Anthrax-based epidemiological surveillance in Western Mexico
Salvador Valle-Reyes, Tiburcio Lizama-Munguía, Jorge A Salazar-Barragán, José B Soto-Castellan, Erika J Verján-Carrillo, Francisco Espinoza-Gómez, Perla A Rios-Flores, Gabriel Ceja-Espíritu, Iván Delgado-Enciso, Uriel A López-LemusJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2019 11(2):87-88 (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - May 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Salvador Valle-Reyes Tiburcio Lizama-Mungu & #237;a Jorge A Salazar-Barrag & #225;n Jos & #233; B Soto-Castellan Erika J Verj & #225;n-Carrillo Francisco Espinoza-G & #243;mez Perla A Rios-Flores Gabriel Ceja-Esp & #237;ritu Iv & #225;n Delgado-Enciso Uri Source Type: research

Anemia in pregnant women with Hepatitis B viral DNA in Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Theodora P Etu-Efeotor, Hannah E OmunakweJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2019 11(2):86-87 (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - May 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Theodora P Etu-Efeotor Hannah E Omunakwe Source Type: research

A case of lipotourism-associated multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium abscessus infection
We present a case of a 49-year-old woman who acquired a highly multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium abscessus skin and soft-tissue infection after cosmetic abdominoplasty that required radical surgical debridement and 6 months of intravenous therapy to eradicate. This case highlights the challenges in the management of M. abscessus infections including delay to diagnosis and resistance patterns that are likely to become more common despite antibiotic stewardship efforts. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - May 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rose Anne Lee Robin Wigmore Source Type: research

The largest American study comparing transient elastography and the aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index score, two noninvasive tests for liver fibrosis staging in HIV/HCV coinfected patients
Conclusions: This may be a benchmark study to further enhance our understanging of the utility of the fibroscan. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - May 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jason Dazley Elaine Szabela A Adebara Prerak Shukla Raymund Sison Jihad Slim Source Type: research

A prospective study on impact of early initiation of antiretroviral therapy in human immunodeficiency virus-positive adults on immunological status and adverse events
Conclusions: The CD4 count <200/μl at the initiation of ART and treatment duration <1 year proved to be predictors for ADRs. Early initiation of ART in HIV-positive patients can improve immunological status and decrease in the incidence of ADRs. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - May 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Vikas Kumar Jatinder Singh Source Type: research

Empiric antibiotic therapy in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in a general hospital in Saudi Arabia
Conclusion: The most commonly used antibiotics were levofloxacin, ceftriaxone, imipenem-cilastatin, and azithromycin. The data call for further refinement and prospective audit of antibiotic use in CAP, especially in non-ICU settings. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - May 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq Hisham Momattin Kareem Hinedi Source Type: research

Effect of temperature and altitude difference on tuberculosis notification: A systematic review
Conclusion: This review provides qualitative evidence that TB notification rates increase with temperature and decrease with altitude. The findings of this review will encourage policymakers and program managers to consider seasonality and altitude differences in the design and implementation of TB prevention and control strategies. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - May 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw Weiwei Yu Ricardo J Soares Magalh & #227;es Yibeltal Assefa Gail Williams Source Type: research

Antimicrobial resistance profile and Nim gene detection among Bacteroides fragilis group isolates in a university hospital in South India
Conclusions: Resistance to the most commonly used empirical anti-anaerobic drugs including Mtz was noted in the isolates of B. fragilis group. Routine anaerobic cultures when indicated and continual surveillance of antimicrobial resistance among the anaerobic bacterial pathogens is essential. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - May 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shashidhar Vishwanath Padmaja Ananth Shenoy Kiran Chawla Source Type: research

Fighting antimicrobial resistance: Status paper with action points by organized medicine academic guild
Sunil Kumar Raina, Sagar Galw.ar, Akshay C Dhariwal, Ramesh Bhatt, Raman Kumar, Ishwar Gilada, Praveen Aggarwal, S Vimal Krishnan, Santosh Soans, RP Srivastva, Udhay BodhankarJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2019 11(2):54-58 (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - May 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sunil Kumar Raina Sagar Galwankar Akshay C Dhariwal Ramesh Bhatt Raman Kumar Ishwar Gilada Praveen Aggarwal S Vimal Krishnan Santosh Soans RP Srivastva Udhay Bodhankar Source Type: research

State of the globe: Antimicrobial resistance: Are we ready ?
Sunil Kumar RainaJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2019 11(2):53-53 (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - May 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sunil Kumar Raina Source Type: research

Erratum: Studying communication problems for emergency management of SARS and H7N9 in China
Journal of Global Infectious Diseases 2019 11(1):52-52 (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - February 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Acute sensorimotor deficit as a lone manifestation of neurocysticercosis: An important differential diagnosis in emergency departments of developed countries
Hansen Deng, John K Yue, Paul J Sampognaro, Nicole RosendaleJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2019 11(1):50-51 (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - February 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hansen Deng John K Yue Paul J Sampognaro Nicole Rosendale Source Type: research

Recurrence of Citrobacter koseri-associated intra-abdominal infection 2 years after spilled gallstones during laparoscopic cholecystectomy
We report the case of a 70-year-old diabetic male who presented with C. koseri- associated subhepatic abscess. Two years prior, he had emphysematous cholecystitis and liver abscess caused by C. koseri. During his LC, gallstones were spilled in the abdominal cavity and every effort was made to retrieve them. However, 2 years later, an aspiration of the subhepatic abscess revealed cholesterol fragments. We hypothesize that dislodged cholesterol gallstones and bile, contaminated with C. koseri, were the culprits for the appearance of the subhepatic abscess with the same organism 2 years after the LC. (Source: Journal of Globa...
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - February 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kelly Cummings Teresa Khoo Timothy Pal George Psevdos Source Type: research

Fatal oculocutaneous ecthyma gangrenosum in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: Case report and review of the literature
Eshan B Henshaw, Affiong A Ibanga, Derima P ObajiJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2019 11(1):43-46 Ecthyma gangrenosum (EG) is a rare, infective skin disease, predominantly but not exclusively caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It is often seen in individuals with immunosuppression, although it has also been reported among previously healthy individuals. It was initially thought to be pathognomonic of P. aeruginosa septicemia, but this assertion was discarded following several reports on EG without bacteremia and EG with varied bacterial and fungal etiologies. There are scant reports of its association with human immu...
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - February 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eshan B Henshaw Affiong A Ibanga Derima P Obaji Source Type: research

Global contributors to antibiotic resistance
Conclusion: Overall, multiple factors, which are distinct for developing and developed countries, contribute to the increase in the prevalence of antibiotic resistance globally. The results highlight the need to improve the regulatory framework for antibiotic use and research globally. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - February 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Aastha Chokshi Ziad Sifri David Cennimo Helen Horng Source Type: research

Changes in the pneumococcal vaccine serotypes in adult noninvasive pneumonia after the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccination for children
Conclusions: The frequency of NVTs in adult pneumococcal pneumonia increased in 2013, with the frequency exceeding that of the vaccine forms in 2015. Regular PCV vaccination of children and multigeneration housing seem to be associated with this reversed trend. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - February 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hiroaki Takeda Chisa Sato Chang Bin Midori Nishidzuka Mari Watanabe Tomoka Yamamoto Hiroki Suzuki Kazunori Oishi Fumihiro Tsuchida Source Type: research

Analysis of anti-toxoplasma immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin M antibody levels after intervention with Curcuma Longa extract on early pregnant mice with acute toxoplasmosis
Conclusion: The administration of C. longa extract at a dose of 125 mg/kg/day for 7 days effectively decreased anti-Toxoplasma IgG-IgM antibody level in early pregnant mice with acute toxoplasmosis. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - February 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tigor Peniel Simanjuntak Mochammad Hatta Andi M Tahir Robert H Sirait Marni B Karo Titus Tambaib Ressy Dwiyanti Rizki Amelia Noviyanthi Ade Rifka Junita Source Type: research

Co-infection of herpes simplex virus type 2 and HIV infections among pregnant women in Ibadan, Nigeria
Conclusion: The seroprevalence of HSV-2 in this pregnant population is lower than what is observed in some other Sub-Saharan African countries; however, HSV-2/HIV co-infection is high. The HSV-2-seronegative women are still susceptible to primary HSV-2 infection in pregnancy with increased risk for HIV co-infection and neonatal transmission. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - February 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Chinenye Gloria Anaedobe Tinuade Adesola Ajani Source Type: research

Factors associated with mortality in immunocompetent patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia
Conclusions: The factors associated with mortality were MV dependency, HAP duration of treatment, acute kidney injury, and hematologic disease. Early recognition of these factors in immunocompetent patients with HAP and treatment with intensive care may improve the outcome. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - February 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Pavaruch Sangmuang Aroonrut Lucksiri Wasan Katip Source Type: research

Clinico-epidemiological study of viral acute encephalitis syndrome cases and comparison to nonviral cases in children from Eastern India
Conclusions: Viral etiology forms a significant proportion of pediatric AES. Morbidity and mortality are high in viral compared to nonviral AES. Herpes encephalitis (HSV-I) is the most common cause of pediatric AES in Eastern India. Viral AES has poor prognosis compared to nonviral AES. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - February 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sandeep Kumar Tripathy Pravakar Mishra Bhagirathi Dwibedi Lipsa Priyadarshini Rashmi Ranjan Das Source Type: research

Treating more with less: Effectiveness and event outcomes of antituberculosis fixed-dose combination drug versus separate-drug formulation (Ethambutol, Isoniazid, Rifampicin and Pyrazinamide) for pulmonary tuberculosis patients in real-world clinical practice
Conclusion: The FDC formulation has better sputum conversion rate at 2 months compared to conventional EHRZ regime as separate-drug formulation. It was also observed that FDC has a slight protective effect against all-cause death among TB patients. This protective effect of FDC, however, still needs to be proven further. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - February 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jacqueline Mui Lan Lai Su Lan Yang Richard Avoi Source Type: research

State of the globe: Effect of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines on nonvaccine-type invasive pneumococcal disease
Sunil Kumar RainaJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2019 11(1):1-1 (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - February 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sunil Kumar Raina Source Type: research

Disseminated protothecosis caused by Prototheca zopfii in a liver transplant recipient
We report a case of fatal algaemia caused by Prototheca zopfii in a patient who underwent liver transplant. Tissue diagnosis is mandatory for diagnosing rare entities in seriously ill, immunocompromised individuals. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - November 29, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Polati Vishnu Rao Nandini Sethuraman Yamunadevi Ramanathan Ram Gopalakrishnan Source Type: research

Lung cancer screening reveals a nonspiculated nodule: Histoplasmosis
We report the case of a middle aged man, 43-pack-years active smoker, who upon radiographic screening for lung cancer found to have a non-spiculated lung nodule concerning for malignancy. Histologic evaluation of this lesion turned out to be a nodule due to Histoplasma capsulatum. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - November 29, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Teresa Khoo Gary Clarke George Psevdos Source Type: research

Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing community-acquired urinary tract infections in children: Chart review of risk factors
Conclusion: The antimicrobial sensitivity pattern in our study showed increased resistance to cephalosporins, cotrimoxazole, fluoroquinolones and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid which are frequently used in the treatment of UTI, with most isolates being sensitive to aminoglycosides, piperacillin-tazobactam and carbapenems. Statistical analysis did not identify any significant risk factor that predisposes to ESBL UTI. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - November 29, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sundaram Balasubramanian Dhanalakshmi Kuppuswamy Swathi Padmanabhan Vaishnavi Chandramohan Sumanth Amperayani Source Type: research

Rectal carriage of carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae: A menace to highly vulnerable patients
Conclusion: This study highlights very high rate of CRE carriage among the hematological malignancy patients; who are highly vulnerable to infection. This confirms the need of infection control prevention activities among the hematological malignancy patients. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - November 29, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Amarjeet Kumar Sarita Mohapatra Sameer Bakhshi Manoranjan Mahapatra V Sreenivas Bimal K Das Seema Sood Arti Kapil Source Type: research

Multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Iran: A systematic review and metaanalysis
Conclusion: Our findings are of concern since they demonstrate the high prevalence rate of MDR P. aeruginosa in the majority of Iranian hospitals. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - November 29, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hamid Vaez Amin Salehi-Abargouei Zahra Rashki Ghalehnoo Farzad Khademi Source Type: research

Action of colloidal bismuth hydroxide gel and its commercial cream on enteropathogens and colonizers of the gastrointestinal tract
Conclusions: We believed that the results obtained in this study are very promising from the treatment standpoint, as a possible treatment for cases of diagnosis or suspicion of bacterial gastroenteritis. The antimicrobial and attachment effects of CBCHP are exclusively due to its active ingredient CBHG; these effects are promoted in the presence of E. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - November 29, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tom & #225;s Subils Cecilia Casabonne Agustina Gonz & #225;lez Virginia Aquili Claudia E Balagu & #233; Source Type: research

Hospital-based surveillance: Accuracy, adequacy, and timeliness of dengue case report in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia of 2015
Conclusions: The timeliness of report was varied, ranging from days to month. The accuracy of dengue cases was good, but the adequacy and timely reporting should be strengthened. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - November 29, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Riyadi Adrizain Djatnika Setiabudi Alex Chairulfatah Source Type: research

Comparative proteomic profiling of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the Thai vaccine strain Mycobacterium bovis Bacille Calmette & #8211;Guerin Tokyo172: Diverse biomarker candidates for species differentiation
Conclusions: Proteomic approach reveals key proteins participating in different species of Mycobacteria, and may be useful for discrimination between MTB and the BCG Tokyo172 infection. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - November 29, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Songsri Kasempimolporn Pornpimol Premchaiporn Wichit Thaveekarn Supatsorn Boonchang Visith Sitprija Source Type: research

CSE-1034 versus ceftriaxone: Efficacy and safety analysis from a randomized, open-labeled phase III study in complicated urinary tract infections
Conclusions: CSE-1034 3 g every 24 h showed a high favorable clinical and bacteriological response, and 95% CI around the treatment difference prove the superiority of CSE-1034 vs. Ceftriaxone for the treatment of cUTI. Therefore, CSE-1034 provides an effective alternative in the treatment of patients with cUTI. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - November 29, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Manu Chaudhary Shiekh Gazalla Ayub Mohd Amin Mir Members of Study Group* Source Type: research

Prediction of cardiovascular disease risk using framingham and data on adverse effect of antiretroviral drugs risk equation in relation to lipodystrophy in HIV patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy
Conclusion: Our study emphasizes the need for early recognition of cardiovascular risk in HIV-infected patients on HAART, especially in those with lipodystrophy and advocates effective use of risk calculators in these patients. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - November 29, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Deepak Kumar Gopal Krishna Bohra Madhulata Agarwal Sayendra Khichar Shyama Choudhary Naresh Midha Source Type: research

Studying communication problems for emergency management of SARS and H7N9 in China
Conclusion: Communication is very important in the prevention and control of infectious diseases. From SARS to H7N9, the progress had been made in information disclosure. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - November 29, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Wuqi Qiu Cordia Chu Ayan Mao Jing Wu Source Type: research

A novel scoring system for Lyme & #39;s disease; A spirochetal infection
Vivek Chauhan, Suman ThakurJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2018 10(4):175-176 (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - November 29, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Vivek Chauhan Suman Thakur Source Type: research

State of the globe: Ensuring effective communication in public health emergencies
Sunil Kumar RainaJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2018 10(4):173-174 (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - November 29, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sunil Kumar Raina Source Type: research

The Persistent Lyme Disease: & #8220;True Chronic Lyme Disease & #8221; rather than & #8220;Post-treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome & #8221;
Alexis Lacout, Mostafa El Hajjam, Pierre-Yves Marcy, Christian PerronneJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2018 10(3):170-171 (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - August 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Alexis Lacout Mostafa El Hajjam Pierre-Yves Marcy Christian Perronne Source Type: research

Lassa & #8211; A latent threat to West Africa: How ready are we ?
Henshaw Uchechi Okoroiwu, Josephine O AkpotuzorJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2018 10(3):169-170 (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - August 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Henshaw Uchechi Okoroiwu Josephine O Akpotuzor Source Type: research

Pott disease in a 14-year-old girl affected by congenital lamellar ichthyosis type 3 and diabetes mellitus
Maria Elena Cucuzza, Flavia La Mendola, Angela D'Ambra, Pierluigi Smilari, Filippo Greco, Agata Fiumara, Andrea D PraticòJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2018 10(3):166-168 Extrapulmonary manifestations of tuberculosis (TB) are particularly frequent during childhood, and usually involve the lymph nodes and the skull. They are related to predisposing immunosuppression conditions. A patient affected by diabetes mellitus type 1 (DMT1) and congenital lamellar ichthyosis type 3 came at our attention with a 4-year history of recurrent parotitis and severe back pain and inferior limb hypomobility, which had lasted ...
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - August 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Maria Elena Cucuzza Flavia La Mendola Angela D & #39;Ambra Pierluigi Smilari Filippo Greco Agata Fiumara Andrea D Pratic & #242; Source Type: research

Evaluation of exoenzyme activities, biofilm formation, and co-hemolytic effect in clinical isolates of Candida parapsilosis species complex
Keyvan Pakshir, Mostafa Ravandeh, Hossein Khodadadi, Mohamad Motamedifar, Kamiar Zomorodian, Saeideh AlipourJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2018 10(3):163-165 Candida parapsilosis species complex is considered as important emerging pathogens and little is known about their pathogenicity factors and co-hemolytic activity with different bacteria species. The aim of this study was to determine in vitro exoenzyme activities, biofilm formation, and co-hemolytic effect of different bacteria species on clinical C. parapsilosis complex isolates. In total, 67 C. parapsilosis complex isolates consist of C. parapsilosis sensu ...
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - August 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Keyvan Pakshir Mostafa Ravandeh Hossein Khodadadi Mohamad Motamedifar Kamiar Zomorodian Saeideh Alipour Source Type: research

A simple approach to pneumococcal vaccination in adults
Calvin Green, Christine Ann Moore, Akhilesh Mahajan, Kailash BajajJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2018 10(3):159-162 Streptococcus pneumoniae is a bacterium responsible for a spectrum of diseases including lobar pneumonia, meningitis, otitis media, and sinusitis. Invasive pneumococcal disease is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality across the world. Concerted efforts led to the development of two vaccinations, Pneumova × 23 and Prevnar 13, for the prevention of pneumococcal disease. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides vacc...
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - August 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Calvin Green Christine Ann Moore Akhilesh Mahajan Kailash Bajaj Source Type: research

Impact of per capita income on the effectiveness of school-based health education programs to promote cervical cancer screening uptake in southern mozambique
Conclusion: These results show that CC screening programs in resource-constrained settings need approaches tailored to different segments of women with respect to education and income to achieve equitable improvement in the levels of screening uptake. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - August 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Floriano Amimo Troy D Moon Anthony Magit Jahit Sacarlal Source Type: research

Risk factors for acquiring scrub typhus among the adults
Conclusion: Certain behavioral factors predisposed our cohort to develop scrub typhus infection. Lifestyle changes may reduce the burden of scrub typhus in South India. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - August 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tina George Sudha Jasmine Rajan John Victor Peter Samuel George Hansdak John Antony Jude Prakash Ramya Iyyadurai Alice Mathuram Belavendra Antonisamy Kavitha Ramanathan Thambu David Sudarsanam Source Type: research

Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producers: Detection for the diagnostic laboratory
Conclusions: Phenotypic screening disk diffusion test versus the confirmatory agar dilution MIC tests with cefotaxime and ceftazidime correlated well with the final ESBL status (kappa 0.852 and 0.905 P < 0.001) and (kappa 0.911 and 0.822 P < 0.001). The tests show 99-100% sensitivity, 75-83.3% specificity, and positive likelihood ratios between 4.0 -5.9. E-test confirmed 6 of 12 discordant results as ESBLs. Of the 96 nosocomial isolates screened as possible ESBL producers by the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion test, 86.5% were confirmed ESBL producers. Genotyping on the ICU isolates by PFGE revealed a geneti...
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - August 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rani Diana Sahni Dilip Mathai Thambu David Sudarsanam V Balaji KN Brahamadathan Mary V Jesudasan MK Lalitha Source Type: research

Drug resistance and molecular epidemiology of carbapenem resistant gram-negative bacilli isolates
Conclusion: The present study shows a rising trend of bla NDM-1 in CRGNB, an ominous sign heralding the post antibiotic era. It is essential to assess the prevalence of various MBLs so that infection control measures can be reinforced. We recommend three phenotypic tests in tandem for the detection of MBL. While phenotypic tests are easy and cost-effective to perform, quick, effective molecular diagnostic techniques can tailor treatment guidelines to optimize patient's management. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - August 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Huma Naim Meher Rizvi Richa Gupta Mohd Azam Neelam Taneja Indu Shukla Haris M Khan Source Type: research

Community-acquired lower urinary tract infections: Etiology, antimicrobial resistance, and treatment results in female patients
Conclusions: The results of the present study indicate that nitrofurantoin and fosfomycin may be considered for empirical therapy of lower UTIs in Trakya region of Turkey. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - August 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ilknur Erdem Ridvan Kara Ali Enes Ardic Senay Elbasan Omar Reyhan Mutlu Aynur Eren Topkaya Source Type: research

Treatment outcomes associated with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
Conclusion: The modest cure rate in concordance with other Indian studies highlights the need for continuing efforts to fight the menace of MDR-TB. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - August 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nitin Gupta Pankaj Jorwal Source Type: research

Comparative study on the epidemiological trends and aspects of murine typhus in Korea in the last decade (2006 & #8211;2015)
Conclusion: In conclusion, the rapid reemergence of MT outbreaks can be minimized through health education, and a strong enforcement of control measures against rats and their ectoparasites could markedly reduce the transmission of this infection to humans in high-risk areas. (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - August 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Byung-Joon Chang Seong-Joon Kim Won-Chang Lee Myeong-Jin Lee Nong-Hoon Choe Source Type: research

The threat of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
Rudrajit PaulJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2018 10(3):119-120 (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - August 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rudrajit Paul Source Type: research

State of the globe: Rising antimicrobial resistance of pathogens in urinary tract infection
Rudrajit PaulJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2018 10(3):117-118 (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - August 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rudrajit Paul Source Type: research

Travel-acquired scrub typhus infection masked by dengue fever in a patient from nonendemic area
Akanksha Garg, Aditi Jain, Rajesh KashyapJournal of Global Infectious Diseases 2018 10(2):114-115 (Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases)
Source: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases - May 23, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Akanksha Garg Aditi Jain Rajesh Kashyap Source Type: research