable mortality. Young male nationals, recreational cyclists and expatriate young commuter cyclists comprise the majority of victims and should be the focus of primary prevention efforts. Complementary prevention should aim at enforcing helmet laws to reduce fatal head injuries, and educating motorists of safer practices around cyclists. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - July 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The relationship of severity of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress with sleep quality in earthquake survivors in Kermanshah
Conclusions: Severity of depression, anxiety, and stress can predict changes in total sleep quality of the those affected by earthquake. Stress can be considered as the sole predictor of total sleep quality and the only factor that can explain components of sleep quality. The implications of the present study are debatable. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - July 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Causes and consequences of adolescent dating violence: a systematic review
Conclusions: The knowledge produced in the studies reviewed reveals the urgency and importance of implementing early preventive actions in schools, involving families and the community. These should focus on the deconstruction of current cultural gender patterns, based on their historical origin, in order to support emancipatory and liberating pedagogical approaches. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - July 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Beliefs and performances of elementary school students to prevent road traffic injuries, using Health Belief Model: a study from Hamadan, Iran
Conclusions: Regarding prevention of RTIs, knowledge and performance of the studied students are undesirable. The study findings can help designing more appropriate prevention programs for them. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - June 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors related to cell phone use while driving based on the Theory of Planned Behavior among university students in Kerman, Iran
Conclusions: Texting while driving is prevalent among college students in Kerman; and intention and willingness to do this, is affected by several factors. Our findings suggest needs for the individual and peer- group training, and increasing awareness about the dangers of using cell phones while driving among this sample. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - June 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Challenges of establishing a road traffic injury surveillance system: a qualitative study in a middle-income country
Conclusions: By creating a clear structure for a road traffic injury surveillance system, identifying data collection systems and stakeholders in the field of road safety and injury prevention, determining a clear goal for improving road safety, and formulating policies for the dissemination of road traffic crash data among stakeholders, it will be possible to overcome the obstacles to establishing a surveillance system for road traffic injury. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - June 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Red light violation and pedestrians ’ modal salient beliefs about unsafe road crossing behavior: a qualitative study
Conclusion: Based on the major findings, reducing pedestrians ’ red light violations needs to focus: on the perceived negative and positive consequences and feelings of this behavior like getting injured, and saving time respectively; on the approval role of friends/peers, and the disapproval role of family; and on the fear of accident as a barrier, and rush ing as a facilitating factor. More precise quantitative research is needed to determine the predictive power of these factors in such risky behavior. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - June 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A systematic review of quality of reporting in registered intimate partner violence studies: where can we improve?
Conclusions: We identified an opportunity to improve reporting quality by encouraging adherence to reporting guidelines. There should be a particular focus on ensuring that pilot studies report pilot-specific items. All researchers have a responsibility to ensure commitment to high quality reporting to ensure transparency in IPV studies. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - May 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Road traffic injuries measures in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Status Report on Road Safety – 2015
Conclusions: Although the Eastern Mediterranean Region member states have some important preventive measures recommended by World Health Organization, considerable efforts are still needed to optimize the enforcement of existing road safety laws. The maximum urban speed limit should be reduced in many countries. Sufficient attention should be paid to the needs of pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists, who together make up about 50% of Eastern Mediterranean Region road traffic deaths. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - May 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Do Mother-Child Conversations about Safety Differ in Middle- and Low-Income Families?
Conclusions: Differences in how middle- and low-income families discuss safety may contribute to differences in the development of children ’s skill in evaluating potentially dangerous situations. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - May 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Meta-analysis of the correlation between personality characteristics and risky driving behaviors
Conclusions: Therefore, it appears that individuals most likely to engage in risky driving behaviors would be low in agreeableness, but high in neuroticism, sensation seeking and driving anger. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - April 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Aggression and its predictors among elementary students
Conclusions: Aggression among children and adolescents is getting alarmingly prevalent. The Social Cognitive Theory is the appropriate framework for the prediction of aggression behaviors in children and adolescents. Therefore, designing and implementing educational interventions based on this theory can help with the management of aggression in children and adolescents.  (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - April 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A contemporary review of adult bladder trauma
Injuries to the bladder are infrequent and commonly result from blunt, penetrating, or iatrogenic trauma. Bladder injuries may be missed as they often present concomitantly with other abdominal and pelvic injuries; however, early detection and treatment are essential as morbidity and mortality may be significant. Gross hematuria, especially in the setting of pelvic fractures, may be indicative of a bladder injury which can be confirmed with cystography. Extraperitoneal injuries are commonly managed conservatively with catheter drainage while intraperitoneal ruptures traditionally required surgical exploration and closure. ...
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - April 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Socio-cognitive determinants of safe road-crossing behaviors: an application of the prototype willingness model
Conclusions: The results have a number of implications. In particular, PWM-based interventions should focus on willingness in order to encourage safer road-crossing behavior among pedestrians. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - February 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exploring barriers and challenges in protecting residential fire-related injuries: a qualitative study
Conclusions: Based on participants` experiences, unintentional fire-related injuries in residential buildings are affected by cultural context and economic, social and geographical factors. Improving the safety against unintentional fire-related injuries in residential buildings requires multidisciplinary operations including both change and improvement of the building construction and change in the beliefs and practices of residents to increase safety against fires. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - February 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk of 90-day readmission in patients after firearm injury hospitalization: a nationally representative retrospective cohort study
Conclusion: The patients surviving a firearm injury have a substantial risk of subsequent hospitalizations, higher than pedestrian or occupant MVC injuries. Medicaid is disproportionately burdened by the costs of treatment of firearm injury. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - January 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Intimate partner problems and suicide: are we missing the violence?
Conclusions: We did find supporting evidence of our hypothesis that there is a great deal of underlying and outright violence in intimate relationships, which is exacerbating the risk of suicide. This detailed coding schema guided abstractors to better identify intimate partner violence in suicides, which could be easily replicated. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - January 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Continuous post-disaster physical rehabilitation: a qualitative study on barriers and opportunities in Iran
Conclusions: Providing disaster relief physical rehabilitation has faced many barriers in Iran. However, there are some facilitators in the country that could help provide these services. Finally, the feasibility of post-disaster physical rehabilitation services delivery completely depends on the current national rehabilitation system. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - January 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The infant with bilateral skull fractures: diagnostic considerations in consultation with a child abuse pediatrician
 Abstract:Bilateral skull fractures in infancy may result from accidental or abusive injury. Consultation with a child abuse pediatrician may assist with determining the likelihood of accident or abuse.  Diagnostic considerations for the infant with bilateral skull fractures are reviewed, including single impact, double impact, and compression mechanisms of injury, as well as the possibility of accessory sutures as skull fracture mimics, Illustrative cases exemplify the evaluative process, including obtaining a detailed history,  assessing for the presence or absence of additional physical or radiographic si...
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - January 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The iTClamp in the Treatment of Prehospital Craniomaxillofacial Injury - A Case Series Study
Conclusions: CMF injuries are common in both civilian and military settings.  Current options like direct manual pressure (DMP) often do not work well, are formidable to maintain on long transports and Raney clips are a historical suggestion. The iTClamp offers a new option for control of external hemorrhage from open wounds within compressible zones.   (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - January 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Experience of violence among street prostitutes; a qualitative study in Iran
Conclusion: To improve general health of this group, it is recommended that they should be supported by social institutions and to provide psychological consultations. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - January 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Preventive measures for fire-related injuries and their risk factors in residential buildings: a systematic review
Conclusion: There are found features in residential buildings and residents that can be related to fire hazard and fire-related injuries and deaths. The most important point of this study is to focus on preventive strategies including environmental modification, promotion of safety rules and changes in risk behavior among residents. These important issues should be paid more attention to safety promotion and injury prevention in relation to building fires by policy makers. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - November 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluating the Relationship between Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Riding Behavior of Motorcyclists
This study aimed to analyze the relationship between adult ADHD and risky riding behavior of motorcyclists.Methods: The community-based cross-sectional study was run on 340 motorcyclists in Bukan, during 2015 and 2016, using a cluster-random sampling in 7 areas of the city. Using the city map provided by Bukan ’s Health Center, the city was divided into 14 clusters according to the areas covered by health centers. Then, 7 clusters (out of 14) were selected randomly. To achieve the anticipated sample size, the data was collected from these 7 clusters. In this study, the data collection instruments were: standard Motor...
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - July 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The relationship between healthcare providers ’ performance regarding women experiencing domestic violence and their demographic characteristics and attitude towards their management
Conclusions: To improve HCPs ’ performance regarding DV, paying attention to other related factors (i.e., training, employing HCPs with high professional experience, and codifying guidelines) is essential. Moreover, elements which result in the creation of positive attitudes and taking care of DV victims should be encouraged.Abstract:Background: Domestic violence (DV) can threaten women ’s health. Healthcare providers (HCPs) may be the first to come into contact with a victim of DV. Their appropriate performance regarding a victim of DV can decrease its complications. The aim of the present study was to investi...
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - July 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Using Work Ability Index and work-related stress to evaluate the physical and mental fitness of Iranian telecom tower climbers
Conclusions: To improve the worker ’s work ability, intervention programs should focus on promoting level of job control, sleep quality and exercise. Additionally, implementing a comprehensive macroergonomics and participatory program for increase involvement the workers in organization changes should be considered. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - July 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

How much self-poisoning attempts are visible in Iran?
Conclusions: Lower values of SVF of DSP indicate that individuals committing suicide do not ask others for help and saying their SA intents. The higher the degree of visibility, the lower the rates of committing and repeating SAs. To increase the visibility of SA, therefore, the one way is to prevent and reduce SA repetition. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - July 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Frequency of complications of falling from the walnut tree, as an occupational-seasonal injury
Conclusions: Injuries caused by falling from walnut trees are seasonal and impose large financial burden on our health system. In most cases, young men suffer from varying degrees of disability and experience financial problems. It is very important to train farmers and workers, so as to prevent such injuries.Keywords: Accidental Fall, Walnut Tree, Occupational Injury (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - June 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors influencing pre-hospital care time intervals in Iran: a qualitative study
Conclusion: Despite more focus on physical resources, cooperation from members of the public needs to be taken in account in order to achieve better pre-hospital management of the various intervals, possibly through the use of public education campaigns. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - June 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors influencing pre - hospital care time intervals in Iran: a qualitative study
Conclusion: Despite more focus on physical resources, cooperation from members of the public needs to be taken in account in order to achieve better pre-hospital management of the various intervals, possibly through the use of public education campaigns. (Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research)
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - June 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research